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Benjamin Baillaud

Édouard Benjamin Baillaud was a French astronomer. Born in Chalon-sur-Saône, Baillaud studied at the École Normale Supérieure and the University of Paris, he worked as an assistant at the Paris Observatory beginning in 1872. He was director of the Toulouse Observatory from 1878 to 1907, during much of this time serving as Dean of the University of Toulouse Faculty of Science, he expanded the observatory and enthusiastically supported the Carte du Ciel project. He specialized in particular the motions of the satellites of Saturn. In 1903, the observatory took over a facility on the Pic du Midi in the Pyrenees, founded by amateurs in the 1850s with the goal of putting a telescope there. However, the height of 2865 metres posed formidable logistical challenges and the ambition had remained unrealised though a meteorological observatory had operated from 1873 to 1880. Baillaud organised a team of soldiers to erect a 0.5 metre reflecting telescope, 0.25 metre refracting telescope on the summit. In 1907, he became director of the Paris Observatory where he set to work to relaunch the stalled Carte du Ciel project with a conference held at the observatory, entertained by singers from the Paris Opera and refreshed by wine provided by the director of the Bordeaux Observatory.

Though the French government agreed to fund the project, it was becoming clear that its objectives were hopelessly unrealistic. Baillaud was the President of the Société astronomique de France, the French astronomical society, from 1909-1911. Baillaud was active in time standardisation, becoming the founding president of the International Time Bureau and initiating the transmission of a time signal from the Eiffel Tower. Baillaud maintained the observatory and the time signal throughout World War I though the German howitzer Big Bertha was targeted on the nominal co-ordinates of Paris, the location of the observatory! Baillaud's concern for the astronomical time standard led him to be an outspoken opponent of daylight saving time. Baillaud became founding president of the International Astronomical Union in 1919 and served in this position until 1922, he retired as director of the Paris Observatory in 1926. He was a regular academician in the astronomy section of the Académie des Sciences, he won the Bruce Medal in 1923.

The crater Baillaud on the Moon is named after him, so are asteroids 11764 Benbaillaud and 1280 Baillauda. Distribution des prix du lycée de Saint-Quentin. Discours prononcé par M. B. Baillaud... impr. de J. Vidallet, - 16 pages Thèses présentées à la Faculté des sciences de Paris pour obtenir le grade de docteur ès sciences mathématiques, par M. B. Baillaud... Exposition de la méthode de M. Gylden pour le développement des perturbations des cometes... Éd. Gauthier-Villars, - 47 pages Theses de mathematiques, L. et J.-M. Douladoure - 108 Pages Sur la méthode de Hansen pour la détermination des perturbations absolues des petites planètes. 4 pages Sur une transformation trigonométrique employée par Hansen dans la théorie des perturbations, 7 pages Détermination des éléments des orbites des cinq satellites intérieurs de Saturne. Éd. Gauthier-Villars Sur le calcul numérique. Éd. Gauthier-Villar Recherches complémentaires sur le développement de la fonction pertubatrice. Cours d'astronomie à l'usage Éd. Gauthier-Villars 1ère partie, 2ème partie Discours: prononcé à la séance générale du Congrès, le 8.4.1899, Imprimerie nationale - 22 pages Congrès des sociétés savantes à Toulouse, Imprimerie nationale - 64 pages Mémoire sur les quadratures mécaniques de rangs quelconques.

Éd. Gauthier-Villars, 38 pages Étude du climat de Toulouse de 1863 à 1900. - 444 pages Comparaison des catalogues méridiens de Toulouse et de Leipzig. Extrait des'Comptes rendus de l'Association française pour l'avancement des sciences', congrès de Montauban, 1902. Hôtel des sociétés savantes Application du photometer à coin à la détermination des grandeurs photographiques des pléiades. Extrait des'Comptes rendus de l'Association française pour l'avancement des sciences'. Congrès de Montauban, 1902 Cartes autographiées, Université de Toulouse. Observatoire, F. Rossard, L. Montangerand, Benjamin Baillaud, Douladoure-Privat, - 3 pages. Secrétariat de l'Association Correspondence d'Hermite Éd. Gauthier-Villars, - Mathematiques 8 Novembre 1882 - 22 Juillet 1889, collaboration, Éd. Gauthier-Villars, - 477 pages 18 Octobre 1889 - 15 Décembre 1894, collaboration, Éd. Gauthier-Villars, - 464 pages Notice sur les travaux scientifiques de M. B. Baillaud, E. Privat, 1907 Annales de l'Observatoire de Paris, collaboration, Éd.

