Tabanan is a regency of Bali, Indonesia. It has an area of population of 386,850, rising to 420,913 in 2010 Census, its regency seat is Tabanan. Tanah Lot is in Tabanan; the regency is divided into ten districts, listed below with their 2010 Census populations: Selemadeg 19,262 Selemadeg Timur 21,154 Selemadeg Barat 18,809 Kerambitan 37,704 Tabanan district 70,526 Kediri, Bali 84,215 Marga 40,353 Baturiti 46,425 Penebel 44,104 Pupuan 38,361 Jatiluwih village in Penebel District, north of Tabanan, has paddy fields following the contours of terraced land against the background of spellbinding Mount Batukaru and Mount Agung use traditional Balinese irrigation known as subak, Bali's community-based water control management system. Lies at an altitude of 700 meters, the cool atmosphere of more original beautiful Jatiluwih is better than the most well known Tegallalang which has plenty of cafes and souvenir shops. Two routes to Jatiluwih are Denpasar>Kediri>Tabanan>Penebel>Jatiluwih or Denpasar>Mengwi>Baturiti>Jatiluwih.
Jatiluwih is one of the five rice terraces that describe the "Subak" water management system which has gain acknowledgement from UNESCO as part of the world's cultural heritage. To preserve the largest area of 53,000 hectares agriculture fields on the island, Tabanan Regency Administration would not allow the development of star-rated and city hotels anymore, unless tourism facilities with a commitment to environmental conservation would be allowed with 30 percent of buildings and 70 percent had to be left as paddy field or plantation; the administration has decided 300-hectare protected paddy field zone with a 100-hectare housing zone lies outside the protected zone. For visitors it is possible to visit the 300-hectare on foot or alternatively with an e-bike tour that the local villagers organize since 2017. Tabanan travel guide from Wikivoyage Official site
Mengwi is a subdistrict in the Badung Regency and its capital, Indonesia. As of 2010 the population was estimated at 122,829
Nusa Dua, built in 1970s, is situated in the southern part of Bali, Indonesia. Known as an enclave of large 5-star resorts, it covers 350-hectares of land and encloses more than 20 resorts, it is located 22 kilometers from Denpasar, the provincial capital of Bali, administered under Kuta South District. Nusa Dua means two islands, because there are 2 islands in the bay of Bali Tourism Development Corporation area. On the southern side lies Peninsula Island, on the northern side lies Nusa Dharma Island, smaller but shadier, which contains the Pura/Temple Nusa Dharma. Geger Beach is located in about 3 kilometers from the southern area of Nusa Dua; the sea here is calm, so farmers grow seaweed here and tourists swim here. Water Blow is a unique spot located in the Bali Tourism & Development Corporation district where large waves of sea water from the Indian Ocean continually crashes against jagged limestone edges of a cliff; the water blow is the outcome of the narrowing crag below the cliff face that channels a massive surge of water up to 30 meters high from its base following strong currents.
This phenomenon results in irregular splashes of wave that can reach several meters high. The area provides a 240-degree lookout of dramatic seascape, bordered by guardrails. North of the Nusa Dua enclave is the peninsula of Tanjung Benoa, which includes cheaper hotels as well as Benoa village. A multi-denominational area, it includes a mosque and Chinese and Hindu temples in close proximity to each other. Much of the beach's sand was eroded away following the mining of the nearby barrier reef for construction materials. Benoa Port located here, was for yachts and small ships. In December 2012, it became Benoa Cruise International Terminal's turnaround port, serving as both embarkation and debarkation point for cruise passengers; as turnaround port, tourists can leave Benoa Port by either plane or cruise ship. On December 26, 2012, the Bali Governor signed a permit to utilize and manage the Benoa Bay area. 838 hectares reclaimed by PT Tirta Wahana Bali International will be used for luxury tourist facilities such as hotels, apartments, an international hospital, entertainment centers such as a Disneyland-like theme park.
Pecatu beach resort area
Canggu is a coastal village and 10 km beach on the south coast of Bali, Indonesia. It lies 10 kilometers north of Kuta, presents a much more relaxing atmosphere of dining and beach activities; the main Canggu streets are Jalan Batu Bolong, Jalan Padang Linjong, Jalan Batu Mejan and Jalan Tanah Barak. Along Jalan Batu Bolong you find the temple of the dead, Pura Merajapati, the Pipitan Cemetery. Along the beach there are two main temples, Pura Batu Bolong and Pura Batu Mejan, which are both hundreds of years old and were initiated for building by Dang Hyang Nirartha; the Canggu area used to have scenic views of paddy fields and coconut groves but current rapid developments are replacing these traditional views with private villas. Canggu has gained popularity among surfers as a longboard-friendly surf spot, one of the few on the island. Three main strips have developed for tourists - surfers and non-surfers alike; the spotlight on the area as a surf destination has been helped along by the presence of Deus Ex Machina's Bali outpost, the Deus Temple of Enthusiasm, its annual contests that focus on classic single fin long-boarding.
