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Beach

A beach is a landform alongside a body of water which consists of loose particles. The particles composing a beach are made from rock, such as sand, shingle, pebbles; the particles can be biological in origin, such as mollusc shells or coralline algae. Some beaches have man-made infrastructure, such as lifeguard posts, changing rooms, showers and bars, they may have hospitality venues nearby. Wild beaches known as undeveloped or undiscovered beaches, are not developed in this manner. Wild beaches can be preserved nature. Beaches occur in areas along the coast where wave or current action deposits and reworks sediments. Although the seashore is most associated with the word beach, beaches are found by lakes and alongside large rivers. Beach may refer to: small systems where rock material moves onshore, offshore, or alongshore by the forces of waves and currents; the former are described in detail below. There are several conspicuous parts to a beach that relate to the processes that shape it; the part above water, more or less influenced by the waves at some point in the tide, is termed the beach berm.

The berm is the deposit of material comprising the active shoreline. The berm has a crest and a face—the latter being the slope leading down towards the water from the crest. At the bottom of the face, there may be a trough, further seaward one or more long shore bars: raised, underwater embankments formed where the waves first start to break; the sand deposit may extend well inland from the berm crest, where there may be evidence of one or more older crests resulting from large storm waves and beyond the influence of the normal waves. At some point the influence of the waves on the material comprising the beach stops, if the particles are small enough, winds shape the feature. Where wind is the force distributing the grains inland, the deposit behind the beach becomes a dune; these geomorphic features compose. The beach profile changes seasonally due to the change in wave energy experienced during summer and winter months. In temperate areas where summer is characterised by calmer seas and longer periods between breaking wave crests, the beach profile is higher in summer.

The gentle wave action during this season tends to transport sediment up the beach towards the berm where it is deposited and remains while the water recedes. Onshore winds carry it further inland enhancing dunes. Conversely, the beach profile is lower in the storm season due to the increased wave energy, the shorter periods between breaking wave crests. Higher energy waves breaking in quick succession tend to mobilise sediment from the shallows, keeping it in suspension where it is prone to be carried along the beach by longshore currents, or carried out to sea to form longshore bars if the longshore current meets an outflow from a river or flooding stream; the removal of sediment from the beach berm and dune thus decreases the beach profile. In tropical areas, the storm season tends to be during the summer months, with calmer weather associated with the winter season. If storms coincide with unusually high tides, or with a freak wave event such as a tidal surge or tsunami which causes significant coastal flooding, substantial quantities of material may be eroded from the coastal plain or dunes behind the berm by receding water.

This flow may alter the shape of the coastline, enlarge the mouths of rivers and create new deltas at the mouths of streams that had not been powerful enough to overcome longshore movement of sediment. The line between beach and dune is difficult to define in the field. Over any significant period of time, sediment is always being exchanged between them; the drift line is one potential demarcation. This would be the point at which significant wind movement of sand could occur, since the normal waves do not wet the sand beyond this area. However, the drift line is to move inland under assault by storm waves; the development of the beach as a popular leisure resort from the mid-19th century was the first manifestation of what is now the global tourist industry. The first seaside resorts were opened in the 18th century for the aristocracy, who began to frequent the seaside as well as the fashionable spa towns, for recreation and health. One of the earliest such seaside resorts, was Scarborough in Yorkshire during the 1720s.

The first rolling bathing machines were introduced by 1735. The opening of the resort in Brighton and its reception of royal patronage from King George IV, extended the seaside as a resort for health and pleasure to the much larger London market, the beach became a centre for upper-class pleasure and frivolity; this trend was praised and artistically elevated by the new romantic ideal of the picturesque landscape. Queen Victoria's long-standing patronage of the Isle of Wight and Ramsgate in Kent ensured that a seaside residence was considered as a fashionable possession for those wealthy enough to afford more than one home; the extension of this form of leisure to the middle and working classes began with the development of the railways in the 1840s, which offered cheap fares to fast-

LSU Tigers women's gymnastics

The LSU Tigers women's gymnastics team represents Louisiana State University in NCAA Division I women's gymnastics. The team competes in the Southeastern Conference and is coached by D-D Breaux, who has coached the Tigers since 1978; the Pete Maravich Assembly Center serves as the home arena for the team. The gymnastics program was founded in 1970. In 2008, LSU made their first Super Six appearance; the team made Super Six appearances in 2009, 2013 and 2014. In both the 2016 and 2017 seasons, the program made the Super Six and finished second at the 2016 and 2017 NCAA Women's Gymnastics Championships. In 2017, LSU won back-to-back SEC Regular Season and SEC Championship Meet championships. In 2018, LSU again won back-to-back SEC Regular Season and SEC Championship Meet championships and reached the Super Six. In 2019, LSU won the SEC Championship Meet in New Orleans and made an appearance in the first-ever Four on the Floor in NCAA Women's Gymnastics Championship; the team finished second overall for the third time in school history.

SEC Regular Season champions: 2017, 2018 SEC Championship Meet champions: 1981, 2017, 2018, 2019 The Pete Maravich Assembly Center is a 13,215-seat multi-purpose arena in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The arena is home of the LSU Tigers gymnastics team, it was known as the LSU Assembly Center, but was renamed in honor of Pete Maravich, a Tiger basketball legend, shortly after his death in 1988. The Maravich Center is known to locals as "The PMAC" or "The Palace that Pete Built," or by its more nationally known nickname, "The Deaf Dome," coined by Dick Vitale; the oval building is located directly to the north of Tiger Stadium, its bright-white roof can be seen in many telecasts of that stadium. The arena concourse is divided into four quadrants: Pete Maravich Pass, The Walk of Champions, Heroes Hall and Midway of Memories; the quadrants highlight former LSU Tiger athletes and team awards and memorabilia pertaining to the history of the LSU Tigers gymnastics team. The LSU Gymnastics Training Facility is the practice venue for the LSU Tigers gymnastics team.

