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Cilento

Cilento is an Italian geographical region of Campania in the central and southern part of the Province of Salerno and an important tourist area of southern Italy. Cilento is known as one of the centers of Mediterranean diet; the coast of Cilento is located on the Tyrrhenian Sea, stretching from Paestum to the Gulf of Policastro, near the town of Sapri. Most of the touristic destinations in the coast are frazioni of comuni; the inner boundaries are the Alburni mountains and Vallo di Diano, sometimes considered as part of Cilentan geographical region, which has in Sala Consilina its largest center. The most important towns in this area are Vallo della Lucania and Agropoli: this is the largest town of Cilento and the principal harbour. Most of this area is included in "Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park". Agropoli Capaccio Campora Caprioli Centola Felitto Laurino Monte Cicerale Monteforte Cilento Ogliastro Ottati Palinuro Piaggine Pisciotta Prignano Cilento Rutino Sacco Sapri Stio Torchiara Tortorella The region is steeped in Greek mythology and legends, as in the names of some towns, visible in the remains of the colonies of Velia and Paestum.

Velia was the seat of "Eleatics", a school of pre-Socratic philosophers as Parmenides, Zeno of Elea and Melissus of Samos). Cilento comes by the Latin word Cis Alentum, meaning "On this side of the Alento". In the 1990s it was proposed to make Cilento a new province of Campania; this proposal has never come near to implementation. The four candidates were Vallo della Lucania, Sala Consilina and Sapri. Another more recent proposal was to move Cilento from Campania to Basilicata, as a third province together with the existing provinces of Potenza and Matera. In a great part of the territory of Cilento and Vallo di Diano there was instituted, on 1991, a national park, to better share Italy's best kept secret to the world and to encourage tourism of a high quality. In 1998 the park became a World Heritage Site of UNESCO; the Cilentan Coast, or Costiera Cilentana in Italian, is a stretch of coastline situated in the gulfs of Salerno and Policastro, extending in 16 municipalities. Cilento was part of ancient Lucania, its language is influenced by Lucanian.

In the north of Cilento the dialect is more influenced by Neapolitan, but in the south it has many similarities with Sicilian. Italian wine, both red and rose, under the Cilento DOC appellation comes from this area. Grapes destined for DOC product must be harvested to a maximum yield of 12 tonnes/hectare with the finished red wines fermented to a minimum alcohol level of 11.5% and the whites and roses fermented to 11%. Red Cilento wines are a blend of 60-70% Aglianico, 15-20% of Piedirosso and/or Primitivo, 10-20% Barbera and up to 10% of other local red grape varieties; the whites are a blend of 60-65% Fiano, 20-30% Trebbiano, 10-15% of Greco and/or Malvasia bianca with up to 10% of other local white varieties. The roses are blends of 70-80% Sangiovese, 10-15% of Piedirosso and/or Primitivo and up to 10% of other local red grape varieties. A separate varietal Aglianico can be produced under the Cilento DOC provided that at least 85% of the wine is Aglianico with Primitivo and/or Piedirosso permitted to fill in the remainder and that the wine is aged at least one year before it is released.

Maurizio Tortora: Cilientu mia. Edizione del Delfino, 1977, Naples Giuseppe Vallone: Dizionarietto etimologico del basso Cilento. Editore UPC, 2004 Pietro Rossi: Ieri e oggi 1955-2005. Poesie in cilentano. Grafiche Erredue, 2005 Barbara Schäfer: Limoncello mit Meerblick. Unterwegs an der Amalfiküste und im Cilento. Picus, 2007, ISBN 978-3-85452-924-8 Peter Amann: Cilento aktiv mit Costa di Maratea - Aktivurlaub im ursprünglichen Süditalien. Mankau, 2007, ISBN 3-938396-08-3 Peter Amann: Golf von Neapel, Cilento. Reise Know-How, 2006, ISBN 3-8317-1526-2 Barbara Poggi: La Cucina Cilentana - Köstlichkeiten aus der Cilento-Küche. Mankau, 2006, ISBN 3-938396-02-4 Luciano Pignataro: Le ricette del Cilento. Ed. Ippogrifo, 2007, ISBN 978-88-88986-43-2 What to do and see in Cilento and Tourism in Cilento Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park Historical and other infos about Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park Cilento Photos Tourism in the National park of Cilento Tourism and holidays in Cilento Cilento Social Network

Hayling and Brixton tests

The Hayling and Brixton tests are neuropsychological tests of executive function created by psychologists Paul W. Burgess and Tim Shallice, it is composed of two tests, the Hayling Sentence Completion Test and the Brixton Spatial Awareness Test. The Hayling Sentence Completion test is a measure of response suppression, it consists of two sets of 15 sentences each having the last word missing. In the first section the examiner reads each sentence aloud and the participant has to complete the sentences, yielding a simple measure of response initiation speed; the second part of the Hayling requires participants to complete a sentence with a nonsense ending word, giving measures of response suppression ability and thinking time. This test is spoken and is thus suitable for people with a wide range of problems such as those involving reading, visual perception, or movement, it takes five minutes to administer yet yields three different measures of executive functioning which can be considered separately or combined into an overall score.

The Brixton test is a visuospatial sequencing task with rule changes. This test measures the ability to detect rules in sequences of stimuli, it takes between five and ten minutes to administer, yields an understood scaled score of between 1 and 10. The Brixton Test does not require a verbal response, it is thus appropriate for people who are suffering from a wide range of associated deficits such as those involving speech production or reading. The tests are used by clinical neuropsychologists to assess executive functioning in people with neurological disorders such as tumors, acquired brain injury, Parkinson's disease, Korsakoff's syndrome and psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia. Strauss, Esther. A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-515957-8. Retrieved 14 July 2013