click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Battle of Bennington

The Battle of Bennington was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, part of the Saratoga campaign, that took place on August 16, 1777, in Walloomsac, New York, about 10 miles from its namesake Bennington, Vermont. A rebel force of 2,000 men New Hampshire and Massachusetts militiamen, led by General John Stark, reinforced by Vermont militiamen led by Colonel Seth Warner and members of the Green Mountain Boys, decisively defeated a detachment of General John Burgoyne's army led by Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum, supported by additional men under Lieutenant Colonel Heinrich von Breymann. Baum's detachment was a mixed force of 700, composed of Hessians but including smaller numbers of dismounted Brunswick dragoons, Canadians and Indians, he was sent by Burgoyne to raid Bennington in the disputed New Hampshire Grants area for horses, draft animals and other supplies. Believing the town to be only defended and Baum were unaware that Stark and 1,500 militiamen were stationed there. After a rain-caused standoff, Stark's men enveloped Baum's position, taking many prisoners, killing Baum.

Reinforcements for both sides arrived as Stark and his men were mopping up, the battle restarted, with Warner and Stark driving away Breymann's reinforcements with heavy casualties. The battle was a major strategic success for the American cause and is considered part of the turning point of the Revolutionary War; the victory galvanized colonial support for the independence movement, played a key role in bringing France into the war on the rebel side. The battle's anniversary is celebrated in the state of Vermont as Bennington Battle Day. With the American Revolutionary War two years old, the British changed their plans. Giving up on the rebellious New England colonies, they decided to split the Thirteen Colonies and isolate New England from what the British believed to be the more loyal southern colonies; the British command devised a grand plan to divide the colonies via a three-way pincer movement. The western pincer, proceeding eastward from Lake Ontario under the command of Barry St. Leger, was repulsed when the Siege of Fort Stanwix failed, the southern pincer, to progress up the Hudson valley from New York City, never started since General William Howe decided instead to capture Philadelphia.

The northern pincer, proceeding southward from Montreal, enjoyed the most success. After the British victories at Hubbardton, Fort Ticonderoga, Fort Anne, General John Burgoyne proceeded with the Saratoga campaign, with the goal of capturing Albany and gaining control of the Hudson River Valley, where Burgoyne's force could meet the other pincers, dividing the colonies in two. Burgoyne's progress towards Albany had met with some success, including the scattering of Seth Warner's men in the Battle of Hubbardton. However, his advance had slowed to a crawl by late July, due to logistical difficulties, exacerbated by the American destruction of a key road, the army's supplies began to dwindle. Burgoyne's concern over supplies was magnified in early August when he received word from Howe that he was going to Philadelphia, was not in fact going to advance up the Hudson River valley. In response to a proposal first made on July 22 by the commander of his German troops, Baron Riedesel, Burgoyne sent a detachment of about 800 troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum from Fort Miller on a foraging mission to acquire horses for the German dragoons, draft animals to assist in moving the army, to harass the enemy.

Baum's detachment was made up of dismounted Brunswick Army dragoons of the Prinz Ludwig regiment. Along the way it was joined by local companies of Loyalists, some Canadians and about 100 Indians, a company of British sharpshooters. Baum was ordered to proceed to the Connecticut River valley where they believed horses could be procured for the dragoons. However, as Baum was preparing to leave, Burgoyne verbally changed the goal to be a supply depot at Bennington, believed to be guarded by the remnants of Warner's brigade, about 400 colonial militia. Unknown to Burgoyne, the citizens of the New Hampshire Grants territory had appealed to the states of New Hampshire and Massachusetts for protection from the invading army following the British capture of Ticonderoga. New Hampshire responded on July 18 by authorizing John Stark to raise a militia for the defense of the people "or the annoyance of the enemy". Using funds provided by John Langdon, Stark raised 1,500 New Hampshire militiamen in the space of six days, more than ten percent of New Hampshire's male population over the age of sixteen.

