1790 United States Census
The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the marshals of United States judicial districts under an act which, with minor modifications and extensions, governed census taking until the 1840 census. "The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president." Both Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and President George Washington expressed skepticism over the results, believing that the true population had been undercounted.
If there was indeed an undercount, possible explanations for it include dispersed population, poor transportation links, limitations of contemporary technology, individual refusal to participate. Although the Census was proved statistically factual, based on data collected, the records for several states were lost sometime between 1790 and 1830. One third of the original census data have been lost or destroyed since their original documentation; these include some 1790 data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont. No microdata from the 1790 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves.
Under the direction of the current Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, marshals collected data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory. The census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. At 17.8 percent, the 1790 Census's proportion of slaves to the free population was the highest recorded by any census. Media related to 1790 United States Census at Wikimedia Commons Historic US Census data 1790 Census of Population and Housing official reports Population of 24 Urban Places: 1790
Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Berkshire County, pronounced, is a county located on the western edge of the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,219, its largest city and traditional county seat is Pittsfield. The county was founded in 1761; the Berkshire Hills are centered on Berkshire County. Residents are known as Berkshirites, it exists today only as a historical geographic region, has no county government, with the exception of the retirement board for former county workers, certain offices such as the sheriff and registry of deeds. Of the fourteen Massachusetts counties, Berkshire County is one of eight that exists today only as a historical geographic region, has no county government. Berkshire County government was abolished effective July 1, 2000, all former county functions were assumed by state agencies, there is no county council or commission; the sheriff became a Commonwealth employee, but remains locally elected to perform duties within the county region and retains administrative and operational control over the Berkshire Sheriff’s Office, an independent state agency, created after the county government was abolished.
The Berkshire Sheriff's Office runs the county house of correction. Local communities were granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services, the towns of Berkshire County have formed such a regional compact known as the Berkshire Regional Planning Commission. Berkshire County has three Registry of one for each district. Berkshire Northern District is located in Adams and contains records for the city of North Adams and the towns of Adams, Clarksburg, Hancock, New Ashford, Savoy and Windsor. Berkshire Middle District is located in Pittsfield and contains records for the city of Pittsfield and the towns of Becket, Hinsdale, Lenox, Peru, Stockbridge and Washington. Berkshire Southern District is located in Great Barrington and contains records for the towns of Alford, Great Barrington, Mount Washington, New Marlborough, Sandisfield and West Stockbridge. Berkshire County is located in the Massachusetts's 1st congressional district, a rural district that makes up most of Western Massachusetts.
Berkshire County has four districts and elected Representatives in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. First Berkshire. – Consisting of the towns of Adams, Florida, North Adams and Williamstown, all in the county of Berkshire. Gailanne Cariddi is the current Representative. Second Berkshire. – Consisting of the towns of Becket, Dalton, Hinsdale, New Ashford, Richmond and Windsor, precinct B of ward 1, of the city of Pittsfield, all in the county of Berkshire. Paul Mark is the current Representative. Third Berkshire. – Consisting of precinct A of ward 1, all precincts of wards 2, 3, 4, precinct A of ward 5, all precincts of wards 6 and 7, of the city of Pittsfield, in the county of Berkshire. Christopher N. Speranzo, has left for another position. A special election to fill his unexpired term has Tricia Farley-Bouvier as the current representative. Fourth Berkshire. – Consisting of the towns of Alford, Great Barrington, Lenox, Mount Washington, New Marlborough, precinct 5B of the city of Pittsfield, the towns of Sandisfield, Stockbridge and West Stockbridge, all in the county of Berkshire.
William Smitty Pignatelli, is the current Representative. Berkshire County comprises only part of one district for the Massachusetts Senate due to its low population; the district consist of all of Berkshire County and the following cities: Chesterfield, Goshen, Middlefield, Westhampton and Worthington, in the county of Hampshire. Adam Hinds, is the current Senator; the Massachusetts Governor's Council known as the Executive Council, is composed of eight individuals elected from districts, the Lt. Governor who serves ex officio; the eight councillors are elected from their respective districts every two years. Berkshire County is part of the 8th District; the Council meets at noon on Wednesdays in its State House Chamber, next to the Governor's Office, to act on such issues as payments from the state treasury, criminal pardons and commutations, approval of gubernatorial appointments. See the League of Women Voters of Massachusetts page on counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 946 square miles, of which 927 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water.
