Baie-Comeau is a city located 420 kilometres north-east of Quebec City in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, Canada. It is located on the shores of the Saint Lawrence River near the mouth of the Manicouagan River, is the seat of Manicouagan Regional County Municipality. There are two urban area population centres within the city limits: Baie-Comeau proper, with a population of 9,610, Hauterive, with a population of 11,549, as of the 2016 Canadian Census; the city is named after the adjacent Comeau Bay, named in honour of Napoléon-Alexandre Comeau, a Québécois naturalist. Former Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney is a native of the town; the oldest part of Baie-Comeau is the area known as Vieux-Poste near the mouth of the Amédée River where in 1889, the Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan Mission was founded by Eudists. In 1898, the first sawmill in the Côte-Nord region was built there by the brothers Damase and Henri Jalbert, but it closed in 1907 after their timber stock was swept into the St. Lawrence.
In 1916, Route 138 was extended to Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan and in 1929, its post office opened with the English name of Comeau Bay. Baie-Comeau itself was founded in 1936 when a paper mill was constructed by Colonel Robert R. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune. Arthur A. Schmon oversaw the project, which included housing. Experiencing remarkable growth, the Town of Baie-Comeau was incorporated the following year; the area continued to see economic development with the establishment of the hydro-electric power stations on the Manicouagan and Outardes Rivers beginning with the Chutes-aux-Outardes Station in 1952, an aluminum smelter in 1958, grain warehouses in 1959. In 1950, the village of Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan was incorporated as the Municipality of Hauterive. In June 1982, Hauterive was merged into Baie-Comeau, taking effect on January 1, 1983. Baie-Comeau is the seat of the judicial district of Baie-Comeau; the population was 25,554 at the 1996 census, declining to 22,402 according to the census of 2006.
This decrease in population over the span of a decade is explained by the fact that many baby-boomers not born in the city retire move elsewhere. The absence of university and many college-level courses forces young people to get their education elsewhere. Knowledge of official languages: English: 4,415 French: 20,840 Other languages: 550 The region is a major forestry center for the pulp and paper industry, owned by Abitibi Consolidated as of October 2006. Alongside hydro-electricity and the paper industry, an aluminum plant has fed employment for decades. Cargill has a large elevator there, used to transfer grain from great lakes boats to ocean-going ships; the town is along Route 138 about 100 kilometres east of Forestville and about 230 kilometres west of Sept-Îles. A ferry service and rail ferry service links the town to Matane on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River; the town is the southern terminus of Route 389, which leads to the Daniel-Johnson Dam, the town of Fermont, the Labrador region of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Baie-Comeau Airport, located in neighbouring Pointe-Lebel, has scheduled flights by Air Canada, Air Liaison, Pascan Aviation. The Baie-Comeau city council consists of the mayor of Baie-Comeau and eight elected city councilors, four from each of the two sectors of town; the current mayor of Baie-Comeau is Yves Montigny. Baie-Comeau is home to several French language public elementary schools, two French language public high schools and one English language public school that includes both the elementary and high school level of education; the town is home to one French language CEGEP called the Cégep de Baie-Comeau. List of schools in Baie-Comeau: Although at the same latitude as Vancouver or Paris, Baie-Comeau has a borderline humid continental climate, just above the subarctic climate; the cold Labrador Current makes the Gulf of St. Lawrence cold and tends to cool the weather during summer much more than the marginal warming of the winters resulting from its maritime location. With the moist northeasterly winds coming in from the Icelandic Low, snowfall is heavy, averaging around 3.6 metres per year with a peak depth of around 0.63 metres in March typical.