Gauthier-Villars, Revue scientifique, 617 pages L'Astronomie, par B. Baillaud. Larousse - 41 pages Un demi-siècle de civilisation française, Éd. Hachette et cie, - Voyage - 472 pages Rapport relatif aux signaux horaires émis de L'Observatoire de Paris. Imprimerie Gauthier-Villars - 132 pages De la méthode dans les sciences, Borel... Librairie Félix Alcan Rapport adressé au conseil dans sa séance du 3 mars 1921 sur la nécessité de la création d'une succursale de l'Observatoire en dehors de la ville. Impr. Nationale, 28 pages Inauguration du monument de l'amiral Mouchez, membre de l'Académie des sciences, au Havre, le dimanche 17 juillet 1921. Gauthier-Villars - 8 pages Henri Andoyer, 1862-1929. Journal des observateurs, - 6 pages Histoire de l'astronomie de position Application de la méthode d

Sreepur Upazila, Magura

Sreepur is an Upazila of Magura District in the Division of Khulna, Bangladesh. Sreepur upazila has an area of 179.18 sq km. Sreepur upazila has a population of 1 lakh 56 thousand 4 hundred 1. Of these, the men are 78 thousand 9 hundred 99 and women 77 thousand 4 hundred 2. Sreepur upazila is located northeast of Magura district. Rajbari District to the north of the upazila, Shailkupa Upazila of Jhenaidah on the west, Magura Sadar Upazila on the south, Madhukhali Upazila; the Gorai River and the Kumar River are notable rivers of Sreepur. Sreepur upazila is the smallest upazila in Magura district, according to a 1859 year survey. In particular, little is known about the nomenclature of this upazila. However, it is reported that during the reign of the Pala king in the ninth century, it was an important city. At one time in the Sreepur region there was a king ruled by a "Virat Raja", his real name was Raja Ram Chandra. The king's wife's name was Sridevi; the upazila is named after Sridevi. Sreepur consists of two mouzas.

The area of the town is 3.11 km2. It has a population of 4152. Literacy rate among the town people is 42.4%. Administration Sreepur thana was turned into an upazila in 1983; the upazila consists of 83 mouzas and 162 villages. Barishat is the biggest village in not only Sripur but Magura district. People of multi classes live here. Maximum occupation can be found here; the Eidgaon of Barishat is the biggest of Magura district. Rate of literacy is about 86%. Number of Colleges:8. Best Colleges: Sreepur Degree College, Dwariapur Shommilony College, Nakol Shommilony Degree College, Kamlapur GK Ideal Degree College, Best High Schools: Sreepur M. C. Pilot Secondary School, Khamarpara High School, Radhanagor High School, Shomiloni High School, Nakol Raicharan High School, Tikerbila High School, Doran Nagor high School and Langolbandh High School, Nobogram High School. Chair MoheshPur Secondary School, Barishat High School, Barishat purbapara dakhil madrasah Kazi Kader Newaj teacher and poet, born in Talibpur in the district of Murshidabad.

He published several books of poems, among them Maral, Dadur Baithak, Nil Kumudi, Duti Pakhi Duti Tara, Utala Sandhya, Kaler Hawa, Maruchandrika. He received Bangla Academy Award and Madar Baksh Award. Kazi Kader Newaj died in Jessore in 1983. Farrukh Ahmad was a writer of Bangladesh, he is known as the'Poet of the Muslim renaissance', as many of his poems embody the spirit of resurrection in the hearts of the down-trodden Muslims of the Bengal. Upazilas of Bangladesh Districts of Bangladesh Divisions of Bangladesh


WWWV is a classic rock formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville and serves Central Virginia and the Central Shenandoah Valley. WWWV is operated by Saga Communications. WCCV-FM signed on March 5, 1960, with a middle-of-the-road format of post-war pop and light classical music. WCCV-FM was co-owned with WCHV by Louise Neuhoff's Eastern Broadcasting Corporation. In December 1968, WCCV-FM and WCHV were sold to Jr.. Two years the station flipped to country music during the day and a simulcast of WCHV's adult contemporary format between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. On May 1, 1971, WCCV-FM switched again to beautiful music. In 1973, Evans sold the two stations to Lyell B. Clay's Clay Broadcasting, owner of several newspapers and television stations, most notably WWAY of Wilmington, but no other radio stations. On January 10, 1977, the station adopted its current identity – album-oriented rock music, the branding "3WV", the callsign WWWV. Clay sold all of his broadcasting interests in 1987-88.

