click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Battle on the Marchfeld

The Battle on the Marchfeld at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries. The opponents were a Bohemian army led by the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia and the German army under the German king Rudolph I of Habsburg in alliance with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary. With 15,300 mounted troops, it was one of the largest cavalry battles in Central Europe during the Middle Ages; the Hungarian cavalry played a significant role in the outcome of the battle. King Ottokar II of Bohemia expanded his territories from 1250 to 1273, but suffered a devastating defeat in November 1276, when the newly-elected German king Rudolph I of Habsburg imposed the Imperial ban on Ottokar, declaring him an outlaw and took over Ottokar's holdings in Austria, Carinthia and Styria. Ottokar was reduced to his possessions in Bohemia and Moravia, but was determined to regain his dominions and influence. In 1278 he invaded Austria, where parts of the local population in Vienna, resented Habsburg rule.

Rudolf allied himself with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary and mustered forces for a decisive confrontation. Ottokar abandoned his siege of Laa an der Thaya and advanced to meet the allies near Dürnkrut, north of Vienna. Both armies were composed purely of cavalry and were divided into three divisions that attacked the enemy piecemeal. In the first phase of the battle, the Cuman horse archers in the Hungarian army outflanked and distracted the Bohemian left flank by launching arrows while the Hungarian light cavalry crashed into the Bohemians, driving them from the field. In the second phase, a great collision of knights and heavy cavalry took place in the center, with Rudolf's forces being driven back. Rudolf's third division, led by the king attacked and halted Ottokar's charge. Rudolf was nearly killed. At a decisive moment, a German cavalry force of 200 riders, commanded by Ulrich von Kapellen and attacked the Bohemian right flank from the rear. Assailed from two directions at once, Ottokar's army disintegrated into a rout, Ottokar himself was killed in the confusion and slaughter.

The Cumans killed the fleeing Bohemians with impunity. The battle marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the House of Habsburg in Austria and Central Europe; the influence of the Přemyslid kings of Bohemia was diminished and restricted to their inheritance in Bohemia and Moravia. The deposition of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen by Pope Innocent IV in 1245 created a grave crisis for the Holy Roman Empire, as in the following decades several nobles were elected as Rex Romanorum and Emperor-to-be, none of whom were able to gain actual governing power upon the Emperor's death in 1250; that same year, Ottokar II, son of King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, moved into the princeless Duchies of Austria and Styria. The last Babenberg duke Frederick II of Austria had been killed at the 1246 Battle of the Leitha River, in a border conflict he had picked with King Béla IV of Hungary. Ottokar II gained the support of the local nobility and was proclaimed Austrian and Styrian duke by the estates one year later.

In 1253, Ottokar II became Bohemian king upon the death of his father. In 1268 Ottokar signed a contract of inheritance with Ulrich III, the last Carinthian duke of the House of Sponheim, thus acquired Carinthia including the March of Carniola and the Windic March one year later. At the height of his power he aimed at the Imperial crown, but the Princes-Electors, distrustful of his steep rise, elected the "poor Swabian count" Rudolph of Habsburg King of the Romans on 29 September 1273; as the election had taken place in his absence, Ottokar did not acknowledge Rudolph as King. Rudolph himself had promised to regain the "alienated" territories which had to be conferred by the Imperial power with consent of the Prince-electors, he claimed the Austrian and Carinthian territories for the Empire and summoned Ottokar to the 1275 Reichstag at Würzburg. By not appearing before the Diet, Ottokar set the events of his demise in motion, he was placed under the Imperial ban and had all his territorial rights revoked, including his Bohemian inheritance.

Meanwhile, Rudolph was preparing for battle. He achieved two of these alliances through the classic Habsburg style – marriage. First, he married his son Albert to Elisabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol. In return, her father Count Meinhard II of Gorizia-Tyrol received the Duchy of Carinthia as a fief. Second, he established an — unstable — alliance with Duke Henry I of Lower Bavaria by offering Rudolph's daughter Katharina as wife for the Duke's son, Otto, in addition to the region of present-day Upper Austria as a pledge for her dowry, he concluded an alliance with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary, who intended to settle old scores with Ottokar. Rudolph, so strengthened, besieged Ottokar at the Austrian capital Vienna in 1276. Ottokar was forced to surrender and to renounce all his acquisitions, receiving only Bohemia and Moravia as a fief from King Rudolph. Deprived by this, he was determined to regain his territories and contracted an alliance with the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg and the Polish princes.

In 1278 he campaigned against Austria, supported by Duke Henry I of Lower Bavaria, who had switched sides. Ottokar first laid siege to the towns of Drosendorf and Laa an der Thaya near the Austrian border, while Rudolph decided to leave

ZoƩ Allaire-Bourgie

Zoé Allaire-Bourgie is a Canadian artistic gymnast and the 2018 Junior Pan-American gold medalist on balance beam. Zoé Allaire-Bourgie was born in Bangkok, Thailand in 2004. At eight months old she was adopted by a Canadian couple, mother Dominique Allaire and father Guy Bourgie, who are social worker and child care worker, she has two older brothers, Guillaume Allaire-Bourgie and Laurent Allaire-Bourgie In February Allaire-Bourgie competed at Elite Canada where she placed fifth in the all-around and won silver on uneven bars and floor excise, both behind Ana Padurariu. In March she competed at International Gymnix in Montreal where she won silver on the balance beam behind Gabby Perea of the United States and she helped Canada finish fourth in the team final. In April Allaire-Bourgie competed at the 2017 City of Jesolo Trophy where she placed 21st in the all-around, fifth on balance beam, eighth on floor exercise. Canada finished seventh in the team final. In May she competed at the Canadian Championships.

