Barbara Kay Olson was an American lawyer and conservative television commentator who worked for CNN, Fox News Channel, several other outlets. She was a passenger on American Airlines Flight 77 en route to a taping of Bill Maher's television show Politically Incorrect when it was flown into the Pentagon in the September 11 attacks, her original plan had been to fly to California on September 10, but she delayed her departure until the next morning so that she could wake up with her husband on his birthday, September 11. Olson was born Barbara Kay Bracher in Houston, Texas, on December 27, 1955, her older sister, Toni Bracher-Lawrence, was a member of the Houston City Council from 2004 to 2010. She graduated from Waltrip High School and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Saint Thomas in Houston, she earned a Juris Doctor degree from the Yeshiva University Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law; as a newcomer, she achieved a surprising measure of success, working for HBO and Stacy Keach Productions.
In the early 1990s, she worked as an associate at the Washington, D. C.-based law firm of Wilmer Cutler & Pickering where she did civil litigation for several years before becoming an Assistant U. S. Attorney. Olson's support in 1991 of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas led to the formation of the Independent Women's Forum. At that time and friend Rosalie Gaull Silberman started an informal network of women who supported the Thomas nomination to the Supreme Court despite allegations of sexual harassment by Anita Hill, a former subordinate of Thomas at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Olson, who had worked under Thomas at the EEOC and was a close friend of Thomas, spoke out on his behalf during his contentious Senate confirmation hearings. Olson helped edit The Real Anita Hill, a book by David Brock that savaged Hill and portrayed the harassment claim as a political dirty trick; the Independent Women's Forum continued on with a goal of retaining a high profile group of women to advocate for economic and political freedom and personal responsibility.
In 1994, Olson became chief investigative counsel for the U. S. House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. In that position, she led the Travelgate and Filegate investigations into the Clinton administration, she was a partner in the Washington, D. C. office of the Birmingham, Alabama law firm Balch & Bingham. She married Theodore Olson in 1996. Theodore went on to represent presidential candidate George W. Bush in the Supreme Court case of Bush v. Gore, subsequently served as U. S. Solicitor General in the Bush administration. Olson was a frequent critic of the Bill Clinton administration and wrote a book about First Lady Hillary Clinton, Hell to Pay: The Unfolding Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton. Olson's second book, The Final Days: The Last, Desperate Abuses of Power by the Clinton White House was published posthumously, she was a resident of Virginia. Olson was a passenger on American Airlines Flight 77 on her way to a taping of Politically Incorrect in Los Angeles, when it was flown into the Pentagon in the September 11 attacks.
Her original plan had been to fly to California on September 10, but she waited until the next day so that she could wake up with her husband on his birthday, September 11. Bill Maher, host of Politically Incorrect, left. At the National September 11 Memorial, Olson's name is located on Panel S-70 of the South Pool, along with those of other passengers of Flight 77. Hell to Pay: The Unfolding Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton The Final Days: The Last, Desperate Abuses of Power by the Clinton White House Barbara Olson on IMDb Appearances on C-SPAN Works by or about Barbara Olson in libraries Barbara Olson at Find a Grave Wife of Solicitor General alerted him of hijacking from plane Barbara Olson Mourned at Arlington Service Barbara Olson: A Sparkling Celebrity'Full of Energy' Newsday.com-Victims Search Barbara Olson, RIP Memorial essay by Alfred S. Regnery, president of Regnery Publishing
Newton Thomas Gould was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Siege of Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. Gould joined the 113th Illinois Infantry in August 1862, was mustered out in June 1865, he was buried at Old City Cemetery in Sacramento, California. On May 22, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on the Confederate heights at Vicksburg, Mississippi; the plan called for a storming party of volunteers to build a bridge across a moat and plant scaling ladders against the enemy embankment in advance of the main attack. The volunteers knew the odds were against survival and the mission was called, in nineteenth century vernacular, a "forlorn hope". Only single men were accepted as volunteers and then, twice as many men as needed came forward and were turned away; the assault began in the early morning following a naval bombardment. The Union soldiers came under enemy fire and were pinned down in the ditch they were to cross.
Despite repeated attacks by the main Union body, the men of the forlorn hope were unable to retreat until nightfall. Of the 150 men in the storming party, nearly half were killed. Seventy-nine of the survivors were awarded the Medal of Honor. "For gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on 22 May 1863." List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G-L Newton T. Gould at Find a Grave A Forlorn Hope Vicksburg Medal of Honor Recipients
Frozen: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack to the 2013 Disney film Frozen. The soundtrack features 10 original songs music by Robert Lopez and lyrics by Kristen Anderson-Lopez, 22 score pieces composed by Christophe Beck, it features the critically acclaimed song "Let It Go"—film version performed by Idina Menzel. Two editions of the soundtrack were released by Walt Disney Records on November 25, 2013: a single-disc regular edition, a two-disc digipak deluxe edition, containing original demo recordings of songs and score compositions, unused outtake recordings, instrumental versions of the film's main songs. On October 21, 2013, the soundtrack's lead single, Lovato's cover of "Let It Go" was released. Subsequent releases have been accompanied by foreign language translations of "Let It Go"; the album debuted at number 18 on the Billboard 200 chart. The soundtrack has topped the Billboard album chart for thirteen non-consecutive weeks, as of April 2015 has sold 4 million copies in the U.
