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Belarusian ruble

The Belarusian ruble or rouble is the official currency of Belarus. The ruble is subdivided into 100 copecks; as a result of the breakup of the supply chain in the former Soviet enterprises, goods started to be bought and sold in the market requiring cash settlement. The Belarusian unit of the USSR State Bank had neither the capacity nor the licence to print Soviet banknotes, so the government decided to introduce its own national currency to ease the cash situation; the German word Thaler, divided into 100 Groschen was suggested as the name for a Belarusian currency. In the medieval Grand Duchy of Lithuania of which Belarus was a major part, the word ruble has been used as a name for a currency in circulation. From the collapse of the Soviet Union until May 1992, the Soviet ruble circulated in Belarus alongside the Belarusian ruble. New Russian banknotes circulated in Belarus, but they were replaced by notes issued by the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus in May 1992; the first post-Soviet Belarusian ruble was assigned the ISO code BYB and replaced the Soviet currency at the rate of 1 Belarusian ruble = 10 Soviet rubles.

It took. In 2000, a new ruble was introduced, replacing the first at a rate of 1 BYR = 1,000 BYB; this was redenomination with three zeros removed. Only banknotes have been issued, with the only coins issued being commemoratives for collectors. From the beginning of his presidency in 1994, Alyaksandr Lukashenka began to suggest the idea of integration with the Russian Federation and to undertake steps in this direction. From the beginning, there was an idea of introducing a united currency for the Union of Russia and Belarus. Art. 13 of the 1999 "Treaty of Creation of the Union State of Russia and Belarus" foresaw a unified currency. Discussions about the Union currency has continued past the 2005 implementation goal set by both nations. Starting in 2008, the Central Bank of the Republic of Belarus announced that the ruble would be tied to the United States dollar instead of to the Russian ruble. "Stanislav Bogdankevich, a former bank chairman, called the decision political, saying it was tied to Belarus' open displeasure at Russia's decision to hike oil and gas export prices to Belarus earlier this year.

Belarus' economy is Soviet-style, centrally controlled and has been reliant on cheap energy supplies from Russia". In July 2016, a new ruble was introduced, at a rate of 1 BYN = 10,000 BYR. Old and new rubles circulated in parallel from July 1 to December 31, 2016. Belarus issued coins for general circulation for the first time. Seven denominations of banknotes and eight denominations of coins are in circulation on July 1, 2016; the banknotes show 2009 as an issue date. Their designs are similar to those of the euro. In 2016, for the first time in the whole history of the Belarusian ruble, coins were introduced due to the redenomination. Belarus was one of the few countries in the world never to have issued coins. Slovakia has offered to mint the coins, has provided prototypes; the coins of up to 5 copecks are struck in copper-plated steel. All coins show the National emblem of Belarus, the inscription'БЕЛАРУСЬ' and the year of minting on their obverse; the reverse shows the value of the coin accompanied by different ornaments with their own meanings.

Belarus is a large producer of commemorative coinage for the numismatic market, most gold and silver bullion coins and non-circulating legal tender. With The first coins of the Republic of Belarus were issued on December 27, 1996, their designs range from commonplace to unique and innovative. A majority of these coins have a face value of 1 ruble, there are a few denominated as 3, 5 rubles and higher amounts. All these coins are unlikely to be seen in general circulation. In 1992, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 50 copecks, 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000 and 5,000 rubles; these were followed by 20,000 rubles in 1994, 50,000 rubles in 1995, 100,000 rubles in 1996, 500,000 rubles in 1998 and 1,000,000 and 5,000,000 rubles in 1999. In 2000, notes were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000 and 5,000 rubles. In 2001, higher denominations of 10,000, 20,000 and 50,000 rubles were introduced, followed by 100,000 rubles in 2005 and 200,000 rubles in 2012.

