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Bass fishing

Bass fishing is the activity of angling for the North American gamefish known colloquially as the black bass. There are numerous black bass species considered as gamefish in North America, including largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, spotted bass or Kentucky bass, Guadalupe bass. Black bass are members of Centrarchidae. Modern bass fishing has evolved into a multibillion-dollar industry; the sport has changed drastically since its beginnings in the late 19th century. From humble beginnings, the black bass has become the most sought-after game fish in the United States; the sport has driven the development of all manner of fishing gear, including rods, lines, electronic depth and fish-finding instruments, drift boats, float tubes and boats made for bass fishing. All black bass are fished recreationally. Depending upon species and various other factors such as water quality and availability of food, black bass may be found in lakes, ponds, streams and roadside ditches. Largemouth are known for their greater overall size.

Largemouth tend to jump more than other black bass and fight aggressively near the surface. However, smallmouth bass tend to fight more aggressively when hooked, favoring powerful runs to underwater structures such as submerged logs, weed beds, rock piles; the All-Tackle world record Black Bass was a largemouth, caught on June 2, 1932, on Montgomery Lake, GA by George Perry, weighing in at 22 lbs. 4 oz. George Perry's record fish, which some consider the “Holy Grail” of all freshwater sport fishing records, was challenged by Japanese angler Manabu Kurita on July 22, 2009. Kurita's catch was certified by the IGFA, weighing 22 lbs. 4 oz, the same weight as Perry's legendary catch. There are several stories of fish that may have exceeded this record weight, but only these two were certified. Perry and Kurita have shared the All-Take world record since 2009. All black bass rely on scent to forage so care should be taken when fishing to ensure no foreign scents, such as outdoor chemicals like sun block and bug spray, or any personal chemicals, like tobacco can deter the black bass.

Wash hands when handling fishing line, rods, artificial baits, soft plastics. Bass are filleted in the rare occasion when they are taken for the table; the flesh of the black bass is not desirable by most anglers, the flesh of smaller specimens is white and flaky, with a mild, more pleasant taste when cooked. Since black bass are not as desirable to some, both avid and professional bass fisherman prefer to practice catch and release. Bass fishing in the United States evolved on its own, was not influenced by angling developments in Europe or other parts of the world. Indeed, modern British sea bass fishermen look to the United States freshwater bass techniques for inspiration for lure fishing and to the US, Japan and China for tackle. During the early-to-mid-19th century, wealthy sport anglers in the United States confined themselves to trout and salmon fishing using fly rods. While smallmouth bass were sought by some fly fishermen, most bass fishing was done by sustenance anglers using poles and live bait.

The working-class heritage of bass fishing influenced the sport and is manifested today in its terminology, hobbyist literature, media coverage. Many people who began fishing for bass a long time ago used a long stick, with some sort of line, tied to a hook, used live bait, it is amazing to take note of. In the mid-19th century, the first artificial lure used for bass was developed in the form of an artificial fly. At first, these artificial fly patterns were derivations of existing trout and salmon flies; as time went on, new fly patterns were developed to fish for bass, as well as heavier spinner/fly lures that could be cast by the baitcasting and fixed-spool casting reels and rods available at the time. Floating wooden lures or poppers of lightweight cork or balsa were introduced around 1900, sometimes combined with hooks dressed with artificial fur or feathers. Production of the plastic worm began in 1949, but it was not until the 1960s that its use became popular; the plastic worm revolutionized the sport of bass fishing.

In the United States, the sport of bass fishing was advanced by the stocking of largemouth and smallmouth bass outside their native ranges in the latter portion of the 19th century. As the nation's railroad system expanded, large numbers of'tank' ponds were built by damming various small creeks that intersected the tracks in order to provide water for steam engines. Shippers found that black bass were a hardy species that could be transported in buckets or barrels via the railroad, sometimes using the spigot from the railroad water tank to aerate the fingerlings. Largemouth bass were stocked in tank ponds and warmer lakes, while smallmouth bass were distributed to lakes and rivers throughout the northern and western United States, as far west as California. Smallmouth were transplanted east of the Appalachians just before the Civil War, afterwards introduced into New England. Largemouth bass populations boomed after the U. S. Department of Agriculture began to advise and assist farmers in constructing and stocking farm ponds with largemouth bass offering advice on managing various fish species.


Pont Royal

The Pont Royal is a bridge crossing the river Seine in Paris. It is the third oldest bridge in Paris, after the Pont Marie; the Pont Royal links the Right Bank by the Pavillon de Flore with the Left Bank of Paris between rue du Bac and the rue de Beaune. The bridge is constructed with five elliptical arches en plein cintre. A hydrographic ladder, indicating floods' highest level in Paris, is visible on the last pier nearest each bank. In 1632, the entrepreneur Pierre Pidou directed the construction of a wooden toll-bridge which would be called Pont Sainte-Anne or Pont Rouge, it was designed to replace the Tuileries ferry upon. The ferry had been offering crossings since 1550. Fragile, this bridge of fifteen arches would be repaired for the first time in 1649 redone two years burnt in 1654, flooded in 1656 rebuilt in 1660, propped up in 1673 and carried away by a flood in February 1684. Madame de Sévigné reported, it was reconstructed between October 25, 1685, June 13, 1689, this time with stone, receiving complete financing from the king Louis XIV.

Louvois, director of the Bâtiments du Roi, charged Jacques Gabriel, Jules Hardouin-Mansart and François Romain with the construction project. In the 18th century, the bridge was a popular meeting place for various festivities and celebrations. At the time of the French Revolution, in the period following the fall of the monarchy on 10 August 1792 and the beginning of the First French Empire in 1804 - the name of Pont Royal was changed to Pont National. During that period, General Napoléon Bonaparte had cannons installed on the bridge in order to protect the Convention Nationale and the Committee of Public Safety, housed in the Tuileries Palace. During the First French Empire, Napoléon I renamed the bridge the Pont des Tuileries, a name, kept until the Restoration in 1814 when Louis XVIII gave back to the bridge its royal name; the bridge underwent a last reconstruction in 1850. In 1939, it was classified as a monument historique. In 2005, the Pont Royal was illuminated by lights at night as one of the Paris Olympic Bid highlights.

List of crossings of the River Seine This article was derived from the French Article of the same name. Pont Royal Information from the Paris city hall website

Wrestling weight classes

In many styles of wrestling, opponents are matched based on weight class. In international competition, men's freestyle wrestling, men's Greco-Roman wrestling, female wrestling utilize following weight classes as of 2013: 57 kg 61 kg 65 kg 70 kg 74 kg 79 kg 86 kg 92 kg 97 kg 125 kg 55 kg 60 kg 63 kg 67 kg 72 kg 77 kg 82 kg 87 kg 97 kg 130 kg 50 kg 53 kg 55 kg 57 kg 59 kg 62 kg 65 kg 68 kg 72 kg 76 kg As of 2006, international freestyle wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling for male youths are divided into three age categories: Schoolboys and juniors. Schoolboys compete in freestyle and/or Greco-Roman wrestling in the following 10 weight classes: 29 to 32 kg 35 kg 38 kg 42 kg 47 kg 53 kg 59 kg 66 kg (146 lbs 73 kg 73 to 85 kg Cadets compete in freestyle wrestling and/or Greco-Roman wrestling in the following 10 weight classes: 39 to 42 kg 46 kg 50 kg 54 kg 58 kg 63 kg 69 kg 76 kg 85 kg 85 to 100 kg Juniors compete in freestyle wrestling and/or Greco-Roman wrestling in the following weight classes: 46 to 50 kg 55 kg 60 kg 66 kg 74 kg 84 kg 96 kg 96-120 kgJuniors over the age of 18 are allowed to participate in senior competitions with a medical certificate and parental authorization.

