|Public limited company|
|Traded as||LSE: BBY|
|Industry||Infrastructure: professional services, construction services, support services, infrastructure investments|
|Founded||1909 by George Balfour and Andrew Beatty|
Philip Aiken, Chairman|
Leo Quinn (CEO)
|Revenue||£8,234 million (2017)|
|£196 million (2017)|
|£168 million (2017)|
Number of employees
Balfour Beatty plc is an English multinational infrastructure group with capabilities in construction services, support services and infrastructure investments. A constituent of the FTSE 250 Index, Balfour Beatty works across the United Kingdom, Ireland, the United States, Canada and South East Asia.
Balfour Beatty was formed in 1909 with a capital of £50,000. The two principals were George Balfour, a qualified mechanical and electrical engineer, and Andrew Beatty, an accountant, who had met while working for the London branch of the New York engineers JG White & Company. Initially the Company concentrated on tramways, the first contract being for the Fife Tramway Light and Power Company at Dunfermline; its general construction expertise was extended during World War I with, for example, army camps.
George Balfour was elected to the House of Commons in 1918 and played a large part in the debates which established the National Grid. To service this new market, George Balfour, Andrew Beatty and others formed Power Securities to finance projects and the two companies, with their common directors, worked closely together. Balfour Beatty was heavily involved in the development of Scotland’s hydro electric power, building dams, transmission lines and power stations.
Other work between the wars included the standardisation of the electricity supply in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, and the construction of tunnels and escalators for the London Underground. Extensive overseas work started in 1924 when Balfour Beatty took over the management of the East African Power & Lighting company; construction work included hydro electric schemes in the Dolomites, Malaya and India; power stations in Argentina and Uruguay and the Kut Barrage on the Tigris in Iraq.
By World War II, control of the firm had passed on: Andrew Beatty had died in 1934 and George Balfour died in 1941. Construction work was now dominated by the war effort and notable projects included blocking the approaches to Scapa Flow and the building of six Mulberry harbour units. Peace saw a resumption of Balfour Beatty’s traditional work, power stations and railway work dominating at home. Overseas, a construction company was bought in Canada in 1953 and other work included the Mto Mtwara harbour in Tanganyika and the Wadi Tharthar irrigation scheme in Iraq.
In 1969, Power Securities, which by then owned Balfour Beatty, was taken over by cable manufacturer BICC. Then, in May 2000 BICC, having sold its cable operations, renamed itself Balfour Beatty.
Balfour Beatty moved away from its traditional area of expertise in 1986 when it formed Balfour Beatty Homes, building on a modest scale from its office in Nottingham. It also opened offices in Paisley and Leatherhead and in 1987 bought the Derbyshire firm of David M Adams to give it an annualised production rate of 700 houses. Little more than a year before the housing market collapsed, through its parent BICC, Clarke Homes was bought.
By the mid 1990s, sales were down to only five hundred a year, and although no financial figures were ever published, the housing operation was believed to have suffered heavy losses. Balfour Beatty Homes was renamed Clarke Homes and then sold to Westbury in 1995. In October 2005, Balfour Beatty were found guilty of breaching health and safety laws and were fined £10 million for their involvement in the Hatfield rail crash. The crash resulted in the death of four people and injured more than 70.
Balfour Beatty then embarked on a series of acquisitions including Mansell plc, another construction services business, for £42m in November 2003, Birse plc, a construction & Civils contractor based in the United Kingdom, for £32m in August 2006, Centex Construction for £180m in February 2007 and Cowlin Construction, a construction company based in Bristol also in October 2007.
In February 2008, the company bought GMH Military Housing, a United States-based military accommodation business, for £180m and Dean & Dyball, a leading regional contractor in the United Kingdom, for £45 million.
In September 2009, the company agreed to buy Parsons Brinckerhoff, a project management firm based in the United States, for $626 million. In October 2010 the company bought Halsall Group, a Canadian professional services firm, for £33 million and then in November 2010 the company bought the remnant of collapsed construction company Rok plc for £7 million.
In June 2011, it went on to buy Howard S. Wright, one of the oldest contractors on the West Coast of the United States, for £58 million as well as Fru-Con Construction, a US water and wastewater contractor, for £12 million and in January 2013 it bought Subsurface Group, a consulting and engineering firm based in the United States.