There were no banknotes issued in copecks. "On 1 September 2010, new rules of Belarusian orthography came into force. According to the old rules, the correct spelling of the word “fifty” in Belarusian was “пяцьдзесят,” but under the new rules, it should be spelled “пяцьдзясят,” the difference being that the seventh character was the Cyrillic letter YE but is now the Cyr

Rolando Villalobos

Rolando Villalobos Chacón is a retired Costa Rican footballer and football manager. After coming through their youth ranks, Villalobos made his senior debut for Alajuelense on 9 May 1971 against rivals Saprissa and he scored his first goal on 12 April 1972 against Ramonense, he had stints in the United States and Guatemala as well and played for San Carlos and Saprissa. He retired at Saprissa in 1988, his last game was on 12 May that year against his first club Alajuelense, he made his debut for Costa Rica in an August 1972 friendly match against Mexico and collected a total of 9 caps, scoring 1 goal. Scores and results list Costa Rica's goal tally first. Nicknamed el Cadáver, Villalobos has managed the Big Four clubs of Costa Rica as well as the national team on two occasions, he was assistant to Bora Milutinović ath the 1990 FIFA World Cup. He was named sports director of Cartaginés in May 2012 and in January 2014 he resigned as sports director of Puntarenas. Now he works for Club Sport Herediano as a sports manager.

His son Walter Villalobos is a professional football player. Married twice, Villalobos has 5 children. Trayectoria de Rolando Villalobos como jugador y técnico - Nación

Roman Catholic Diocese of Vicenza

The Diocese of Vicenza is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Italy. Among its patron saints the city venerates St. Lontius and martyr, St. Theodore and St. Apollonius and confessors in the fourth century; the Christian cemetery discovered near the Church of Sts. Felix and Fortunatus, dates from the earlier half of the fourth century, these two saints were martyred under Diocletian; the first bishop of whom there is any certain record is Horontius, a partisan of the Schism of the Three Chapters. Other bishops were: high chancellor of King Berengar of Ivrea. Uberto was deposed by Pope Innocent III as a despoiler of church property, but the canons put off until 1219 the election of his successor, forced by the tyranny of Ezzelino to live in exile. Under Bishop Emiliani took place the alleged apparition of the Blessed Virgin on Monte Berico which led to the foundation of the famous sanctuary. Pietro Barbo was afterwards elected Pope Paul II. Cardinal Giovanni Battista Zeno was distinguished for his learning.

Matteo Priuli made efforts for reform. Alvise M. Ganrielli restored the seminary; the See of Vicenza was suffragan of Aquileia of Udine, since 1818 of Venice. The diocese had circa 1900: 219 parishes, with 477,000 souls; the Catholic Press comprised "Il Berico", "La Riscossa", six other periodicals. Pietro Filargis, O. F. M.... Francesco Malipiero, O. S. B. Pietro Barbo Marco Barbo Giovanni Battista Zeno Pietro Dandolo Galeotto Franciotti della Rovere Sisto Gara della Rovere Francesco della Rovere Francesco Soderini Niccolò Ridolfi Angelo Bragadino, O. P. Giulio della Rovere Matteo Priuli Michele Priuli Giovanni Delfino Denis Delfino Federico Baldissera Bartolomeo Cornaro Luca Stella Marcantonio Bragadin Giovanni Battista Brescia Giuseppe Civran Giambattista Rubini Sebastiano Venieri Antonio Maria Priuli Marco Giuseppe Cornaro Alvise Maria Gabrieli Marco Zaguri Giuseppe Maria Peruzzi Giovanni Giuseppe Cappellari St. Giovanni Antonio Farina Antonio Maria De Pol Antonio Feruglio Ferdinando Rodolfi Carlo Zinato Arnoldo Onisto Pietro Giacomo Nonis Cesare Nosiglia, Archbishop Beniamino Pizziol Timeline of Vicenza Eubel, Conradus.

Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Eubel, Conradus. Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Eubel, Conradus. Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3. Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. Gauchat, Patritius. Hierarchia catholica IV. Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Ritzler, Remigius. Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI. Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. Riccardi, Tommaso. Storia Dei Vescovi Vicentini. Vicenza: Vendramini Mosca. P. 111. Diocese of Vicenza - Benigni, U.. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..

"article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton