Arkansas Highway 5
Highway 5 is a designation for three state highways in Arkansas. The southern segment of 44.99 miles runs from Highway 7 in Hot Springs north to US Highway 70 in Little Rock. A northern segment of 146.63 miles begins at US Highway 67/US Highway 167 in Cabot and runs north to Missouri Route 5, including a lengthy overlap with Highway 25 between Heber Springs and Wolf Bayou. A portion of Highway 5 is designated as part of the Sylamore Scenic Byway; the Main Street Bridge in Little Rock carries a hidden Highway 5 designation. The bridge is 0.38 miles in span. Highway 5 runs northeast to Fountain Lake. In the city the highway has a junction with Highway 128 before entering Saline County and Hot Springs Village. Continuing east, Highway 5 serves as the southern terminus for Highway 9 at Crows. Northwest of Benton the highway has a junction with Highway 298 before entering the city and passing several residential subdivisions. Near Saline Memorial Hospital, Highway 5 has a junction with Interstate 30/US Highway 67/US Highway 70 and Highway 35.
Highway 5 continues onto the freeway. Highway 35 runs south toward downtown Benton and Sheridan and Monticello. I-30/US 67/US 70/AR 5 run northeast past the Congo Rd exit before Highway 5 exits onto the frontage road and onto Military Rd, ending the concurrency; the highway passes the Hester-Lenz House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, prior to the Bryant city limits. Upon entering Bryant, Highway 5 runs parallel to I-30/US 67/US 70 0.5 miles north of the limited-access highway. An intersection with Highway 183 near the historic Andrew Hunter House gives access to downtown Bryant as well as the freeway. Continuing east, Highway 5 intersects Highway 835 which leads to the Alexander branch of the Arkansas Department of Human Services's Youth Service Center, after which it enters Pulaski County. Highway 5 meets Otter Creek Rd and Highway 338, both collector roads for I-30/US 67/US 70 in southwest Little Rock. Entering a suburban area, Highway 5 crosses I-430, passes the historic Dr. Morgan Smith House, meets Highway 300 before terminating at US 70 near the University of Arkansas at Little Rock campus.
The Main Street Bridge in Little Rock carries a hidden AR 5 designation. The route is 0.38 miles in multi-lane divided. AR 5 begins at US 67/167 south of Cabot and runs north to cross AR 89 and AR 319; the route continues north to meet US 64 south of AR 310 near Romance. AR 5 and AR 310 form a concurrency. AR 5 continues north to Heber Springs, where it begins to concur with AR 16/AR 25. AR 5 leaves AR 25 near Wolf Bayou, when AR 5 begins to run with AR 87, named Mountain View Road; the two routes meet AR 14 in front of the Stone County Medical Center in south Mountain View. AR 5/AR 14/AR 87 run west to Sylamore Avenue, when they meet AR 9. AR 5/AR 9/AR 14 run north through town to Allison, when AR 5 continues northward alone. Passing through the Ozark National Forest, AR 5 emerges near Calico Rock; the route takes a turn northwest. Entering Mountain Home, AR 5 crosses US 62 southeast of town. AR 5 becomes 9th Street, meeting US 412/US 62 BUS/AR 101 in downtown Mountain Home; the route continues northwest to Midway.
AR 5 terminates at Route 5. Missouri Route 5 runs across Missouri and becomes Iowa Highway 5. Highway 5 was created in 1926. At time of creation, AR 5 did not extend south of Little Rock; the segment between Little Rock and Benton is the former alignment of US 67/US 70 in that area and was re-designated as Highway 5 upon completion of the freeway segment of US 67/US 70 in 1955. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 5 at Wikimedia Commons
U.S. Route 62 in Arkansas
U. S. Route 62 is a U. S. highway running from El Paso, Texas northeast to Niagara Falls, New York. In the U. S. state of Arkansas, the route runs 329.9 miles from the Oklahoma border near Summers east to the Missouri border in St. Francis, serving the northern portion of the state; the route passes through several cities and towns, including Fayetteville, Bentonville, Mountain Home and Piggott. US 62 runs concurrent with several highways in Arkansas including Interstate 49 and U. S. Route 71 between Fayetteville and Bentonville, U. S. Route 412 through much of the state, U. S. Route 65 in the Harrison area, with U. S. Route 63 and U. S. Route 67 in northeast Arkansas. U. S. Route 62 enters Arkansas from Oklahoma and runs by the Bean Cemetery near Lincoln and the Borden House and Prairie Grove Battlefield Park in Prairie Grove; the route enters the Northwest Arkansas metro area, including the cities of Fayetteville and Bentonville. The route concurs with I-49/US 71 through these communities. In Benton County, the route passes Garfield Elementary School near the junction with Arkansas Highway 127 in Garfield before exiting Rogers.