Allaire-Bourgie ended the season competing at Elite Gym Massilia. She placed ninth in the masters fourth in the open all-around. For event finals she placed third on vault and fourth on uneven bars. In February she competed at Elite Canada. In March Allaire-Bourgie competed at International Gymnix where she won golf in the all-around, ahead of Asia D'Amato of Italy. During event finals she placed fourth on vault, second on uneven bars behind Elena Gerasimova of Russia, first on balance beam ahead of Elisa Iorio of Italy, fifth on floor exercise. Allaire-Bourgie was selected to represent Canada at the 2018 Pacific Rim Gymnastics Championships. While there she helped Canada win silver in the team final. In the all-around she won bronze behind Americans Jordan Kayla DiCello. During event finals she placed sixth on vault, second on uneven bars behind diCello, first on balance beam, third on floor exercise behind Bowers and Sunisa Lee of the United States. At the Canadian Championships in May Allaire-Bourgie won gold in the all-around ahead of Emma Spence.

In June Allaire-Bourgie represented Canada at the 2018 Junior Pan American Artistic Gymnastics Championships. She won silver in the all-around behind help Canada place second. In event finals she won bronze on uneven bars behind Bowers and Leanne Wong of the United States, won gold on balance beam, placed fourth on floor exercise. Allaire-Bourgie competed at Elite Canada amongst senior level gymnasts though she was still a junior, she placed third in the all-around behind Ana Padurariu and Ellie Black and placed third on uneven bars once again behind Padurariu and Black. She placed fourth on balance beam behind Padurariu and Laurie-Lou Vézina, placed sixth on floor exercise. In March she competed at the 2019 L'International Gymnix, she helped. Individually Allaire-Bourgie won gold in the all-around ahead of American Olivia Greaves. During event finals she placed fourth on vault, second on uneven bars behind American Skye Blakely, second on balance beam behind Noémie Louon, won gold on floor exercise.

In May Allaire-Bourgie competed at the Canadian National Championships, once again amongst the senior gymnasts. After the first day of competition she was in fourth place in the all-around behind Padurariu and Brooklyn Moors. On the second day, Allaire-Bourgie withdrew from the competition after injuring her ACL; as a result of the injury, Allaire-Bourgie was unable to compete at the inaugural Junior World Championships. Zoé Allaire-Bourgie on the Gymnastics Canada website Zoé Allaire-Bourgie at the International Gymnastics Federation

Aaag Hi Aag

Aaag Hi Aag is 1999 Hindi language movie directed by T L V Prasad and starring Mithun Chakraborty, Jackie Shroff, Aloknath Dixit, Payal Malhotra, Rajiv Raj, Kiran Kumar, Laxmikant Berde. This is the story of two men clash with underworld Dons to free society from anti social elements. Ajay and Ravi are fighting against the lawless activities of Mafia king Tiger. Mithun Chakraborty Jackie Shroff Sneha Aloknath Dixit Payal Malhotra Rajiv Raj Kiran Kumar Laxmikant Berde Music: Babul Bose, Lyrics: Nawab Arzoo " Aag Hi Aag Hai Paani Mein " – Vinod Rathod, Jolly Mukherjee, Richa Sharma, Tina " Teri Chaahat Ki Kasam " – Udit Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy "Jab Tera Ishq Mila" - Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik " Jab Tera Ishq Mila" - Alka Yagnik " Yeh Yeh Kya Hua" - Arun Bakshi, Alka Yagnik "Tujhe Apna Banaaneko Waiting" - Abhijeet, Alka Yagnik Aaag Hi Aag on IMDb

Bob Correll

Bob "Crazy" Correll is a former daredevil and stuntman from Long Beach, California. According to his official biography from Balls, Inc. Correll has enjoyed a varied career racing motorcycles, drag cars, stock cars, go-carts, he has flown hang gliders, sail planes, powered planes, hot-air balloons. From the 1970s to the late 1990s Bob Correll was associated with the following ventures: The Kitecycle - Designed in the early 1970s and patented 1975, by Doug Malewicki of Aerovisions, Inc. the Kitecycle is a motorcycle/hangglider combination, featured on the television programs "That's Incredible," "The New and Spectacular Guinness Book of World Records," "CHiPs," and "I Dare You: The Ultimate Challenge," amongst others. Correll's distance record with the Kitecycle is 423 feet; this is recognized as a world record for wing-assisted jumps. The Original Jet-Powered Dragster Motorcycle - Correll's jet-powered motorcycle was not chain-driven, but operated using pure thrust. Craig Arfons converted the General Electric T-58 military helicopter engine for the project.

