Denpasar is the capital of Bali and the main gateway to the island. The city is a hub for other cities in the Lesser Sunda Islands. With the rapid growth of the tourism industry in Bali, Denpasar has encouraged and promoted business activities and ventures, contributing to it having the highest growth rate in Bali Province; the population of Denpasar was 897,300 in 2017, up from 788,445 at the 2010 Census. The surrounding metropolitan area has 2 million residents; the name Denpasar – from the Balinese words "den", meaning north, "pasar", meaning market – indicates the city's origins as a market-town, on the site of what is now Kumbasari Market, in the northern part of the modern city. In the 18th and 19th century, Denpasar functioned as the capital of the Hindu Majapahit Kingdom of Badung. Thus, the city was called Badung; the royal palace was looted and razed during the Dutch intervention in 1906. A statue in Taman Puputan commemorates the 1906 Puputan, in which as many as a thousand Balinese, including the King and his court, committed mass suicide in front of invading Dutch troops, rather than surrender to them.
In 1958 Denpasar became the seat of government for the Province of Bali. It remained the City of Denpasar. Both Denpasar and Badung Regency have experienced rapid physical, economic and cultural growth. Denpasar has become not only the seat of government, but the centre of commerce, education and tourism. Average population growth of 4.05% per annum, accompanied by rapid development, led to a variety of urban problems. It was resolved that meeting the needs and demands of the burgeoning urban community would best be addressed by giving Denpasar administrative independence from Badung Regency. Agreement was reached to raise the status of Denpasar to that of an autonomous city, on 15 January 1992, Act No. 1 of 1992 established the City of Denpasar. It was inaugurated by the minister of home affairs on 27 February 1992. On 16 November 2009, in a further administrative realignment, Regulation Number 67 shifted the capital of Badung Regency from Denpasar to Mangupura. Denpasar is located at an elevation of 4 m above sea level.
While the total area of 127.78 km² or 2.18% of the total area of Bali Province. From the use of land, 2,768 hectares of land are paddy, 10,001 hectares are dry land, while the remaining land area is 9 hectares. Badung River divides Denpasar. Denpasar, located just south of the equator, has a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. Due to this there is little temperature change throughout the year, with temperatures averaging about 28 degrees Celsius; the year is divided into two seasons: dry. The wet season lasts from November to April, while the dry season lasts from May to October; the temperatures are not extreme, but combined with the oppressive humidity and copious precipitation, the heat can be uncomfortable at times. The city's population was counted as 788,445 in 2010, up from 533,252 in the previous decade; the provincial website lists the December 2017 population at 897,300. Denpasar's population grew about 4% per year in the period from 2000 to 2010, Denpasar grew much faster from 2005 to 2010 than in the previous five years.
The lingering effects of the 2002 Bali bombings had a major depressive effect on tourism and immigration from other islands. However, if current trends continue, Denpasar is expected to surpass a million residents by the next census. There are about 4.57% more men than women in Denpasar. The 2015 intercensal survey reported a population of 879,098 people for the city. 65.95% of the population are Hindus, while Islam is the largest minority religion, followed by Christianity and Confucianism. Administratively, the city government consists of four districts, subdivided into 43 sub-districts with 209 villages. Denpasar has developed numerous measures to improve public services. Denpasar is divided into four districts, listed below with their 2010 Census populations: Denpasar Selatan 244,851 Denpasar Timur 138,404 Denpasar Barat 229,435 Denpasar Utara 175,899 Greater Denpasar spills out into the tourist regions, including Kuta and Ubud; the continuous built-up area includes nearly all of Badung Regency, most of Gianyar Regency, is known as Sarbagita, from Denpa"Sar"+"BA"dung+"GI"anyar+"TA"banan, a name made official by Presidential Regulation Number 45 of 2011, despite Tabanan just beginning to succumb to urban sprawl.
