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Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino was an Italian, raised a Roman Catholic and turned to Protestantism and became a Protestant reformer. Bernardino Ochino was born in Siena, the son of the barber Domenico Ochino, at the age of 7 or 8, in around 1504, was entrusted to the order of Franciscan Friars. From 1510 he studied medicine at Perugia. At the age of 38, Ochino transferred himself in 1534 to the newly founded Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. By he was the close friend of Juan de Valdés, Pietro Bembo, Vittoria Colonna, Pietro Martire, Carnesecchi. In 1538 he was elected vicar-general of his order. In 1539, urged by Bembo, he visited Venice and delivered a course of sermons showing a sympathy with justification by faith, which appeared more in his Dialogues published the same year, he was suspected and denounced, but nothing ensued until the establishment of the Inquisition in Rome in June 1542, at the instigation of Cardinal Giovanni Pietro Carafa. Ochino received a citation to Rome, set out to obey it about the middle of August.

According to his own statement, he was deterred from presenting himself at Rome by the warnings of Cardinal Contarini, whom he found at Bologna, dying of poison administered by the reactionary party. Ochino turned aside to Florence, after some hesitation went across the Alps to Geneva, he was cordially received by John Calvin, published within two years several volumes of Prediche, controversial tracts rationalizing his change of religion. He addressed replies to marchioness Vittoria Colonna, Claudio Tolomei, other Italian sympathizers who were reluctant to go to the same length as himself, his own breach with the Roman Catholic Church was final. In 1545 Ochino became minister of the Italian Protestant congregation at Augsburg. From this time dates his contact with Caspar Schwenckfeld, he was compelled to flee when, in January 1547, the city was occupied by the imperial forces for the Diet of Augsburg. Ochino found asylum in England, where he was made a prebendary of Canterbury Cathedral, received a pension from Edward VI's privy purse, composed his major work, the Tragoedie or Dialoge of the unjuste usurped primacie of the Bishop of Rome.

This text written in Latin, is extant only in the 1549 translation of Bishop John Ponet. The form is a series of dialogues. Lucifer, enraged at the spread of Jesus's kingdom, convokes the fiends in council, resolves to set up the pope as antichrist; the state, represented by the emperor Phocas, is persuaded to connive at the pope's assumption of spiritual authority. Several of Ochino's Prediche were translated into English by Anna Cooke. Ochino’s Che Cosa è Christo was translated into Latin and English by the future Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1547. In 1553 the accession of Mary I drove Ochino from England, he went to Basel, where Lelio Sozzini and the lawyer Martino Muralto were sent to secure Ochino as pastor of the Italian church at Zürich, which Ochino accepted. The Italian congregation there was composed of refugees from Locarno. There for 10 years Ochino wrote books which gave increasing evidence of his alienation from the orthodoxy around him; the most important of these was the Labyrinth, a discussion of the freedom of the will, covertly undermining the Calvinistic doctrine of predestination.

In 1563 a long simmering storm burst on Ochino with the publication of his Thirty Dialogues, in one of which his adversaries maintained that he had justified polygamy under the disguise of a pretended refutation. His dialogues on divorce and against the Trinity were considered heretical. Ochino was not given opportunity to defend himself, was banished from Zürich. After being refused admission by other Protestant cities, he directed his steps towards Poland, at that time the most tolerant state in Europe, he had not resided there long. Fleeing the country, he encountered the plague at Pińczów. Ochino's reputation among Protestants was low, he was charged by Thomas Browne in 1643 with the authorship of the legendary-apocryphal heretical treatise De tribus Impostoribus, as well as with having carried his alleged approval of polygamy into practice. His biographer Karl Benrath justified him, representing him as a fervent evangelist and at the same time as a speculative thinker with a passion for free inquiry.

The picture is of Ochino always learning and unlearning and arguing out difficult questions with himself in his dialogues without attaining to any absolute conviction. Prediche Epistola alli Signori di Balia della città di Siena Responsio ad Marcum Brixiensem Abbatem Ordinis S. Benedicti Responsio ad Mutium Justinopolitanum to Girolamo Muzio Tragoedie or Dialoge of the unjuste usurped primacie of the Bishop of Rome. 1549 translation of Bishop John Ponet. Disputa intorno alla presenza del corpo di Cristo nel Sacramento della Cena Labyrinth - Laberinti del libero arbitrio dedicated to Elisabeth I Dialogi XXX Prediche Karl Benrath's German biography, translated into English by Helen Zimmern, with a preface by the Rev. W. Arthur, London, 1876. Attribution This article incorporates text from the 1902 Encyclopædia Britannica, in the public domain

