The Baltimore Ravens are a professional American football team based in Baltimore, Maryland. The Ravens compete in the National Football League as a member club of the American Football Conference North division; the team is headquartered in Owings Mills. The club was established in 1996, after Art Modell, the owner of the Cleveland Browns, announced plans to relocate the franchise from Cleveland to Baltimore in 1995; as part of a settlement between the league and the city of Cleveland, Modell was required to leave the Browns' history and records in Cleveland for a replacement team and replacement personnel that would take control in 1999. In return, he was allowed to take his own personnel and team to Baltimore, where such personnel would form an expansion team; the Ravens have been one of the more successful franchises since their inception, having qualified for the NFL playoffs 12 times since 2000, with two Super Bowl championship titles, two AFC Championship titles, 15 playoff victories, four AFC Championship game appearances, six AFC North division titles, are the only team in the NFL to hold a perfect record in multiple Super Bowl appearances.
The Ravens organization was led by general manager Ozzie Newsome from 1996 until his retirement following the 2018 season, has had three head coaches: Ted Marchibroda, Brian Billick, since 2008, John Harbaugh. Starting with a record-breaking defensive performance in their 2000 season, the Ravens have established a reputation for strong defensive play throughout team history, featuring Hall of Fame players like middle linebacker Ray Lewis and safety Ed Reed as well as Pro Bowl players like defensive end Terrell Suggs and defensive tackle Haloti Ngata; the team is owned by Steve Bisciotti and valued at $2.59 billion, making the Ravens the 29th-most valuable sports franchise in the world. The name "Ravens" was inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's poem The Raven. Chosen in a fan contest that drew 33,288 voters, the allusion honors Poe, who spent the early part of his career in Baltimore and is buried there; as the Baltimore Sun reported at the time, fans "liked the tie-in with the other birds in town, the Orioles, found it easy to visualize a tough, menacing black bird.".
Before the football team, there was the Baltimore Ravens wheelchair basketball team — the original Baltimore Ravens. In 1972, the wheelchair basketball team was founded by Ralph Smith, long-term resident of Baltimore and second Vice President of the National Wheelchair Basketball Association; the name "Ravens" was inspired by a member of the Ravens wheelchair basketball team. In the 1990's, the naming rights were sold to the football team when they came to the city and the wheelchair basketball team became known as the Maryland Ravens, Inc. After the controversial relocation of the Colts to Indianapolis, several attempts were made to bring an NFL team back to Baltimore. In 1993, ahead of the 1995 league expansion, the city was considered a favorite, behind only St. Louis, to be granted one of two new franchises. League officials and team owners feared litigation due to conflicts between rival bidding groups if St. Louis was awarded a franchise, in October Charlotte, North Carolina was the first city chosen.
Several weeks Baltimore's bid for a franchise—dubbed the Baltimore Bombers, in honor of the locally produced Martin B-26 Marauder bomber—had three ownership groups in place and a state financial package which included a proposed $200 million, rent-free stadium and permission to charge up to $80 million in personal seat license fees. Baltimore, was unexpectedly passed over in favor of Jacksonville, despite Jacksonville's minor TV market status and that the city had withdrawn from contention in the summer, only to return with then-Commissioner Paul Tagliabue's urging. Although league officials denied that any city had been favored, it was reported that Tagliabue and his longtime friend Washington Redskins owner Jack Kent Cooke had lobbied against Baltimore due to its proximity to Washington, D. C. and that Tagliabue had used the initial committee voting system to prevent the entire league ownership from voting on Baltimore's bid. This led to public outrage and the Baltimore Sun describing Tagliabue as having an "Anybody But Baltimore" policy.
Maryland governor William Donald Schaefer said afterward that Tagliabue had led him on, praising Baltimore and the proposed owners while working behind-the-scenes to oppose Baltimore's bid. By May 1994, Baltimore Orioles owner Peter Angelos had gathered a new group of investors, including author Tom Clancy, to bid on teams whose owners had expressed interest in relocating. Angelos found a potential partner in Georgia Frontiere, open to moving the Los Angeles Rams to Baltimore. Jack Kent Cooke opposed the move, intending to build the Redskins' new stadium in Laurel, close enough to Baltimore to cool outside interest in bringing in a new franchise; this led to heated arguments between Cooke and Angelos, who accused Cooke of being a "carpetbagger." The league persuaded Rams team president John Shaw to relocate to St. Louis instead, leading to a league-wide rumor that Tagliabue was again steering interest away from Baltimore, a claim which Tagliabue denied. In response to anger in Baltimore, including Governor Schaefer's threat to announce over the loudspeakers Tagliabue's exact location in Camden Yards any time he attended a Baltimore Orioles game, Tagliabue remarked of Baltimore's financial package: "Maybe can open another museum with that money."
Following this, Angelos made an unsuccessful $200 million bid to bring the T
Gustavo Adolfo Bell Lemus is the current Ambassador of Colombia to Cuba. A lawyer and historian, he served as the seventh Vice President of Colombia between 1998 and 2002 under the administration of Andrés Pastrana Arango, during which time he served concurrently as High Commissioner for Human Rights of Colombia and as Minister of National Defence between 2001 and 2002. In 1992, as the 53rd Governor of Atlántico, he became the first popularly elected Governor of the Department following the enactment of the 1991 Colombian Constitution. Bell attended the Pontifical Xavierian University where he obtained a double degree in Laws and Socioeconomics, he completed graduate studies at the University of the Andes on a Constitutional Bicentenary scholarship from the Bank of the Republic, the Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos at Seville on a research scholarship from Spain's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, St Antony's College, Oxford on a British Council scholarship, where he obtained a Ph.
D in Modern History. In addition to his academic studies, Bell was one of the founding members and part of the faculty of the University of the North in Barranquilla. Bell began his work in journalism in El Heraldo, rose to become one of the most influential journalist in northern Colombia. While working as Executive Editor of El Heraldo, Bell suffered an assassination attempt but escaped unharmed. In 1991 Bell run for governor of the Atlántico Department as an independent candidate, he became the first elected governor by popular vote of this Department for the period between 1992-1994. After spending three years studying in England Bell returned to Colombia in 1997 and joined the presidential campaign of Andrés Pastrana. Pastrana offered him the Vice Presidency of Colombia, They were elected for the 1998-2002 presidential period. Vice President Bell was in charge of the Colombian Office for Human Rights issues between 1998 and 2001, year in which President Pastrana appointed him the Ministry of National Defence.
On October 29, 2010, President Juan Manuel Santos Calderón designated Bell to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Colombia to the Republic of Cuba stating "I think better ambassador to Cuba would not be found. We want to maintain a special relationship with Cuba and therefore we will send an ambassador of high carat, as Dr. Bell". On March 7, 2011, Bell was sworn in by President Santos on as Ambassador to Cuba in a ceremony at the Palace of Nariño. Bell has one daughter named María Alexandra. People daily - Gustavo Bell medios para la paz - Atentado contra la vida de Gustavo Bell El Heraldo - MARIA MERCEDES De La Espriella de Bell
Gayathri Raguuram is an Indian choreographer and actress who has worked in the South Indian film industry. She was born to a brahmin Iyer family to choreographer Raghuram. Gayathri began her career as an actress in the 2002 film Charlie Chaplin and after a career break, she began working as a choreographer in films during 2008. Gayathri Raghuram started acting at the age of fourteen. Early in her career, she insisted on being known by her full name to avoid confusion with another actress, Gayatri Jayaraman, active in the period, her debut film, Sakthi Chidambaram's comedy drama Charlie Chaplin, featured her in an ensemble cast alongside Prabhu Deva and Abhirami. She was selected for the film; the film enjoyed commercial success, with a critic from The Hindu stating "the new heroine's expertise in dance is impressive". In 2002, she appeared in three more films: the Kannada film Manasella Neene directed by choreographer Sundaram, the Tamil film Style alongside choreographer Raghava Lawrence and the Malayalam film, Nakshathrakkannulla Rajakumaran Avanundoru Rajakumari, where she starred opposite Prithviraj.
Her four consequent releases in 2003 fared less well at the box office and failed to garner her more film offers. In concern of her performance in the horror film Whistle, a critic from The Hindu wrote "Gayathri Raghuram's face is and her expressions are just right but rotundity seems to come in the way of wholesome appeal". A critic wrote "Gayathri, as the garrulous friend of the hero, begins well, when you think she might have a solid role to play, she turns out to be just another weighty heroine in tow", in regard of her appearance in the Arjun-starrer Parasuram. Subsequently, she quit films and relocated to pursue a qualification in Visual Communications in Iowa, USA. Gayathri returned to the film industry in 2008 as a choreographer with films like Jayam Kondaan and Poi Solla Porom and has since worked in big budget productions including Madrasapattinam, Deiva Thirumagal and Anjaan, her work in the crime thriller Kanthaswamy and the satire Tamil Padam were well received by critics. By 2014, she had choreographed around 100 films and has specialised in working on romantic montages.
Gayatri acted once more in Vai Raja Vai at the insistence of her friend Aishwarya Dhanush by portraying the sister of the film's lead character Gautham Karthik. She made an extended guest appearance in director Bala's village drama Tharai Thappattai, where she featured in a karakattam-based song. After announcing her intentions of directing a film in 2012, she began work on her first directorial venture Yaadhumagi Nindraai during 2016. In 2017, Gayathri was a contestant on the Tamil reality show, she was evicted from the show on day 56, after having attracted widespread criticism for her behaviour inside the Bigg Boss House. In particular, her constant harassment and bullying of contestants Bharani and Oviya were criticised. A police complaint was filed against her for using derogatory words and hurting the sentiment of others, while on the show. Post her appearance on the show, Gayathri returned to choreography, appeared as a judge on the television show, Mrs Chinnathirai. Gayathri was born as the second daughter to dance choreographers Girija Raghuram.
Her elder sister Suja is a prominent dancer, who has previously worked as an actress. She is the great grand-daughter of director Krishnaswami Subrahmanyam, her mother, Girija comes from a family of choreographers, which includes Kala. In August 2006, Gayathri had an arranged marriage with US-based software engineer Deepak Chandrasekar in California, the pair subsequently held a Hindu ceremony in December 2006, attended by several actors and politicians from Tamil Nadu. In 2008, Gayathri filed for divorce on the grounds of domestic abuse from his parents; the divorce was subsequently granted in 2010. In November 2015, Gayathri was appointed as Bharatiya Janata Party's secretary for arts in Tamil Nadu, she had earlier joined the party in 2014 in the presence of BJP president Amit Shah. ActressDirectorYaadhumagi Nindraai TelevisionOdi Vilayadu Pappa -Judge Bigg Boss -Contestant Mrs. Chinnathirai -Judge Divided -Contestant Bigg Boss 2 -Guest Gayathri Raguram on IMDb