In 1998, Eure combined WWWV with Charlottesville Broadcasting Corporation's WINA and WQMZ in a merger deal. Eure was ordered by the Department of Justice to spin off the merger's two remaining stations – WCHV and WKAV – to Clear Channel, as FCC regulators took issue with Eure's potential ownership of five stations in the small market. Saga Communications bought Eure's three-station cluster in 2004. WWWV took over as the FM home of Virginia Cavaliers football and men's basketball at the beginning of the 2003-04 football season, complementing longtime state network flagship WINA, it does not air the coaches' shows. Since flipping to a broadly rock format in 1977, the station's music has aged with its audience. WWWV dropped all new music in 2017 to become classic rock, coinciding with a slogan change from the longtime "Everything That Rocks" to "Iconic Rock". 97.5 3WV Online Query the FCC's FM station database for WWWV Radio-Locator information on WWWV Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWWV

Jean-Christophe Lafaille

Jean-Christophe Lafaille was a French mountaineer noted for a number of difficult ascents in the Alps and Himalaya, for what has been described as "perhaps the finest self-rescue performed in the Himalaya", when he was forced to descend the mile-high south face of Annapurna alone with a broken arm, after his climbing partner had been killed in a fall. He climbed eleven of the fourteen eight-thousand-metre peaks, many of them alone or by unclimbed routes, but disappeared during a solo attempt to make the first winter ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain. Born in Gap, Hautes-Alpes, Lafaille's background was in sport climbing, as a teenager he climbed extensively at Céüse and played a part in turning it into one of the world's best known climbing venues. In 1989 he became the first Frenchman to solo a climb graded 7c+, one of the first to climb 8c graded routes. In the early 1990s, Lafaille began mountaineering in the Alps, he made a number of difficult ascents on the Mont Blanc massif, including the first solo climb of Divine Providence on the Grand Pilier d'Angle, one of the hardest routes on the massif.

On the strength of his climbs in the Alps, Lafaille was invited on an expedition to Annapurna by Pierre Béghin, one of the leading French climbers of the day. The pair attempted the mountain's vast South Face following the monsoon season in October 1992 in Alpine style, with no Sherpa support, pre-stocked campsites or fixed ropes on the upper mountain, they had reached a height of 7,400 metres. The pair made a series of abseils down the face, but due to their lightweight approach they had little protective equipment and were forced to abseil from a single anchor to conserve equipment. On the fourth or fifth abseil, Béghin fell to his death when the single cam he was using as an anchor became dislodged from the rock. Béghin had been carrying most of the pair's technical equipment, including all the ropes, Lafaille was left alone on the face, a vertical mile above safety. With great difficulty, Lafaille managed to climb down the 75 degree face to the pair's last bivouac site, where he found 20 metres of thin rope, allowing him to make short abseils down some of the hardest parts.

With no technical equipment to use as anchors he was forced to entrust his weight to tent pegs or, on one occasion, a plastic bottle. He reached what should have been the relative safety of the top of a fixed rope which he and Beghin had installed on a steep rock band, but immediately he was struck by a falling rock, which broke his right arm. Disabled and helpless, he lay on a ledge for two days in the hope that other climbers would rescue him. However, while there was a Slovenian team attempting a route on a different part of the South Face, they judged that a rescue attempt would be too dangerous to undertake, so help never came; the cruellest thing about the ordeal, Lafaille said, was being able to see life in the valley below, by night, the flashbulbs of trekkers' cameras. In spite of this, he agreed that the Slovenians had made the right decision in not trying to save him. With all hope of rescue gone, Lafaille resolved to continue down alone, he tried to continue abseiling, but unable to control the rope with only one hand and his teeth he reverted to downclimbing one-handed, was utterly exhausted when he reached the Slovenian team's base camp.