S. The album has been certified triple-Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, peaked at number one on the aforementioned chart, becoming the fourth soundtrack album from an animated film to reach that milestone; as of December 11, 2014, the soundtrack for Frozen had had forty-three nonconsecutive weeks on top of Billboard Top Soundtracks. On the US Billboard 200, the album debuted at #18, the highest chart position for the soundtrack in an animated film since the 2006 film Cars, it moved up to #10, becoming the tenth soundtrack from an animated film to reach top 10. The soundtrack subsequently moved to #4, the highest position for an animated film soundtrack since Disney's Pocahontas in 1995. In the week ending January 5, 2014, Frozen reached No. 1, surpassing Beyoncé's self-titled album to become the fourth animated film soundtrack in history to reach this position. It remained at number one for a second consecutive week, becoming the first theatrical film soundtrack to stay at No. 1 for multiple weeks since Dreamgirls in early 2007, the first animated film to spend more than one week at No. 1 since Disney's The Lion King in 1994 and 1995.
With thirteen non-consecutive weeks at number one, Frozen earned the most weeks at No. 1 for an album since Adele's 21 and the most weeks at No. 1 for a soundtrack since Titanic in 1998. Frozen was the fifth best-selling soundtrack album in the US in 2013 with 338,000 copies sold for the year. Frozen continued to be the best-selling album in the US and the only album to sell more than a million units in the first half of 2014 with nearly 2.7 million units. The song "Let It Go" performed by Idina Menzel finished at #5 on the digital song chart with 2.8 million copies sold in the first six months of 2014. The soundtrack reached its 3 million sales mark in the US in July 2014. Nearly half these were digital sales, making the album the best-selling soundtrack in digital history. Frozen was Billboard Year-End number one album of 2014, becoming the sixth soundtrack in history and the first soundtrack to earn this position since Titanic, as well as the second Disney album to reach this position, it became the second best-selling album of 2014 with 3,527,000 sold for the year.
As of April 2015, it had sold 4 million copies in the US. In Canada, the album has sold 202,000 copies in 2014 as of November 26, 2014; the album sold a total of 226,000 copies in Canada in 2014. Worldwide, Frozen sold over 10 million copies in 2014 alone, it was the year's best-selling album globally. An exclusive vinyl LP edition of the soundtrack was released in March 2014. A version of the soundtrack featuring only the first ten tracks was released under the name Frozen: The Songs. At the 57th Annual Grammy Awards, the Frozen soundtrack was nominated in two categories – Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media and Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media – and won the former; the Academy Award for "Let It Go" led Robert Lopez to become the youngest person to have achieved an EGOT. All music is composed by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez, Christophe Beck and Frode Fjellheim. Official website
Harriet Gibbs Marshall was a musician and educator best known for opening the Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression in 1903 in Washington, D. C. An African American, she was born in Canada. Born in Victoria, British Columbia, Harriet Aletha Gibbs was the daughter of Mifflin Wistar Gibbs, a lawyer in Little Rock, who became the first African-American city judge in the United States, the former Maria Ann Alexander, a school teacher. Gibbs was born in Canada because her father, along with hundreds of others, left California during the Gold Rush because of the race badges they were forced to wear and moved en masse to Victoria, she had Ida Alexander Gibbs. In 1889, Gibbs became the first African-American woman to graduate from Oberlin Conservatory with a degree in music. In the last years of the 19th century, she began to appear in newspapers in Saint Paul, Minnesota, in October and into December 1889 teaching music, known as Hattie A. Gibbs. By 1891 she founded the music program at Eckstein Norton University in Cane Springs in Bullitt County, Kentucky.
In 1894 Gibbs played at a recital in Arkansas before an integrated audience. In September 1898 Gibbs, now called Harriet returned to St. Paul appearing in Minneapolis, was fundraising for a conservatory some day. In December she appeared in Florida. In 1900 Gibbs began to appear in Washington, D. C. newspapers, noted as the first colored graduate of Oberlin. She offered recitals in January 1902 which garnered some praise from far away, as well as being received at the Bethel Literary and Historical Society, a prominent African-American institution of DC, she took the position of a music supervisor in the segregated African-American public schools there. She was noted as not approving of ragtime. At the close of the public school year in May 1903 she was noted in the newspapers presenting a school musicale for Washington Normal School, she founded the Washington Conservatory of Music in 1903. It focused on classical European music. In May 1904 commencement exercises for Armstrong Normal School were held at which Gibbs presented the school choir noted as assistant director of music for the public schools.
