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University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology

The University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology was a university based in the centre of the city of Manchester in England. It was a major centre for research. On 1 October 2004, it amalgamated with the Victoria University of Manchester to produce a new entity called the University of Manchester. UMIST gained its royal charter in 1956 and became a autonomous university in 1994, its degrees were awarded by the Victoria University of Manchester. The UMIST motto was Scientia et Labore; the foundation of UMIST can be traced to 1824 during the Industrial Revolution when a group of Manchester businessmen and industrialists met in a public house, the Bridgewater Arms, to establish the Mechanics' Institute in Manchester, where artisans could learn basic science mechanics and chemistry. Hundreds of such institutions were founded in towns and cities throughout the country and while many of the fine Victorian buildings built to house them remain, Manchester's alone survived as an independent institution serving some of its original educational aims throughout the 20th century.

The meeting, convened by George William Wood on 7 April 1824, was attended by prominent members of the science and engineering community, including: John Dalton, who became known as the father of atomic theory and became the Vice-President of the Institute 1839–41 Robert Hyde Greg, a cotton mill owner, soon to be elected a member of parliament Peter Ewart, a millwright and engineer Richard Roberts a machine tools inventor. David Bellhouse, a builder William Henry, a pioneer in the scientific chemical industry, discovered Henry's Law of solubility of gas in water William Fairbairn, a Scottish engineer associated with water wheels and the Britannia tubular bridge but above all with a scientific approach to engineering, he was elected first Secretary of the Mechanics' Institute Sir Benjamin Heywood, a prosperous banker, acted as President of the Mechanics' Institute for the period 1824–1841. A committee was elected to realise the planned institution, including Wood, Heywood and John Davies and the Institute opened in 1825 with Heywood as chairman.

However, the Institute's intentions were paternal and no democratic control by its students was intended. In 1829, radical Rowland Detrosier led a breakaway group to form the New Mechanics' Institution in Poole Street, a move that had a serious effect on the recruitment and finances of the original institute. Subscriptions and memberships in 1830–31 were an all-time low and only the gradual opening of the board up to election by the members rectified the situation. Detrosier's break-away rejoined the Institute. By 1840, the Institute was established with a library of some 5,500 books. However, the increased popularity had been somewhat at the cost of science education and more lectures on non-scientific subjects were occupying its programmes; the Institute occupied a building on Cooper Street and moved to its present site on David Street. This still is a Grade II * listed building. In 1883 secretary of the Institution John Henry Reynolds reorganised the Institution as a Technical School using the schemes and examinations of the City and Guilds of London Institute.

A new building was begun in 1895 and opened by the Prime Minister Arthur Balfour in October 1902. On the site had been cheap crowded inner-city housing occupied by Irish immigrants; this is the western end of the Sackville Street Building until 2005 known as the UMIST Main Building, pictured above, a grade II listed building by Spalding and Cross with Renaissance motifs of Burmantofts terracotta. By this time the institution was called the Manchester Municipal School of Technology or fondly known as The Tech; as a project of the Manchester City Council it includes in the decoration many portrayals of the city's coat of arms. As befits its roots in the early chemical industry of the region the Tech had pioneered Chemical Engineering as an academic subject in Britain, indeed the lectures by George E. Davis in 1888 were influential in defining the discipline. In the 1920s it pioneered academic training in Management, with the formation of a Department of Industrial Administration funded by an endowment from asbestos magnate Sir Samuel Turner.

In 1905, the Tech become the Faculty of Technology of the Victoria University of Manchester, allowing the award of BSc and MSc degrees. The Principal of the School of Technology was now Dean of the Faculty and an ex officio member of the University's Senate. After the recent merger with Victoria University of Manchester the UMIST Main Building was renamed as the "Sackville St. Building". In 1918, the institution changed name again to Manchester Municipal College of Technology. By 1949 over 8500 students were enrolled, however most still studying non-degree courses; the appointment of B. V. Bowden in 1953 marked the beginning of a phase of expansion. On 29 July 1955 the institute received its own Royal Charter incorporating it as a university college under the name Manchester College of Science and Technology, became separately funded by the University Grants Committee; the process of independence from the city was completed on 1 August 1956 when the Manchester Corporation transferred the assets of the Manchester Municipal College of Technology to the new college, with the Principal of the municipal college becoming the first Principal of the university college on the same day.