As of 2006, female youth compete in freestyle wrestling on an international level in one of four age categories: Schoolgirls and juniors. Schoolgirls compete in freestyle wrestling in the following 10 weight classes: 28 to 30 kg or 61 to 66 lbs 32 kg or 70 lbs 34 kg or 74 lbs 37 kg or 81 lbs 40 kg or 88 lbs 44 kg or 97 lbs 48 kg or 105 lbs 52 kg or 114 lbs 57 kg or 125 lbs 57 to 62 kg or 125 to 136 lbsCadets compete in freestyle wrestling in the following 10 weight classes: 36 to 38 kg or 79 to 83 lbs 40 kg or 88 lbs 43 kg or 94 lbs 46 kg or 101 lbs 49 kg or 108 lbs 52 kg or 114 lbs 56 kg or 123 lbs 60 kg or 132 lbs 65 kg or 143 lbs 65 to 70 kg or 143 to 154 lbsJuniors compete in freestyle wrestling in the following eight weight classes: 40 to 44 kg or 88 to 97 lbs 48 kg or 108 lbs 51 kg or 112 lbs 55 kg or 121 lbs 59 kg or 130 lbs 63 kg or 138 lbs 67 kg or 147 lbs 67 to 72 kg or 147 to 158 lbs Elementary school students competing in wrestling have multiple ways weight classes are determined.

"Madison system" - This is a popular tournament format where there are no weight classes and the tournament director pairs wrestlers into brackets based on weight at weigh-ins. This is a popular method. Division-based system - In this system, the tournament director separates athletes by age, by weight class. Weight class and division is at the tournament director's discretion. Pure-weight based system - In this system, the athletes are not divided by age but rather just by weight class; this is used because it pairs younger, less experienced athletes with older, more experienced athletes. Wrestling weight classes for middle school in the United States vary from state to state and are not regulated by the NFHS. Students may compete in scholastic wrestling in one of the following weight classes: 78 lb 86 lb 93 lb 103 lb 110 lb 117 lb 124 lb 134 lb 142 lb 152 lb 165 lb 185 lb 275 lbAlternatively, some other states use these weight classes for middle school: 70 lb 75milllb 80 lb 86 lb 92 lb 98 lb 104 lb 110 lb 116 lb 122 lb 128 lb 134 lb 142 lb 150 lb 160 lb 172 lb 205 lb Heavyweight Still other states use the following weight classes: 75 lb 80 lb 85 lb 90 lb 95 lb 100 lb 105 lb 110 lb 115 lb 122 lb 130 lb 138 lb 145 lb 155 lb 165 lb 185 lb 210 lb Heavyweight And still other states use the following weight classes: 78pds 84pds 90pds 95pds 102pds 110pds 116pds 123pds 128pds 135pds 145pds 155pds 171pds 190pds 285pds High school students in the United States competing in scholastic wrestling do so in the following 14 weight classes set by the National Federation of State High School Associations: 106 Ib 113 lb 120 lb 126 lb 132 lb 138 lb 145 lb 152 lb 160 lb 170 lb 182 lb 195 lb 220 lb 285 lb Heavyweight class was unlimited before 1988-89.

The AAU has its own weight classes for their freshman/sophomore tournaments: 103 108 117 124 130 135 140 145 150 157 165 176 194 220 300Other states have additional or modified weight classes, such as: 99 lb (in the state of

Apollon Kutateladze

Apollon Karamanovich Kutateladze was a Georgian painter. Apollon Kutateladze starts to study in Georgia, he continues to study at the "Caucasian society of artist support" school, where he will be specialised in art from 1914 to 1915. In 1915, he will quit Poti to join the "Nikolay Sklifosovsky" Academy of Painting and Drawing in the capital, before joining the Georgian army in 1916, he will be sent to battle in 1921 as part of the Georgian War of Independence. After his demobilisation, he participates to the satirical journal "Nalgui" in Tbilisi, he graduated from Tbilisi State Academy of Arts in 1926 after studying four years with teachers Eugene Lanceray, Gigo Gabashvili and Iosif Adolfovich Charlemagne. He has had several academic trips to Leningrad. From 1943 onward, Apollon Kutateladze establishes himself in Tbilisi and teaches at Tbilisi State Academy of Arts, of which he will become the rector in 1959, he will put in place in the Academy a new pedagogical method of teaching Arts, which consists in education and construction.