By that time the climbers at the base of the mountain had given up hope for him, his first wife, Véronique, had been told that he had died. Reinhold Messner said that the survival instinct he showed was of the sort which defines the best mountaineers. After Annapurna, Lafaille resolved never to climb again, but during his long physical and psychological recovery he began scrambling in the foothills of the Alps, returned to extreme climbing. In the Alps he carried out an enchainment of nine north faces in fifteen days, skiing from mountain to mountain, made the first ascent of the Lafaille Route on the Petit Dru, which at the time was considered the hardest route in the Alps, but his most important climbs were in the Himalaya. A year after his accident on Annapurna, he climbed Cho Oyu, in 1994 he climbed a new route, solo, on the north face of Shishapangma, it was the first of many solo ascents of 8000 meter peaks, including consecutive ascents of Gasherbrum I and Gasherbrum II in four days in 1996, Manaslu in 2001.

Annapurna remained an obsession for Lafaille, he would call his autobiography Prisoner of Annapurna. He returned to the mountain three times; the first time he made a solo attempt on the British line on the South Face, which failed due to poor snow conditions. In 1998 he returned to the same route with a larger team, but the expedition was abandoned when a team member was killed in an avalanche, he reached the summit in 2002 with Alberto Iñurrategi via the long, committing east ridge. By 2003 Lafaille had decided to try to climb all fourteen 8000-metre peaks, he preferred to continue trying to achieve new routes or solo ascents, or to climb in the more demanding winter season. In 2003 he climbed Nanga Parbat and Broad Peak in a two-month period; the last of these nearly killed him when he fell into a crevasse and developed high altitude pulmonary edema. He was rescued by Denis Urubko. In December 2004 he made a solo ascent of Shishapangma, it was intended to be the first winter ascent of the mountain, but he reached the summit on 11 December, seen as too early

Demographic threat

The concept of demographic threat is a term used in political conversation to refer to population increases from within a minority ethnic group in a given country that are perceived as threatening to alter the ethnic identity of that country. In 1984 Geoffrey Blainey, an Australian historian and academic said in response to the prediction of the "increasing Asianisation" of Australia made by Labor's Immigration Minister Stewart West, "I do not accept the view held in the Federal Cabinet, that some kind of slow Asian takeover of Australia is inevitable. I do not believe. I do believe that we can with good will and good sense control our destiny.... As a people, we seem to move from extreme to extreme. In the past 30 years the government of Australia has moved from the extreme of wanting a white Australia to the extreme of saying that we will have an Asian Australia and that the quicker we move towards it the better". In the 1996 election Pauline Hanson was elected to the federal seat of Oxley.

In her controversial maiden speech to the House of Representatives, she expressed her belief that Australia "was in danger of being swamped by Asians". Hanson went on to form the One Nation Party, which won nearly one quarter of the vote in Queensland state elections before entering a period of decline due to internal disputes; the name "One Nation" was meant to signify national unity, in contrast to what Hanson claimed to see as an increasing division in Australian society caused by government policies favouring migrants and indigenous Australians. Thousands of Bahraini Shia Muslims protested in March 2011 against the Bahraini government's naturalisation policy of granting citizenship to Sunni Muslims from other countries serving in the military of Bahrain. Bhutan has a long-standing concern with the demographic threat posed by the immigration of ethnically distinct Nepali immigrants. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the French-speaking Catholic minority of Canada managed to maintain its share of the population due to a high birth rate, dubbed the "revenge of the cradle."

In Estonia, one of the causes of the Singing Revolution was the concern over the demographic threat to the national identity posed by the influx of individuals from foreign ethnic groups to work on such large Soviet development projects as phosphate mining. Many Hindu Indians see Muslims as a "demographic threat" because of their large population growth due to high fertility rates and because of the high rate of illegal immigration from Bangladesh. In the 1950s, Shoham Melamad found that the high fertility rate of Arabs was viewed as a demographic threat to the Jewish nation. Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, stated that Arabs in Israel should be treated to any other Israeli citizens and be allowed to have children just like any other citizen. A 1967 Maariv editorial suggested that Jews should be encouraged to have large families, while Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and in Israel should be encouraged to adopt birth control measures. Schnitzer advocated for the adoption of an open policy encouraging Arabs to emigrate from Israel.