By 1966 all non-degree courses were moved to the Manchester School of Design, now known

Commodore LCD

The Commodore LCD was an LCD-equipped laptop made by Commodore International. It was never released; the CLCD was not directly compatible with other Commodore home computers, but its built-in Commodore BASIC 3.6 interpreter could run programs written in the Commodore 128's BASIC 7.0, as long as these programs did not include system-specific POKE commands. Like the Commodore 264 and Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100 series computers, the CLCD had several ROM-based office application programs; the CLCD featured a 2 MHz Rockwell 65C102 CPU and 32 KB of RAM. The BASIC interpreter and application programs were built into 96 KB of ROM. Old-Computers. Com: Commodore LCD Secret Weapons of Commodore: The Commodore LCD Commodore LCD, 360 degree model, Russian Vintage Laptop Museum

Tom Whitlock

Thomas Ross "Tom" Whitlock is an American songwriter and musician, best known for his Academy Award-and Golden Globe-winning song "Take My Breath Away, "from the film Top Gun, which he co-wrote with Giorgio Moroder. Tom Whitlock was raised in Springfield, Missouri, he won the Academy Award in 1986 for the song "Take My Breath Away" in the movie Top Gun - one of the five songs written for the movie by Whitlock and Giorgio Moroder. "Danger Zone" performed by Kenny Loggins was Moroder's other hit from Top Gun. Whitlock was raised in Springfield, Missouri. Many famous musicians visited the city as it hosted television show Ozark Jubilee, influencing Whitlock to play drums. Soon, he was a session musician working with notable composers like Wayne Carson, as well as a drummer for live bands. At the age of 15, Whitlock begun writing songs at the piano. During his high school years at Glendale High School, in Springfield, Missouri, he divided his time between studying during the day and playing drums with rock bands on the weekends throughout the Midwest.

He entered Drury University in 1971 to major in music. The university honored him as Distinguished Alumni in 1998, with an honorary doctorate in music the following year. In 1983, Whitlock travelled to Los Angeles, planning to start a band there. While helping his friend Dave Concors at the now defunct studio Davlen Sound Studios, Whitlock met famed composer Giorgio Moroder as he complained about brake defects in his Ferrari. Whitlock proceeded to fix Moroder's car. Moroder hired Whitlock for work at his studio. In the meantime, he studied recording with Moroder's engineer Brian Reeves, given the studio was busy with films such as Scarface and Beverly Hills Cop, wrote his own songs. Prior to the production of the Top Gun soundtrack, Moroder found his songwriting partners Keith Forsey and Pete Bellotte unavailable, knowing Whitlock was a lyricist invited him for the project. Whitlock and Moroder co-wrote five songs for Top Gun including "Take My Breath Away" and the Kenny Loggins hit "Danger Zone".

ASCAP shows 113 songs registered, performed by artists such as Berlin, Bonnie Tyler, Jennifer Rush, Michael McDonald, Ray Charles, Graham Nash, Diana Ross, Teddy Pendergrass, Roger Daltrey and John Entwistle. Whitlock and Moroder had other collaborations, for the films Over the Top, American Anthem and Rambo III, co-wrote the official theme songs for both the 1988 Summer Olympics and the 1990 FIFA World Cup. In 2012, the Library of Congress honored Whitlock for his songwriting contributions. Whitlock is drummer of the Missouri band, The Dog People, with Michael Granda, Jim Wunderle, Terry Wilson. Top Gun American Anthem Over the Top Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise Fatal Beauty Dream a Little Dream Let It Ride Navy SEALs Fire and Dynamite Out for Justice Boris and Natasha 10 Things I Hate About You Tom Whitlock on IMDb Allmusic Supe Dujour

The Locust

The Locust is an American grindcore band from San Diego, United States known for their unique mix of grind speed and aggression and new wave weirdness. The band is noted for their use of insect costumes. Prior to The Locust founding members Justin Pearson and Dylan Scharf were in the hardcore punk band Struggle together, formed in late 1990; the band only lasted three years. Despite this they had opportunities to share musical space with other significant bands with similar ideological perspectives such as Born Against, Bikini Kill, Econochrist; the band disbanded in 1994. The Locust was formed in 1994 by Bobby Bray, Justin Pearson, Dylan Scharf, Dave Warshaw, Dave Astor. After a number of personnel changes, they arrived at the current four-piece lineup in 2001, consisting of Bray, Joey Karam and Gabe Serbian; the Locust was a powerviolence project whose first release was a split with genre pioneers Man Is the Bastard. Releases incorporated synthesizers and became theatrical; the band played shows in all-ages punk clubs in Los Angeles and San Diego donning insect costumes.