This will leave the classical art pedagogical methods behind, to the profit of the new method derived from the three principles of Walter Gropius in Bauhaus. Throughout his career, Apollon Kutateldaze will receive the Order of the Badge of Honour twice and the Order of the Red Banner of Labour once, he will become People's Artist of the USSR. Apollon Kutateladze marries Vera Georgievna Megreladze, he will have two sons: Guram Kutateladze. His second wife, Maria Ivanovna Edokimova, will give him two daughters: Manana Kutateladze and Nana Kutateladze, his third and last wife was Mirel Zdanevich will give him his last son: Karaman Kutateladze, before Apollon Kutateladze's death in 1972. Tbilisi State Academy of Arts will be renamed Apollon Kutateladze State Academy of Arts after his death in 1972. A street in Tbilisi is renamed Apollon Kutateladze Street around 2000. Apollon Kutateladze rests in the Didube Pantheon in Tbilisi. Apollon Kutateladze has created a large quantity of works during his lifetime, of which many historical scenes and portraits, such as: "Comrade Stalin heading the Batumi workers' protest" "Conversation between comrade Stalin and the peasants of Adjara in 1902" Comrade Stalin with Mother paintings «Sergo Ordzhonikidze encourages mountaineers to come to the defense of Grozny» «a Joyful harvest» «On the plantations of Georgia» «grape Harvest» «March of Queen Tamara» «the Hunting Queen Tamar»

1999 Orange Bowl

The 1999 Orange Bowl a 1998-1999 BCS game was played on January 2, 1999. This 65th edition of the Orange Bowl featured the Syracuse Orangemen, the Florida Gators. Florida came into the game with a 9-2 record, whereas Syracuse was 8-3; the Gators were favorites playing in their home state. Florida came out of the gates swinging, with quarterback Doug Johnson throwing two touchdown passes to wide receiver Travis Taylor creating a 14-0 Florida lead. Syracuse got on the scoreboard in the second quarter following a field goal to close the gap to 14-3. Florida added two more touchdowns before the half to widen the gap to 28-3. Florida continued to dominate the game, before giving up a 62 yard touchdown from quarterback Donovan McNabb to wide receiver Maurice Jackson, with only 3 minutes left in the game. Florida ran out the clock to finish the game. Florida, whose only two losses came against top 2 opponents, cranked out over 400 yards of total offense. Travis Taylor was named MVP, after catching 7 passes for two touchdowns.

Running back Terry Jackson rushed for 108 yards on 21 carries. This Orange Bowl was played at the Miami Orange Bowl because the Pro Player Stadium was being used for an NFL wild card playoff game; the 1999 Orange Bowl victory clinched Florida's sixth consecutive 10-win season. They finished the season 10-2, ranked in the final Top 5

Cherry River (West Virginia)

The Cherry River is a tributary of the Gauley River in southeastern West Virginia in the United States. Via the Gauley and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River; the Cherry River drains rural and forested areas and flows for much of its length through the Monongahela National Forest. Throughout its entire length the Cherry goes over a series of whitewater rapids in a mountainous setting. According to the Geographic Names Information System, the river has been known by the toponyms Cherry Tree Waters and Cherrytree Creek in the past; the present name is for the wild cherry trees along its course. The upper headwaters of the Cherry begin as two separate creeks, the North Fork Cherry River and the South Fork Cherry River, each of which rises in southeastern Pocahontas County and flows west-northwestwardly across northern Greenbrier County before converging in Nicholas County at the city of Richwood. Now at an elevation of 2,200 feet above sea level, a unique setting is created by which class 3 whitewater rapids are created during spring runoff through a town of about 2,000 residents, viewable from some of the city's public streets.

This may be the only place in eastern North America where three categories of "twos" are met or eclipsed. Downstream of Richwood, the Cherry River is paralleled by a rail trail, the Cranberry Tri-Rivers Rail-Trail flows northwest for about 10 more miles to its confluence with the Gauley in Curtin, a nearly abandoned lumber town two miles south of Craigsville. There are no dams on the Cherry and the town of Richwood has been subjected to damaging floods, most to a "50 year flood" during the current millennium. Local leaders have proposed a dam be placed on the South Fork just above town, thus protecting it from future flooding and creating more reliable flows for whitewater recreation. List of West Virginia rivers Monongahela National Forest map of the Richwood area, including the course of the Cherry River