Basilicata known by its ancient name Lucania, is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia to the north and east, Calabria to the south. It has two coastlines: a 30-km stretch on the Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania and Calabria, a longer coastline along the Gulf of Taranto between Calabria and Apulia; the region can be thought of as the "instep" of Italy, with Calabria functioning as the "toe" and Apulia the "heel". The region covers about 10,000 km2 and in 2010 had a population under 600,000; the regional capital is Potenza. The region is divided into two provinces: Matera. Basilicata is an emerging tourist destination, thanks in particular to the city of Matera, whose historical quarter I Sassi became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, has been designated European Capital of Culture 2019; the New York Times ranked Basilicata third in its list of "52 Places to Go in 2018", defining it "Italy’s best-kept secret". The name derives from "basilikos", which refers to the basileus, the Byzantine emperor, who ruled the region for 200 years, from 536/552 to 571/590 and from 879 to 1059.
Others argue that the name may refer to the Basilica of Acerenza which held judicial power in the Middle Ages. During the Greek and Roman Ages, Basilicata was known as Lucania, which derives from "leukos", meaning "white", from "lykos", meaning "wolf", or from Latin word "lucus", meaning "sacred wood". Basilicata covers an extensive part of the southern Apennine Mountains, between the Ofanto river in the north and the Pollino massif in the south, it is bordered on the east by a large part of the Bradano river depression, traversed by numerous streams and declines to the southeastern coastal plains on the Ionian Sea. The region has a short coastline to the southwest on the Tyrrhenian Sea side of the peninsula. Basilicata is the most mountainous region in the south of Italy, with 47% of its area of 9,992 km2 covered by mountains. Of the remaining area, 45% is hilly, 8% is made up of plains. Notable mountains and ranges include the Pollino massif, the Dolomiti lucane, Monte Vulture, Monte Alpi, Monte Carmine, Monti Li Foj and Toppa Pizzuta.
Geological features of the region include the volcanic formations of Monte Vulture, the seismic faults in the Melfi and Potenza areas in the north, around Pollino in the south. Much of the region was devastated in the 1857 Basilicata earthquake. More the 1980 Irpinia earthquake destroyed many towns in the northwest of the region; the mountainous terrain combined with weak rock and soil types makes landslides prevalent. While the lithological structure of the substratum and its chaotic tectonic deformation predispose the slope to landslides, this problem is compounded by the lack of forested land. In fact, in common with many another Mediterranean region, Basilicata was once rich in forests, which were felled and made barren during the time of Roman rule; the variable climate is influenced by three coastlines and the complexity of the region's physical features. In general, the climate is continental in Mediterranean along the coasts; the first traces of human presence in Basilicata date to the late Paleolithic, with findings of Homo erectus.
Late Cenozoic fossils, found at Venosa and other locations, include elephants and species now extinct such as a saber-toothed cat of the genus Machairodus. Examples of rock art from the Mesolithic have been discovered near Filiano. From the fifth millennium, people stopped living in caves and built settlements of huts up to the rivers leading to the interior. In this period, anatomically modern humans lived by cultivating cereals and animal husbandry. Chalcolithic sites include the grottoes of Latronico and the funerary findings of the Cervaro grotto near Lagonegro; the first known stable market center of the Apennine culture on the sea, consisting of huts on the promontory of Capo la Timpa, near to Maratea, dates to the Bronze Age. The first indigenous Iron Age communities lived in large villages in plateaus located at the borders of the plains and the rivers, in places fitting their breeding and agricultural activities; such settlements include that of Anglona, located between the fertile valleys of Agri and Sinni, of Siris and, on the coast of the Ionian Sea, of Incoronata-San Teodoro.