The extreme snow depth was 2.26 metres on 10 January 1969. The 1993 Quebec Winter Games were played in Baie-Comeau. Many different sports are played in Baie-Comeau: Baie-Comeau is home to the Baie-Comeau Drakkar, an ice hockey team playing in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since 1997; the team plays in the Centre Henry-Leonard located in the eastern sector of the town. The Centre de ski du Mont-Tibasse is an alpine ski centre located a few kilometers north of the town where it offers twelve slopes. Cross-country skiing is popular. Students frequent Mont-Tibasse as part of their school programs. An 18-hole golf course is available in the western sector of the town, it is open for most of the summer. The two major high schools of the city each offer an indoor swimming pool and are open to the public year-round. Two outdoor swimming pools are available to the public; these are open from the end of June until the middle of August each summer. Some beaches are available in the summer. There are other beaches are along the shore of the St. Lawrence river such as: The Plage Champlain and the Plage Pointe-Lebel, among others
Jan Němec was a Czech filmmaker whose most important work dates from the 1960s. Film historian Peter Hames has described him as the "enfant terrible of the Czech New Wave." Němec's career as a filmmaker started in the late 1950s when he attended FAMU. At that time, Czechoslovakia was a communist state subservient to the USSR, artistic and public expression was subject to censorship and government review. However, thanks to the failure of purely propagandist cinema in the early 1950s and the presence of important and powerful people such as Jan Procházka within the Czechoslovak film industry, the 1960s led to an internationally acknowledged creative surge in Czechoslovak film that became known as the Czech New Wave, in which Němec played a part. For graduation, Němec adapted a short story by Arnošt Lustig based on the author's experience of the Holocaust. Němec would return to Lustig's writing to direct the influential film Diamonds of the Night based on the Holocaust; that film follows the fate of two boys.
It is noted for its dramatic subjectivization of the experience of the Holocaust using experimental techniques including flashbacks, simulated hallucinations, an unusual double ending that leaves the viewer in doubt as to the fate of its protagonists. It was his first major success, while it passed the censors' reviews, it helped lay the foundation for the political movement, coming; the film has since been called an aesthetic and technical milestone in the exploration of human experience under extreme conditions. His best known work is A Report on the Guests, its plot revolves around a group of friends on a picnic who are invited to a bizarre banquet by a charismatic sadist, played by Ivan Vyskočil, who bullies most of them into blind conformity and brutality while those who resist are hunted down. The film received a bad reception from the authorities as Vyskočil in the film had a remarkable likeness to Lenin, though according to Peter Hames this was accidental. Moreover, the cast consisted of various dissident Czechoslovak intellectuals of the day, including Josef Škvorecký.
The film was viewed as being so subversive to the Communist state that Antonín Novotný, the president, was said to "climb the walls" on viewing it and Němec's arrest for subversion was considered. However, before the political fallout from this was able to take effect, he managed to have one more feature approved: Martyrs of Love. In consideration of the previous troubles he had suffered, the film was apolitical, but its surrealist lyrical style did not endear it to the authorities. In 1967 Němec made a short film Son during three days at Amsterdam film festival; the film won an award at the Oberhausen Film Festival. He was in the middle of shooting a documentary about Prague Spring for US producer when Warsaw Pact invasion happened, he smuggled his footage of invasion to Vienna. He edited the footage together with the Prague Spring documentary and released the film as Oratorio for Prague, it received standing ovations in New York Film Festival in the fall of 1968. Němec's footage would be used by countless international news organizations as stock footage of the invasion.
Philip Kaufman's film adaptation of The Unbearable Lightness of Being used footage from the film. Němec was fired from Barrandov and subsequently only made a short documentary film about ambulence Mezi 4 - 5 minutou in 1972, he emmigrated in 1974. He was given a warning by the government that "... if he came back, they would find some legal excuse to throw him in jail." From 1974 to 1989, he lived in Germany, the Netherlands and the United States. He stayed in the United States for twelve years. Unable to work in traditional cinema, he was a pioneer in using video cameras to record weddings, including documenting the nuptials of the Swedish royal family. After the fall of communism in Czechoslovakia in 1989, he returned to his native country, where he had made several films, including Code Name Ruby and Late Night Talks with Mother, which won the Golden Leopard at Locarno, he had been a professor at his alma mater, FAMU, since 1996. In 2014, he protested against the president of the Czech Republic Miloš Zeman by returning the medals given to him by the first president of the Czech Republic Václav Havel.