The motorcycle itself and the jet engine's afterburner were designed by Doug Malewicki, created and operated by Balls Unlimited, Inc. Clocked at more than 200 mph in the quarter-mile distance, the bike featured more than 1,350 horsepower and was capable of speeds approaching 300 mph. Robosaurus - Built by Monster Robots, Inc. of Sun Valley, CA. Bob Correll was the backseat operator from 1990 to 1993; the F/18 Jetbike, a dragster motorcycle that featured an T-58 engine from a chinook helicopter. The bike received national exposure on the FX television program "The X Show" but was never licensed for exhibition racing. According to Malewicki's personal website, Tim Arfons did the engine conversion and Chip Bassett did the machining and fabrication. Since 2000, Correll has retired from the spotlight, he lives in Southern California. "Cycle Jumpers" - features early photos of Bob Correll and the Kitecycle

I Corps (North Korea)

I Corps is a corps of the North Korean People's Army. The Corps was activated in 1950 with a strength of 5,000 men, it took command of the North Korean divisions on the eastern sector, in the Seoul area, with the NK II Corps on its flank. It controlled the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 6th, 13th Divisions in the initial attack, it advanced during the early phase of the Korean War fought in the Battle of Pusan Perimeter. Its headquarters is now reported as Kangwon Province. According to United States Far East Command Headquarters intelligence section as of 31 July 1952 a Korean People's Army Corps was commanded by a lieutenant general; the commanding general had four officers reporting directly to him. The Chief of Staff headed the corps staff section, while the corps political commander, artillery commander and rear services commander directed the operations of their respective sections. Additionally, the corps headquarters had direct command of various combat, combat support and combat service supports battalions and regiments.

The corps chief of staff directed the staff section of the corps headquarters. The section was made up of: Operations Reconnaissance Signal Officer Personnel Enlisted Personnel History Cryptographic Administration Finance Documents EngineersThe corps artillery section, led the corps artillery commander was divided up into different parts: Operations Reconnaissance Communications Personnel Survey Artillery Supply RecordsThe corps political commander, responsible for political education and loyalty had five different parts. Political Training NKDYML Propaganda Cultural Civil AffairsThe rear services commander had largest section as well as the staff officer with operational units compromising part of it. Staff Sections Organization & Planning Administration Provisions Clothing Ordnance Food Service Transportation Intendance & Finance Vehicle Maintenance Road Maintenance Medical Fuel Service Units Transportation Battalion Field Hospital Evacuation Medical BattalionThese independent assets were: Artillery Regiment Anti-Tank Battalion Replacement and Training Regiment Engineer Battalion Reconnaissance Battalion Signals BattalionAs of 31 July 1952, the U.

S Far East Command reported the composition of I Corps units as follows: 8th Division 81st Regiment 82nd Regiment 83rd Regiment Artillery Regiment 9th Division 85th Regiment 86th Regiment 87th Regiment Artillery Regiment 47th Division 2nd Regiment 3rd Regiment 4th Regiment Artillery Regiment II Corps III Corps IV Corps V Corps XII Corps Appleman, Roy E. South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu: United States Army in the Korean War, Department of the Army, ISBN 978-0-16-001918-0 History of the North Korean Army. Headquarters, Far East Command Intelligence Section. 31 July 1952

Indiana High School Athletic Association

The Indiana High School Athletic Association is the arbiter of interscholastic competition among public and private high schools in the U. S. state of Indiana. It monitors a system that divides athletically-competing high schools in Indiana based on the school's enrollment; the divisions, known as classes, are intended to foster fair competition among schools of similar sizes. A school ranked not as large as a 6A-ranked school. Only football has 6 classes. Boys' basketball, girls' basketball, volleyball and softball are divided into four classes. Boys' and girls' soccer have featured three classes since the 2017–18 school year. All other sports compete in a single class. See also: Indiana High School Athletic Conferences Page 1, 2, 3, or IHSAA Conference-Independent Schools The IHSAA is divided into three board of director districts: Northern and Southern. For the State Tournament, there are two divisions; the Northern District is composed of 21 of Indiana's Counties consisting the northern third of Indiana.

The Southern District is composed of the remaining 71 counties and includes all of the Indianapolis area except Boone and Madison Counties. It is from these two districts, the top two teams meet at the state finals held in or around Indianapolis. In the regular season, most of the member-schools' sports activities are governed by one, sometimes two or three of Indiana's 51 athletic conferences; some conferences only offer one sport while the school participates in a primary conference for all other sports. Other schools maintain independence like football or basketball; some smaller sports are governed by other organizations in Indiana. For example, boys' ice hockey is under the auspices of the Indiana State High School Hockey Association. High school hockey in Indiana is concentrated in the northern portion of the state, around Indianapolis, plus a few other areas, such as Columbus and Evansville. Mid-Indiana Football Southwest Seven Football IHSAA Independents Hoosier Hysteria Largest high school gyms in the United States Arthur Trester Indiana High School Athletic Association IHSAA School Directory - Part I IHSAA School Directory - Part II