The baritone saxophone or "bari sax" is one of the larger members of the saxophone family, only being smaller than the bass and subcontrabass saxophones. It is the lowest-pitched saxophone in common use; the baritone saxophone uses a mouthpiece and ligature in order to produce sound. It is larger than the tenor and soprano saxophones, which are the other found members of the family; the baritone saxophone is used in concert bands, chamber music, military bands, jazz. It is employed in marching bands, though less than other saxophones due to its size and weight; the baritone saxophone was created in 1846 by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax as one of a family of 14 instruments created to be a tonal link between the woodwinds and brasses, which Sax believed to be lacking. The family was divided into two groups of seven saxophones each from the soprano to the contrabass; the family consisting of saxophones ranged in the keys of B♭ and E♭ were more successful because of their popularity in military bands.
The bari sax, pitched in E♭, is the fifth member of this family. The baritone saxophone, like other saxophones, is a conical tube of thin brass, it has a wider end, flared to form a bell, a smaller end connected to a mouthpiece. The baritone saxophone uses a single reed mouthpiece like that of a clarinet. There is a loop in the neck to reduce it to a practical height. Baritone saxophones come in two sizes with one ranging to low A and the other to low B♭. All baritone saxophones were low B♭ instruments, but over time players began modifying their horns to reach the low A below the staff. In the 1980s, it became common for saxophone manufacturers to produce low A instruments. In modern times, the low A is considered standard and is written in sheet music for the instrument. Despite the ubiquity of the low A horn, some players still prefer to use B♭ horns because of the added weight and less crisp sound of low A horns; as with other modern saxophones, most are manufactured with a high F♯ key. The baritone saxophone's large mass has led to the development of harness-style neckstrap that distributes the instrument's weight across the user's shoulders.
Several different kinds exist which each distributes weight differently across the saxophonist's neck and shoulder blades. Many marching saxophonists prefer this style for its ability to decrease fatigue; those who perform seated, on the other hand, may dislike the decreased ability to move one's upper body. It is a transposing instrument in the key of E♭, pitched an octave plus a major sixth lower than written, it is one octave lower than the alto saxophone. Modern baritones with a low A key and high F♯ key have a range from C2 to A4. Adolphe Sax produced a baritone saxophone in F intended for orchestral use, but these fell into disuse as the saxophone never became a standard orchestral instrument; as with all saxophones, its music is written in treble clef. By coincidence, it is possible to use a trick known as clef substitution to read music written in bass clef at concert pitch, by reading as if it were a transposing part in treble clef and pretending there were three more sharps in the key signature.
A similar trick allows instruments in B♭ like the tenor saxophone to read concert pitch tenor clef. The baritone saxophone is used as a standard member of saxophone quartets, it has been called for in music for orchestra. Examples include Richard Strauss' Sinfonia Domestica, which calls for a baritone saxophone in F. 4, composed in 1910–1916. In his opera The Devils of Loudun, Krzysztof Penderecki calls for two baritone saxes. Karlheinz Stockhausen includes a baritone saxophone in Gruppen, it has a comparatively small solo repertoire although an increasing number of concertos have appeared, one of these being "Concerto for Saxophone Quartet and Orchestra" by American composer Philip Glass. This is a piece that can be played with or without an orchestra that features the baritone sax in the second movement. A number of jazz performers have used the baritone saxophone as their primary instrument, it is part of standard big band instrumentation. As phrased by Alain Cupper from JazzBariSax.com, "Used a few times in contemporary classical music...it is in jazz that this wonderful instrument feels most comfortable."