The first presence of Greek colonists, coming from the Greek islands and Anatolia, date from the late eighth century BC. There are no traces of survival of the 11th-8th century BC archaeological sites of the settlements: this was caused by the increasing presence of Greek colonies, which changed the balance of the trades. In ancient historical times the region was known as Lucania, named for the Lucani, an Oscan-speaking population from central Italy, their name might be derived from Greek leukos meaning lykos, or Latin lucus. Or more Lucania, as much as the Lucius forename derives from the Latin word Lux, meaning "light", is a cognate of name Lucas. Another etymology proposed is a derivation from Etruscan Lauchum meaning "king", which however was transferred into Latin as Lucumo. Starting from the late eighth century BC, the Greeks established a settlement first at Siris, founded by fugitives from Colophon. With the foundation of Metaponto from Achaean colonists, they started the co
Ellin & Kitson partnership was formed in New York City by two English sculptors from Yorkshire, England in early 1879. Prior to this date they were working as Robert Ellin Company, they advertised their business as architectural sculptors concentrating on churches. The elder was Robert Ellin, born 1837. According to the Kitson family, it was Ellin who first came to the United States and encouraged Kitson to follow, their first known collaboration was a mahogany breakfront entered into a juried show for the United States Centennial held in Philadelphia in 1876. According to Kitson family history, they entered their work as Americans, thinking it would set them apart from the many English entries. At the time of the Centennial celebration, their firm had been awarded the execution of the Astor Memorial Altar; the breakfront was noted and won a prize. In addition to the breakfront, they entered various church furnishings, their company emphasis. Kitson family oral history tells of many trips which William took to South America to select the mahogany and other woods for various projects.
Ellin & Kitson as well as Ellin, Kitson & Co worked with many famous architects and designers of the time: Thomas Wisedell, Robert J Withers, Frederick Law Olmsted, Richard Morris Hunt, J. Cleaveland Cady, George B. Post to name a few; some of the buildings they were involved with are: Jamees A Roosevelt house. Additionally, they constructed a vast number of buildings at the 1892 Chicago Exposition. Earlier work circa 1867 by Ellin with James Whitehouse are Panels on the Mall in Central Park. Earlier independent work of William Kitson in 1870 on the capitals of the interior columns of Second Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia. In addition to various tradesmen employed by the firm, William's younger brother Samuel James Kitson was involved when fine sculptures were to be a part of the project. Samuel Kitson did not depend on commissions from the firm as he secured commissions on his own ability and artistic talent Another younger brother Harry apprenticed with the firm until 1882 when he attend art school in Paris France.
Following the death of William Kitson in 1888, the firm was known as Ellin and Company, omitting the ampersand with the John William Kitson Estate remaining as a silent partner. In 1902 the partnership of Ellin, Kitson & Co was dissolved. Robert Ellin formed another partnership with J W Harrison as Ellin Kitson and Company. Following Robert Ellin's death in February 1904, the firm continued under the guidance of J W Harrison; as late as 1913, Ellin Kitson and Company were advertising their services in trade magazines. Columbia University has in their special collections department a style book attributed to Ellin & Kitson. Manufacturer and Builder October 1884 pg 228 "A Fine Stone Structure" Trow City Directory 1879 Page 59 Trow City Directory 1901 Page 144 Polk's New York Co-partnerships... 1909 Page 230The World's Fair At Chicago. III; the Decoration Of The Exposition Author: Millet, F. D. Publication Info: Scribner's Magazine Volume 0012 Issue 6 / Volume 12, Issue: 6, December, 1892, pp. 692–709 THE VILLARD HOUSES William C.
As Time Goes By is an album by Harpers Bizarre, released in 1976. This reunion release of the group does not include former member Ted Templeman. Dick Scoppettone used several pseudonyms for his original songs. "Introduction" "Cowboy" "As Time Goes By" "Down at Papa Joe's" "Every Night" "Society Strut" "Lullaby of Broadway" "Speak Low" "Banana King Louie" "My Melancholy Baby" "Beechwood 4-5789" "That's the Way It Was" "Back in the Saddle Again" On the Canadian release entitled HARPER'S BIZARRE four tracks were omitted and replaced by Feelin' Groovy /Listen To The Rain /You Gotta Make Your Own Sunshine/Young Love. The last two were issued as a 45 in the U. S. For Canadian version see https://www.discogs.com/Harpers-Bizarre-Harpers-Bizarre/release/8409799