The Ballistic Research Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland was the center for the United States Army's research efforts in ballistics as well as vulnerability/lethality analysis. In 1992, the BRL's mission and facilities were incorporated into the newly created Army Research Laboratory, BRL was disestablished. According to a pamphlet published in 1955 by the US Army's Ordnance Corps, BRL was "established by the Ordnance Department because they recognized that Ballistics, the study of the motion of projectiles, provides a rational foundation for the design and development of Ordnance." The name was plural, reflecting subordinate laboratories for each of the ballistic disciplines, but these were redesignated divisions of a single laboratory. Over the years, during World War II, BRL's permanent technical staff was augmented by a number of eminent scientists and engineers serving in various capacities. Among those was noted American astronomer Edwin P. Hubble who served as Chief of the External Ballistics Branch of the BRL during which he directed a large volume of research in exterior ballistics during the war which increased the effective fire power of bombs and projectiles.
His work was facilitated by his personal development of several items of equipment for the instrumentation used in exterior ballistics, the most outstanding development being the high-speed clock camera, which made possible the study of the characteristics of bombs and low velocity projectiles in flight. The results of his studies was credited with improving design and military effectiveness of bombs and rockets. Other included members of the Scientific Advisory Committee, established in 1940. Among its member were: Other consultants included astronomer Dorrit Hoffleit. H. Thomas. On March 27 of 1964, the U. S. Army's Ballistic Research Laboratory, according to the 36th U. S. President's Commission, played host to one of the most famous rifles in U. S. history. On that date, three marksmen test fired a Mannlicher–Carcano Type 38, the rifle used by Lee Harvey Oswald to assassinate President John F. Kennedy on November 22 of 1963. Only one of the three expert marksmen was able to fire three shots somewhat close to the established official time limit attributed to Oswald.
But unlike Oswald from the 6th Floor of the Texas School Book Depository Building, these three marksmen were allowed to use a gun rest, they were allowed to take as much time as they needed to line up their first shot at a stationary target. Oswald shot at a moving target. BRL played an important role in the history of computer development: Sponsored the development of ENIAC - regarded as the first general-purpose electronic digital computer - to aid the creation of firing tables for artillery and mortars Developed and built several generations of computers: EDVAC, ORDVAC and BRLESC Developed BRL-CAD, a solid geometric modeling system - now open sourced The network ping utility was authored by Mike Muuss of BRL in December 1983 to troubleshoot network problems
The Place Sathonay is a square located in the 1st arrondissement of Lyon, France, at the bottom of hill of La Croix-Rousse, in La Martinière quarter. It was named after Nicolas-Marie-Jean-Claude Fay de Sathonay, mayor of Lyon from 1805 to 1812, as a tribute for all the importants works undertaken under his presidency; the square is the third largest square in Lyon and belongs to the zone classified as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. According to Lyon geography agrégé Jean Pelletier, it is "one of the most interesting squares of Lyon", because of its harmonious proportions, its boundaries composed of buildings with beautiful 1920s facades, its plantations, which brings "a charm tinged of poetry" and give it the appearance of a village square. Before the deliberation of the municipal council on 22 August 1817, the square was called Place de la Déserte. According to the 1268 Tractatus de bellis, inhabitants of Lyon built fortifications in the Déserte to defend themselves from the ecclesiastical authority.
In 1296, Blanche de Châlons, widow of the lord of Beaujeu, Rhone acquired from Jean Mallerie the parcel "close the new door" and founded in 1304 the monastery or abbey of the same name, which they gave to the Ladies of Saint Clair or Clarisses or which came under the rule of Saint Benoit. In 1318, Blanche de Châlons' son left the vine of the Varissonnière to the religious order, in 1439, the businessman Pierre du Nyèvre transferred the Clos of the vine, which enlarged the field of Order of Poor Ladies. In 1745, their possessions were composed of a quadrilateral area bounded by the Rue du Sergent Blandan, the Montée des Carmélites, the Rue du Bon Pasteur and the Montée de la Grande Côte. From 1791, the property of religious congregations of the hill of La Croix-Rousse were sold and became a national property; the first property auction was that of the Carthusians in September 1791. The gardens of the lower part were given free to the city by decrees of the representative of the people Poulin-Grandpré, on 14 November 1795.