See List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia. The development of tourism and structural changes in the economy have had a strong impact on Denpasar. Trade and restaurants dominate the city's gross regional domestic product. Boosting the economy of Denpasar is the production of craft items such as souvenir carvings and sculpture; the craft industry, however, is experiencing pressure due to the impact of the global financial crises and competition from other Asian developing countries such as Vietnam, India and China. These competitor countries maximize the scale of production by utilizing industrial technology, while at Denpasar the craft industry remains focused on traditional skills and hand-made goods, limiting the quantity of production; the real Bali was known for its mud walls and thatched gates. However, gated residential developments and shop houses now characterize urban
Marilyn Mantei Tremaine is an American computer scientist. She is an expert in human–computer interaction and is a past chair of the SIGCHI Special Interest Group of the Association for Computing Machinery. Tremaine was educated at the University of Wisconsin, gaining a BS in French and physics, at the University of Southern California, gaining an MSc and PhD in communication theory. Tremaine was a Professor in the University of Michigan Business School and a Professor in the Computer Science Department of the University of Toronto, Canada as part of the Dynamic Graphics Project, she is a Research Professor at Rutgers University at Piscataway, New Jersey. She holds joint appointments in the College of Communication and Information and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, she is a Professor Emerita at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. She has been vice president of product development for three software startup companies and a Senior Research Scientist at the EDS Center for Applied Research.
Tremaine co-founded ACM SIGCHI and has served as SIGCHI's vice-president of communications and conference planning, as well as being president. Tremaine has served on six editorial boards for journals and has received two university teaching awards, she has received the ACM SIGCHI Lifetime Service Award, the CHCSS Lifetime Career Award, the 2010 UPA Lifetime Achievement Award, an Apple Design award. Tremaine is known for her work on collaborative software, her research interests include auditory and multimodal interface design, global software development, the development of interfaces for the blind and visually impaired. Marilyn Tremaine is married to the astrophysicist Scott Tremaine. Marilyn Tremaine home page Marilyn Tremaine at DBLP Bibliography Server Marilyn Tremaine on Academia.edu
Epimedium pinnatum is a species of flowering plant in the barberry family Berberidaceae, native to northern Iran. It is a slowly-spreading evergreen perennial growing to 30 cm tall and broad, with oval hairy leaves and bright yellow spurred flowers in late Spring and early Summer; the Latin specific epithet pinnatum means “with leaves growing on either side of the stalk”. The subspecies E. pinnatum subsp. Colchicum has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit, it is best grown in moist, fertile soil in a sheltered, partially-shaded spot, is suitable for underplanting larger plants such as roses
Count Karl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf was a Saxon-Austrian civil servant. He served the government of Austria in a variety of capacities, including as governor of Trieste, rose to high rank at the Habsburg court, his massive diary, written daily over a period of about 66 years, is an important historical documentary source for his era, both in politics and in the arts. Zinzendorf was born in Dresden in 1739, his family were from Austria. His uncle was Nicolaus Zinzendorf, a famous religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church. Karl Zinzendorf studied law at the University of Jena from 1757 to 1760. In 1761 he moved to Vienna for purposes of taking up a government position in commerce. In 1764 he converted to the Catholic faith, the state religion of the Austrian Empire, for purposes of pursuing his career there. During the years 1764 to 1770 he took a series of government posts in a variety of foreign locations: Switzerland, Malta, the Netherlands, Spain, the British Isles, Belgium.
He spent whereupon he took up a new position as governor of Trieste. He was responsible for building the road between Vienna; as privy finance minister to Emperor Joseph II between 1781 and 1792 von Zinzendorf introduced a uniform system of accounting for state revenues and debts of the territories of the Austrian crown, called Appalt. Austria was more successful than France in gaining credit. However, the events of Joseph II's last years suggest that the government was financially vulnerable to the European wars that ensued after 1792. Zinzendorf continued to receive various promotions until his retirement in 1809, he died in 1813. Unlike many of the aristocrats which whom he was acquainted, Zinzendorf was not wealthy. According to Link, "it was poverty that prevented him from marrying." In 1769 he joined the Teutonic Order. Zinzendorf did receive a "sizeable" inheritance in 1806, but by most of his life had passed by. Zinzendorf is remembered for the massive diary he kept, starting at age eight and continuing to his death.