In September 1998, The Locust released their first full-length album, The Locust, through Gold Standard Laboratories. On June 24, 2003, The Locust released their second full-length album, Plague Soundscapes, through ANTI-. On March 20, 2007, The Locust released their third full-length album, New Erections, through ANTI-. After lengthy touring following the release of New Erections, The Locust went on hiatus. On May 18, 2010 The Locust released an archive recording of their Peel Session recorded 9 years prior in 2001 named The Peel Sessions, released through Radio Surgery; this 16-track recording was the first time Gabe Serbian had started playing drums for The Locust, finalizing the lineup of Bobby Bray, Joey Karam, Justin Pearson and Gabe Serbian that has remained since. On July 31, 2012, The Locust released a compilation album, The Gold Standard Labs, through ANTI-; the album contains all the band's material released on the Gold Standard Laboratories label, all their material from 1997 to 2002.

In 2013, The Locust returned from hiatus and in 2019 they were added to the Desert Daze 2019 festival line up. Bassist Justin Pearson confirmed that the band would add more shows after this, with new material and new costumes; the Locust are known for their unique mix of grindcore speed and aggression and new wave weirdness. The band's musical genre is described as grindcore, hardcore punk and noise rock. About the band's aesthetic, vocalist/bassist Justin Pearson has said, "I wanted to change the way people perceive music, or maybe just destroy it in general." The Locust's music is complex and fast-paced featuring abrupt and inconsistent time-signature changes. These erratic elements are, according to vocalist/guitarist Bobby Bray, "a reflection of how our brains have to function in order to be able to do anything in the Western societies we live in." Stylus described the band's sound as "Relentless blitzkriegs of high velocity noise, skinny tie keyboards and bloody screaming that last less than a minute, Locust songs are tightly-wound and bizarre expressions of frustration and hatred whose intensity and creativity are unparalleled in punk rock."

The New York Times stated "If noise-rock had superheroes, the Locust would be among them." The band was praised by Dave Lombardo of Slayer. Their drummer is named Gabe Serbian, their music hits me now like D. R. I. hit me in the early'80s."The Locust have a unique stage presence: costumed in skin-tight, full body nylon suits, they have at times come across to first-time viewers as frightening. The last 5 different suits were made by Ben Warwas. Unlike most bands, which have the drums set up behind the other members, the four members of The Locust are all positioned in a line at the front of the stage; the group recommends. The Locust boycotts Clear Channel Communications and refuse to play in any Clear Channel-owned venues; this boycott affected a 2005 tour with Fantômas, as well as another tour with Yeah Yeah Yeahs. They have a policy of only playing all-ages shows. Karam plays an assortment of analog synthesizers, including various Moog models and a patch-panel modular synth. Bray plays a Gibson SG, Pearson plays a see-through body Dan Armstrong bass made by Ampeg.

Serbian plays Ludwig drums with Paiste cymbals. Pearson appeared as a “rock-star slut” in an episode of The Jerry Springer Show, it culminated in a French kiss with owner of the record label Bloodlink. Pearson wore a T-shirt for The Locust during the appearance. Pearson stated "I was beat up during a commercial break by one of the'security guards' pretty bad for blowing snot on the carpet."The Locust have been accused of encouraging the use of cocaine because the band sold vanity mirrors as merchandise and others mistook the act of selling the mirrors as an implication to use cocaine off of them. In an interview with Scene Point Blank Justin Pearson was asked "You guys make Locust compacts, modeled after cocaine mirrors. Do you feel it's irresponsible to sell these to your younger fans?" Pearson responded "I'm not sure. I have never done cocaine and we never modeled any sort of merchandising product or idea after cocaine mirrors; however we did have vanity mirrors. In case you were not aware, they could be used for a variety of things such as make-up application, picking food out of your teeth, popping zits, fixing your bangs, etc.

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Infallible (album)

Infallible is the 7th studio album released by Jamaican recording artist Tanya Stephens. This album was unique in the sense. Tanya released the album for free stating "Infallible by Tanya Stephens! Feel free to forward the link to as many people as you wish; the album is free of cost. Enjoy!!" Andrew Henton, Tanya's life partner and co-founder of Tarantula Records stated the reason the album was a free download was because Tanya wanted to do something special for her fans, the major reason being that there's a recession going on, things are hard on everyone, he stated that Tanya believes that when she gives an album to a major label, technically she's giving it away for free anyway, so she would much rather give it directly to the fans. The website that hosted the album was BYM Riddim, although the website has since shut down making the album unavailable to download, although the album has been uploaded to other websites such as Mediafire & Rapidshare by fans making it easy enough to download.

