click links in text for more info

Barnett Newman

Barnett Newman was an American artist. He is seen as one of the major figures in abstract expressionism and one of the foremost of the color field painters, his paintings are existential in tone and content, explicitly composed with the intention of communicating a sense of locality and contingency. Barnett Newman was born in the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland, he studied philosophy at the City College of New York and worked in his father's business manufacturing clothing. He made a living as a teacher and critic. From the 1930s on he made paintings, said to be in an expressionist style, but destroyed all these works. Newman met art teacher Annalee Greenhouse in 1934. What is the explanation of the insane drive of man to be painter and poet if it is not an act of defiance against man's fall and an assertion that he return to the Garden of Eden? For the artists are the first men. Newman wrote catalogue forewords and reviews and organized exhibitions before becoming a member of the Uptown Group and having his first solo show at the Betty Parsons Gallery in 1948.

Soon after his first exhibition, Newman remarked in one of the Artists' Session at Studio 35: "We are in the process of making the world, to a certain extent, in our own image." Utilizing his writing skills, Newman fought to reinforce his newly established image as an artist and to promote his work. An example is his letter on April 9, 1955, "Letter to Sidney Janis:... it is true that Rothko talks the fighter. He fights, however. My struggle against bourgeois society has involved the total rejection of it."Throughout the 1940s he worked in a surrealist vein before developing his mature style. This is characterized by areas of color separated by thin vertical lines, or "zips" as Newman called them. In the first works featuring zips, the color fields are variegated, but the colors are pure and flat. Newman himself thought that he reached his mature style with the Onement series; the zips define the spatial structure of the painting, while dividing and uniting the composition. 1944 Barnett Newman tried to explain America's newest art movement and included a list of "the men in the new movement."

Ex-Surrealists, like Matta are mentioned, Wolfgang Paalen Paalen is mentioned twice together with Gottlieb, Pollock, Baziotes and others. Motherwell is mentioned with a question mark; the zip remained a constant feature of Newman's work throughout his life. In some paintings of the 1950s, such as The Wild, eight feet tall by one and a half inches wide, the zip is all there is to the work. Newman made a few sculptures which are three-dimensional zips. Although Newman's paintings appear to be purely abstract, many of them were untitled, the names he gave them hinted at specific subjects being addressed with a Jewish theme. Two paintings from the early 1950s, for example, are called Eve. There is Uriel, Abraham, a dark painting which, as well as being the name of a biblical patriarch, was the name of Newman's father, who had died in 1947; the Stations of the Cross series of black and white paintings, begun shortly after Newman had recovered from a heart attack, is regarded as the peak of his achievement.

The series is subtitled Lema sabachthani - "Why have you forsaken me" - the last words spoken by Jesus on the cross, according to the New Testament. Newman saw these words as having universal significance in his own time; the series has been seen as a memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. Newman's late works, such as the Who's Afraid of Red and Blue series, use vibrant, pure colors on large canvases - Anna's Light, named in memory of his mother, who had died in 1965, is his largest work, 28 feet wide by 9 feet tall. Newman worked on shaped canvases late in life, with Chartres, for example, being triangular, returned to sculpture, making a small number of sleek pieces in steel; these paintings are executed in acrylic paint rather than the oil paint of earlier pieces. Of his sculptures, Broken Obelisk is the most monumental and best-known, depicting an inverted obelisk whose point balances on the apex of a pyramid. Newman made a series of lithographs, the 18 Cantos which, according to Newman, are meant to be evocative of music.

He made a small number of etchings. Newman is classified as an abstract expressionist on account of his working in New York City in the 1950s, associating with other artists of the group and developing an abstract style which owed little or nothing to European art. However, his rejection of the expressive brushwork employed by other abstract expressionists such as Clyfford Still and Mark Rothko, his use of hard-edged areas of flat color, can be seen as a precursor to post painterly abstraction and the minimalist works of artists such as Frank Stella. Newman was unappreciated as an artist for much of his life, being overlooked in favour of more colorful characters such as Jackson Pollock; the influential critic Clement Greenberg wrote enthusiastically about him, but it was not until the end of his life that he began to be taken seriously. He was, however, an important influence on many younger artists such as Donald Judd, Frank Stella and Bob Law. Newman died in New York City of a heart attack in 1970.

