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Victoria University of Manchester

The former Victoria University of Manchester, now the University of Manchester, was founded in 1851 as Owens College. In 1880, the college joined the federal Victoria University, gaining an independent university charter in 1904 as the Victoria University of Manchester after the collapse of the federal university. On 1 October 2004, the Victoria University of Manchester merged with the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology to form a new, larger entity, the new university was named the University of Manchester. Owens College was founded in 1851, named after John Owens, a textile merchant, who left a bequest of £96,942 for the purpose, its first accommodation was at Cobden House on Quay Street, Manchester, in a house, the residence of Richard Cobden. In 1859, Owens College was approved as a provincial examination centre for matriculation candidates of the University of London; as the college progressed it became inadequate so a move to Chorlton on Medlock was planned in 1871.

Alfred Waterhouse was the architect of the new college building, west of Oxford Road, opened in 1873. Owens College became the first affiliate college of the federal Victoria University in 1880. In 1884, University College Liverpool joined the Victoria University, followed in 1887 by the Yorkshire College in Leeds. In 1903, University College Liverpool left the Victoria University to become the independent University of Liverpool; the new Victoria University of Manchester was established by royal charter on 15 July 1903. In the mid-1960s the university and the city corporation commissioned Hugh Wilson and Lewis Womersley to produce a new plan for the campus; the final report was issued in 1966. The Precinct Centre building included the oldest part of the Manchester Business School, Devonshire House and Crawford House and the St Peter's House, the University Chaplaincy, it stood on Booth Street East and Booth Street West and Oxford Road ran through it at ground level. The architects were Wilson & Womersley, in association with the university's planning officer, H. Thomas.

The Precinct Centre was the largest public building completed in the campus redevelopment, containing office and shopping space, a pub and post office amongst other town centre facilities, designed to separate human from traffic. The Precinct Centre was demolished in August 2015 as part of Manchester University's £50m redevelopment of Manchester Business School. On 5 March 2003 it was announced that the university was to merge with UMIST on 1 October 2004, to form the largest conventional university in the UK, the University of Manchester, following which the Victoria University of Manchester and UMIST would cease to exist; the new university was inaugurated on 1 October 2004. The university had more than 18,000 full-time students by the time it merged with UMIST, it was regarded as one of the top universities in the country achieving top ratings for research. See Category:Vice-Chancellors of the Victoria University of Manchester The chief officers of the university were the vice-chancellor, the registrar, the bursar and the librarian.

In years many administrative changes were made that increased the independence of the Director of Estates and Services, the Director of the Manchester Computing Centre, combined the offices of registrar and bursar as that of registrar and secretary, the last holder of this post was Eddie Newcomb. In the early decades of Owens College, a few outstanding faculty members set high standards for the new institution; these included statistician Stanley Jevons, jurist James Bryce, William Eyre Walker and Henry Enfield Roscoe Professor of Chemistry and Principal of the college. It educated the young J. J. Thomson before he went to Trinity College, Cambridge Since the 1800s many notable people have worked and studied at the Victoria University of Manchester as, for example, Benedict Cumberbatch; the motto of the university was Arduus ad solem, meaning "striving towards the sun". It is a metaphor for aspiring to enlightenment, it is quoted from Virgil's Aeneid, Book II, the archives do not record the reasons for its choice.

The original verse refers to a serpent and the sun, both of which featured in the university coat of arms. The serpent is traditionally associated with wisdom; the arms were granted in October 1871 to Owens College while the Victoria University had arms of its own which fell into abeyance from 1904 upon the merger of the College with the University. According to Norman Marlow, the motto Arduus ad solem – taken from Aeneid II – was a play on words, relating to Manchester's geographical situation; the Virgilian context referred to Pyrrhus, appearing in shining armour'like a snake which has sloughed its skin, reaching upwards with an effort towards the sun'. The emblem of the university in use for a number of years was based on the archway into the quadrangle from Oxford Road where there used to be a set

Gordon Prentice

Gordon Prentice is a British Labour Party politician, the Member of Parliament for Pendle in Lancashire, from 1992 to 2010. He was educated at the independent George Heriot's School in Edinburgh, the University of Glasgow, where he received an MA in Politics and Economics in 1972, was president of the union. From 1982 to 1992, he worked for the Labour Party Policy Directorate. Prentice was first elected for Pendle, he was one of the few Labour MPs not to endorse Gordon Brown for the 2007 Labour Leadership, instead nominating left winger John McDonnell. On 28 July 2008, he became the second MP, after Graham Stringer, he was a member of the Public Administration Committee, during the 2005–10 Parliament. He began his membership on 14 July 2005. In May 2010, soon after leaving office, he described the moment he was nearly killed by a sledgehammer wielding man in August 1998, he announced he wouldn't stand in Pendle in the next election, stating he was now a private citizen. He married Bridget Prentice also an MP, whom he had met while at university, on 20 December 1975.