The route continues east near the Pea Ridge National Military Park and the Missouri state line before entering Carroll County. US 62 winds through the Ozarks, passing through small towns. US 62 passes the Thorncrown Chapel, the Tall Pines Motor Inn, the historic U. S. 62 White River Bridge near Eureka Springs. The route begins a concurrency with U. S. Route 412 in Alpena. US 62/US 412 meet U. S. Route 65 in Harrison. In Marion County, the route meets US 62S in Pyatt and the US 62 Bridge over Crooked Creek outside of town. During this stretch, US 62 crosses two of the nine Arkansas Scenic Byways, the Pig Trail and Scenic Highway 7. Continuing east, the route passes a former alignment of US 62 before entering Yellville. East of Yellville, the route enters Mountain Home in Baxter County and crosses over Norfolk Lake to enter rural Fulton County. After passing through Fulton County, US 62/US 412 enters Sharp County. In Ash Flat, US 62/US 412 serves as the northern terminus of U. S. Route 167. After passing around Cherokee Village, the route enters Hardy.
In Hardy, US 62/US 412/US 63 Business passes four properties on the National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas: the Carrie Tucker House, the Sherman Bates House, the Fred Graham House, Web Long House and Motel. US 62/US 412 meets U. S. Route 63, a patchwork of concurrencies throughout the state; the routes continue together to Imboden, when US 63/US 412 break and continue south, where US 62/AR 115 continues over the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass headed north into Randolph County and Crowley's Ridge. In Randolph County, US 62 passes by cotton fields until Pocahontas, when the route meets US 67; the route concurs with US 67 east until Corning in Clay County. The route runs east through Crowley's Ridge to Piggott, enters Missouri near St. Francis; the route was a trail known as the Ozark Trail, the main series of routes in the area prior to the construction of U. S. Route 66; the Ozark Trails Association was responsible for maintaining and marking the routes, with William Hope Harvey in charge.
Harvey wanted an auto trail from Oklahoma to his resort town Monte Ne, which he established after retiring from the railroad business. He had grand visions of trails connecting Monte Ne with St. Louis, Kansas City, Wichita and Oklahoma City, points west. U. S. Route 62 from Gateway to Eureka Springs was designated part of The Jefferson Highway, although the highway was not marked and shifted; the highway was listed as a "Proposed Primary Federal Aid Road" on a state map in the first issue of "Arkansas Highways Magazine", but not numbered. The road brought lots of traffic through the hills of Arkansas resistant to development. Eureka Springs was a popular stop on the route, with a vibrant downtown. Nearby Arkansas Highway 23 further added tourists to the community. Further east, cities of Mountain Home and Flippin grew with US 62's traffic. Rough terrain interspersed with large waterways caused the need for large bridges, including the Cotter Bridge and the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass. A 1981 study indicated a need of 31 climbing lanes from Harrison to Hardy necessary for safety purposes, indicative of the rough terrain.
Some historic alignments of the old road still exist with original pavement. One section, built between 1932 and bypassed in 1952, is located between Busch and Eureka Springs on either side of the White River. On the north side of the river Carroll County Route 109 follows the alignment to the former river crossing, where only concrete bridge piers remain to be seen. On the south side County Route 107 continues southward rejoining the modern alignment; this section was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008
Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians; the state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U. S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous of the 50 United States; the capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area and Fort Smith metropolitan area, is a population and economic center; the largest city in the state's eastern part is Jonesboro. The largest city in the state's southeastern part is Pine Bluff.
The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836. In 1861, Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. White rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the civil rights movement. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and relies on its service industry, poultry, tourism and rice; the culture of Arkansas is observable in museums, novels, television shows and athletic venues across the state. People such as politician and educational advocate William Fulbright; the name Arkansas was applied to the Arkansas River and derives from a French term, the plural term for Quapaws, a Dhegiha Siouan-speaking Native American people who settled in Arkansas around the 13th century.