The following November Samuel Coleridge-Taylor appeared in the M Street Highschool with Gibbs presenting the school choir. In Spring 1905 the Conservatory was noted in the newspapers with a concert given by its students – enrollment was noted at over 160. Gibbs kept up her public school duties and led the Banneker Street School musicale in April, as well as for the Wormley School in June; that Fall Gibbs was noted as director of the music among the colored schools of DC as well as president of the Conservatory – and in September Gibbs and friends took a trip to Europe – London and the countryside of France – joined by her sister, Ida Hunt, noted as the wife of the US consul to Madagascar. On return from her 9-month stay in Europe she noted that colored students attending German or French music schools were well received and noted Hazel Harrison as having had a recent debut with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Newly married in Spring 1906, Gibbs wed Napoleon Bonaparte Marshall, a graduate of Harvard University and Harvard Law School.
As was the custom of the time, as a married woman, she at first resigned her employment with the school system, however there was an attempt to withdraw the resignation that failed despite vocal support from an unnamed group of people. The closing of the Conservatory school year had its own recital. In the Fall of 1906 advertisements for the Conservatory began calling it the Washington Conservatory of Music and School of Expression with 14 faculty. Newspaper coverage in and beyond DC of the new year noted its history to 1903, that it now had more than 600 students since its founding, reviewed the faculty in some depth – including staff that would be officers of the institution as well as her husband. In 1909 Marshall's sister Ida Gibbs Hunt, now noted as the wife of a US Consul to France, stayed with Marshall for the winter as well as their father. In 1910 Illinois federal Representative Martin B. Madden handed out the diplomas for the graduates of the Conservancy. Several columns of the Washington Bee covered the event.
In 1911 advertising for the Conservatory appeared in The Crisis as well as St. Paul newspapers. Marshall took a trip around promoting the school including to Saint Louis and coverage appeared in The Pittsburgh Courier underscoring its students came from all races and sexes and was called unique for doing so and had now had some 1400 students to date coming from many states though only 23 had stayed on through graduating with a diploma; the Courier coverage noted scholarships had been given and listed the donors who had covered the scholarships. The officers of the school were noted and included George William Cook of Howard University, Fisk University graduate and past president of the Bethel Literary and Historical Association, "Lewis" G. Gregory, as well as others An elocution program was added; that year's commencement gained additional coverage around the country. That fall she vacationed in New York, contributed music to the Home and School Association for Normal School No. 2 meeting that winter, followed by a Conservatory recital.
Coverage that winter noted a trip to New York and according to The Broad Ax that Marshall was president of the National Association of Musical and Art Clubs. Marshall joined Gregory and Cook's wife Coralie from Howard and a faculty of the Conservatory, in the Baháʼí Faith in 1912, while Cook remained friendly to the religion. Marshall hosted Baháʼí events at the Conservatory. In September Marshall took a trip in the West again, this time including Chicago
Acacia aureocrinita is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae, native to parts of eastern Australia. The shrub or tree has a bushy habit and grows to a height of less than 1 m but can reach as high as 1.8 m. The shrub has over four primary erect branches that diverge at the base; the terete brown-green to brown branchlets are hairy. It has elliptic or ovate-elliptic shaped phyllodes with a length of 0.8 to 2 cm and a width of 4 to 12 mm. It blooms during the warmer months between December and March and produces inflorescences with creamy yellow flowers; the flowers occur with one inflorescence per axil, the spherical flowerheads contain 18 to 30 pale yellow to cream coloured flowers and have a diameter of 4 to 7 m. The leathery brown seed pods that form after flowering are curved with a length of 2 to 8 cm and a width of 12 to 17 mm; the species was first formally described by the botanists Barry John Conn and Terry Tame in 1996 in the article A revision of the Acacia uncinata group as published in the journal Australian Systematic Botany.
The only synonym is Racosperma aureocrinitum. It is quite similar to Acacia uncinata in appearance, it is found in south western New South Wales between Cooma. It is found on ridges and steep valley slopes as a part of Eucalypts forest communities and grows in stony clay soils. List of Acacia species
Hiram College is a private liberal arts college in Hiram, United States. It was founded in 1850 as the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute by Amos Sutton Hayden and other members of the Disciples of Christ Church; the college is coeducational. It is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. Hiram's most famous alumnus is James A. Garfield, who served as a college instructor and principal before he was elected the 20th President of the United States. On June 12, 1849, representatives of the Disciples of Christ voted to establish an academic institution, which would become Hiram College. On November 7 that year, they chose the village of Hiram as the site for the school because the founders considered this area of the Western Reserve to be "healthful and free of distractions"; the following month, on December 20, the founders accepted the suggestion of Isaac Errett and named the school the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute. The Institute's original charter was authorized by the state legislature on March 1, 1850, the school opened several months on November 27.