In 2003, Benjamin Netanyahu opined that if the percentage of Arab citizens of Israel rises above its current level of about 20 percent, Israel would not be able to retain a Jewish demographic majority, the basis of Israel's self-definition as a "Jewish democratic state". Netanyahu's comments were criticized as racist by Arab Knesset members and the Association for Civil Rights in Israel. In May 2009, Michael Oren wrote an article in Commentary in which he discussed the "Arab Demographic Threat" as one of "Seven Existential Threats" facing Israel. In 2005, Shimon Peres told US officials that Israel had "lost" land in the Negev "to the Bedouin" and would need to take steps to "relieve" the "demographic threat". In 2010, Netanyahu warned in a government meeting that a Negev "without a Jewish majority" would pose "a palpable threat". In February 2014 Israeli finance minister Yair Lapid said failure to establish a Palestinian state would leave Israel facing a demographic threat that could undermine its Jewish and democratic nature.

The Malaysian government has been accused of masterminding Project IC to alter the demographic pattern of the East Malaysian state of Sabah. In Northern Ireland, Protestants are more to favour continued political union with the UK, while Catholics are more to favour political union with the rest of Ireland; when Ireland was partitioned in the 1920s and Northern Ireland came into existence, Protestants were 60% of the population, but as a result of higher fertility rates among Catholics, their share of the population has dropped to less than 50% in the 2011 census, while Catholics numbered only fewer than Protestants. There is debate over whether and to what extent this trend will continue and its possible impact on the political situation. Russia fears the "demographic threat" posed by the potential for "large-scale Chinese immigration" to its thinly populated far east. Illegal immigration of Chinese nationals is a special concern; some in the United States have expressed concern about the "demographic threat" posed by migrants from Latin America Mexico, their descendants.

Sweden's main statistics bureau Statistics Sweden does not keep any record of ethnicity but about 20% of Sweden's population is of foreign background. Some immigrants in Sweden feel that they experience "betweenship" which arises when others ascribe them an identity that they do not hold; the growing numbers of immigrants has coincided with the rise of the anti-immigration political party Sweden Democrats which expresses fear of a demographic threat the rise of Islam in Sweden. Since the 1990s, polls show that

Dennis Murphy (Canadian politician)

Denis Murphy was an Ontario businessman and political figure. He represented the riding of Ottawa in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as Conservative member from 1902 to 1904, his first name appears as Dennis in some sources. There is some question as to, his gravestone says he was born in 1840, but his obituary in The Ottawa Evening Citizen newspaper, March 12, 1917, said he was born in 1842. He is buried in Notre Dame Cemetery, Ontario, Canada, he was born in County Cork, the son of Jeremiah Murphy and Ellen Sullivan, was educated in Chatham, Argenteuil County, Canada East. He and his family moved to Canada in 1849, locating at Greece's Point, on the Grenville Canal, in the province of Quebec. In 1865, he worked as captain on one of the Montreal and Ottawa Forwarding Company's steamers was appointed business manager of the Ottawa branch of the company. In 1880, he formed a partnership in the D. Murphy and Company, which transported lumber and coal on the Ottawa River and Rideau Canal. In 1869, he married Annie Patterson.

Murphy operated and was president of a business transporting goods in the Ottawa area called the Ottawa Transportation Company, founded in 1892. He was president of the Canadian Railway Accident Insurance Company and a Commissioner of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway, from 1905 until his death, he was president of the Ottawa Board of Trade, major shareholder in the Ottawa Electric Railway, director of numerous companies including: Bank of Ottawa, Ottawa Gas Company, C. C. Ray Company, Canada Cement Company, Shawinigan Water and Power Company, Nipissing Mining Company, Brunette Saw Mill Company and Capital Trust Company. In the past he was president of the C. Ross Company, Montreal Terminal Railway Company and the Chateauguay and Northern Railway Company. Denis Murphy lived at 254 Melcalfe Street, Ottawa, in a house he called Tara Hall, next to Booth House, home of lumber baron John Rudolphus Booth, he and his wife Annie, born in Ottawa, had 5 children, one died as an infant. His children were Colonel George Patterson Murphy, Nellie Murphy Warwick, Lillian Murphy, Hilda Murphy Perry.

Nellie Murphy, married George R. Warwick, of Toronto in 1894, they lived in Toronto at 178 St. George Street. George R. Warwick was president of Warwick Bros. & Rutter Ltd. from about 1898, a bookbinding and paper goods company founded in 1848, one of Canada's largest picture postcard companies from about 1903 to 1916. Annie Patterson Murphy, Denis Murphy's widow died in 1933, is buried in Beechwood Cemetery, in Ottawa