They were first marched to the Fort at Number 4 crossed the river border into the Grants and stopped at Manchester, where Stark conferred with Warner. While in Manchester, General Benjamin Lincoln, whose promotion in preference to Stark had been the cause for Stark's resignation from the Continental Army, attempted to assert Army authority over Stark and his men. Stark refused, stating that he was responsible to the New Hampshire authorities. Stark went on to Bennington with Warner as a guide, while Warner's men remained in Manchester. Lincoln returned to the American camp at Stillwater, where he and General Philip Schuyler hatched a plan for Lincoln, with 500 men, to join with Stark and Warner in a

Alice Amelia Chown

Alice Amelia Chown was a Canadian feminist, pacifist and author. She was brought up in a strict Methodist family, remained at home until she was forty attending her mother, who died in 1906. Chown embarked on a life of travel and involvement in many reform causes, she was an original and iconoclastic thinker, became one of the leading social feminists of her day. She is best known for her 1921 book The Stairway in which she recounts her life and growing freedom after 1906. Alice Amelia Chown was born in Kingston, Province of Canada on 3 February 1866, her family was Methodist. Her relatives included doctors and senior clergymen such as S. D. Chown, her uncle, she had six brothers in her well-to-do family. Her mother, insisted that Alice received an equal education to her brothers. Alice studied political science and economics at Queen's University, graduated with a BA in 1887, her political science teacher, professor Shortt, tried to convince her. In 1899 Chown was secretary of the Kingston Charity Organization Society, which believed in scientific philanthropy, spoke on this subject at the National Council of Women of Canada annual meeting.

Her speech was printed as an article in the Methodist Christian Guardian. She stayed at home until she was forty, when her profoundly religious mother died in 1906. After this she started to work on social reforms, her decision to take advantage of her freedom at this age was somewhat alarming to the conservative middle-class society of Kingston. Chown supported the League of Nations. In 1910 she took her niece Edith Georgina Chown, whose father had just died, on a visit to England and France. In London they saw the funeral of King Edward VII, visited Dr Barnado's Homes, listened to the feminist Christabel Pankhurst and represented Canada in a suffragist demonstration. A brilliant and controversial iconoclast overflowing with ideas, Alice Chown became the best known of the first wave of social feminists in Canada, she was an admirer of the views of Edward Carpenter on sex. She rejected the constraining clothes of the period, adopted loose tunics and bare feet, she tried, without success, to introduce the theories of Sigmund Freud to the middle-class supporters of the suffrage movement in Toronto.

Chown became field secretary of the Canadian Household Economic Association. Chown believed that women played a valuable role in the home, but disliked the idea of "separate spheres" because that would cause women to be judged only as homemakers, she wanted women to have a broader education so they could develop all of their intellectual talents. She agreed that the domestic science schools that Adelaide Hoodless of the Women's Institutes wanted to institute in rural Ontario would have value, but was concerned that with their narrow curriculum women would become ghettoized. In 1911 Chown investigated the training of Methodist deaconesses, The Christian Guardian was persuaded to publish the resulting derisive report, she surmised that the real object of the training was, "to furnish nice little satellites for Methodist ministers, women who will clasp their hands in admiration at the greater knowledge of the pastor... It seemed to me that the course of study was aptly framed to fill Ruskin's ideal education of women, the ability to appreciate other people's learning, not to be competent oneself."

The article caused a strong reaction from other readers of the paper. The Reverend Bartle Bull said deaconesses did not need "abstract sociological theories." Chown wrote other articles along the same lines. She was in contact with the Hull House in Chicago, like its founders wanted to improve working class conditions, her main criticism of the Deaconess society was that it failed to address the underlying causes of poverty. In 1912 Chown helped organize support for strikers at Eaton's department store in Toronto, she joined them and was herself pushed into a police wagon. The strikers asked Chown to use her position in society to persuade the Toronto papers to discuss the strike, which they were reluctant to do for fear of losing advertising revenue. Chown had some difficulty getting overt support for the strike from the Toronto Women's Suffrage Society, who did not want to be damaged by association with an unpopular cause; the unpopularity of the strike among Chown's acquaintances was because the great majority of the strikers were Jewish.