One of the instrument's pioneers was Harry Carney, longtime baritone saxophone player in the Duke Ellington band. Since the mid-1950s, baritone saxophone soloists such as Gerry Mulligan, Cecil Payne, Pepper Adams achieved fame, while Serge Chaloff was the first baritone saxophone player to achieve fame as a bebop soloist. In free jazz, Peter Brötzmann is notable. More recent notable performers include Hamiet Bluiett, John Surman, Scott Robinson, James Carter, Stephen "Doc" Kupka of the band Tower of Power, Nick Brignola, Gary Smulyan, Brian Landrus, Ronnie Cuber. In the avant-garde scene, Tim Berne has doubled on bari. Another modern bari sax player is Leo Pellegrino of "Lucky Chops" and "Too Many Zooz" A noted Scottish performer is Joe Temperley, who has appeared with Humphrey Lyttelton as well as with the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra; the baritone sax is common in musical theater. The baritone sax plays a notable role in many Motown hits of the 60s, is of
Carolina Rebellion was a hard rock and heavy metal music festival that took place annually in North Carolina. It was produced by Danny Wimmer Presents; the festival featured music and vendors. The inaugural festival took place at the Metrolina Expo in Charlotte, North Carolina; the second year of the festival it was relocated to Rockingham Speedway in Rockingham, North Carolina. The festival took place at Rock City Campgrounds at Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, North Carolina in 2013 and the promoters aimed to make that the permanent venue. In 2013, Carolina Rebellion expanded to two days and to three days in 2016. Due to a split between DWP and AEG Live, a new festival has been created, scheduled to start in Rockingham, North Carolina, in 2019. On November 28, 2018, Epicenter was announced to be the replacement for Carolina Rebellion. May 7 Monster Carolina Stage Avenged Sevenfold Three Days Grace Seether Bullet for My Valentine Skillet Halestorm CavoMonster Rebellion Stage Godsmack Stone Sour Theory of a Deadman Alter Bridge Hinder Saving Abel My Darkest DaysJägermeister stage Rev Theory Black Stone Cherry Pop Evil Art of Dying Drop D Monster Carolina Stage Shinedown Evanescence Five Finger Death Punch Chevelle Halestorm Paper TonguesMonster Rebellion Stage Korn Staind Slash featuring Myles Kennedy & The Conspirators Volbeat Adelitas Way Weaving the FateJägermeister Stage P.
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Danielle "Dani" Evans is an American model. Crowned the sixth winner of Cycle 6 of America's Next Top Model in the Spring of 2006. Evans was never placed below sixth and was thought by the judges to be one of the front-runners in the competition, noted for her striking face. Over her stay she was voted Covergirl of the Week twice, received one first call-out and would have won the Go-See challenge had the final four been on time. Evans had two consecutive appearances in the bottom two where she survived both over Sara Albert and Jade Cole, it was not until the second half of the contest that she came under criticism for her heavy southern accent, which the judges felt was problematic, as the competition winner would shoot commercials for Covergirl. In the finale, the judges were torn, with some of the judges preferring fellow finalist Joanie Dodds's versatile portfolio, while others preferring Evans's "signature look." However, they felt Evans had the stronger in-person presence and commanded the final catwalk as well as having a stunning portfolio.
Evans's charisma and charm edged out Dodds, thus crowning her the sixth winner of America's Next Top Model. After the show, Evans signed with Ford Models as part of her prize. However, she is signed with Click Model Management. Dani has been featured in ELLE, Elle Girl, Jewel Magazine, In Touch Weekly, Essence Magazine, The New York Post, PowerPlay Magazine, the Ashro catalog, Akademiks, MetroStyle, Cover Magazine, Venus Magazine, CoverGirl eyewear, the Tory Burch line for Saks Fifth Avenue. Evans has walked the runway for Issue, Victorio & Lucchino, Baby Phat Fall'07, Zang Toi Fall'07, BET'S Rip the Runway, Style Salon, Jenni Kayne's spring collection fashion show, Carlos Campos Fashion Design Fall 2009 during New York Fashion Week, she has received a showcard from Click Model Management, for NY Fashion Week. She is one of few ANTM alumnae to be given a showcard for fashion week, an honor she received multiple times. Evans walked in Korto Momolu's finale show on Project Runway season 5. Evans walked for William Rast F/W 2010 New York Fashion Week.
Evans walked for Farah Angsana and Mara Hoffman Fall 2011 New York Fashion Week. Evans walked for Michael Knight and Zang Toi in NY Fashion Week Spring 2012 show. Evans starred in The CW CoverGirl commercial campaign, "My Life as a Cover Girl", in the Fall of 2006, as well as starring in a CoverGirl commercial with fellow CoverGirls Queen Latifah and Tiiu Kuik. Evans was one of only a few Top Model winners to have her CoverGirl contract renewed and can be seen in multiple ads for the brand, she has been featured as one of CoverGirl's Top Models in Action. In the summer of 2009, She appeared on the cover of Kouture Magazine, her shoot appeared on YouTube. Evans appeared in a 2013 commercial for Target's Everyday Collection, she has appeared as a model for women's clothing retailers New York and Company's website. She was a guest appearance at Chris Brown's MTV special regarding his 18th birthday My Super Sweet 16, she is the spokesmodel for Akademiks and appeared on The Wendy Williams Show on September 16, 2009, as a model for Pastry, a line owned by Vanessa Simmons and Angela Simmons.