Dixonville, Alberta

Dixonville is a hamlet in Alberta, Canada within the County of Northern Lights. It is located along the Mackenzie Highway 43 kilometres north of Grimshaw, it has an elevation of 640 metres. The hamlet is located in the federal riding of Peace River; as a designated place in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Dixonville recorded a population of 108 living in 37 of its 45 total private dwellings, a change of 3.8% from its 2011 population of 104. With a land area of 0.65 km2, it had a population density of 166.2/km2 in 2016. As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Dixonville had a population of 104 living in 39 of its 46 total dwellings, a -14% change from its 2006 population of 121. With a land area of 1.08 km2, it had a population density of 96.3/km2 in 2011. List of communities in Alberta List of designated places in Alberta List of hamlets in Alberta

April Fools (2007 film)

April Fools is a 2007 horror film written and directed by Nancy Norman. It stars Daya Vaidya, Aaliyah Franks, Darrin Henson, Obba Babatundé. While pulling an April Fools' Day prank on a nerdy classmate named Melvin, a group of high school friends accidentally kill him when Marlin hits Melvin with a football, causing him to fall on and he is impaled by a piece of rebar as a result. Panicking, the group drag Melvin's body into a wooded area, stage it to look like he was the victim of a random gang-related attack. One year DeAnna is stabbed to death by a hooded figure while interning at a hospital. After murdering DeAnna, the killer writes "April Fools" on a wall with her blood. Hearing about DeAnna's death, Missy meets up with the others, convinced that DeAnna's murder may have something to do with Melvin's death, though her worries are dismissed. Eva is stabbed in a locker room after dance practice by the same hooded assailant, who once again writes "April Fools" on a wall in blood. Unaware of Eva's death, Missy goes to the high school's Spring Jam, despite being unnerved by surveillance footage of DeAnna's murder, accidentally left in her room by her detective father.

At the Spring Jam, Missy recognizes the attending killer from the surveillance footage, looks for help from Malik after witnessing Diego and a teacher be murdered. Malik and the killer fight, sparking a brawl on the dance floor that covers the killer's escape after he fatally stabs Malik. Along with the other revelers, Missy is rounded up by the authorities, at the police station she admits to her and her friends' involvement in Melvin's death to her father. A police officer escorts Missy home, where she is confronted by "the April Fools Killer" - Marlin, who has killed the officer, the one stationed at his house. Marlin claims that he was only one affected by Melvin's death, his life falling to shambles after it while everyone else moved on, enraging him. Marlin attacks Missy, but she manages to incapacitate him and get outside, a recovered Marlin giving chase. Marlin soon catches up with Missy but is killed in self defense when she hits him with a rock, turns his own blade on him. Stumbling away from Marlin's body, Missy collapses into the arms of her father, who had gone out looking for her after piecing together the April Fools Killer's identity.

Obba Babatundé as Detective Malcolm Combs Darrin Henson as Detective Ward Aaliyah Franks as Missy Combs Daya Vaidya as Eva Hernandez Anthony Hixon as Marlin "Scoop" Watkins Malik Middleton as Malik Frazier Ramses Jimenez as Diego Mendez Melanie Reif as DeAnna Price Ricardo Prosper as Ace Lamorne Morris as Melvin Fox G. Lane Hillman as Adam Ricardo Gamboa as Kid #1 Peter E. Pohlhammer as Grimm Dane Campbell as Raheim John Norman as Desk Sergeant Sheila Bland as Reporter #1 Chavez Ravine as Mrs. Watkins Wilson Cain II as Albert Tomica S. Jenkins as Mrs. Johnson Lanre Idewu as School Counselor Lil' Flip as Himself Black Horror Movies wrote, "You have to love April Fools. Otherwise, you might end up blowing your brains out. What feels like a film with production values above typical'urban horror' fare turns out to be frustratingly devoid of quality, but where quality is lacking, camp appeal reigns supreme, if camp is April Fools' ultimate goal, it's downright brilliant. This is a perfect storm of incompetence on all fronts: acting, direction, continuity, special effects, basic human decency."

The acting and script were criticized by Blogcritics, which gave the closing statement, "April Fools fooled the hell out of me. I thought it was a horror film, but it turned out to be a bad joke." April Fools was described as being like "a glorified YouTube video" that had "no style, no substance" by Direct to Video Connoisseur. Film Critics United said, "The young actors struggle with their lines, the story – though liberally stolen – stole only the worthless parts of movies that weren't that good anyway, the ending was outlandish, the camera work was spotty at best, it wasn't scary. In fact it was quite funny." Horror Movie a Day found the film terrible and awkward, wrote that "it's so short and lovingly stupid that I can't muster up the energy to go off on it" and that to do so would be like "berating an infant for not knowing how to drive". A score of one out of a possible five was given by Slasherpool, which said the story was thin, the actors incompetent, the direction dreadful, the death scenes pathetic, the picture quality poor.

April Fools on IMDb