Canadian feminists, like many others in Canada, disliked these recent immigrants. Chown was a founding member of the Toronto Equal Franchise League in 1912. Chown was a committed pacifist during World War I. Chown said that non-resistance "is only possible to men and women whose faith in this being a spiritual universe is strong." She thought that pacifists "have glimpsed the coming world ideal." At the Women's International Conference at The Hague in 1915, Chown "contributed to the merging of pacifist and suffragette ideas in a program denouncing militarism, secret treaties, imperialism while calling for a new international order based on compulsory arbitrarion, universal disarmament, freedom of the seas, a league of democratic nations." In the same year, she was a co-founder with Laura Hughes and Elsie Charlton of the Canadian Women's Peace Party. Her outspoken views were to bring her notoriety, she was hostile to the church, as a pacifist was critical of the attitude of her cousin Samuel Dwight Chown, a Methodist minister and army chaplain during the war.

Chown's pacifism caused conflict with other Canadian feminist leaders. In 1917 she moved to the United States, where she taught at a trade union college for the next ten years, she traveled in Europe and Russ

Lorne Spicer

Lorne Spicer is an English television presenter best known for presenting reality shows on the BBC's daytime output. Spicer started out as a reporter for BBC Radio Norfolk, wrote a weekly collectibles column in the Mail on Sunday, she has a degree in Communication Studies. She produced a morning a personal-finance show. Spicer presented various programmes for ITV and BBC One such as Boot Sale Challenge and was a regular guest on money matters for This Morning and GMTV, she participated in the BBC programme Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is, where she competed against Mark Franks to raise money for charity. In the early 1980s, she spent some time working as a magician's assistant. Spicer was the presenter of the daytime BBC Television programme Car Booty. Spicer lives in Thundersley, is divorced with one son. In 2009, it was reported. Car Booty Money Spinners Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is Trash to Cash Trading Treasures Cash in the Attic Everything Must Go Boot Sale Challenge My Life for Sale Beat the BailiffThey were all broadcast on the BBC except Everything Must Go and Bootsale Challenge, which were on ITV.

My Life for Sale and Cash in the Attic are being syndicated in the United States on Vibrant TV Network. Lorne Spicer on IMDb

Aleesha Rome

Aleesha Rome, known in her career as Ivy York, is a former Australian pop singer. Her second single, "Search My Heaven", was released in November 1999, which peaked at No. 20 on the ARIA Singles Chart. She issued her debut solo album, Aleesha Rome and relocated to London in late 2001, her second album, The Call of Spring, was issued under Ivy York. In 2010 she retired from her singing career due to spasmodic dysphonia, which affected her vocal cords. From Adelaide, Aleesha Rome was born in 1981. From the age of nine she sang in karaoke competitions, she started singing lessons from the age of 12 and moved to Sydney at age 17, where she worked as a receptionist. She submitted one of her karaoke tapes in answer to a "Singer Wanted" ad in the local street press. Rome signed a recording contract with Albert Music, her debut single, "One of Us Has Changed", was released in 1999. She had started recording about nine months earlier, it was a five-track CD single with the lead track co-written by Elizabeth Scott.

Her second single, "Search My Heaven", appeared in November 1999, which peaked at No. 20 on the ARIA Singles Chart. In that month she signed a three-year deal with EMI for European and Canadian releases. Rome's self-titled debut album appeared on 27 March 2000 via AMC/EMI, it was recorded at Sydney with co-production by Andrews and Sam Horsburgh. Ahead of the album she was interviewed for hEARd Magazine and described how, "I just got lucky I guess. At first, when I got the deal with Alberts, I was working part time & doing recording at Alberts during lunch hours, but now I'm doing it full time, so there's something that I always wanted to do, become a singer full time, so if nothing else happens much, I've made it to here." In March she toured Australia and performed in Europe and the United States. Both singles were re-issued in Germany. Frustrated with the lack of control over her music, Rome relocated to the United Kingdom in 2001. Under her new persona, Ivy York, she led Ivy York Band. In 2009 she released her second solo album, The Call of Spring, as Ivy York, produced by Ravi Panesar.