Canggu travel guide from Wikivoyage
Klungkung is the smallest regency on Bali, Indonesia. It has an area of 315 km2 and population of 180,000, its seat is Semarapura. Klungkung town is reached from Gianyar via the highway; the regency is famous for its classic Balinese paintings which depict the story of epics such as Mahabharata or Ramayana. These classical style paintings come from the frescoes of the Balinese palaces, can be found at Klungkung Palace in the downtown area. Semarajaya Museum is located in the area; some 60% of the land area of Klungkung is made of the three offshore islands of Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan, which together form Nusa Penida District. The regency is divided into four districts, listed below with their 2010 Census populations: Klungkung Regency travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Klungkung at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Uluwatu Temple is a Balinese Hindu sea temple located in Uluwatu. The temple is regarded as one of the sad kahyangan and is dedicated to Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in his manifestation as Rudra; the temple is built at the edge of a 70 meter high rock projecting into the sea. In folklore, this rock is said to be part of Dewi Danu's petrified barque. Though a small temple was claimed to have existed earlier, the structure was expanded by a Javanese sage, Empu Kuturan in the 11th Century. Another sage from East Java, Dang Hyang Nirartha is credited for constructing the padmasana shrines and it is said that he attained moksha here, an event called ngeluhur locally; this has resulted in the temple's epithet Luhur. The temple is inhabited by monkeys, they can be persuaded into trading the items for fruit, although this only encourages them to steal more. Scientist and experts on primate behavior have conducted studies on the Macaque monkeys in the area and have collected data suggesting that they learn bartering behavior.
This trade is passed down to the young offsprings. New groups of Macaque monkeys introduced into the area adapt and learn the new skill from the locals. A Kecak dance performance based on the Ramayana is performed daily in Uluwatu temple at every 6pm on the cliff-side; the performance, outdoors shows the beautiful sunset at the background of the performance. Julian Davison, Nengah Enu, Bruce Granquist, Luca Invernizzi Tettoni Introduction to Balinese architecture Tuttle Publishing, ISBN 0-7946-0071-9, ISBN 978-0-7946-0071-6
The Bali myna known as Rothschild's mynah, Bali starling, or Bali mynah, locally known as jalak Bali, is a medium-sized, stocky myna wholly white with a long, drooping crest, black tips on the wings and tail. The bird has blue bare skin around greyish legs and a yellow bill. Both sexes are similar, it is critically endangered and fewer than 100 adults are assumed to exist in the wild. Placed in the monotypic genus Leucopsar, it appears to be most related to Sturnia and the brahminy starling, placed in Sturnus but will soon be split therefrom as Sturnus as presently delimited is paraphyletic; the specific epithet commemorates the British ornithologist Lord Rothschild. The Bali myna is a medium-large bird around 25 centimetres in length, it is wholly white with a long, drooping crest, black wing-tips and tail tip. It has a yellow bill with blue bare skin around the legs; the black-winged starling, a similar species, has a shorter crest and a much larger area of black on wings and tail, plus a yellow eye-ring and legs.
The Bali myna is restricted to the island of Bali in Indonesia, where it is the island's only endemic vertebrate species.. The bird was discovered in 1910, in 1991 was designated the faunal emblem of Bali. Featured on the Indonesian 200 rupiah coin, its local name is jalak Bali. In its natural habitat it is inconspicuous, using tree tops for cover and–unlike other starlings–usually coming to the ground only to drink or to find nesting materials; the Bali mynah gathers in groups when it is young to better locate food and watch out for predators. The vocalizations are a variety of an emphatic twat; the Bali myna's diet includes fruit, seeds and insects. During the breeding season, males attract females by bobbing up and down; the birds nest with the female laying and incubating two or three eggs. Both males and females bring food to the nest for chicks after hatching; the Bali myna is critically endangered, the wild population has been close to extinction since at least 1994. As of 2015, less than 100 adults are assumed to exist in the wild, with about 1,000 believed to survive in captivity.
The Bali myna is listed in Appendix I of CITES. Trade in captive-bred specimens is regulated and the species is not available to private individuals. However, experienced aviculturalists may become affiliated with captive-breeding programs, allowing them to keep this species; the number of captive birds bought on the black market is estimated to be twice the number of acquired individuals in the captive breeding programs. There are three locations on Bali where the birds exist in the wild: the West Bali National Park. A "breeding loan" involves 12 breeders who each received 15 male and 15 female from the Association of Starling Conservationists from Bogor, West Java; as collateral every breeder should put up a cow in case all the birds died. The breeders are obliged to release 10 percent of the brood into the national park and the rest can be sold off privately. There were an estimated 350 birds in the West Bali National Park in the 1980s. During the 1990s over 400 cage-bred birds were released into the park to increase their numbers.
But by 2005, the park authorities estimated the number to have fallen to less than 10. This decline was caused by poachers responding to the lucrative demand for rare birds in the caged bird market. A population of Bali mynas now exists on the island of Nusa Penida and its sister islands of Nusa Ceningan, Nusa Lembongan, which are 14 km off the south east coast of Bali; the islands have been transformed into an unofficial bird sanctuary by Friends of National Parks Foundation, an Indonesian NGO based in Bali. This was achieved by FNPF working for many years with the 40+ villages on the islands and persuading every village to pass a traditional Balinese village regulation to protect birds, removing the threat of poachers. Since FNPF has rehabilitated and released several endangered birds onto the island of Nusa Penida, including many Bali mynas supplied from multiple breeders; the Begawan Foundation began its Bali Starling Breeding Program in Begawan Giri in 1999 with two pairs, which had grown to a population of 97 in 2005.
A release program was started on Nusa Penida, where 64 individuals were released in 2006 and 2007. Monitoring of the released birds suggests that their numbers had increased to +100 by 2009, had spread across Penida, with small numbers breeding on Ceningan and Lembongan. A number of further captive-bred individuals have since been rewilded, including 6 individuals on neighboring Nusa Lembongan; the foundation expects to release 10 Bali mynas each year. The birds will continue to be sourced from different breeders to increase the genetic diversity of the growing wild population on Nusa Penida. Begawan Foundation field staff have monitored the released birds on a daily basis since their release and have a dedicated Field Officer since 2010. Findings are reported their findings to the Forestry Department, with photos and films taken of the birds' activities. However, according to an audit undertaken by Begawan Foundation on both Nusa Penida and Nusa Lembongan in February and March 2015, less than 15 birds w