In 1802, this steepest part of the land to the north, was turned into a garden of plants, still visible today. The southern part of the place was given to the city on 19 January 1818; the rest of the buildings belongs now to the Department as a national property and was ceded to the Lyon city. The buildings were destroyed in 1813, excepted the building that houses the City Hall of the arrondissement, replaced by a square paved with pebbles and flat stones. In 1817, the municipal architect Louis Flachéron proposed to enlarge the square and to create an entry to the garden of plants; the square immediately named Place Sathonay, was created under the Mayor of Fargues and was studied in detail by a committee chaired by Paulet which drew up the plan, approved on 10 December 1817. Providing a good view on the steps at the north appeared to be a major concern then: indeed, the idea of erecting a central fountain was withdrawn for this reason, the whole composition was based on a north-south axis, as shown by the original plan.
It had an area of 4,000 m², the stairs at the north of the square next to the city hall provided an access to the former garden of plants. Knight and Baron Antoine Fay, architect Louis Flacheron and lawyer Jean Pine des Granges lived on this square. Circa 1830, an ancient Roman house with a bathroom and three mosaics was discovered at the corner of the rue Poivre. In 1830, houses with commercial or mixed use in 1820s-1830s buildings are composed of one or two rooms, but there were some commercial premises with seven-eight rooms; the square was inhabited by small traders and silk agents. Family and professional life was merged as 69.2% of homes had both uses. Those who had a flat for housing on the place were rentiers who lived at second and third floors with about 3.7 rooms. There was, at that time, none loom on the square. In 1831, the buildings at Nos. 5 and 6 of the square were the second and the fifth new buildings of the eastern part of the hill which had the highest rental value. They were composed of 31 apartments with a total of 105 and 86 rooms.
To the north, the square is opened by a staircase called the montée de l'Amphithéâtre and flanked by two identical buildings, the one on the left built between 1819 and 1823. On both sides of the staircase, there are two fountains adorned with bronze lions made by the Fonderie nationale du Creusot and erected in 1823, which are replicas of the lions adorning the Acqua Felice Fountain in Rome; the side streets were built around 1820-1821. At the east and west, there are four buildings of four floors; the architecture of the facades is very rich. Indeed, according to writer Josette Barre, "the facades are opulent, decorated with wrought iron railings, large doorways in wood, stone and pediments for most openings of the first floors; the windows are high up to the third floor smaller with openings sometimes replaced by a mansard at the last floor". The corner traboule of the Place Sathonay, which crosses a building built in 1822, is closed. There is the Police station of the 1st arrondissement, at No. 5.
In the nineteenth century, the square was decorated with a fountain topped by a bronze statue portraying French inventor Joseph Marie Jacquard, made by Foyatier and inaugurated on Sunday 16 August 1840. The site was planted with chestnut trees at the same time. There are some benches and, near an impatiens clump and buxus. At the center of the square, there is a statu
The 2011–12 Columbus Blue Jackets season was the team's 12th season in the National Hockey League. The Blue Jackets' record of 29–46–7 was the worst record in the NHL for 2011–12 and the first time in franchise history they finished in last place, it marked the third straight year that they missed the playoffs. They had the best chance to receive the first overall selection in the 2012 NHL Entry Draft lottery, but lost out to the Edmonton Oilers and received the second pick instead; the Blue Jackets began the year with the worst start in franchise history and the worst by any team in an NHL season in 19 years. After an 11–25–5 start, head coach Scott Arniel was fired and replaced by assistant coach Todd Richards; the poor season prompted several personnel changes, including the trade of All-Star forward Jeff Carter, acquired with much fanfare during the off-season. With the prospect of another rebuild looming the Blue Jackets' captain and best player, Rick Nash, requested to be traded, though he would remain with the team for the entire season.
