Badnam Farishte is a 1971 Bollywood court drama film. The film has Rajesh Khanna and Sharmila Tagore as lawyers who fight for unemployed youth who had gotten into the crime world; these two actors made extended guest appearances in this film. The introduction commentary was done by Dharmendra; the cast included the newcomers and struggling artistes of that time. The film was the first box office flop in the career of Rajesh Khanna since the beginning of his 17 consecutive hits from 1969 to 1971. There were other films of Khanna which were running well at the box office, due to which this social film was not screened by in many theatres by distributors, due to which producers suffered losses. Badnam Farishte in 1971 was the first film of Khanna to flop at the box office since his consecutive 17 hits from 1969. Before the release of Maalik in 1972, Khanna had 9 more hits in the year 1972. In the year 1972, Khanna acted in 10 releases, his Hindi films Dushman, Amar Prem, Apna Desh and Mere Jeevan Saathi, together earned more than Rs.5 crore.
His other films of 1972 such as Dil Daulat Duniya, Joroo Ka Ghulam and Shehzada earned more than Rs.4.5 crores. He made a guest appearance in Anuraag, successful at the box office. After Maalik, he did a guest appearance in Telugu movie called Bangaru Babu, directed by V. B. Rajendra Prasad, hit. "Na Saathi Hai Na Manzil Ka Pata, Ye Duniya Raasta Hi Raasta Hai" - Asha Bhosle "Aaj Ka Vaada Pakka Haath Milao, Ab Mai Jaau Achchha Haath Milao" - Mahendra Kapoor, Asha Bhosle "Insaan Ro Rha Hai, Badnam Farishte Kya Kare" - Mohammed Rafi "B.a. M.a. Ph.d Ye Diplome Ye Degree Hogayi Jab Bekaar" - Mohammed Rafi "Nashili Aankho Se Nagar Sa Ek Baras Ke Dub Gayi Masti Me Meri Nas Nas" - Asha Bhosle Badnam Farishte on IMDb
The life zone concept was developed by C. Hart Merriam in 1889 as a means of describing areas with similar plant and animal communities. Merriam observed that the changes in these communities with an increase in latitude at a constant elevation are similar to the changes seen with an increase in elevation at a constant latitude; the life zones Merriam identified are most applicable to western North America, being developed on the San Francisco Peaks and Cascade Range of the northwestern USA. He tried to develop a system, applicable across the North American continent, but that system is referred to; the life zones that Merriam identified, along with characteristic plants, are as follows: Lower Sonoran: creosote bush, Joshua tree Upper Sonoran: sagebrush, scrub oak, Colorado pinyon, Utah juniper Transition: ponderosa pine Canadian: Rocky Mountain Douglas fir, quaking aspen Hudsonian: Engelmann spruce, Rocky Mountains bristlecone pine Arctic-Alpine: lichen, grassThe Canadian and Hudsonian life zones are combined into a Boreal life zone.
This system has been criticized as being too imprecise. For example, the scrub oak chaparral in Arizona shares few plant and animal species with the Great Basin sagebrush desert, yet both are classified as Upper Sonoran; however it is still sometimes referred to by biologists working in the western United States. Much more detailed and empirically based classifications of vegetation and life zones now exist for most areas of the world, such as the list of world ecoregions defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature, or the list of North American ecoregions defined by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. In 1947, Leslie Holdridge published a life zone classification using indicators of: mean annual biotemperature annual precipitation ratio of annual potential evapotranspiration to mean total annual precipitation. Biotemperature refers to all temperatures above freezing, with all temperatures below freezing adjusted to 0 °C, as plants are dormant at these temperatures. Holdridge's system uses biotemperature first, rather than the temperate latitude bias of Merriam's life zones, does not use elevation.