Many of the students came from the surrounding farms and villages of the Western Reserve, but Hiram soon gained a national reputation and students began arriving from other states. On February 20, 1867, the Institute changed its name to Hiram College. During the years before it was renamed Hiram College, 1850–1867, the school had seven principals, the equivalent of today's college presidents; the two that did the most in establishing and defining the nature of the institution were Disciple minister Amos Sutton Hayden, who led the school through its first six years, James A. Garfield, a student at the Institute from 1851–1853 and returned in 1856 as a teacher; as principal, Garfield expanded the Institute's curriculum. He left the Institute in 1880 was elected the 20th President of the United States. In 1870, one of Garfield's best friends and former students, Burke A. Hinsdale, was appointed Hiram's president. Although there were two before him, Hinsdale is considered the college's first permanent president because the others served only briefly.
The next president to have a major impact on the college was Ely V. Zollars, who increased enrollment established a substantial endowment and created a program for the construction of campus buildings. Presidents who served for at least 10 years were Miner Lee Bates, Kenneth I. Brown, Paul H. Fall, Elmer Jagow, G. Benjamin Oliver. In 1931, shortly before Hiram celebrated the 100th anniversary of Garfield's birth, there was a debate in the community about changing the name of the school to Garfield College. There were strong advocates on both sides of the issue. Among the 2,000 guests at the centennial celebration were three generations of Garfield's family, including two of his sons; the idea of changing the college's name was not mentioned at the event and the idea was abandoned. The following is a list of the school's leaders since its founding in 1850. 1850-1856 - Amos Sutton Hayden 1857-1861 - James A. Garfield 1861-1864 - Harvey W. Everest 1864-1865 - C. W. Heywood 1865-1866 - Adoniram J. Thomson 1866-1867 - John M. Atwater 1867-1868 - Silas E. Shepard 1868-1870 - John M. Atwater 1870-1882 - Burke A. Hinsdale 1883-1887 - George M. Laughlin 1887-1888 - Colman Bancroft 1888-1902 - Ely V. Zollars 1902-1903 - James A. Beattie 1903-1905 - Edmund B.
Wakefield 1905-1907 - Carlos C. Rowlison 1907-1930 - Miner Lee Bates 1930-1940 - Kenneth I. Brown 1940-1957 - Paul H. Fall 1957-1965 - Paul F. Sharp 1965-1965 - James N. Primm 1966-1966 - Wendell G. Johnson 1966-1985 - Elmer Jagow 1986-1989 - Russell Aiuto 1989-1989 - James Norton 1990-2000 - G. Benjamin Oliver 2000-2002 - Richard J. Scaldini 2003–2014 - Thomas V. Chema 2014–present - Lori E. Varlotta As of the 2019-20 academic year, Hiram's student body consists of 1116 undergraduates from 27 states and 11 foreign countries. Of the 81 full-time faculty, 95-percent hold a Ph. D. or other terminal degree in their field. Hiram was ranked #167 among National Liberal Arts Colleges by U. S. News & World Report in 2012. At the same time, Hiram is ranked #67 among Liberal Arts Colleges by Washington Monthly. In 2018, Forbes ranked Hiram at #644 among all colleges and universities in the U. S, #29 in Ohio. Hiram has been included in The Princeton Review Best Colleges guide, is one of only 40 schools included in Loren Pope's book Colleges That Change Lives.
Hiram is a member of the Annapolis Group, critical of the college rankings process. Hiram is among the signatories of the Presidents Letter. Hiram specializes in the education of undergraduate students, though the college does have a small graduate program. Hiram confers the BA, BSN, MA degrees; the college offers 33 majors and 40 minors for traditional undergraduates, in addition to pre-professional programs for specific fields. Interdisciplinary studies have been a part of Hiram's curriculum for decades. Hiram's curriculum requires all students to complete one course in each of nine academic areas: creative methods, interpretive methods, modeling methods, experimental scientific methods and cultural analysis, experiencing the world, understanding diversity at home, interdisciplinary, ethics and social responsibility, its education plan includes international study and independent study opportunities, faculty-guided research projects. All majors require some form of extensive independent project or apprenticeship experience.
The college's curriculum is marketed under the name Hiram Connect, which involves four steps: First-Year Colloquium/Foundations of the Liberal Arts, Declarati