Still unpublished, it covers 76 volumes. The diary is written in French, a language used by German aristocrats in Zinzendorf's day. Historical musicology is indebted to the diaries because Zinzendorf was an inveterate theater-goer and records a great deal of information about performances and performers that would otherwise have been lost; the mature operas of Mozart were among the best-known works that Zinzendorf witnessed at their first performances. Dickson, P. G. M. "Count Karl von Zinzendorf's'New Accountancy': the Structure of Austrian Government Finance in Peace and War, 1781–1791." The International History Review 29: 22–56. ISSN 0707-5332 Harbecke, Ulrich "Das Tagebuch des Grafen Karl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf als theatergeschichtliche Quelle." Dissertation, University of Cologne. Link, Dorothea The National Court Theatre in Mozart's Vienna: Sources and Documents. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Link, Dorothea "Zinzendorf, Count Karl Zinzendorf und Potterdorf". In The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia, ed. Cliff Eisen and Simon P. Keefe.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 553–554 Rice, John Antonio Salieri and Viennese Opera. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Antal Szántay: Grete Klingenstein, Eva Faber, Antonio Trampus, eds. "Europäische Aufklärung zwischen Wien und Triest: Die Tagebücher des Gouverneurs Karl Graf von Zinzendorf, 1776–1782." The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 84, No. 1, pp. 242–246
Pier Francesco Orsini called Vicino Orsini, was an Italian condottiero, patron of the arts and duke of Bomarzo. He is famous as the commissioner of the Mannerist Park of the Monsters in Bomarzo. Born in Corigliano Calabro, he was the son of Giovanni Corrado Orsini and Clarice Orsini di Franciotto di Monterotondo, the daughter of Cardinal Franciotto Orsini and Violante di Vicino Orsini di Foglia. «Franciotto Orsini of Monterotondo married Violante Orsini di Castello, daughter of Pierfrancesco I Orsini known as Vicino, lord of Bomarzo and transmitted the rights to the fief to the daughter. Franciotto was educated with his aunt in the house of Lorenzo and a native of Giovanni de Medici who, once a pope, named the cousin who had just been widowed a cardinal.»Vicino Orsini inherited the duchy of Bomarzo seven years after the death of his father, thanks to an intercession by Alessandro Cardinal Farnese. He married Alessandro's relative Giulia Farnese, not to be confused with her maternal great-aunt and the cardinal's sister Giulia Farnese, the mistress of Pope Alexander VI.
His wife Giulia Farnese was the daughter of Galeazzo Farnese, Duke of Latera and Isabella, daughter of Giuliano dell'Anguillara and Girolama Farnese. Giulia's maternal grandmother Girolama Farnese was the sister of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, Pope Paul III, Giulia Farnese, the mistress of Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI; the second Guilia Farnese's paternal great-grandfather was Bartolomeo Farnese, Count of Montalto and Canino, the brother of Girolama and Giulia Farnese. He was born in 1470 and married Iolanda Monaldeschi, with whom he had the son Pedro Bertodolo Farnese and the daughters Isabella and Cecilia. Bartolomeo died in 1552 and was the founder of the Duchy of Latera, which existed until 1668, her grandmother Girolama was born in 1466 and was murdered with a sword on the 1st of November at not forty years of age ten years after her second marriage, for alleged infidelity by her stepson Giovanni Battista dell'Anguillara in Stabiae Castle. Her first marriage had been to Puccio Pucci, whom she married on the 10th of November 1483.