It was released on Rough Trade Records in April 2010 and was described by Bollywood Spice's correspondent as "Merging vintage-country & western, with Brit-pop and retro Bollywood, injected with a decent dose of indie." She retired from performing after developing spasmodic dysphonia in 2010. Aleesha Rome – Albert Music/EMI Music Australia"Search My Heaven" "One of Us Has Changed" "If Only I Could Cry" "Without You" "I Didn't Have the Heart" "Yours Truly" "Do You Feel Me" "3 Words" "Hazy Days" "Real World" "Search My Heaven" "One Of Us Has Changed" Aleesha Rome was produced by Barry Andrews and Sam Horsburgh with various remixes by Thunderground, Matt Meyers and The Wah Brothers; the Call of Spring All these singles were produced by Barry Andrews and Sam Horsburgh with various remixes by Thunderground, Matt Meyers and The Wah Brothers. Official Ivy York myspace page

Benefactors (play)

Benefactors is a 1984 play by Michael Frayn. It is set in the 1960s and concerns an idealistic architect David and his wife Jane and their relationship with the cynical Colin and his wife Sheila. David is attempting to build some new homes to replace the slum housing of Basuto Road and is forced by circumstances into building skyscrapers despite his initial aversion to these; this is set against the backdrop of 1960s new housing projects. Sheila becomes his secretary but it is unclear if she is helping him or the other way around; as the title of the play suggests it is about helping people and explores some of the difficulties inherent in this or in being helped. Awards1984 Evening Standard Award for Best Play 1984 Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play 1984 Plays and Players London Theatre Critics Award for Best Play 1986 New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Foreign PlayNominations1986 Drama Desk Award for Best Play 1986 Tony Award for Best PlayProduction Nominations 2011 New York Innovative Theatre Awards Outstanding Production of a Play, produced by Retro Productions 2011 New York Innovative Theatre Awards Outstanding Actress in a Lead, Kristen Vaughan Retro Productions 2011 New York Innovative Theatre Awards Outstanding Actress in a Lead, Heather E. Cunningham Retro Productions 2011 New York Innovative Theatre Awards Outstanding Ensemble, Heather E. Cunningham, David Ian Lee, Matthew Semler, Kristen Vaughan Retro Productions The most recent New York City revival of this play is opened November 3, 2010.

It was being produced by the Off-Off Broadway company Retro Productions. It starred David Ian Lee, Matthew Semler and Kristen Vaughan. Frayn, Michael. Benefactors: A Play in Two Acts. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-54160-6. Benefactors at the Internet Broadway Database Benefactors at the Internet Broadway Database

Branko Lazić

Branko Lazić is a Serbian professional basketball player and captain for Crvena zvezda of the ABA League. He represented the senior Serbian national basketball team internationally. Lazić started his professional career in 2007 with Belgrade-based FMP, he played four seasons there, until 2011. In 2011, Lazić signed a one-year contract with Crvena zvezda. On August 10, 2012, he signed a three-year extension with Crvena zvezda. On June 25, 2015, he signed a new two-year extension with Crvena zvezda. On February 7, 2017, Lazić became third player with most appearances of all time for KK Crvena zvezda passing Vuk Radivojević and Dragiša Vučinić. On July 13, Lazić signed a new two-year contract with the club and became the team captain after departure of former team captain Luka Mitrović. On February 12, 2018, Lazić played in his 430th game, passed Slobodan Nikolić, became the player with most appearances in the Crvena zvezda history. On March 3, 2019, in a 70–68 win over Partizan, Lazić played in his 500th game for the Zvezda.

On June 24, 2019, Lazić signed a three-year extension with Crvena zvezda. In August 2017, head coach of the Serbia men's national basketball team Aleksandar Đorđević named Lazić as one of 12 players who represented Serbia at the EuroBasket 2017, they won the silver medal, after losing in the final game to Slovenia. Serbian League champion: 5 Radivoj Korać Cup winner: 4 Adriatic League champion: 4 Adriatic Supercup winner: 1 Note: The EuroLeague is not the only competition in which the player participated for the team during the season, he played in domestic competition, regional competition if applicable. KK Crvena zvezda accomplishments and records Branko Lazić at aba-liga.com Branko Lazić at eurobasket.com Branko Lazić at euroleague.net Branko Lazić on Instagram