The Battle of Okehazama took place in June 1560. In this battle, Oda Nobunaga defeated Imagawa Yoshimoto and established himself as one of the front-running warlords in the Sengoku period. In June 1560, Imagawa Yoshimoto, a powerful warlord who controlled Suruga, Tōtōmi and Mikawa Provinces amassed an army of 25,000 men to march on Kyoto to challenge the weak and ineffective Ashikaga shogunate for control of the country; the army followed the route of the Tōkaidō highway, crossed from Mikawa into Owari province, united by local warlord Oda Nobunaga. The Imagawa army overran the border fortresses of Washizu and Marune and set up camp at Dengakuhazama, located in the village of Okahazama, just outside of what is now the city of Nagoya. In opposition, Oda Nobunaga could field only about 2500 men, or one-tenth of the Imagawa army. Although some of his staff recommended withdrawing to the Oda stronghold of Kiyosu Castle, Nobunaga was aware that Kiyosu would not be able to withstand a siege, instead stated that "only a strong offensive policy could make up for the superior numbers of the enemy", ordered a counterattack.
The geography of the area in which the Imagawa set up their camp was well known to Nobunaga and his scouts, as they had used the area for war games in the guise of falconry hunts. Nobunaga led his men in person from Kiyosu via Atsuta Shrine to a fortified temple called Zenshō-ji, a short distance away from Okehama, on the other side of the Tōkaidō road. In order to bluff any Imagawa scouts, Nobunaga ordered his men to set up numerous flags and banners around the temple to give the appearance of a much larger force; the actual sequence of events of the Battle of Okehazama has been much embellished by legend and is unclear. Traditionally it has been held that due to the vast discrepancy in numbers, the Oda army made a flanking maneuver and attacked the Imagawa army at Dengaku-hazama from the north. However, due to familiarity of the Oda forces with the terrain and Nobunaga's propensity for aggressive tactics, many modern historians theorize that the attack as a frontal assault, either by design or by accident.
In any event, the Imagawa army was caught by surprise. The Imagawa were celebrating their recent easy victories, as the afternoon was hot, many had removed their armor. Using a thunderstorm to mask their movements, the Oda troops struck hard at the heart of the Imagawa camp, in a narrow valley; the surprise attack caused the Imagawa troops broke ranks and many attempted to flee. Imagawa Yoshimoto, unaware of what was transpiring, heard the noise and emerged from his tent shouting at his men to quit their drunken revelry and return to their posts. By the time he realized, moments that the samurai before him were not his own, it was too late to organize a defense. Yoshimoto was attacked by Hattori Koheita. Yoshimoto engaged them in melee, parried their initial attack, but was soon overcome and killed. With their leader and all but two of the senior officers killed, the remaining Imagawa troops either surrendered or fled; the Battle of Okehazama is regarded as one of the most significant turning points in Japanese history.
The Imagawa clan was weakened and would soon be destroyed by its neighbors. Oda Nobunaga gained in prestige, many samurai and minor warlords pledged fealty. In 1937, Japan's Ministry of Education designated the battlefield, Okehazama Kosenjo, a National Historic Site of Japan.. Located at Minamiyakata, Sakae-cho, Toyoake City, the site hosts The Shichikokuhyo, or Seven Granite Pillars, with each pillar representing Yoshimoto's seven warlords; the first of the pillars bears the words, "Imagawa Yoshimoto was killed here." The battlefield is now a park. Turnbull, Stephen.'Battles of the Samurai'. London: Arms and Armour Press. Paterson, The Battle of Okehazama, Jetlag Pressure ISBN 0979039746 Grant, R. G. 1001 Battles That Changed the Course of History Chartwell Bookk ISBN 0785835539 Media related to Battle of Okehazama at Wikimedia Commons Aichi Prefecture Tourist Information Toyoake City home page
Ángel Herrera Vera is a Cuban boxer, who won two Olympic gold medals, the world title at the second World Championships in Belgrade. First competing in the featherweight category, he won the 1976 Olympics as well as the 1978 World Amateur Boxing Championships, he competed in lightweight to win another Olympic gold in 1980, his second World Title in Munich, West Germany. In 1983 he won a silver medal at the Pan American Games. 1976 Summer Olympics - Montreal Round of 64: bye Round of 32: Defeated Rai Sik KO 1 Round of 16: Defeated Angel Pacheco 5-0 Quarterfinal: Defeated Davey Lee Armstrong 3-2 Semifinal: Defeated Juan Paredes 5-0 Final: Defeated Richard Nowakowski KO 21978 World Amateur Championships Defeated Hirochi Ganobe RSC-3 Defeated Viorel Ioana walkover Defeated Roman Gotfryd by decision, 5-0 Defeated Bratislav Ristić by decision, 4-11980 Summer Olympics - Moscow Round of 32 Carlo Russolillo by decision, 5-0 Round of 16: Defeated Geza Tumbas by decision, 5-0 Quarterfinal: Defeated Galsandorj Batbileg by decision, 5-0 Semifinal: Defeated Kazimierz Adach by decision, 5-0 Final: Defeated Viktor Demyanenko TKO 31982 World Amateur Championships Defeated Juhito Arai 5:0 Defeated Kosem Barake KO-2 Defeated Lofti Belkhir RSC-1 Defeated Viorel Ioana 4:1 Defeated Pernell Whitaker 3:2 Angel Herrera at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Angel Herrera Vera at the International Olympic Committee
King Calaway is a 6-member country pop band. The band was formed in 2018, comprises Chris Deaton, Simon Dumas, Chad Michael Jervis, Jordan Harvey, Austin Luther, Caleb Miller; the band released a self-titled five-song EP in January 2019, expanded into a full album Rivers in October 2019. In early 2018, the former BMG president Zach Katz and music producer Robert Deaton expressed an interest in creating a new band. Deaton enlisted the help of Jon Shoen to find talents for the band. Within a few months, they recruited 6 singers for the band, the band members are Robert Deaton's son Chris who plays drums, Simon Dumas on keyboards and guitar, Austin Luther on bass, Caleb Miller on lead guitar, Chad Michael Jervis and Jordan Harvey who both play guitar. Dumas and Harvey share lead vocals. Dumas is from Gibraltar, Harvey is from Scotland. Chris Deaton said that'Calaway' is the name of someone he once worked with: "Kind of like a Lynyrd Skynyrd story, it's the last name of a person, and we just threw'king' on it."