It is the second-largest county in Massachusetts by land area. The highest natural point in Massachusetts, Mount Greylock at 3,492 feet is located in Berkshire County. Berkshire County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states; the two counties are the only ones to touch both the northern and southern state lines. Running north-south through the county are the Hoosac Range of the Berkshire Hills in the eastern part of the county and the Taconic Mountains in the west
Rutland County, Vermont
Rutland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,642, making it the second-most populous county in Vermont, its county seat and most populous municipality is the city of Rutland. It is named after the English county of Rutland. On 16 February 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County. From 26 June 1781 until 23 February 1782, Vermont attempted to annex part of New York east of the Hudson River. New York did not lose control of the area. For seven months Rutland County included part of Charlotte County, New York. In February 1783 Orange County gained the towns of Brookfield and Randolph and Windsor County gained the towns of Bethel and Rochester from Rutland. On 18 October 1785 Addison County was created from Rutland. On 27 February 1787 Windsor County gained the town of Stockbridge from Rutland on 31 October 1792 Rutland gained from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was created from Jackson's Gore and the towns of Ludlow and Wallingford.
Windsor County gained Benton's Gore from Rutland on 2 March 1797. On 25 October 1805 Rutland County gained from Bennington County when the town of Mount Tabor gained from the town of Peru. On 29 October 1806 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield. On 15 November 1813 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge, a change too small to appear on maps. On 9 November 1814 Addison County gained from Rutland County when the town of Goshen gained from the town of Philadelphia. On 22 October 1822 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge. On 3 November 1823 it gained from Windsor County again when the town of Shrewsbury gained a small area from the town of Plymouth. On 15 November 1824 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield.
On 17 November 1825 Bennington County gained from the county when the town of Dorset gained a small area from the town of Mount Tabor. On 7 November 1839 the Legislature authorized Addison County to gain a small area from Rutland County when the town of Whiting was to gain from the town of Orwell, but there is no evidence. Addison County gained the town of Orwell from Rutland County on 1 December 1847. On 6 March 1855 Addison County gained another small area from the county when the town of Goshen gained "Clemens Land" from the town of Brandon. On 10 November 1870 the Legislature authorized Rutland County to gain a small area from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was to gain from the town of Weston, but there is no evidence. On 7 April 1880 the county lost to Washington County, New York, when New York gained a small area west of the village of Fair Haven from Vermont due to a change in the course of the Poultney River, a change too small to see on most maps. On 21 November 1884 Windsor County gained a small area from Rutland County when the town of Stockbridge gained Parker's Gore.
On 8 October 1895 Windsor County gained from the county when the town of Weston gained from the town of Mount Tabor. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 945 square miles, of which 930 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Vermont by area. The primary stream of the county is Otter Creek, which runs through the county from the south to the north. Addison County - north Windsor County - east Bennington County - south Washington County, New York - west Green Mountain National Forest White Rocks National Recreation Area As of the 2010 census, there were 61,642 people, 25,984 households, 16,018 families residing in the county; the population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 33,768 housing units at an average density of 36.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. Of the 25,984 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,027 and the median income for a family was $58,790. Males had a median income of $40,638 versus $34,580 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,426. About 8.1% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. In 1828, Rutland County was won by National Republican Party candidate John Quincy Adams and by Henry Clay in 1832. From William Henry Harrison in 1836 to Winfield Scott in 1852, the county would be won by Whig Party candidates.
From John C. Frémont in 1856 to Richard Nixon in 1960, the Republican Party would have a 104 year winning streak in the county. In 1964, Rutland County was won by Democratic Party incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson, who became the first not only the first Democratic presidential candidate to win the county, but to win the state of Vermont entirely. Following the Democrats victory in 1964, the county went back to voting for Republican
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Windham County, Vermont
Windham County is a county located in the U. S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,513; the county's shire town is Newfane, the largest municipality is the town of Brattleboro. Fort Bridgman, was burned in 1755, a casualty of the French and Indian War; the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Cumberland of the Province of New York was moved to the town of Westminster in 1772. On July 4, 1776 the Province of New York became an independent state. On January 15, 1777 Vermont declared its independence from New York, functioned as an independent republic until statehood in 1791. Cumberland County and Gloucester County were extinguished when Vermont declared its independence from New York. Unity County was formed March 1778, the eastern of the two original Vermont Republic counties. Unity County was renamed Cumberland County on March 21, 1778. Cumberland County and Bennington County exchanged land. On February 16, 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County, Orange and Windsor Counties were created from Cumberland County.
Some authors assume Cumberland County was renamed Windham County in 1781. Several original sources indicate; this was to make a clean legal break from any connection with Cumberland County, New York, as some authors indicate the Cumberland County, Vermont Republic, records remained in Windham County. Newfane became the Shire Town of Windham County before 1812. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 798 square miles, of which 785 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water, it is the third-largest county in Vermont by land area. Windsor County - north Sullivan County, New Hampshire - northeast Cheshire County, New Hampshire - east Franklin County, Massachusetts - south Bennington County - west Ball Mountain Lake Harriman Reservoir Townshend Lake Green Mountain National Forest Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, 44,216 people, 18,375 households, 11,447 families resided in the county; the population density was 56 people per square mile.