He married costume designer and screenwriter Ester Krumbachová in 1963. In 1970 he married singer Marta Kubišová, he married his third wife Veronica Baumann, a Czech language teacher, in 1984. He married film editor Iva Ruszelakova shortly after. In May 2003, Němec became a father. Němec died of an illness on 18 March 2016; the Loaf of Bread short film Diamonds of the Night Pearls of the Deep A Report on the Party and the Guests Martyrs of Love Oratorio for Prague The Flames of Royal Love Code Name: Ruby Late Talks with my Mother Landscape of My Heart Toyen The Ferrari Dino Girl Heart Beat 3D The Wolf from Royal Vineyard Street Vstup zakázán - Young Border guard The Murder of Mr. Devil The Unbearable Lightness of Being - cameraman filming the tanks in Prague 68 - Dezsö Horváth Corpus delicti - Suitor Jan Němec on IMDb
Richard Andvord was a Norwegian cavalry officer and aide-de-camp for the Norwegian Royal Family. Andvord was educated in commerce in Oxford. In 1911 he was employed as a cavalry officer, between 1916 and 1927 he served as Norwegian military attaché in Bern, Vienna and London. From 1927 to 1930 he was an aide-de-camp of King Haakon VII of Norway, he held the titles of cavalry captain from 1930, from 1949 kammerherre. During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, Andvord was arrested in December 1944 in Hamar for "hostile behaviour" towards Germans, he was imprisoned in Grini concentration camp from 18 December 1944 to the liberation of Norway. In 1945 he was hired as director of the Royal Stables, stayed in this position until 1960, he was succeeded by Erik Blankenborg Prydz. Curiously, the head of the Royal Stables had no responsibility for horses or equipages, but the motor vehicles owned by the Norwegian Royal Family as well as all car driving in connection with events at the Royal Palace.
Andvord acted as driver for foreign dignitaries, guiding them on their way to royal audience. In 1958 the entire Court of the Norwegian Royal Family consisted of as few as seven people. In 1959 Andvord was decorated as a Commander of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav, he held four royal medals and several foreign orders of knighthood, he died in January 1965, 79 years old. He was buried at Vår Frelsers gravlund in a family grave.
The Balata-Tufari National Forest is a national forest in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. It was created to support sustainable extraction of forest products such as timber subject to restrictions and regulations defined by law or the responsible agency, ICMBio; the Balata-Tufari National Forest covers parts of the municipalities of Canutama and Tapauá in the state of Amazonas. It has an area of 1,079,669.71 hectares. It is bounded by the Purus River to the west, by the first section of the Trans-Amazonian Highway from Lábrea to Humaitá which cuts across its southern end, by BR-319 to the east; the Mucuim River runs through the forest, flowing north from the Mapinguari National Park, which lies to the south of BR-230. The Mucuim is joined within the forest by the Açuã River, which rises in the Mapinguari National Park. 2.47% of the national forest's area overlaps with the Mapinguari National Park. The national forest is in the Amazon biome, it contains 91.44% open rainforest, 6.45% dense rainforest and 2.11% contact between savannah and rainforest.
About 2000 families live in the forest farmers who own or lease small plots. The Balata-Tufari National Forest and the nearby Iquiri National Forest have great potential not only for sustainable extraction of timber but for products such as oils, nuts and fruits; the Balata-Tufari National Forest was created by decree on 17 February 2005 and is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. It is classed as IUCN protected area category VI with the objective of sustainable multiple use of forest resources and scientific research, with emphasis on methods for sustainable exploitation of native forests; the forest had three areas when created: Gleba Balata with 282,781 hectares, Gleba Tufari with 360,168 hectares and Gleba Jacaré with 159,074 hectares. On 8 May 2008 a fourth area was added, Area 4 with 275,836 hectares; the advisory council was formed on 14 December 2010. An ordinance of 9 January 2012 provided for a consistent and integrated approach to preparing management plans for the conservation units in the BR-319 area of influence.
These are the Abufari Biological Reserve, Cuniã Ecological Station, Nascentes do Lago Jari and Mapinguari national parks, Balata-Tufari, Humaitá and Iquiri national forests, the Lago do Capanã-Grande, Rio Ituxi, Médio Purus and Lago do Cuniã extractive reserves
William Koopmans Summers is an independent neuroscientist and was the inventor of Tacrine as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease. Tacrine was the first FDA approved anti-dementia drug. Today there are five FDA approved anti-dementia drugs. Summers was born in Missouri, he graduated from Jefferson City Public High School in 1962. He began college at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri in 1962 and transferred to the University of Missouri where he received a Bachelor of Science in 1966. Summers attended Washington University School of Medicine, graduating in 1971 after an elective year of basic research in nephrology; this effort led to a continued interest in medical research. Summers’ post graduate education was at Washington University, he did a combined residency in internal psychiatry. Summers was in the last group of ‘ward internal medicine internships’ at Barnes Hospital under Carl V. Moore. In psychiatry he was influenced by pioneers in biological psychiatry such as Eli Robbins, George Winokur, George Murphy, John Feigner, John William Olney, Paula J. Clayton, Robert Woodruff, Ferris N. Pitts, many other founders of the medical basis of psychiatry.