This comes from an Algonquian term, /akansa/, for the Quapaws, is also the root term for Kansas. The name has been spelled in a variety of fashions. In 1881, the pronunciation of Arkansas with the final "s" being silent was made official by an act of the state legislature after a dispute arose between Arkansas's two U. S. senators as one favored the pronunciation as AR-kən-saw while the other favored ar-KAN-zəs. In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is Arkansas's, followed by the state government. Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, Tennessee and Mississippi to the east; the United States Census Bureau classifies Arkansas as a southern state, sub-categorized among the West South Central States. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene, counties where the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel, in many places where the channel of the Mississippi has meandered from its original 1836 course.
Arkansas can be split into two halves, the highlands in the northwest half and the lowlands of the southeastern half. The highlands are part of the Southern Interior Highlands, including The Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains; the southern lowlands include the Arkansas Delta. This dual split can yield to general regions named northwest, northeast, southeast, or central Arkansas; these directionally named regions are broad and not defined along county lines. Arkansas has seven distinct natural regions: the Ozark Mountains, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas River Valley, Gulf Coastal Plain, Crowley's Ridge, the Arkansas Delta, with Central Arkansas sometimes included as a blend of multiple regions; the southeastern part of Arkansas along the Mississippi Alluvial Plain is sometimes called the Arkansas Delta. This region is a flat landscape of rich alluvial soils formed by repeated flooding of the adjacent Mississippi. Farther away from the river, in the southeast portion of the state, the Grand Prairie consists of a more undulating landscape.
Both are fertile agricultural areas. The Delta region is bisected by a geological formation known as Crowley's Ridge. A narrow band of rolling hills, Crowley's Ridge rises from 250 to 500 feet above the surrounding alluvial plain and underlies many of the major towns of eastern Arkansas. Northwest Arkansas is part of the Ozark Plateau including the Ozark Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains, these regions are divided by the Arkansas River; these mountain ranges are part of the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains; the highest point in the state is Mount Magazine in the Ouachita Mountains, which rises to 2,753 feet above sea level. Arkansas has many rivers and reservoirs within or along its borders. Major tributaries of the Mississippi River include the Arkansas River, the White River, the St. Francis River; the Arkansas is fed by the Mulberry River and the Fou
Arkansas Highway 263
Highway 263 is a north–south state highway in the Arkansas Ozark Mountains. A low-volume, two-lane road, Highway 263 connects several rural unincorporated communities to the state highway system; the highway was first established on July 10, 1957 in Stone County and extended by the Arkansas State Highway Commission in 1963 and 1965. A second segment was created in Cleburne County in 1963, the gap was closed between the two segments in 1994; the route is maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation. Highway 263 begins in the Lower Boston Mountains, a subset of the Ozark Mountains ecoregion, winds north to the Dissected Springfield Plateau-Elk River Hills within the Ozark Highlands; the highway begins at Highway 92 3 miles northeast of Greers Ferry, a small city on Greers Ferry Lake in northern Cleburne County. Highway 263 runs north, crossing the Devil's Fork of the Little Red River and passing through the sparsely populated wooded hills of the Boston Mountains; the highway passes through the National Register of Historic Places-listed Woodrow Store in the unincorporated community of Woodrow before intersecting Highway 225 in Prim.
Continuing north into Stone County, the highway winds west through forested hills along the northern edge of the Cherokee Wildlife Management Area and the community of Parma before forming a concurrency with Highway 9 through Rushing. West of this overlap, Highway 263 turns northward, continuing through rural areas and small communities Fox and Mozart toward a concurrency with Highway 66 at Timbo. Turning north from Timbo, Highway 263 continues through sparsely populated rural areas. Beginning at Onia, the highway serves as the southwestern limits of the Sylamore WMA, while passing another segment of the Cherokee WMA on the highway's western side; the highway enters the southern corner of Baxter County, terminating at Highway 14 in the small town of Big Flat. The ARDOT maintains Highway 263 like all other parts of the state highway system; as a part of these responsibilities, the Department tracks the volume of traffic using its roads in surveys using a metric called average annual daily traffic.
ARDOT estimates the traffic level for a segment of roadway for any average day of the year in these surveys. As of 2017, the peak AADT on the highway was 710 vehicles per day north of Timbo. All remaining segments were below 700 VPD. For reference, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, classifies roads with fewer than 400 vehicles per day as a low volume local road. No segment of Highway 263 has been listed as part of the National Highway System, a network of roads important to the nation's economy and mobility; the Arkansas General Assembly passed the Act 148 of 1957, the Milum Road Act, creating 10–12 miles of new state highways in each county. Highway 263 was created by the Arkansas State Highway Commission between Rushing and Timbo on July 10, 1957. During another period of highway system expansion in 1963, the highway was extended north from Timbo through Onia, a second segment was created from Brownsville to the Cleburne-Stone county line, it was extended north to Big Flat on June 23, 1965.