Nine years after Newman's death, his widow Annalee founded the Barnett Newman Foundation. The foundation not only functions as his official estate, but serves "to encourage the study and understanding of Barnett Newma

Archery at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's team

The men's team archery event at the 2008 Summer Olympics was part of the archery programme and took place at the Olympic Green Archery Field. Ranking Round was scheduled for August 9 and elimination rounds and Finals took place on August 11. All archery is done with targets 1.22 metres in diameter. As the defending Olympic champions, South Korea defended the title with two archers from the past Games, Im Dong-Hyun and Park Kyung-Mo. Chinese Taipei, silver at the last Games, participated at the event with only one Athens medalist, Wang Cheng Pang. Ukraine, bronze in Athens, brought Viktor Oleksandr Serdyuk back at the Games. 12 teams qualified for the event at the Beijing Olympics: host China, plus the top 8 teams at the 44th Outdoor Archery World championship, held in Leipzig, 3 other NOCs that qualified three athletes for the Games. The competition begins with the same ranking round used to determine the individual event seeding; each archer fires 72 arrows, with the scores of the team's three members summed to give the team score.

The elimination rounds use a single-elimination tournament, with fixed brackets based on the ranking round seeding. Ranked teams get byes through to the quarterfinals. In each round of elimination, the two teams each fire 24 arrows; the higher scoring team moves on. The two semifinal losers face off for the bronze medal. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were; the change from the prior 27 arrow match to a 24 arrow match for the XXIX Olympiad meant that there was no standing Olympic record in the team match. 216 arrow ranking round24 arrow matchThe following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition. Source Source

John Shirreffs

John A. Shirreffs is an American Thoroughbred racehorse trainer. Based in California, Vietnam War veteran John Shirreffs began training Thoroughbreds in 1978, he has won a number of stakes races with his most important coming in the 2005 Kentucky Derby when Giacomo scored a major upset. In 2007, another Shirreffs-trained horse scored a major upset when Tiago, a half-brother to Giacomo won the Santa Anita Derby, he is the trainer of champion Zenyatta, beaten only once in twenty career starts, winner of the Breeders' Cup Ladies' Classic in 2008 and Breeders' Cup Classic in 2009. In November 2009, Shirreffs became the first trainer to conquer both the Ladies' Classic and Classic in the same year, as Life Is Sweet romped home in the former and Zenyatta defeated males in the latter. Shirreffs grew up around horses at his family's farm, he served in the Marine Corps in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. He broke yearlings for Ed Nahem at Lakeview thoroughbred farm. After that Shirreffs got his training license in 1978 and operated a small stable in Northern California.

He is married to Dottie Ingordo. John Shirreffs at the NTRA

Nigton, Texas

Nigton is an unincorporated community in Trinity County, Texas. It is 17 miles from Groveton. In 2000, the population was 87; the town was founded in 1873 by former slaves. Jeff Carter, a civic leader during the early years of the settlement, suggested the name Nigton. In 1894, a post office was established. By 1896, the community had three churches, a saw mill and gin, a wagon maker, a shoemaker, a reported population of 500; the post office was closed in 1923. In the 1940s, only a school and store remained, it had a population of only 10 residents. In the 1990s, the population began to grow, reporting 34 residents in the 1990 United States Census, many of whom were descendants of the original settlers. By the 2000 United States Census, the population was 87. Pine Island School 1928 Trinity County Training School Shop 1930

Ricardo Gomes (Cape Verdean footballer)

Ricardo Jorge Pires Gomes is a Cape Verdean professional footballer who plays as a forward for Emirati club Al-Ittihad Kalba SC on loan from Sharjah FC, the Cape Verde national team. Born in Praia, Gomes moved to Portugal at the age of 17, starting playing football with F. C. Vizela and going on to spend four seasons in the third division. In 2013 he signed with Vitória de Guimarães, being assigned to the reserves who competed in that level. Gomes made his Primeira Liga debut with the first team on 17 August 2013, coming on as a second-half substitute in a 2−0 home win against S. C. Olhanense, he scored his first goal in the competition on 4 January 2015, in the 4−0 victory over C. D. Nacional at the Estádio D. Afonso Henriques. In mid-January 2016, Gomes was loaned to Nacional, until June. On 8 August, he agreed to a two-year permanent deal with the Madeirans. After no goals in 2016−17, which ended in relegation, the following campaign Gomes led the LigaPro scoring charts at 22 to help the team achieve immediate promotion as champions.

On 8 June 2018, Gomes signed with Serbian club FK Partizan. On 26 August he scored his first SuperLiga goal for them, helping to a 3−1 away defeat of FK Mačva Šabac, he added another on 23 September in the 1−1 draw with Red Star Belgrade in the Eternal Derby, being subsequently voted by Mozzart Sport as his side's best player. Gomes finished his only season with 26 goals across all competitions, which made him the joint-best foreigner in Partizan's history. In August 2019, Gomes joined UAE Pro League champions Sharjah FC, helping to win the UAE Super Cup on penalties shortly after his arrival; the following February, he was loaned to fellow league club Al-Ittihad Kalba SC until the end of the season. Gomes earned his first cap for Cape Verde on 31 March 2015, playing the last ten minutes of the 2–0 friendly win against Portugal in Estoril. On 4 June 2016 he netted his first goal, in the 2–1 away victory over São Tomé and Príncipe in the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations qualifiers; as of 12 October 2018 Vitória Guimarães Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira: Runner-up 2013Nacional LigaPro: 2017–18Partizan Serbian Cup: 2018–19Sharjah UAE Super Cup: 2019 LigaPro Top Scorer/MVP: 2017–18 Ricardo Gomes at ForaDeJogo Ricardo Gomes at Ricardo Gomes at Soccerway