The couple divorced in 2000. Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: Gordon Prentice MP - Gordon Prentice MP BBC Politics page Deriding People's Peers in April 2001

Cosmic Wartoad

Cosmic Wartoad is an action game developed by Denton Designs for the ZX Spectrum. It was published by Ocean and released in the UK in 1985; the queen of the cosmic wartoads has been kidnapped by the Rygellian Slime Beasts, turned into a human and is being held captive beneath the Slime King's Sludge Saw, which descends over the course of ninety minutes and will kill her if it is not stopped. The player controls the Cosmic Wartoad. To achieve this he must travel across the Rygellian Timevoid, an 8x8 grid of "nodes", by entering a node completing the minigame within, entering an adjacent node, all the while collecting the eight pieces of the Cosmic Toolkit that will shut down the Sludge Saw; each node contains one of several repeating minigames, which involve the Cosmic Wartoad fighting one or more enemies on a pseudo-isometric screen. The game finishes either when the Cosmic Wartoad collects all eight pieces of the Toolkit and navigates his way across the grid to shut down the saw; the game received positive reviews on its release.

Crash awarded it 88%, Sinclair User gave it four stars, Your Sinclair scored it 8/10 and Your Computer rated it 3/5

Paul Bishop

Paul Bishop is a thirty-five year veteran of the Los Angeles Police Department, Paul Bishop's career has included a three-year tour with his department's Anti-Terrorist Division and over twenty-five years’ experience in the investigation of sex crimes. His Special Assaults Units produced the highest number of detective initiated arrests and highest crime clearance rates in the city. Twice honored as Detective of the Year, Paul received the Quality and Productivity Commission Award from the City of Los Angeles; as a nationally recognized interrogator, Paul starred as the lead interrogator and driving force behind the ABC reality show Take The Money and Run from producer Jerry Bruckheimer. Based on his expertise in deception detection, he conducts interrogation seminars for law enforcement and human resource organizations. Paul has published fourteen novels, including four in his L. A. P. D. Detective Fey Croaker series, one collection of short stories which includes a novelette featuring Croaker.

He has written numerous scripts for episodic television and feature films. He is the co-creator and editor of the Fight Card series of hardboiled boxing novels, which includes over forty titles, published under the pseudonym Jack Tunney. Paul's own entries in the series are Fight Card: Felony Fists and Fight Card: Swamp Walloper, both featuring the two-fisted cop turned fighter, Patrick ‘Felony’ Flynn, his latest novel, Lie Catchers, begins a new series featuring top LAPD interrogators Ray Pagan and Calamity Jane Randall. Novelist and television personality, Paul Bishop spent 35 years with the Los Angeles Police Department where he was twice honored as Detective of the Year, he continues to work as an interrogation and deception expert. His fifteen novels include five in his LAPD Homicide Detective Fey Croaker series, his latest novel, Lie Catchers, begins a new series featuring top LAPD interrogators Ray Pagan and "Calamity Jane" Randall. Hot Pursuit Deep Water Penalty Shot Croaker: Kill Me Again Croaker: Twice Dead Croaker: Tequila Mockingbird Croaker: Chalk Wispers Croaker: Pattern Of Behavior and Other Stories Shroud Of Vengeance Running Wylde – Short Stories Suspicious Minds Felony Fists Swamp Walloper Lie Catchers Paul Bishop on IMDb

257th Tunnelling Company

The 257th Tunnelling Company was one of the tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers created by the British Army during World War I. The tunnelling units were occupied in offensive and defensive mining involving the placing and maintaining of mines under enemy lines, as well as other underground work such as the construction of deep dugouts for troop accommodation, the digging of subways, cable trenches and underground chambers for signals and medical services. By January 1915 it had become evident to the BEF at the Western Front that the Germans were mining to a planned system; as the British had failed to develop suitable counter-tactics or underground listening devices before the war, field marshals French and Kitchener agreed to investigate the suitability of forming British mining units. Following consultations between the Engineer-in-Chief of the BEF, Brigadier George Fowke, the mining specialist John Norton-Griffiths, the War Office formally approved the tunnelling company scheme on 19 February 1915.

Norton-Griffiths ensured that tunnelling companies numbers 170 to 177 were ready for deployment in mid-February 1915. In the spring of that year, there was constant underground fighting in the Ypres Salient at Hooge, Hill 60, Railway Wood, Sanctuary Wood, St Eloi and The Bluff which required the deployment of new drafts of tunnellers for several months after the formation of the first eight companies; the lack of suitably experienced men led to some tunnelling companies starting work than others. The number of units available to the BEF was restricted by the need to provide effective counter-measures to the German mining activities. To make the tunnels safer and quicker to deploy, the British Army enlisted experienced coal miners, many outside their nominal recruitment policy; the first nine companies, numbers 170 to 178, were each commanded by a regular Royal Engineers officer. These companies each comprised 5 officers and 269 sappers; the success of the first tunnelling companies formed under Norton-Griffiths' command led to mining being made a separate branch of the Engineer-in-Chief's office under Major-General S.