There were 27,039 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile. The county's racial makeup was 96.72% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 1.42% from two or more races. 1.11 % of the population were Latino of any race. 18.1% were of English, 13.3% Irish, 9.5% French, 8.9% American, 7.7% German, 6.0% Italian and 5.0% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9 % spoke 1.3 % Spanish and 1.2 % French as their first language. There were 18,375 households, of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.70% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. The county's median household income was $38,204, the median family income was $46,989. Males had a median income of $31,094 versus $24,650 for females; the county's per capita income was $20,533. About 6.10% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.00% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, 44,513 people, 19,290 households, 11,453 families resided in the county; the population density was 56.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,735 housing units at an average density of 37.9 per square mile. The county's racial makeup was 95.3% white, 1.0% Asian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: 21.8% Irish 21.7% English 12.3% French 11.7% German 8.6% Italian 8.2% American 5.5% Polish 4.9% French Canadian 4.5% Scottish 3.2% Scotch-Irish 3.0% Swedish 1.2% WelshOf the 19,290 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.6% were non-families, 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 44.9 years. The county's median household income was $46,714 and the median family income was $58,814. Males had a median income of $40,872 versus $33,278 for females; the county's per capita income was $27,247. About 6.3% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. In 1828, Windham County was won by National Republican Party candidate John Quincy Adams and by Henry Clay in 1832. From William Henry Harrison in 1836 to Winfield Scott in 1852, the county would vote the Whig Party candidates. From John C. Frémont in 1856 to Richard Nixon in 1960, the Republican Party would have a 104 year winning streak w
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Rensselaer County, New York
Rensselaer County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 159,429, its county seat is Troy. The county is named in honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owner of the land in the area. Rensselaer County is part of NY Metropolitan Statistical Area; the area, now Rensselaer County was inhabited by the Algonquian-speaking Mohican Indian tribe at the time of European encounter. Kiliaen van Rensselaer, a Dutch jeweler and merchant, purchased the area in 1630 and incorporated it in his patroonship Rensselaerswyck.. The land passed into English rule in 1664; until 1776, the year of American independence, the county was under British control. The county was not organized as a legal entity until after the Revolution in 1791, when it was created from an area, part of the large Albany County. In 1807, in a county re-organization, the rural sections of Troy were set off as Towns, the city was incorporated; the two towns created were Grafton.
A third town, was set off in 1806. In 1808 it was renamed Nassau after the duke of that area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 665 square miles, of which 652 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water. Rensselaer County is in the eastern part of New York State; the eastern boundary of Rensselaer County runs along the New York–Vermont and New York–Massachusetts borders. The terrain runs from level and flat near the Hudson and rises into the Rensselaer Plateau around Poestenkill and Sand Lake to the Taconic Mountains along the Massachusetts state line; the highest point is 2,818 feet above sea level, in the town of Berlin. The lowest point is 62 feet above sea level at the Hudson River's southernmost extent in the county; the Hoosic River, a tributary of the Hudson River, is in the north part of the county. Depending on precise location within the county, road travel distance to New York City ranges between 132 miles and 178 miles. Washington County — north Bennington County, Vermont — northeast Berkshire County, Massachusetts — east Columbia County — south Greene County — southwest Albany County — west Saratoga County — northwest As of the census of 2010, there were 161,129 people, 62,694 households, 39,989 families residing in the county.
The population density was 233 people per square mile. There were 69,120 housing units at an average density of 109 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.73% White, 7.14% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. 5.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.3% were of Irish, 14.7% Italian, 12.8% German, 7.5% English, 6.2% French, 5.3% American and 2.3% Puerto Rican ancestry according to Census 2010. 95.4% spoke English and 2.7% Spanish as their first language. There were 61,094 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,905, the median income for a family was $52,864. Males had a median income of $36,666 versus $28,153 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,095. About 6.70% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over. Beginning in 1791, Rensselaer County was governed by a Board of Supervisors, which acted as the Legislature, with the chairman of the board serving as a de facto Executive. In 1970, the Rensselaer County Legislature was created, which elected Edward J. "Ned" Quinn as Chairman. The Chairman served as the equivalent to an executive until the office of County Executive was created in 1972.
Since its creation, Democrats have never won the office, although they controlled the Legislature until 1994. One notable candidate for Executive was Edward Pattison, elected to Congress, whose son Mark served two terms as Mayor of Troy; the current county executive-elect is Steve McLaughlin. Legislative authority is vested in the County Legislature, which consists of 20 members representing 17 different communities, separated into six districts; the current composition of the Legislature is as follows: District 1 – Troy: Cindy Doran Mark Fleming Peter Grimm, Minority Leader Edward Manny Gary Pavlic Leonard Welcome District 2 – North Greenbush, East Greenbush, Poestenkill: Robert W. Bayly Philip Danaher Louis Desso Leon Fiacco Kelly Hoffman District 3 – Brunswick and Pittstown: Thomas Walsh Todd J. Tesman Kenneth Herrington, Majority LeaderDistrict 4 – Schodack, Sand