Summers served as an Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh and at the Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center. During this time Summers did a pilot intravenous, trial of tacrine in Alzheimer's disease and found measurable acute improvement in the memory performance of the subjects. In 1981, Summers began private medical practice in California, he soon joined the clinical faculty of UCLA where he began working further on the development of tacrine as a practical treatment of Alzheimer's disease. He discovered that tacrine was absorbed by oral administration and did enter the central nervous system, An intravenous treatment for a chronic disease is not a practical treatment. An oral preparation of tacrine was a practical treatment for Alzheimer's. Safety experiments were done in animal models. In 1984, it was inconceivable that a dementia patient could improve on a long term basis. Thus, psychometric scales had to be validated; the oral tacrine study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine on November 13, 1986.
The accompanying editorial was positive, but the scientific community of the time was not prepared to accept that Alzheimer's could be treated. Criticism by researchers associated with the Alzheimer's Association was sharp; the US Food and Drug Administration investigated Dr. Summers from November 18, 1986 through May 4, 1989. Additionally, Dr. Summer's work was investigated by UCLA. Considerable publicity occurred. Summers was defended by Robert L. Bartley and Daniel Henninger by a series of Wall Street Journal editorials. On March 28, 1989 U. S. Patent 4,816,456 was issued to Dr. Summers. With no findings to support allegations and concerns, Frances Oldham Kelsey closed the FDA Office of Compliance investigation, in May, 1989; the Office for Drug Evaluation I, placed Summers on a secret "black list" without informing him. Once discovered by Summers, in 2007, the citation was removed; when Summers initiated his research, it was accepted that Alzheimer's disease was a progressive unremitting neurodegenerative disease that could not be improved.
Today, there are five FDA approved medications for the treatment of Alzheimer's or Dementia of other types. In 2011, there are 842 Clinical trials on over 100 drugs under investigation for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Since the 1980s, the majority of research effort was focused on the genetics and toxicity of beta amyloid protein as the cause of Alzheimer's disease. Summers developed alternative hypothesis based on oxidative brain injury, he hypothesized that brain insults create a smoldering inflammation which produces free radicals and distant sites of inflammation. These areas of inflammation cause the deposition of beta amyloid and tau protein. Based on this theory, Summers created a complex, potent antioxidant, classified as a health supplement; this antioxidant combination has been shown to improve memory in normal aging people. Personal site
The Minister for Business, Fair Work and Skills is a Junior ministerial post in the Scottish Government. As a result, the Minister does not attend the Scottish Cabinet; the post was retitled in June 2018: the Minister supports the Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Fair Work and the Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills, both of whom are members of cabinet. The Minister for Business, Fair Work and Skills has specific responsibility for: Business and manufacturing Employment policy Labour market strategy, the living wage, fair work Employability programmes Youth employment Women's employment Bankruptcy and Accountant in Bankruptcy Regional economic forums Partnership Action for Continuing Employment Non-advanced vocational skills Skills Development Scotland The current Minister for Business, Fair Work and Skills is Jamie Hepburn. From 1999 to 2007, enterprise and energy were the responsibility of the Minister for Enterprise and Lifelong Learning; the Second McConnell government from 2003 to 2007 instituted Tourism as a portfolio, combined with Culture and Sport, as the Minister for Tourism and Sport.
The Salmond government, elected following the 2007 Scottish Parliament election created the junior post of Minister for Enterprise and Tourism by combining the roles. In November 2014 his post became the Minister for Business and Tourism, as part of the first Sturgeon government; the post was retitled as Minister for Business and Energy as part of the second Sturgeon government, renamed again in June 2018 to Business, Fair Work and Skills. Scottish Parliament Minister for Business and Energy on Scottish Government website