Battle of Batoche

The Battle of Batoche was the decisive battle of the North-West Rebellion, which pitted the Canadian authorities against a force of indigenous and Métis people. Fought from May 9 to 12, 1885, at the ad hoc Provisional Government of Saskatchewan capital of Batoche, the greater numbers and superior firepower of General Frederick Middleton's force could not be countered by the Métis, as had happened at the earlier Battle of Fish Creek, the town was captured; the defeat of the Métis led to the surrender of Louis Riel on May 15 and the collapse of the Provisional Government. Poundmaker surrendered on May 26. Cree fighters and families under Big Bear held out the longest, fighting off Canadian troops pursuing them in the Battle of Frenchman's Butte and Battle of Loon Lake, dwindling in number, staying on the move until Big Bear turned himself in to Mounties at Fort Carlton in early July. Conscious of the numerous reverses, suffered by government forces in previous clashes with the rebels, Middleton approached Batoche with caution, reaching Gabriel's Crossing on 7 May and advancing within eight miles of the town the following day.

Middleton's plan rested on an encirclement strategy: as his main contingent advanced directly against Métis defensive lines, the steamboat Northcote, carrying some of Middleton's troops, would steam past the distracted defenders and unload fifty men at the rear of the town closing the pincer. However, due to the difficulty of the terrain and Middleton's penchant for prudence, his force lagged behind schedule, when the Northcote appeared adjacent to the town on 9 May it was spotted by Métis who had not yet come under artillery fire, their small arms fire did little damage to the armoured ship, but they lowered Batoche's ferry cable, into which the Northcote steamed unsuspectingly, slicing off its masts and smokestacks. Crippled, the ship drifted harmlessly down the South Saskatchewan River and out of the battle. Ignorant of the Northcote's fate, Middleton approached the church at Mission Ridge on the morning of 9 May in order to bring his plan into effect; some Métis in two houses south of the church began firing at Boulton's Scouts, but artillery was brought up to shell the houses, one of which caught fire.

The Métis sharpshooters fled toward the settlement. The troops advanced toward the church; as they approached the church and nearby rectory, they saw some people near those buildings whom they took to be the enemy. Second Lieutenant Arthur L. Howard, a Gatling gun expert on leave from the Connecticut National Guard, fired his Gatling gun at the rectory. A white flag was unfurled, Howard's firing stopped, several priests, nuns and children came across the lines. Finding the mission occupied only by civilians, Middleton brought his artillery out onto the ridge and began shelling the town; the soldiers began advancing past the church, got about half a kilometre before they came under heavy fire from both sides of the trail. The militia took cover, their enemies, hidden in well-constructed rifle pits, were invisible. One trooper wrote: " down some distance apart from each other, firing at nothing, making guess shots and hearing the rebel bullets zip all round you, the everlasting clack as the bullets struck the trees."The now-dismounted irregular militia cavalry, Boulton's and French's Scouts, were deployed on the right.

The 10th Royal Grenadiers, militia infantry from Toronto, were in the centre, with the 90th Winnipeg Rifles militia, Howard and his Gatling on the left, to protect the artillery. The infantry of the Midland Battalion, militia from eastern Ontario, were kept in reserve near the church, now being used as a Canadian field hospital. A dangerous situation developed when a group of Métis rushed the artillery. Only Howard's directing a heavy stream of Gatling fire at the attackers prevented a disaster. From these few minutes the frustrated soldiers got the only clear view of the Métis fighters that they were to have until the final moments of the battle, three days later. After the attack was repulsed, the artillery was pulled back a couple of hundred meters, the infantry and dismounted Scouts followed suit; the Métis redeployed their men to try to outflank the militia, heavy fighting ensued. After noon, the artillery was ordered forward again, it began fruitlessly bombarding the invisible Métis rifle pits.

The gunners were under heavy fire, in a unsafe position. The Midlanders, brought forward from the church, wanted to charge their unseen enemies, but were ordered not to by Middleton. Throughout, the Gatling gun was used to good effect, providing covering fire for the withdrawal of cannon that had come under sniper fire, dispersing another attempt by Gabriel Dumont to capture the guns. Canadian advances saw less success but were conducted, keeping casualties to a minimum. A Métis attempt to surround the Canadian lines failed when the brushfires meant to screen the sortie failed to spread. At the end of the day, both sides held their positions at Mission Ridge, but Middleton, shaken by the fierce resistance, ordered the Canadian soldiers to retire to a "zareba," a hastily improvised fortification about a mile from the Métis entrenchments, where the troops retired to sleep behind their network of improvised barricades. On 10 May, Middleton established defended gunpits and conducted a devastating, day-long shelling of the town.

Attempted advances, were turned back by Métis fire, no ground was gained. The next day, Middleton gauged the strength of the defenders by dispatching a contingent of men north along the enemy's flank while simultane

Arkay College of Engineering and Technology

Arkay College of Engineering and Technology is a private engineering college established in 1999 in Bodhan town of Nizamabad district, Telangana state, India. The college is located 25 kilometres west of Nizamabad, it is a Muslim Minority college approved by AICTE, New Delhi. The college admits undergraduate students through the statewide EAMCET exam conducted every year, it offers B. Tech & M. Tech courses. Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Computer Science Engineering Information Technology Automobile Engineering Diploma UG PG Vijay Rural Engineering College List of educational institutions in Nizamabad Education in India Literacy in India List of institutions of higher education in Telangana Official Website

Granger, New York

Granger is a town in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 538 at the 2010 census; the town was named after United States Postmaster General. The town is northwest of Hornell, New York. Granger called by the natives Sho-ne-ti-yea; the area was first settled around 1816. The town of Granger was established in 1838 from the town of Grove, after having been part of many towns incorporated earlier in Livingston County and Allegany County. At the time the town was established it was called "West Grove", but assumed its current name in the next year, 1839. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.0 square miles, of which 32.0 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. The Genesee River forms part of the western border of the town. Rush Creek, an important stream in the town, is a tributary of the Genesee River; the north town line is the border of Livingston County. As of the census of 2000, there were 577 people, 215 households, 159 families residing in the town.

The population density was 18.0 people per square mile. There were 357 housing units at an average density of 11.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.19% White, 0.52% African American, 2.60% Native American, 0.17% from other races, 0.52% from two or more races. There were 215 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.0% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.04. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,875, the median income for a family was $28,056.

Males had a median income of $24,083 versus $18,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,084. About 25.3% of families and 31.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.1% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Granger – A hamlet in the north part of the town on County Road 15. Short Tract – A hamlet in the south part of the town on County Road 15. Town of Granger official website Granger history Short historical note on Granger