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Beaumont-Hamel is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France. During the First World War, Beaumont-Hamel was close to the front line, near many attacks during the Battle of the Somme, one of the largest allied offensives of the war. By 1918 the village had been totally destroyed; the banks of white chalk at Beaumont Hamel led to a sector of British trenches being nicknamed "White City". To the west of the village was Hawthorn Ridge Redoubt, one of the sites of the mines exploded on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. On 1 July 1916, the 29th Division assaulted the German front line in an attempt to capture the village as part of the Somme Offensive. Included in this Division was the Newfoundland Regiment. Newfoundland commemorates this event as Memorial Day on 1 July each year. Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial INSEE

Backun Musical Services

Backun Musical Services Ltd. is a Canadian manufacturer of clarinets in B♭ and A and accessories, based in Burnaby, British Columbia. In 2000 clarinettist and entrepreneur, Morrie Backun opened a small repair shop for woodwind instruments with two employees. After having been commissioned by J. Wesley Foster, Principal Clarinet of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra to overhaul one of his clarinets, Backun was unable to complete the project, as the original barrel of the instrument was missing. After consulting with Foster, Backun set out to make a barrel from cocobolo wood, which became the first Backun Barrel. After a short period of making only barrels, Backun set out to design a clarinet bell in 2001 and mouthpieces in 2004. Gaining international renowned for clarinet barrels and mouthpieces, in addition to designing and modifying clarinets by other makers, Backun was approached by Conn-Selmer, which had 2004 acquired the clarinet maker Leblanc, to redesign and develop their line of clarinets.

His first complete clarinet in B♭, distributed by Leblanc and Conn-Selmer under the label "Leblanc by Backun". During the partnership with Conn-Selmer and Leblanc from 2006 to 2010, Backun developed new clarinets and continued to develop accessories for international distribution, which expanded the Backun brand around the world. After the end of the engagement with Conn-Selmer, Backun launched his first custom clarinets at the 2011 NAMM Show, these instruments were of exceptional high quality for professional clarinettists; as the company grew, Backun built in Burnaby, near Vancouver, a modern factory, equipped with the latest CNC machinery and design equipment, including 3D printers and scanners. In 2012 were produced by 15 employees in the monthly production of 30–40 clarinets and thousands of accessories industrially. According to the intentions of Morrie Backun, the numbers in 2013 should be more than twice as high. To ensure the necessary higher sales, Backun subsequently worked on expanding its international dealer network.

In January 2017, the Eastman Music Company made a significant investment into Backun to acquire partial ownership of Backun Musical Services. This investment allowed both companies to grow in the clarinet market. Today, an estimated 50 production employees produce a higher number of instruments and accessories per month, with the brand's global impact being felt throughout the band and orchestra community. Well-known clarinetists play clarinets from Backun; some have been involved in the development of individual instruments and / or accessories. Backun produces only clarinets with French fingering system and so far only the most common clarinets in B♭ and A. To the A-clarinet, model Lumière, there is a lower joint attachment that allows for the instrument to be played as an A Clarinet, but as a Basset Clarinet down to Low C; the following clarinets are in the program:1. Student model Alpha in B♭ made of synthetic ABS material with 17 keys and 6 rings plus optional Eb lever, with nickel- or silver-plated mechanism2.

Student model Beta in B♭ made of grenadilla wood, with 17 keys and 6 rings plus optional Eb lever, with nickel- or silver-plated mechanism 3. Intermediate model Protégé in B♭, optionally made of Grenadilla or Cocobolo, with 17 keys, 6 rings plus optional Eb lever, silver- or gold-plated4. Professional model Q Series in B♭ and A made of Grenadilla with 17 keys, 6 rings plus optional Eb-lever, silver-plated As a special limited edition Q Series in B♭ and A made of Cocobolo, like Nr. 5 with 18 keys and 6 rings including Eb lever, gold-plated for certain markets 5. Two custom models Lumière and MoBa in B♭ and A, optionally made of Grenadilla or Cocobolo, with 18 keys, 6 rings plus Eb-lever, with silver- or gold-plated mechanism. A small extra key at the bottom of the lower joint enhances the intonation of low-F, it is important to note that Backun was and remains the first company to offer a Low F Vent mechanism as standard on all custom clarinets. The two models differ in appearance, as well as bore and tonehole design, given that Backun designed the Lumiere to meet the needs of players looking for more vibrant and sweeter tone than the MoBa, considered to be dark and powerful.

Both the Lumière and MoBa models in Cocobolo are offered at a considerable extra cost as Super Series sets, in such a way that the clarinets are made from the same single five foot piece of wood, therefore has the same grain structure throughout from the B♭ down through the A. 6. Custom model CG Carbon Clarinet in B A with 18 keys, 6 rings and Eb-lever; these patent-pending clarinets, developed by BMS and available only from BMS, have a carbon-coated body over either a Grenadilla or Cocobolo wood core. The hard-pressed with the wood core coating to prevent cracks and increase the life, but leads to a different sound; the surface is black-mottled. To emphasize is the thoughtful and characteristic design of the instruments, including the student models, the items, such as barrels and bells. Due to the uniformity of their design, Backun clarinets are recognizable despite a certain amount of detail; the company sells its instruments not only itself, but through a worldwide dealer network. The current prices for the mentioned models are shown on the website.