The band was signed to BBR Music Group's Stoney Creek Records. In January 2019, the band released their debut 5-song self-titled EP; the debut single, "World For Two", with its video premiered prior to the album release. The single reached No. 43 on Hot Country Songs. They opened for the Garth Brooks Stadium Tour in May 2019, played at the Gibraltar Calling in September, they made their television debut on Jimmy Kimmel Live! in June. The band released their first full album, which includes the five songs of the EP, in October 2019, they released a non-album single, a cover of "Happy Xmas", which they performed on The Kelly Clarkson Show. King Calaway
The Treaty of Mount Dexter was signed between the United States and the Choctaws. The treaty was signed November 16, 1805; the 4,142,720-acre area ceded was from the Natchez District to the Tombigbee Alabama River watershed in present-day Mississippi. The preamble begins with, THOMAS JEFFERSON, President of the United States of America, by James Robertson, of Tennessee, Silas Dinsmoor, of New Hampshire, agent of the United States to the Chaktaws, commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States, on the one part, the Mingoes and warriors of the Chaktaw nation of Indians, in council assembled, on the other part, have entered into the following agreement... 1. Cession to the United States. Reservation. 2. Consideration. 3. Payment to certain Indians for past services. 4. Claim of John M'Grew. 5. Boundaries. 6. A certain former grant confirmed. 7. When to take effect; this treaty conveyed large amounts of land in what is now southeastern Mississippi and southwestern Alabama, including much of the western portion of Clarke County, Alabama, to the United States.
In February, 1809, a survey was begun to establish the actual boundary lines between the United States and the Choctaw Nation. The United States contracted with Levin Wailes for this survey; the main signers included James Robertson, Silas Dinsmoor, Mingo Hoomastubbee, Pushmataha. List of Choctaw Treaties Treaty of Hopewell Treaty of Fort Adams Treaty of Fort Confederation Treaty of Hoe Buckintoopa Treaty of Fort St. Stephens Treaty of Doak's Stand Treaty of Washington City Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek List of treaties Choctaw Corner Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties
The Pingat Berkebolehan was instituted in Singapore in 1969. The medal may be awarded to any of the following persons for exceptional efficiency or exceptional devotion to duty or for work of special significance: any public officer. Any officer employed by any statutory authority. Any person in the service of any organisation, association or body rendering services in the field of education. Any person employed in any company, wholly owned by the Government and, carrying on business as an agent or instrumentality of the Government; the Pingat Berkebolehan is the military equivalent award. The medal consists of a ring upon an oblique square in the centre of, embossed a circular shield bearing a crescent and 5 stars; the reverse bears the State Arms and name of the medal. The ribbon consists of a red centre band flanked on each side by a red stripe bordered by 2 grey stripes, followed by a red band and a grey band, in that order. Singaporean orders and decorations
The Antarctic Treaty Secretariat is an organization created in 2003 by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting for the management of several ATCM tasks such as the support of the annual meeting of signatory countries of the Antarctic Treaty, the publication of the ATCM annual report. The Secretariat was created through Measure 1, adopted by the XXVI Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting held in Madrid. Apart from establishing the Secretariat, Measure 1 sets up the Secretariat's functions and budget. Other activities carried out by the Secretariat include the support between sessions for the Committee for Environmental Protection, improving the communication between signatories of the treaty, as well as recompilation and distribution of information, such as the ATCM and CEP records; the organization's first Executive Secretary was Jan Huber, from the Netherlands. Huber occupied this position for 5 years until 31 August 2009, he was succeeded on 1 September 2009 by Manfred Reinke, elected in April 2009 by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting in Baltimore.
Reinke was succeeded by Albert Lluberas, elected in June 2017 at the 40th Antarctic Consultative Treaty Meeting in Beijing. The Secretariat Headquarters is established in Argentina; the Antarctic Treaty operated without any permanent institution until 1 September 2004, when the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat started operations in Buenos Aires. Under direction of the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, the Secretariat works to: Prepare and support the ATCM and other meetings Collect and publish the records of the ATCM Facilitate the exchange of information between the Parties required under the Treaty and the Protocol Provide information about the Antarctic Treaty system to the public Official Website Committee for Environmental Protection Key documents of the Antarctic Treaty System Antarctic Treaty database "Measure 1". Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2019. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown