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Broadcast automation

Broadcast automation incorporates the use of broadcast programming technology to automate broadcasting operations. Used either at a broadcast network, radio station or a television station, it can run a facility in the absence of a human operator, they can run in a "live assist" mode when there are on-air personnel present at the master control, television studio or control room. The radio transmitter end of the airchain is handled by a separate automatic transmission system. In the US, many broadcast licensing authorities required a licensed board operator to run every station at all times, meaning that every DJ had to pass an exam to obtain a license to be on-air, if their duties required them to ensure proper operation of the transmitter; this was the case on overnight and weekend shifts when there was no broadcast engineer present, all of the time for small stations with only a contract engineer on call. In the U. S. it was necessary to have an operator on duty at all times in case the Emergency Broadcast System was used, as this had to be triggered manually.

While there has not been a requirement to relay any other warnings, any mandatory messages from the U. S. president would have had to first be authenticated with a code word sealed in a pink envelope sent annually to stations by the Federal Communications Commission. The quality and reliability of electronic equipment improved, regulations were relaxed, no operator had to be present while a station was operating. In the U. S. this came about when the EAS replaced the EBS, starting the movement toward automation to assist, sometimes take the place of, the live disc jockeys and radio personalities. Early automation systems were electromechanical systems. Systems were "computerized" only to the point of maintaining a schedule, were limited to radio rather than TV. Music would be stored on reel-to-reel audio tape. Subaudible tones on the tape marked the end of each song; the computer would rotate among the tape players until the computer's internal clock matched that of a scheduled event. When a scheduled event would be encountered, the computer would finish the currently-playing song and execute the scheduled block of events.

These events were advertisements, but could include the station's top-of-hour station identification, news, or a bumper promoting the station or its other shows. At the end of the block, the rotation among tapes resumed. Advertisements and the top-of-hour station identification required by law were stored on Fidelipac endless-loop tape cartridges, known colloquially as "carts"; these were similar to the consumer four-track tapes sold under the Stereo-Pak brand, but had only two tracks and were recorded and played at 7.5 tape inches per second compared to Stero-Pak's slower 3.75 in/s. The carts had a slot for a pinch roller on a spindle, activated by solenoid upon pressing the start button on the cart machine; because the capstan was spinning at full speed, tape playback commenced without delay or any audible "run-up". Mechanical carousels would rotate the carts in and out of multiple tape players as dictated by the computer. Time announcements were provided by a pair of dedicated cart players, with the minutes stored on one and the odd minutes on the other, meaning an announcement would always be ready to play if the minute was changing when the announcement was triggered.

The system did require attention throughout the day to change reels as they ran out and reload carts, thus became obsolete when a method was developed to automatically rewind and re-cue the reel tapes when they ran out, extending'walk-away' time indefinitely. Radio station WIRX may have been one of the world's first automated radio stations and designed by Brian Jeffrey Brown in 1963 when Brown was only 10 years old; the station broadcast in a classical format, called "More Good Music" and featured five-minute bottom-of-the-hour news feeds from the Mutual Broadcasting System. The heart of the automation was an 8 x 24 telephone stepping relay which controlled two reel-to-reel tape decks, one twelve inch Ampex machine providing the main program audio and a second RCA seven inch machine providing "fill" music; the tapes played by these machines were produced in the Midwest Family Broadcasting Madison, Wisconsin production facility by WSJM Chief Engineer Richard E. McLemore with sub-audible tones used to signal the end of a song.

The stepping relay was programmed by slide switches in the front of the two relay racks which housed the equipment. The news feeds were triggered by a microswitch, attached to a Western Union clock and tripped by the minute hand of the clock reset the stepping relay. 30-minute station identification was accomplished by a simulcast switch in the control booth for sister station WSJM, whereupon the disc jockey in the booth would announce "This is WSJM-AM and...... WSJM-FM, St. Joseph, Michigan." This only lasted about six months, a standard tape cartridge player was wired in to announce the station identification and triggered by the Western Union clock. A different technology appeared in 1980 with the analog recorders made by Solidyne, which used a computer-controlled tape positioning system. Four GMS 204 units were controlled from a 6809 microprocessor, with the program stored in a solid-state plug-in memory module; this system has a limited programming time of about eight hours. Satellite programming used audible dual-tone multi-frequency signals to trigger events at affiliate stations.