Tanya approves of this, as it was a free album, she wanted the album to reach her fans. The album was given away as a hard copy with Jamaican-based German magazine,'Riddim' and can be backordered. All tracks are written by V. Stephenson. Reggae Vibes said of the album. Tanya Stephens is ranked as one of our 10 favourite contemporary artists, not least because she's one of the most competent lyricists today, her lyrical delivery is full of imagery and direct down to the last detail, which sets her apart as a perfect storyteller. Besides that she possesses an recognizable passionate edgy, bluesy voice that blends with the musical backing of her songs. Musically most tracks on this "Infallible" set are similar to those featured on the Gangsta Blues and Rebelution albums; this implies that the warm, distinctive vibe of these two albums, more in case of "Infallible", not always sounds like reggae. Just like "Rebelution", this brand new collection of tunes gets off with a fulminating intro. Next up is Train Of Thought, a solid tune which comes across a R&B flavoured backdrop with bluesy guitar licks.

The strong No Strings Attached, reminiscent of her hit song These Streets, brings us the songstress/songwriter at her best. The melancholic Bury A Bone, a wonderful tune with a different vibe than the previous tunes, concludes the opening bit to Tanya Stephens' Infallible'. Overall a seamless opening which spearheads a well varied and expertly produced album; the remainder of this set maintains the high quality level throughout with Luv At First Grind, Siddung Pon It, Itty Bit O'Money, No Means No and 4 Da Pain being the shining stars. With the last three songs, Try Me, Turn It Up and Pull Up, Tanya Stephens shows that she's still capable of delivering decent dancehall tunes." Giving it the ratings of: 4/5 for vocals, 5 for backing vocals, 5 for Andrew Henton's production, 5 for sound quality, 3 for cover art. The Jamaica Star gave it a good review, giving it 4/5 stars and stating "It's been four years since the release of her last album Rebelution, with her latest release, deejay, Tanya Stephens, proves that she's far from being out of lyrics.

The 36-year-old lyricist proves that she still has new ways to talk about sex, relationships,'Joe Grind', spices up her catalogue with serious issues such as HIV and rape. The seventh studio album from Stephens, Infallible shows the many sides of the talented artiste through the course of 18 tracks. A mellow listen, Infallible mixes genres well, ultising sounds from the dancehall, reggae as well as the blues. In No Strings Attached, Stephens starts off the song by asking forgiveness for her transgressions of needing a man on the side, one who can still party and grind. In Bury A Bone she catches the listener from the outset with a telephone message she leaves on a guy's phone as she says, "Hi this is Tanya remember you gave me your number bout a month ago and I said I had a man and you insisted I kept it for a rainy day, well surprise its raining," as she eagerly looks for a next guy to be her ex-guy. Siddung Pon It has a current dancehall flair that the girls will want to'wine out' to with lines such as, "we should be wining in the back of the bar or grinding in the back of my car or if we can't mek it that far, tek it anywhere we are, cause siddung pon it, mi waan ride pon it."

Songs like 4 Da Pain, Just For Me and others talk about relationship. The title track Infallible, Stephens wrote for her daughter as she asks for understanding in the lessons she tries to instil, as she is only human. Two of the more touching songs on the album are Still No Means No. Still Alive talks about "Johnny", living with HIV but everyone sees him as a dead man while he proclaims that he wants to be seen as alive. Infallible is another well put together album from Tanya Stephens that showcases her strong point - her lyrical content." The album was given by Jamaican Star. The Jamaica Star review Reggae Vibes review Free download at Mediafire

1973 Belgian Grand Prix

The 1973 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Zolder on 20 May 1973. It was race 5 of 15 in both the 1973 World Championship of Drivers and the 1973 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers; the race was won by British driver Jackie Stewart driving a Tyrrell 006. The entire Zolder track had to be resurfaced a week before the actual Grand Prix after a few drivers such as Jackie Stewart, Emerson Fittipaldi and François Cevert walked around the track to inspect it, they found that the track started to break up as a result of a previous race, the track owners decided to resurface the track, only a week before the Grand Prix. Cevert and Stewart refused to drive on the track because of the danger, Cevert responded to the FIA that they would attempt to cancel the race if the owners did not do a good enough job of fixing the track. Future world champion Niki Lauda took his first career points here, by finishing in fifth place in his BRM; this race saw the end of teams' numbers changing from race to race - the numbers teams raced with at Zolder lasted until the end of the season.

For 1974, the finishing positions in the Constructors' Championship were used to allocated the numbers, after which teams did not change numbers unless they won the Drivers' Championship. Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings