Bass drum

A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. A bass drum is cylindrical, with the drum's diameter much greater than the drum's depth. There is a struck head at both ends of the cylinder; the heads may be made of calf plastic. There is a means of adjusting the tension either by threaded taps or by strings. Bass drums are built in a variety of sizes, but size has little to do with the volume produced by the drum. On the other contrary, the pitch and the sound can vary much with different sizes, but the size is chosen based on convenience and aesthetics. Bass drums are used in several musical genres. Three major types of bass drums can be distinguished; the type seen or heard in orchestral, ensemble or concert band music is the orchestral, or concert bass drum. It is the largest drum of the orchestra; the kick drum. It is struck with a beater attached to a pedal seen on drum kits; the pitched bass drum used in marching bands and drum corps, is tuned to a specific pitch and is played in a set of three to six drums.

In many forms of music, the bass drum is used to keep time. The bass drum makes a low, boom sound. In marches, it is used to project tempo. A basic beat for rock and roll has the bass drum played on the first and third beats of bars in common time, with the snare drum on the second and fourth beats, called backbeats. In jazz, the bass drum can vary from entirely being a timekeeping medium to being a melodic voice in conjunction with the other parts of the set. Bass drums have many synonyms and translations, such as gran cassa, grosse caisse, Grosse Trommel or Basstrommel, bombo; the earliest known predecessor to the bass drum was the Turkish davul, a cylindrical drum that featured two thin heads. The heads were stretched over hoops and attached to a narrow shell. To play this instrument, a person would strike the right side of the davul with a large wooden stick, while the left side would be struck with a rod; when struck, the davul produced a sound much deeper than that of the other drums in existence.

Because of this unique tone, davuls were used extensively in war and combat, where a deep and percussive sound was needed to ensure that the forces were marching in proper step with one another. The military bands of the Ottoman Janissaries in the 18th century were one of the first groups to utilize davuls in their music. Davuls were ideal for use as military instruments because of the unique way in which they could be carried; the Ottoman janissaries, for example, hung their davuls at their breasts with thick straps. This made it easier for the soldiers to carry their instruments from battle to battle; this practice does not seem to be limited to just the Ottoman Empire, however. The davul, was used extensively in non-military music. For example, davuls were a major aspect of Turkish folk dances. In Ottoman society and shawm players would perform together in groups called davul-zurnas, or drum and shawm circles. Long drumsAt its peak, the Ottoman Empire stretched from the Caucuses down to northern Africa and parts of the middle east.

This long reach meant that many aspects of Ottoman culture, including the davul and other janissary instruments, were introduced to other parts of the world. In Africa, the indigenous population took the basic idea of the davul – that is, a two-headed cylindrical drum that produces a deep sound when struck – and both increased the size of the drum and changed the material from which it was made, leading to the development of the long drum; the long drum can be made a variety of different ways but is most constructed from a hollowed out tree trunk. This is vastly different from the davul, made from a thick shell. Long drums were 2 meters in length and 50 centimetres in diameter, much larger than the Turkish drums on which they were based; the indigenous population believed that the tree from which the long drum was made had to be in perfect shape. Once an appropriate tree was selected and the basic frame for the long drum was constructed, the Africans took cow hides and soaked them in boiling hot water, in order to stretch them out.

Although the long drum was an improvement on the davul, both drums were played in a similar fashion. Two distinct sticks were used on the two distinct sides of the drum itself. A notable difference between the two is that long drums, unlike davuls, were used for religious purposes. Gong drumsAs the use of the long drum began to spread across Europe, many composers and musicians started looking for deeper tones that could be used in compositions; as a result of this demand, a narrow-shelled, single-headed drum called the gong drum was introduced in Britain during the 19th century. This drum, 70-100 centimetres in diameter and deep-shelled, was similar to the long drum in both size and construction; when struck, the gong drum produced a deep sound with a rich resonance. However, the immense size of the drum, coupled with the fact that there was not a second head to help balance the sound, meant that gong drums tended to produce a sound with a definite pitch; as a result, they fell out of favour with many composers, as it became nearly imp

Narito Ang Puso Ko

Narito ang Puso Ko is a Philippine television drama romance series broadcast by GMA Network. Directed by Enrico Quizon and Gina Alajar, it stars Jolina Magdangal, Raymart Santiago and James Blanco, it premiered on June 2003 on the network's Telebabad line up replacing Kung Mawawala Ka. The series concluded on March 2004 with a total of 175 episodes, it was replaced by Hanggang Kailan in its timeslot. Lead castJolina Magdangal as Antonina San Victores / Isabella Campuspos Raymart Santiago as Rodolfo Perez James Blanco as Santiago "Santi" TatlonghariSupporting castRosa Rosal as Dolores San Victores Eddie Garcia as Felipe San Victores Amy Austria as Elsa Campuspos Dina Bonnevie as Violeta San Victores Raymond Bagatsing as Joaquin San Victores Ariel Rivera as Amoroso San Victores Carmina Villarroel as Ava "Primavera" Grande Lilia Dizon as Leticia Karen delos Reyes as fake Antonina / Luzviminda Bautista Chanda Romero as Clara Bautista Mylene Dizon as Stella Bautista Benjie Paras as BoyongExtended castMonsour del Rosario as Ernesto San Vicente Allan Paule as Allan Ricci Chan as Red Lara Melissa de Leon as ArleneGuest castPrincess Punzalan as Atty.

Salgado Sharmaine Arnaiz as young Dolores San Victores Lander Vera Perez as Antonio San Victores Jay-R as Jay R Kyla as Melani Jim Pebanco as Edgar Malou de Guzman as Rodolfo's mother Phoemela Baranda as Esmeralda San Victores Ernie Zarate as Enrico Reggie Curly as a private investigator Arlene Tolibas as a floor manager Mel Kimura as Melani's assistant Czarina Lopez de Leon as Jonathan's ex-girlfriend Raymond Bagatsing won an acting award for this series. Narito Ang Puso Ko on IMDb


Meshkat is a city in the Central District of Kashan County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 5,357, in 1,687 families. Meshkat is the northernmost town of Iran, it has a population of 5,357, in 2016). It is situated between Qom-Kashan Highway on the South and Qom-Kashan International road on the north, it is situated in km 25 Kashan-Qom road. It is 195 km south of Tehran, 250 km north of Esfahan. Meshkat is 880–910 m above sea level, it has a semi-warm climate. The people of this town are farmers, factory workers or craftsmen; the most important agricultural products of Meshkat include wheat, greengage, among others. It is endowed with several brooks. Trees of various types help moderate the temperature in hot season. A Calcium Bicarbonate Factory has been built near this town, promising prosperous economic future for the town. Meshkat is southerly limited to the Tehran-Ghom-Esfahan Expressway, while the main asphalt road, which connects Tehran to the south of the country, passes directly through this town.

A railroad passes by the northern side of the Meshkat's suburbs. Official website of the municipality of Meshkat