The new facility provides 38,000 square feet of training and team space. The LSU Tigers basketball strength training and conditioning facility is located in the LSU Strength and Conditioning facility. Built in 1997, it is located adjacent to Tiger Stadium. Measuring 10,000-square feet with a flat surface, it has 28 multi-purpose power stations, 36 assorted selectorized machines and 10 dumbbell stations along with a plyometric specific area, medicine balls, plyometric boxes and assorted speed and agility equipment, it features 2 treadmills, 4 stationary bikes, 2 elliptical cross trainers, a stepper and stepmill. Head Coach: D-D Breaux Assistant Head Coach: Jay Clark Assistant Coach: Bob Moore Volunteer Coach: Ashleigh Clare-Kearney Director of Operations: Katie Copeland Volunteer Graduate Coach: Ashleigh Gnat LSU Tigers and Lady Tigers Official website

Minsi Trails Council

Minsi Trails Council is a council of the Boy Scouts of America that serves Scouts of eastern Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley and Pocono regions as well as parts of western New Jersey. The council serves six counties: Lehigh, Monroe, Carbon and Warren counties. Minsi Trails Council serves nearly 10,000 youth through the leadership of 5,000 adult volunteers; the council was formed in 1969, after the merger of the Bethlehem Area Council, Delaware Valley Area Council, Lehigh Council. The council consists of six districts and maintains two camping properties: Camp Minsi in Pocono Summit, PA and Trexler Scout Reservation in Jonas, PA. Combined, these camps serve more than 4,000 campers annually; the Minsi Trails Council maintains a central headquarters and service center in Allentown, Pennsylvania. The service center includes offices, conference rooms, a council Scout shop. A copy of the R. Tait McKenzie sculpture; the council is divided into six districts divided by county and school district boundaries based on geographic location and size.

A seventh Urban Scouting District runs the national Scoutreach program. Anthracite District — Serving portions of Luzerne County, PA Forks of Delaware District — Serving portions of Northampton County, PA and Warren County, NJ North Valley District — Serving portions of Lehigh County, PA and Carbon County, PA Pocono District — Serving Monroe County, PA South Mountain District — Serving portions of Northampton County, PA and Lehigh County, PA Trexler District — Serving portions of Lehigh County, PA Minsi Trails Council owns and maintains three camps; the first of which opened in Trexler Scout Reservation. Akelaland camp and Settlers Camp share this 900+acre Scout Reservation in Jonas, Pennsylvania. A part of the Minsi Trails Council is Camp Minsi, a Scouts BSA camp, over 1,200 acres in Pocono Summit, Pennsylvania. Trexler Scout Reservation is located on 900 acres of land in Pennsylvania; this tract of land was donated by noted WW1 General and Lehigh Valley philanthropist Harry C. Trexler in 1927, in 1928 the camp welcomed its first group of Scouts.

Akelaland is a Cub Scout resident camp located within Trexler Scout Reservation. Akelaland was formally "Pioneer Camp", Minsi Trails Council's rustic Scout camp which encompassed over 200 acres of the reservation. In the mid-1980s, the camp was converted to a Cub Scout resident camp; the Pioneer building, a small, one-room building with a wood-burning stove, still stands today, as well as other parts of the original camp. Akelaland has a swimming pool, shooting ranges, an 18-hole miniature golf course, health lodge, trading post, dining hall, parade field, shower houses, an activities field; the camp has a waterfront for boating and fishing at Lake Trexler. Akelaland offers a week-long resident camp program during the summer which includes swimming, nature, archery, BB Gun, athletics, outdoor skills, water games, hiking, flag ceremonies, scavenger hunts and special theme related events. "Mini Weeks" are available for Scouts running from Sunday to Wednesday each week. Webelos II's can participate in a week-long program called Pioneer Camp, which includes a four-mile wilderness hike and outpost.

Settlers Camp - Trexler Scout Reservation is the Scouts BSA resident Camp portion of the Reservation. With three separate ranges, a rifle, a shotgun, an archery range, a Disk Golf Course, a massive Gaga Ball Pit, eight program areas filled with activities, a developed Aquatics program at its Waterfront on Lake Trexler, a featured C. O. P. E./High Adventure Action Center Area. Today, premier attributes include two lakes, a pool, a new equipped Campfire Circle, one of Northeast PA's Largest COPE Courses, varied Merit Badge offerings, an unrivaled Scouting Program, a Leader Outdoor Skills and Scoutmaster Specifics Training Program area titled "L. O. S. T", a Music and Arts program, a Stem Program in our SENTR area, a trade skills merit badge program named "This Old Camp", age-specific tailored programs for First Year Campers, more seasoned Scouters, as well as over 25 miles of hiking and mountain biking trails to explore. Camp Minsi is on the shores of the 314-acre Stillwater Lake in Pennsylvania.

The camp was donated to the Boy Scouts in 1949 by Samuel Rubel of the Pocono Mountain Ice Company. The camp was owned by Bethlehem Area Council prior to the establishment of Minsi Trails Council in 1969. Camp Minsi encompasses 1,200 acres of flat Pocono woodlands, holds over 20 miles of hiking trails and varied wildlife. A central feature of the camp is