From her second marriage to Count Giuliano dell'Anguillara and Stabiae whom she had married on the 15th of February 1495, came the daughter Isabella della Anguillara, who married Galeazzo Farnese, the grandson of Bartolomeo, the children of that marriage, the daughters Violante and Giulia Farnese. Some sources give the year of Girolama's death as 1504, some as 1505. Puccio Pucci died in 1494, she married her second husband the following year. Vicino's wife Giulia Farnese was thus related to Pope Paul III two times over, as the child of the only child of his tragically murdered sister, through the line that inherited the family title and holdings through his brother Bartolomeo as the daughter of Bartolomeo's grandson. In a book published in 1556, Le Imagine del tempio della signaro Giovanna Aragona, by Giuseppe Betussi, Giulia Farnese Orsini is referred to as amongst the most virtuous ladies of Italy, on account of her constancy, having remained faithful to Vicino during the long periods when he was absent at war.
Vicino's career as condottiero ended in the 1550s, when he was taken prisoner and the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended the French-Spanish Wars in Italy. Orsini retired to Bomarzo where he surrounded himself with writers and artists, devoted himself to an Epicurean style of life, which negated any contact with religion. Here he had a family and, starting from 1547, created the famous Park, whose enigmatic constructions and sculptures are one of the most suggestive example of late Renaissance art in Italy. After the death of his wife he dedicated the park to her memory. Vicino and Giulia had several children, their eldest son was Corradino. According to Casa Cesarini. Ricerche e documenti by Patrizia Rosini, Vicino Orsini married Giulia Farnese on the 11th of February 1545 in Rocca di Giove. According to the same book Giulia was named after her great-aunt because her mother Isabella had been raised and protected by her when she lost her mother; this book gives the year of Giulia's death as 1560, while Bomarzo: Ein Garten gegen Gott und die Welt by Renate Vergeiner gives it as 1564.
According to Bomarzo: Ein Garten gegen Gott und die Welt the two married in 1541. The article The Collection of Corradino Orsino by Lothar Sickel places the wedding in January 1541. Both books agree, that the couple had five sons, Marzio, Alessandro and Orazio, two daughters and Ottavia. Faustina Orsini married Fabio Mattei. Fabio inherited the Palazzo Nuovo on his father’s death in 1566, he remained close to Cardinal Odoardo Farnese after the marriage. «It was with Fabio Mattei that the latter commissioned Annibale Carracci to paint the Pietà installed in the Mattei family chapel in San Francesco a Ripa at Easter 1603, Fabio bequeathed some works of art to Odoardo when he died in 1612. He evidently devoted himself to charitable pursuits within the SS Trinità after the death of his wife in 1594.» Her portrait was painted by Scipione Pulzone. Ottavia married Marcantonio Marescotti, III Count of Vignanello, became Countess of Vignanello; the couple had the children Sforza Vicino Marescotti, IV Count of Vignanello, Clarice – Santa Giacinta Marescotti and Ortensia.
Pier Francesco Orsini died on the 28 of January 1583. Alberto Ginastera's 1967 opera Bomarzo is based on the life of Orsini, as told in the book of the same name by Argentinian writer Manuel Mujica Láinez. Bre
Jeffrey Ntuka was a South African footballer who played at both professional and international levels as a defender. Born in Kroonstad, Free State, Ntuka joined English club Chelsea in 2003 and spent five years on loan at Belgium club Westerlo, making 93 league appearances for them. Ntuka returned to South Africa in 2009, making his debut for Kaizer Chiefs in May 2009. After battling alcohol problems, Ntuka played for SuperSport United, he was released by United in 2011. Ntuka earned five caps for South Africa between 2004 and 2007, he made his debut on 18 August 2004 in a 2–0 win over Tunisia coming in for Nasief Morris in the 88th minute. Ntuka was a member of South Africa's squad at the 2005 COSAFA Cup, but had to withdraw due to injury, he played his last match on 27 May 2006. Ntuka was stabbed to death in Kroonstad during the early hours of 21 January 2012, his killer, April Jao, was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in November 2013