In August 2014, the company rebuffed three offers by rival Carillion for the two companies to merge. The last bid, which valued Balfour Beatty at £2.1 billion, was unanimously rejected by the Balfour Beatty board on 20 August 2014, one day before a deadline for negotiations to conclude. Balfour refused to allow an extension of time for negotiations which could have prompted a fourth bid.
In March 2009, the company was found to be a subscriber to the Consulting Association, a firm which then prosecuted by the UK Information Commissioner's Office for breaching the Data Protection Act by holding a secret database of construction workers details, including union membership and political affiliations, and six enforcement notices were issued against Balfour Beatty companies.
Balfour Beatty was subsequently one of eight businesses involved in establishing the Construction Workers Compensation Scheme in July 2014, though the scheme was condemned as a "PR stunt" by the GMB union, and as "an act of bad faith" by Parliament's Scottish Affairs Select Committee. In December 2017, Unite announced it had issued high court proceedings relating to blacklisting against 12 major contractors including Balfour Beatty.
Balfour Beatty designs, builds and maintains infrastructure across a number of sectors. Their capabilities include:
- Construction services: Design, construction management, refurbishment and fit out, mechanical and electrical services, civil engineering, ground engineering and rail engineering.
- Support services: Installation, upgrade and maintenance of water, gas and electricity networks; rail renewals; street and public space management, operation and maintenance.
- Infrastructure investments: A portfolio of long term (Public Private Partnership ('PPP') concessions in the United Kingdom, primarily in the education, health and roads/street lighting sectors.
A portfolio of long term military accommodation PPP concessions in the United States. Balfour Beatty also has interests in non PPP assets in the United Kingdom.
The company is a 50% shareholder in Gammon Construction, based in Hong Kong. Balfour Beatty is a member of Constructing Excellence, the Business Services Association and Build UK, comprising members of the Confederation of British Industry.
Projects involving Balfour Beatty include:
- The Kut Barrage, Iraq, completed in 1939
- The Churchill Barriers, Orkney, completed in 1940-44
- The Kielder Dam, Northumberland, completed in 1982
- The Docklands Light Railway in London, completed in 1985
- Large parts of the M25 motorway around London, completed in 1986
- Sheffield Supertram, completed in 1994
- The Channel Tunnel, completed in 1994
- The Cardiff Bay Barrage, completed in 1999
- The University Hospital of North Durham, completed in 2001
- The Lesotho Highlands Water Project, completed in 2002
- Nam Cheong Station, Hong Kong, completed in 2003
- The Pergau Dam hydroelectric project in Malaysia, completed in 2003
- The M6 Toll, completed in 2003
- New facilities for the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, completed in 2003
- University College London Hospital, completed in 2005
- Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge, Connecticut, USA, completed in 2006
- Royal Blackburn Hospital, completed in 2006
- Dubai Mall, completed in 2008
- The United States Capitol Visitor Center, completed in 2008
- The King's Cross St. Pancras tube station Northern Ticket Hall, completed in 2009
- Tameside General Hospital, completed in 2009
- Redevelopment of Stobhill Hospital in Glasgow, completed in 2009
- Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham near Selly Oak, Birmingham, completed in 2010
- Pinderfields Hospital in Wakefield, completed in 2010
- Pontefract Hospital, completed in 2010
- The East London Line, completed in 2010
- The A3 Hindhead Tunnel, completed in 2011
- The London Aquatics Centre, completed in 2011
- The M25 motorway widening J16 to 23 and J27 to 30, completed in 2012
- Extension to the Victoria Hospital in Kirkcaldy, completed in 2012
- The Blackfriars station and Bridge Construction Works, completed in 2012
- The rebuilding of Salford Royal Hospital, completed in 2012
- The new main facility for Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas, Texas, completed in 2014
- The M4/M5 Managed Motorways project in Bristol, completed in 2014
- Providence Tower, London, completed in 2015
- Crossrail Liverpool Street station and Whitechapel station tunnels project, due to complete in 2018
- Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route, due to complete in 2018
- HS2 lots N1 and N2, working as part of joint venture, with main construction work to start in 2018/9.
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