Highway 263 would remain unchanged for 30 years, until a study was requested by the Stone County Judge and various members of the Arkansas General Assembly to consider closing the gap between the two segments by adopting Stone County Road 18 into the state highway system in 1993. The study recommended taking CR 18 into the state highway system and upgrading it to state highway standards, finding that "due to recent transfers of state highway mileage to counties and cities in the region, no increase in total state highway mileage or increase in financial obligation will be incurred by this addition"; the Highway Commission accepted the transfer on April 28, 1994. Mile markers reset at some concurrencies. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 263 at Wikimedia Commons
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Izard County, Arkansas
Izard County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,696; the county seat is Melbourne. Izard County is Arkansas's thirteenth county, formed on October 27, 1825, named for War of 1812 General and Arkansas Territorial Governor George Izard, it is dry county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles, of which 581 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. Fulton County Sharp County Independence County Stone County Baxter County As of the 2000 census, there were 13,249 people, 5,440 households, 3,769 families residing in the county; the population density was 23 people per square mile. There were 6,591 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.41% White, 1.44% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,440 households out of which 25.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.70% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.78. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,670, the median income for a family was $32,313. Males had a median income of $22,389 versus $18,450 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,397. About 13.60% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.
Calico Rock Horseshoe Bend Melbourne Oxford Franklin Guion Mount Pleasant Pineville Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Izard County are listed below. Source: List of lakes in Izard County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Izard County, Arkansas Map of Izard County from the U. S. Census Bureau
Bull Shoals Lake
Bull Shoals Lake is an artificial lake or reservoir in the Ozark Mountains of northern Arkansas and southern Missouri. It has hundreds of miles of lake arms and coves, common activities include boating, water sports and fishing. Nineteen developed parks around the shoreline provide campgrounds, boat launches, swim areas, marinas. Bull Shoals Dam was created to impound the White River by one of the largest concrete dams in the United States and the 5th largest dam in the world at its inception. Work on the dam began in 1947, was completed in 1951 and dedicated by President Harry S. Truman in 1952. At least seven small family cemeteries and 20 larger cemeteries were meticulously relocated to accommodate the new lake. Recent national events include Brostock 2010 and 2011 and the TBF Bass Federation and Bassmaster Elite Series Tournaments in 2012. Bull Shoals Lake impounds the White River for the last time as water travels toward its mouth on the Mississippi River. Bull Shoals is thus the lake farthest downstream in a chain of four artificial lakes that include Beaver Lake, Table Rock Lake and Lake Taneycomo.
The lake has the primary purpose of flood control. The level of the lake fluctuates with a normal pool level elevation of 654 feet above sea level, locally known as powerpool. However, the lake fluctuates between an elevation of 630 to 680 feet; the upper part of the lake, below nearby Powersite Dam, is known as the "Pothole". The shoreline of the lake is undeveloped and protected by a buffer zone owned, operated and controlled by the Army Corps of Engineers; the dam is designed for a maximum elevation of 695 feet. Bull Shoals Lake covers 45,000 acres with a 700-mile shoreline at powerpool to more than 70,000 acres with a 1,000-mile shoreline at 690 feet; the bottom of the lake consists of bedrock with limited vegetation. The shoreline is forested; the Bull Shoals-White River State Park is a 725-acre park in Baxter and Marion Counties of Arkansas both above and below the massive dam. Facilities, including camping, pavilions and interpretive programs, stretch along the banks of the White River. Along the lakeshore, the park offers picnic playgrounds.
In the spring of 2008, due to the record rainfall, Bull Shoals reached its highest water level since 1957. The lake crested at 695.02 feet above sea level, prompting the Army Corps of Engineers to open the floodgates to relieve the lake from further flooding. A record crest of 696.51 was achieved at 5 p.m. Friday May 27, 2011 due to record rainfall, exceeding the Spring 2008 lake levels and 1957 levels. List of Arkansas dams and reservoirs http://www.bullshoals.org Bull Shoals Lake / White River Chamber of Commerce https://web.archive.org/web/20100302012428/http://weather.adptonline.com:8010/1/cams.html Bull Shoals Dam Web Cam http://www. ArkansasStateParks.com http://www.swl.usace.army.mil/parks/bullshoals/ https://web.archive.org/web/20110129024902/http://www.bullshoals-lake.com/ Bull Shoals Background History U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bull Shoals Lake