The team was involved in a controversial loss to the Los Angeles Kings, when the Staples Center clock appeared to freeze at 1.8 seconds allowing the Kings time to score the tying goal, before winning in overtime. During the season Columbus managed only two winning streaks of three or more games. One of which came towards the end of the year helping the Blue Jackets finish with 65 points, the third worst point total in franchise history. In the off-season, the Blue Jackets' approach to building their team changed, moving from a team of young developing players into one with established players; the first deal General Manager Scott Howson made was the acquisition of All-Star forward Jeff Carter on June 23, 2011. The deal sent Jakub Voracek, Columbus' first-round draft choice, the eighth overall, their third-round pick in the 2011 Draft to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for Carter; the trade received a positive response in Columbus from fans and management who felt they had a number one center to play alongside of their best player, Rick Nash.
Next, they traded for the negotiating rights of soon to be free agent James Wisniewski. Wisniewski scored a career-high 51 points during the 2010–11 season, splitting time between the New York Islanders and Montreal Canadiens; the point total was fifth-highest in the league for defenseman scoring. The Blue Jackets came to terms with Wisniewski just one hour prior to the start of free agency, signing him to a six-year, $33 million contract. Columbus traded former first round draft pick Nikita Filatov to the Ottawa Senators for a third-round pick in the 2011 Draft. Filatov had failed to live up to expectations in Columbus, playing in only 44 games over three seasons scoring six goals. Prior to the start of the season, the Blue Jackets were questioned for not signing a veteran back-up to starting goaltender Steve Mason, as the former Calder Memorial Trophy winner had struggled in consecutive seasons; the Blue Jackets signed Mark Dekanich as the back-up who had only 50 minutes of NHL experience prior to the start of the season.
Columbus did sign a veteran Curtis Sanford to be their third string goaltender and to start for their American Hockey League affiliate, the Springfield Falcons. Sanford had not played in the NHL since 2009. During training camp, Dekanich suffered a high ankle sprain, expected to keep him out of the line-up for a month. Additionally, Sanford suffered a groin injury. York had only played all in the AHL, entering the season. After the first five games, all losses, Jeff Carter suffered a broken foot that kept him out of the line-up for 10 games. While Carter was injured, the Blue Jackets continued to lose games. In the eighth game of the year, they had a chance to end the losing streak against the Ottawa Senators. Columbus held a 3–2 lead with under a minute to play. Jason Spezza tied the game on a late power play, with just 4.7 seconds remaining, Milan Michalek notched the winning goal for the Senators. The loss helped set a franchise record for futility with a 0–7–1 record to start a season; the losing streak came to an end three days with a win over the Detroit Red Wings.
During the game, several milestones were reached. James Wisniewski made his Columbus debut, Ryan Johansen and John Moore scored their first career NHL goals and Grant Clitsome had a career-high three assists. Columbus was unable to create any momentum from the win and continued to struggle, culminating in a 2–12–1 record, the worst start to an NHL season for any team in 19 years. With the team struggling, management attempted to "shake things up" by making some roster moves; the first move was the acquisition of center Mark Letestu from the Pittsburgh Penguins. Next, they traded defenseman Kris Russell to the St. Louis Blues for Nikita Nikitin; as the clubs slow start continued, there were rumors that Head Coach Scott Arniel would be fired and replaced with Ken Hitchcock. Hitchcock had coached the Blue Jackets to their only playoff appearance in club history and was still under contract with the franchise through to the end of the season. Before any of these rumors came to fruition, the St. Louis Blues asked Columbus for permission to hire Hitchcock, which the Blue Jackets allowed.
Hitchcock began his Blues coaching career with a 6–1–2 record in his first nine games, while Columbus amassed a 6–13–3 record to start the season. During the same time frame as the Hitchcock rumors, goaltender Curtis Sanford returned from his groin injury on November 13, he made his first start of the season against the Boston Bruins. Sanford continued his strong play, posting a 3–1–2 record, 1.38 goals against average
The SP1900 EMU / SP1950 EMU or IKK Train is a model of train that runs on Hong Kong's East Rail Line, West Rail Line and Tuen Ma Line. It was the second model of electric multiple unit rolling stock of the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation; the trains were delivered in several phases. The phases have different model numbers but an identical appearance; the models numbers include: SP1900, SP1950, KRS991 and 1151. Unless specified, the name SP1900 would apply to describe all the model numbers in this article. Another model, 1141A, is similar in design to the SP1900, but was built by a different manufacturer and has a different appearance. After the rail merger, the KCR logos on the SP1900 EMU were replaced with those of MTR, a revised route map was introduced in the train interiors. On 8 March 1999, a Japanese consortium comprising Itochu, Kinki Sharyo and Kawasaki Heavy Industries won a HK$3.1-billion contract to build a new model of commuter train for the Kowloon-Canton Railway. The contract code of these trains is SP1900, based on the technology of JR East E231 series.
KCRC has arranged ninety-six cars of 250, in twelve-car configuration, 8 sets of train joining the train fleet of East Rail Line with the existing Metro Cammell EMU. The SP1900 trains started service on the East Rail Line in 2001, it is known for its quiet design compared to former EMUs. The remaining 154 cars were reserved until the inauguration of West Rail Line in December 2003, they had been arranged with 22 sets of trains running on the system. In December 2000, KCRC reordered 72 cars of the same model, with different contract code, SP1950, prepared for the inauguration of Ma On Shan Line in December 2004, totalling 18 sets of train in four-car configuration. In January 2006, another contract KRS991 was signed by the KCRC, ordering an additional 34 compartments of the same model, in preparation for the Kowloon Southern Link, opened in 2009. Twenty-eight of them were formed into four seven-car trains, the remaining six compartments joined eight existing ones from two trains on Ma On Shan Line to form another two seven-car trains.
The new trains now serve the West Rail Line. The SP1900 trains feature a difference appearance from the older Metro-Cammell EMU on the East Rail Line. Most notably, the "head" car, D car, presents a slight bullet train-shaped head for better acceleration against air drag at high speeds, its exterior livery is identical to the older trains following refurbishment, with five sliding doors on each side of the standard compartment and two on each side of the first class compartment, of which one is unused. The interior of SP1900 is yellowish with blue flooring, with longitudinal seating akin to the M-Trains on the urban lines and a wider gangway connection than the refurbished Metro Cammell EMUs; each car has six 15-inch LCD monitors mounted on stanchions and broadcasting looping daily TV news provided by Cable TV Hong Kong and safety guidelines when announcements are being broadcast. Two small video cameras are mounted in opposite positions on each car for driver to keep the train under surveillance.
Whereas manufacturer Kinki Sharyo listed capacity upward of 430 for D-cars and 452 for others, as well as 72 seats for first-class carriages, MTR's corporate publications specifies that car capacities in the three lines as "52 seated and up to 286 standing", with first-class compartment allowing "72 seated and up to 144 standing". In 2007, KCRC introduced customized "Art Unlimited" exterior wraps on one East Rail set and one West Rail set, featuring pro-modern plane art exhibitions dedicated by public volunteers on both the exterior and interior of the train compartments; the wraps were removed right before the operator's merger with MTRC by the end of that year. Signalling variance on the individual lines resulted in trains on the East Rail Line being installed with TBL. Trains on the other two routes has been installed the SelTrac; the control and monitor panel inside the driver cab is different between the two controlling systems, in spite of the fact that they're mounted on the same model of train.