Principality of Erfurt

The Principality of Erfurt was a small state in modern Thuringia, that existed from 1807 to 1814, comprising the modern city of Erfurt and the surrounding land. It was subordinate directly to Napoleon, the Emperor of the French, rather than being a part of the Confederation of the Rhine. After nearly 3 months of siege, the city fell to Prussian and Russian forces. Having been Prussian territory before the Napoleonic Wars, most of the lands were restored to Prussia by the Congress of Vienna. In the wake of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Treaty of Lunéville, the Holy Roman Empire underwent a process of substantial territorial reorganisation known as the German mediatization, under which Erfurt, since the 10th century a subject of the Electorate and Archbishopric of Mainz, was transferred to the Kingdom of Prussia, to compensate for territories Prussia lost to France on the Left Bank of the Rhine. Fearing the rise in the power of Napoleon's First French Empire after their defeat of Austria and establishment of the French-sponsored Confederation of the Rhine and Russia mobilized for a fresh campaign, Prussian troops massed in Saxony as a part of the War of the Fourth Coalition.

The twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt were fought on 14 October 1806 on the plateau west of the river Saale, between the Grande Armée and the forces of Frederick William III of Prussia. The decisive defeat suffered by the Prussian Army subjugated Prussia to the French Empire until the Sixth Coalition was formed in 1813. After Jena and Auerstedt, a large number of refugees appeared at the Prussian fortress of Erfurt. At first they were refused entrance, but the gates were opened and soon the city thronged with at least 12,000 demoralized soldiers. Attempts were made by some officers to return the troops to their regiments, but the men refused to cooperate. Joachim Murat, Marshal of France, sent French Colonel Claude de Préval into Erfurt under a flag of truce; the Frenchman demanded an immediate surrender, which the Prussian commandant refused. Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, waited near Erfurt in the hope that large numbers of troops would join the retreat. Without support from Prussian Generalfeldmarschall Möllendorf, collapsed from injuries suffered at Auerstedt, the fortress commandant signed articles of capitulation.

Altogether, about 12,000 Prussian and Saxon troops under William VI, Prince of Orange-Nassau, became prisoners and 65 artillery pieces were captured. At the time of the capitulation, Murat had about 16,000 troops near Erfurt. Historian Francis Loraine Petre remarked that Erfurt was the first of a series of "pusillanimous capitulations" by Prussian fortress commanders, writing that Napoleon's plans might have been delayed had the city held out for just a few days. Instead, the French emperor was able to launch the entire army after his fleeing enemies. Erfurt was administered by a civilian and military Senate under a French governor, based in the Kurmainzische Statthalterei the seat of city's governor under the Electorate. Napoleon first visited the principality on 23 July 1807, inspecting the fortifications. On 4 August 1807, Napoleon attached the Saxe-Weimar territory of Blankenhain and declared the Principality of Erfurt to be directly subordinate to himself as an "imperial state domain", separate from the Confederation of the Rhine, which the surrounding Thuringian states had joined.

On 27 September 1808, Napoleon was ceremonially presented the keys to the city at the Brühler-Tor before going to meet Tsar Alexander I on the road to Weimar to re-enter the city with the tsar. Between 27 September and 14 October 1808, Napoleon hosted the Congress of Erfurt in the principality, intended to reaffirm the alliance with the Tsar, concluded the previous year with the Treaties of Tilsit at the end of the War of the Fourth Coalition; the meeting became a great conference involving an array of kings, dukes and notables from all over Europe, including the kings of Saxony, Bavaria, Württemberg and Westphalia. The resulting convention recognised the Russian conquests of Finland from Sweden and the Danubian Principalities from the Ottoman Empire and stated that, should France go to war again with Austria, Russia should make common cause, though the tsar's support in the War of the Fifth Coalition was minimal. During their administration, the French introduced street lighting and a tax on foreign horses to pay for maintaining the road surface.

The Peterskirche suffered under the French occupation, with its inventory being auctioned off to other local churches — including the organ and the tower of the Corpus Christi chapel — and the former monastery's library being donated to the University of Erfurt. The Cyriaksburg Citadel was damaged by the French with the city-side walls being dismantled in the hunt for imagined treasures from the convent, with workers being paid from the sale of the building materials. In 1811, to commemorate the birth of the Prince Imperial, a 70-foot ceremonial column of wood and plaster was erected on the common, on the instigation of the French administration and funded by the city treasury. Inaugurated on 20 March 1811.