R. Rice, the appointment of an'Inspector of Mines' at the GHQ Saint-Omer office of the Engineer-in-Chief. A second group of tunnelling companies were formed from Welsh miners from the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the Monmouthshire Regiment, who were attached to the 1st Northumberland Field Company of the Royal Engineers, a Territorial unit; the formation of twelve new tunnelling companies, between July and October 1915, helped to bring more men into action in other parts of the Western Front. Most tunnelling companies were formed under Norton-Griffiths' leadership during 1915, one more was added in 1916. On 10 September 1915, the British government sent an appeal to Canada, South Africa and New Zealand to raise tunnelling companies in the Dominions of the British Empire. On 17 September, New Zealand became the first Dominion to agree the formation of a tunnelling unit; the New Zealand Tunnelling Company arrived at Plymouth on 3 February 1916 and was deployed to the Western Front in northern France.

A Canadian unit was formed from men on the battlefield, plus two other companies trained in Canada and shipped to France. Three Australian tunnelling companies were formed by March 1916, resulting in 30 tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers being available by the summer of 1916. 257th Tunnelling Company was formed in 1916. From June that year until March 1919 it served under Reserve Army; the Company was active in the Neuve Chapelle area in April 1917. It left No 4 Base Depot in Rouen in June 1917, moved to the Bethune area. After this, the unit assisted the 5th Gloucesters in repelling a German attack near the Ducks Bill, Givenchy; the same month, the company moved to Nieuwpoort to construct subways for Operation Hush. While serving in the coastal sector, it was involved defensive actions during a German attack – Operation Strandfest – in July 1917; the 256th and the 2nd Australian Tunnelling Companies were involved in this part of Operation Strandfest. Mine warfare An overview of the history of 257th Tunnelling Company is available in Robert K. Johns, Battle Beneath the Trenches: The Cornish Miners of 251 Tunnelling Company RE, Pen & Sword Military 2015, p. 229 see online Barrie, Alexander.

War Underground – The Tunnellers of the Great War. ISBN 1-871085-00-4; the Work of the Royal Engineers in the European War 1914 -1919 – Military Mining. Jones, Simon. Underground Warfare 1914–1918. Pen & Sword Military. ISBN 978-1-84415-962-8. Stockwin, Arthur, ed.. Thirty-odd Feet Below Belgium: An Affair of Letters in the Great War 1915–1916. Parapress. ISBN 978-1-89859-480-2. Graham E. Watson & Richard A. Rinaldi, The Corps of Royal Engineers: Organization and Units 1889–2018, Tiger Lily Books, 2018, ISBN 978-171790180-4. List of tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers, with short unit histories'Born Fighters: Who were the Tunnellers?' Conference paper by Simon Jones

Marc Egerson

Marc Egerson is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Saint John Mill Rats of the National Basketball League of Canada. Before going professional, Egerson was an American college basketball player for the University of Delaware Blue Hens men's basketball program, he was named to the 2009 National Association of Basketball Coaches Division 1 All-District 10 First Team and was named to the 2009 All-Colonial Athletic Association First Team. Egerson was born in Delaware, he began his high school basketball career at Thomas McKean High School in 2001–02. He transferred tdo Glasgow High School. While playing for Glasgow, he was selected as the 2003 and 2004 Delaware High School Player of the Year. In 2003 Egerson lead the Dragons to a Delaware State Championship. Egerson transferred to Lutheran Christian for the 2004–05 season, his senior season. Egerson played the 2005 -- 2006 -- 07 seasons at Georgetown. In the 2006–07 season Egerson played thirteen games and started three while averaging 7.5 points and 4 rebounds a game.

He transferred to Delaware in the fall of 2007. After sitting out the first seven games of the 2007–08 season due to NCAA transfer rules, Marc started the final twenty-four games that season, he averaged 6.9 rebounds and 3 assists. Marc was recognized for his achievement on the court with a Third Team All-CAA selection. Egerson improved on his 2007–08 season in 2008–09 by averaging 15.6 points, 10.3 rebounds and 2.6 assists a game. Marc was the only player that season to average 10 rebounds and 2.5 assists. Marc ranked 15th in rebounds and was one of seventeen players in NCAA Division I to average at double-double. Egerson was awarded for his efforts with a selections to the National Association of Basketball Coaches Division I All-District 10 First Team and the First Team All-CAA, he worked out for Doc Rivers in a predraft camp with the Boston Celtics in the summer of 2009. Prior to the 2009–2010 season, Egerson signed with Ironi Nahariya from the Israeli Basketball Super League, until December 2010.

The Saint John Mill Rats selected the former Georgetown Hoya 6'7 235 lb forward with the 4th overall pick in the 2010/2011 Premier Basketball League Draft. He is the team's leading scorer in the pre-season. Thamel, Pete. "Georgetown Player's Ignominious Mark". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2011