This allowed the automatic


Hypoprolactinemia is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency in the serum levels of the hypothalamic-pituitary hormone prolactin. Hypoprolactinemia is associated with ovarian dysfunction in women, and, in men, metabolic syndrome, anxiety symptoms, arteriogenic erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, asthenospermia, hypofunction of seminal vesicles, hypoandrogenism. In one study, normal sperm characteristics were restored when prolactin levels were brought up to normal values in men with hypoprolactinemia. Hypoprolactinemia can be a cause of lactation failure after childbirth. Hypoprolactinemia can result from autoimmune disease, growth hormone deficiency, excessive dopamine action in the tuberoinfundibular pathway and/or the anterior pituitary, ingestion of drugs that activate the D2 receptor, such as direct D2 receptor agonists like bromocriptine and pergolide, indirect D2 receptor activators like amphetamines. Guidelines for diagnosing hypoprolactinemia are defined as prolactin levels below 3 µg/L in women, 5 µg/L in men.

There are few treatments. Treatment differs based on the reason for diagnosis. Women who are diagnosed with hypoprolactinemia following lactation failure are advised to formula feed, although treatment with metoclopramide has been shown to increase milk supply in clinical studies. For subfertility, treatment may include clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins. Hypothalamic–pituitary–prolactin axis Hyperprolactinemia

7th Street (Washington, D.C.)

There are two north–south arteries in Washington, D. C. named 7th Street. 7th Street has been a main north–south road in Washington, being the main route for travelers and farmers coming into the city from the north. This is evident in its intersection with Mount Vernon Square, a important public space, as well as the original Central Market, located at the intersection of Seventh and Indiana Avenues; the space occupied by this Central Market has now become the location of the Navy Memorial. Seventh Street forms major intersections at Pennsylvania Ave, E Street NW, H Street NW, K Street NW, Massachusetts Avenue. 7th Street SW begins near the banks of the Washington Channel. It crosses above Interstate 395 two blocks before it intersects with Maryland and Virginia avenues near the U. S. Department of Transportation and the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development buildings, which are located across the street from each other on 7th Street SW. Continuing north, 7th Street crosses the National Mall, where it becomes 7th Street NW.

In this southernmost segment of 7th Street NW, it is the main north–south thoroughfare in Penn Quarter and Chinatown. Farther north, it crosses New York Avenue at Mount Vernon Square and crosses Rhode Island Avenue where it becomes U. S. Route 29. North of Florida Avenue, 7th Street remains U. S. 29 but continues as Georgia Avenue. Between Pennsylvania Avenue and Mount Vernon Square, 7th Street has a northbound bus/bicycle lane; the corresponding southbound lane is on 9th Street. 7th Street begins again at Quincy Street NW extending north about 3 miles to near the Maryland border, passing through Sherman Circle. North of Independence Avenue, 7th Street/Georgia Avenue is part of the National Highway System. A second set of 7th Streets lie in the eastern quadrants of the city, parallel to the western ones, in several discontinuous segments; the longest section begins at M Street SE, just north of the Washington Navy Yard. It continues north through the neighborhood of Capitol Hill; when 7th Street SE crosses East Capitol Street it becomes 7th Street NE and continues due north, ending at Florida Avenue, just south of Gallaudet University.

Shorter segments of the 7th Street SE exist south of the Anacostia River, while parts of 7th Street NE are further north in the Brookland neighborhood. Media related to 7th Street at Wikimedia Commons

Margie's Candies

Margie’s Candies is the name of two popular confectioneries on the north side of Chicago, Illinois. Owned by the same family, each one is part sit-down ice cream parlor; the older of the two establishments has been operating at the same location for more than nine decades and is considered a "Chicago legend". The original Margie’s is located on Western Avenue in Chicago’s Bucktown neighborhood. Known as the Security Sweet Shop, it was founded in 1921 by a Greek immigrant named Peter George Poulos, who soon handed the business to his son George. Chicago mobster Al Capone patronized the sweet shop during its early years. In 1933, George Poulos renamed the confectionery Margie’s Candies in honor of his wife, whom he had met at the sweet shop as a youngster. Margie herself began running the business during the 1940s while her husband was serving in the military, she took full control in 1954 after her husband died of an ulcer, she never remarried, for the next forty years, she worked in the restaurant for about 15 hours a day, becoming a familiar sight for customers.

Margie’s cemented its place in Chicago lore in 1965 when it hosted the Beatles, who had just played a concert at Comiskey Park. According to the Poulos family, the band came into Margie’s with five girls and ordered several six-scoop "Atomic Sundaes" to share with them; the confectionery has a large display of Beatles memorabilia to commemorate the visit. Margie’s gained additional attention in the early 1990s when Margie Poulos appeared in two thirty-second clips on MTV showcasing individuals with interesting occupations; these clips, which portrayed Margie as she made chocolates, were used to fill the time between commercials and music videos. Singer Liz Phair further popularized the confectionery in 1993 when she posed there for a photograph used in a Newsweek interview. In 2005, the original Margie’s was mentioned in one of the riddles used for the OurColony Alternate reality game; the message read, "Here sweet Margie sits. At this difference it sees the rich, the poor and everything in between".

Successful players realized that the riddle referred to Western Avenue, a long street which runs through many diverse neighborhoods. Margie Poulos died in 1995, her son Peter assumed control of the business. In 2005, he opened a second Margie’s Candies in the North Center neighborhood of Chicago, replacing a closed Fannie May shop; this was the business’s first foray into expansion. Both confectionaries provide the same menu, though they are both called Margie’s Candies, they are arguably most popular for their homemade ice cream; each provides over fifty varieties of sundaes, including the aforementioned Atomic Sundae, the half-gallon World’s Largest Sundae, the twenty-five scoop Royal George. They provide products such as banana splits, waffle cones, pie à la mode and milkshakes; the confectionaries’ candy and chocolate line include chocolate-covered cherries, chocolate-covered nuts, marzipan, English toffee, fudge. In addition, they serve a small selection of standard diner fare, such as burgers and soups.

Much of the décor at the original Margie’s has remained unchanged since the confectionery first opened, which has added to its appeal for many Chicagoans. Some of its trademark features are its multiple original Tiffany lamps, a marble soda fountain, old-fashioned booths with miniature jukeboxes; the entire establishment is adorned with newspaper clippings, stuffed animals, aging photographs of past customers. The North Center Margie’s has attempted to replicate the ambiance of its predecessor with the help of antiques and old photographs. Official website

Jenn Gotzon

Jenn Gotzon Chandler is an American film actress, motivational speaker and author who had her career break portraying U. S. President Richard Nixon's daughter Tricia Nixon in Ron Howard's 2009 Academy Award-Nominated film Frost/Nixon opposite Frank Langella. In 2010, Gotzon's brand launched starring as the female protagonist in wholesome and inspirational films, including mystery-drama Doonby opposite John Schneider, Robert Davi, Ernie Hudson, comedy-drama God's Country opposite Daniel Hugh Kelly, children storybook turned movie My Daddy's is in Heaven with Corbin Bernson, top grossing faithbased comedy Love Different with late Tommy Ford and the upcoming action film "Forgiven" Gotzon has taken shape to portraying real life & historical characters, as seen in 2014 Oscar-Nominated Alone yet Not Alone, novel turned movie The Crickets Dance and TV show Shelter with Emmy-nominated Alicia Minshew. Jenn Gotzon Chandler married Jim E. Chandler on Mar 17, 2017 and filmed their wedding kiss for their movie The Farmer and The Belle.

Gotzon joins her actor husband Jim E. Chandler making a family brand #2Actors using their movie's as a platform putting the merry back into marriage; these two love birds have appeared in movies, tv shows, off-broadway and modeling campaigns internationally. Look for them as love interests in Saving Faith crime-suspense Sinking Sand, My Daddy is in Heaven, family mystery affair The Colors of Emily, along with The Farmer and The Belle based on their real love story. Gotzon-Chandler is producing the family franchise The Farmer and The Belle alongside her husband Jim E. Chandler, Joel Bunkowske and Isaac Hernandez with media consultant Dick Rolfe founder of Dove Foundation. Gotzon's passion is portraying protagonist roles from drama to comedy who find hope in the climax of the story in hopes to inspire and impact people's lives. Gotzon's acting career hit a historical moment during Cannes Film Festival when she was #2 on IMDb Starmeter for the week of May 15, 2011, due to her dramatic role in Doonby, released to market.

Gotzon, compared to a young Meryl Streep for her chameleon-like transformations garners awards." States Valley Social Magazine. October 2013, the Film Advisory Board granted Gotzon "Award of Excellence for her lead role in'Doonby and Outstanding Contribution to the Entertainment World." And one week won the best actor award at the Pocono Film Festival in Pennsylvania for her lead comedic role in "God's Country". In 2008, Gotzon won Best Actress for short-film Stained at 168 Film Festival.. Gotzon received the 2008 Rising Star Award alongside Hometown Pride Award Winner Chubby Checker at the Wildwood By the Sea Film Festival. In 2003, Gotzon won Best Actress for Julie and Jack opposite Tippi Hedren at Sacramento's Global Art Film Festival. Gotzon received her first award nomination at New York City's Talent in Motion Magazine sponsored Timmy-Awards for biographical photography project "Avvicinatevi: Come Near" while attending New York Conservatory for Dramatic Arts in 2000. Gotzon uses the movies she stars in as a platform to be a positive role model and give back through her mentor-outreach program called Inspiring Audiences.

She's spoken across the country and at dozen of high schools in New Orleans since 2008. Gotzon's mission is to work on films that have the ability to inspire audience viewers. Gotzon was born Jennifer Lee Gotzon in Bethlehem, the daughter of fishing lure manufacturer and inventor Ronald Gotzon and tax accountant Jo-Ann Gotzon, she is the middle child with one brother, Marcus Tavares, nine years older and one sister, Michelle Gotzon, ten years younger. Gotzon was raised in the country-side of Northampton, Pennsylvania several miles from Blue Mountain Ski Area. Jenn Gotzon married Jim E. Chandler on March 17, 2017, they filmed their actual nuptials for their real love story they are producing The Farmer and The Belle. Www. She attended Northampton Area High School and graduated with high honors in 1997. Gotzon was active in high school extra curriculum activities including Student Council, National Honors Society, Students Against Drunk Driving, Peer Helper, Amnesty International, One World One People, leader of the Allentown Diocesan Youth Council.

Gotzon was a seven-year All-star softball player for Bath East Allen Township, member of the ski club, on the cheerleading squad and trained in gymnastics. At age 15, Gotzon began pursuing a career in acting and modeling working with Chartreuse Talent Management after she won the Rising Star National Scholastic Pageant. Gotzon continued on with pageants, competed for Miss America and made it to state level in 2000. After being told by her drama high school teacher that she didn't have enough talent to make it as an actress, Gotzon studied acting for over seven years and graduated from The New York Conservatory for Dramatic Arts, Joanne Baron / DW Brown Studio Two-Year Conservatory, Clay Banks Film Acting Studio, Dale Carnegie Institute and several independent film classes after attending Northampton Community College for one year. Fall of 1998, Gotzon moved to Florida to work for Walt Disney World and was cast as a parade dancer for Disney's new theme park Animal Kingdom where she danced jazz and salsa in the parade March of the Art'imals.

January 1999, Gotzon was accepted into the two-year acting conservatory and began her official acting studies at The New York Conservatory for Dramatic Arts. During summer break of 1999, Gotzon relocated to Virginia Beach, VA and ran a