In 24 January 2014, the MTRC, now operating the West Rail Line on KCRC's behalf, ordered another 36 new cars to convert the SP1900 sets on all three lines to 8-car configurations for the future East West Corridor. The newly converted SP1900 trains are retrofitted with dynamic route map displays that replace the existing plastic maps above the doorways, will receive larger 22-inch LCD TVs in the near future, they retain the KCR livery with blue bodies and red doors, will operate on the East West Corridor. Until the opening of the East West Corridor in 2019, the converted trains continue to serve separately on the West Rail and Ma On Shan Lines, but will be withdrawn from the East Rail Line and be replaced with new Hyundai Rotem EMUs. A separate order was made for 136 carriages from Changchun Railway Vehicles to form several new 8-car sets for the East West Corridor, operating alongside the SP1900 sets. Unlike the IKK trains, these new trains have the same livery as the SIL C-Trains and R-Trains on the North South Corridor, are facelifted versions of the SP1900 design, with major differences being the cab ends and electrical equipment.
CentralPlaza Chiangmai Airport known as Central Airport Plaza, is a shopping mall in Mueang District, Chiang Mai. The shopping malls was established as Tantraphan Airport Plaza in 1987. Central Pattana takeover and re-branded the shopping mall to Central Airport Plaza in March 1996. CentralPlaza Chiangmai Airport The shopping mall has five floors. Robinson Department Store Tops Market Major Cineplex 7 Cinemas Baan & Beyond B2S Officemate Supersports Power Buy Food Park Chiangmai Hall List of shopping malls in Thailand Central Pattana. Annual Report 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012. Central Pattana. Form 56-1 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012
Amusement Today is a monthly periodical that features articles, news and reviews about all things relating to the amusement park industry, including parks and ride manufacturers. The trade newspaper, based in Arlington, United States, was founded in January 1997 by Gary Slade, Virgil E. Moore III and Rick Tidrow. In 1997, Amusement Today won the Impact Award in the services category for "Best New Product" from the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions. A year in 1998, the magazine founded the Golden Ticket Awards, for which it has become best known for throughout the amusement park industry. On January 2, 2001, Slade bought out his two partners; the paper has two full-time and two part-time staff members at its Arlington office, along with two full-time writers and several freelance writers in various parts of the world. Every year, Amusement Today gives out awards to the best of the best in the amusement park industry in a ceremony known as the Golden Ticket Awards; the awards are handed out based on surveys given to experienced and well-traveled amusement park enthusiasts from around the world.
The awards, which were first handed out in 1998, have been featured on the Discovery Channel and the Travel Channel. From 1998–2000 there was no Host Park, the awards were announced from Amusement Today's Arlington, office instead; the 2008 awards were announced at Give Kids the World Village in Florida. 2017 was hosted by two parks. Best Carousel Best Funhouse/Walk-Through Best Indoor Roller Coaster Best Seaside Park - Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, Morey's Piers Best Shows - Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Six Flags Fiesta Texas, Dollywood The award for Best Shows was revamped after 2018, to just showcase a specific new show at a park. Cleanest Park - Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Holiday World & Splashin' Safari Friendliest Park - Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, Silver Dollar City, Dollywood Best Amusement Park – Europa-Park for the last 6 years. Best Water Park – Schlitterbahn for all 22 years. Best Landscaping/Most Beautiful Park – Busch Gardens Williamsburg for all 22 years Best Halloween Event – Universal Studios Orlando for 10 out of the 12 years the award has been given.
Best Food – Knoebels for 17 out of last 18 years. Best Steel Roller Coaster – Fury 325 for the last 4 years. Best Shows – Dollywood for the last 10 years. Best Indoor Waterpark – Schlitterbahn Galveston Island for all 8 years the award has been given. Best Outdoor Production Show – IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth at Epcot for 12 out of the 13 years the award has been given. Current Golden Ticket Awards at Amusement Today's Golden Ticket website Golden Ticket Awards go online for 2012 Details of voting for the 2012 Golden Ticket Awards