The prices at the dealers are cheaper. Website

Anami Narayan Roy

Anami Narayan Roy was the Director General of Police, Maharashtra and the former Police Commissioner of Mumbai. His reappointment as DGP was announced by the Government of Maharashtra on 22 January 2010. Roy took charge as the Police Commissioner of Mumbai in February 2004 after the Government of Maharashtra "suddenly" transferred 3 police commissioners including that of Mumbai, P. S. Pasricha. At that time, Roy was serving as the Police Commissioner of Pune. Pasricha was caught unawares by this development and said that he was "very sad that he didn't get the time to implement his plans and ideas". Pasricha had served as Police Commissioner of Mumbai for just 3 months. Home Minister of Maharashtra, R R Patil clarified that the reason for the "transfer" was that Pasricha was being promoted and hence could not remain as the Police Commissioner. Pasricha publicly disagreed that he could not stay on as Police Commissioner due to his promotion and cited the example of M N Singh and Roni Mendosa who served as police commissioner of Mumbai after reaching the level of director general.

Pasricha was in the process of "cleaning up" the police force after the "Telgi scam". In the process he had transferred more than 2,000 constables. Pasricha told the media that he had "paid a heavy price for taking on the system. I have been used and thrown out." Bharatiya Janata Party state general secretary Vinod Tawde was quoted as saying that "Roy is consider to be close to Nationalist Congress Party chief Sharad Pawar. We will oppose the change."A city lawyer introduced a public interest litigation in Bombay High Court challenging the sudden transfer of Pasricha. Roy's appointment whether deliberately or indeliberately resulted in the shifting of public and media attention from the "Telgi scam" to the moral policing agenda of home minister R R Patil apart from other neglected matters such as betting. Early in his tenure, Roy conducted a "major crackdown" raiding 52 bars across the city in just 1 night which resulted in arrests of 1500 people including bar girls, bar owners and patrons on charges of obscenity and illegal liquor consumption.

On 9 March 2004, a special court asked Roy to look into a complaint against "encounter specialist" Daya Nayak for his alleged underworld links and decide whether to sanction prosecution under the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act. Mr. A. N. Roy now serves as Director of HDFC bank Ltd

1983 United States drought

The 1983 United States drought known as the US Drought of 1983, was an extreme drought, accompanied by heat waves across several portions of the United States. The United States Drought of 1983 started in late spring, it involved numerous states in the Great Plains. In many states, from June to September intense heat happened in which temperatures were over 100 °F or higher in multiple areas. All the counties in the State of Indiana and many in Illinois were given a drought disaster declaration because of dangerous heat spells, along with dry conditions. In Kentucky, the Drought of 1983 was second to worst in the 20th century. Numerous trees and shrubs went into dormancy. Excessive heat waves affected numerous portions of the United States in Summer 1983. Missouri and Kentucky were pummeled by severe heat which killed several hundred people; the heat and dryness went across the Southeastern and Mid Atlantic areas, including New York City. Other affected states were Nebraska, Iowa and Kansas

Gary Jones (actor)

Gary Jones is a British-born Canadian actor, who has worked on television and on stage both in his native United Kingdom and Canada. He is known for his recurring role as CMSgt. Walter Harriman in Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis, he has made guest appearances on such shows as Sliders, Cold Squad, The Outer Limits and Dead Like Me. Gary Jones was a member of the improv group "Mission Improvable", which had a CBC comedy special, before his role on Stargate SG-1, he joined Toronto's Second City Improv Company in the mid-1980s. In 1986 with Second City he went to Vancouver for Expo 86, where they performed for six months at the Expo's Flying Club. After the Expo was finished, Jones stayed in Vancouver, started his acting career with guest appearances in TV shows such as Wiseguy and Dangerbay, he was a player of the Vancouver TheatreSports League. Gary Jones is known not only for acting on screen and stage but for hosting events, including several Leo Awards galas and the BCSS Emerald Eve gala. Gary Jones on IMDb

61st Naval Infantry Brigade (Russia)

The 61st Naval Infantry Brigade is a formation of the Russian Navy Naval Infantry. It is part of Coastal Defence Force; the brigade is based in the Sputnik military settlement, located in Murmansk Oblast. Some sources consider it one of the best trained and most combat experienced units of the Russian military; the brigade was established on 20 November 1979 from the 61st Separate Naval Infantry Regiment. The regiment was activated at Sputnik on 14 May 1966 from the 61st Motor Rifle Regiment. Soldiers of the 61st Naval Infantry Brigade fought in 1995 in First and in 1999–2000 in the Second Chechen War. On 1 December 2009, the brigade was downsized to a regiment with the same designation, it became a brigade again on 15 December 2014. In 2014, according to an investigation published by Bellingcat, marines of the 61st Naval Infantry Brigade participated in the War in Donbass in the Luhansk region of Ukraine. Brigade personnel and vehicles, including the brigade's exotic 2S23 Nona-SVK, were spotted on the territory of the Ukrainian National Guard’s military base in Luhansk.

Evidences shows the brigade's direct participation in combat near Vishnevy Dol village in the Luhansk region. Upon returning home, the marines took a trophy BRDM armored vehicle back to Murmansk. At least 5 soldiers received decorations, which included the Zhukov Medal, the Order of Suvorov and the Order of Courage. Brigade Lieutenant Colonel Vitaly Trofimov was killed in Ukraine. In March 2016, the 61st Marine Brigade conducted operations in which it aided the Syrian Army's liberation of the Syrian city of Palmyra; the 61st participated in the storming of the city. Despite other Russian forces being more available for the operation the 61st was chosen for the operation because it was considered one of the best trained and most combat experienced units of the Russian military. Brigade Headquarters 874th Marine Battalion 876th Air-Assault Battalion 886th Reconnaissance Battalion 125th Armored Battalion 1611th Self-propelled Artillery Battalion 1591st Self-propelled Artillery Battalion 1617th Anti-aircraft Missile and Artillery Battalion