Bethesda is a town and community on the River Ogwen and the A5 road on the edge of Snowdonia, in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It is the 5th largest Community in Gwynedd. In 1823, the Bethesda Chapel was built and the town subsequently grew around it; the chapel has now been converted into flats and is known as Arafa Don. The town grew around the slate quarrying industries. At its peak, the town exported purple slate all over the world. Penrhyn Quarry suffered a three-year strike led by the North Wales Quarrymen's Union between 1900 and 1903 - the longest industrial dispute in British History; this led to the creation of the nearby village of Tregarth, built by the quarry owners, which housed the families of those workers who had not struck. It led to the formation of three co-operative quarries, the largest of which Pantdreiniog dominated the town for many years; the A5 road runs through Bethesda and marked the border between Lord Penrhyn's land, the freehold land. Most of the town is to the east and northeast of the road, with housing packed onto the hillside in irregular rows, built on the commons.
On the current high street, all the public houses are found on the north side of the road. The narrow gauge Penrhyn Quarry Railway opened in 1801 to serve Penrhyn Quarry, it connected the quarry with Port Penrhyn on the coast and operated until 1962. In 1884, a branch of the London and North Western Railway's network from Bangor was opened, along with a station for the village; the line closed to passengers in 1951 and to freight in 1963. The trackbed of the Penrhyn Quarry Railway towards Porth Penrhyn is taken over by the Lôn Las Ogwen cycle path; the peak population of Bethesda was 15,000. Current opportunities for employment in the town are limited: there are a few manufacturing businesses. For employment with higher earning potential, residents tend to commute to towns along the North Wales coast. Bangor is the most popular destination. Ysgol Dyffryn Ogwen is a bilingual comprehensive school, with 374 pupils, established in 1951. Zip World Velocity in Penrhyn Quarry is the longest zipline in Europe, at just over 1,600 metres long, brings the town hundreds of visitors.
At the local level, Bethesda elects thirteen community councillors to Bethesda Community Council, from the community wards of Gerlan and Rachub. Prior to 1996 Bethesda was a county electoral ward to Gwynedd County Council. Since 2004, two county wards have covered Bethesda, namely Gerlan and Ogwen which each elect one county councillor to Gwynedd Council; the architecture and layout of the town are utilitarian. Most of the buildings are constructed of stone with slate roofs; some are constructed wholly of slate blocks, although such buildings tend to suffer from damp and structural slippage because the flat and smooth surfaces of slate do not bind well to mortar. The town has 40 Grade II listed buildings, including three pubs, in addition to the substantial and imposing Grade I listed Nonconformist Jerusalem ChapelThe upper parts of Carneddi and Tan y Foel owe more to stone quarrying on the nearby hills rather than slate quarrying that supported the lower end of the town. At the eastern limits, the town is bounded by the rising land of the Carneddau mountains which form some of the more remote landscapes of Snowdonia.
Much of Bethesda once consisted of discrete villages such as Gerlan, Tregarth and Braichmelyn. Bethesda is noted for both the number of chapels in the town; the town was named after the Bethesda Chapel, converted into residential flats. Llanllechid, on the outskirts of Bethesda, is the home of the Popty Bakery, the origins of which date back to the bakery opened by O. J. Williams in the early 1900s; the product range focuses on traditional Welsh cakes and Bara Brith and these lines are retailed throughout Wales and parts of England through outlets including Aldi, Asda, Co-Op, Morrisons and Tesco. There are ten pubs not including Tregarth; the Douglas Arms, on the High Street, was named after the family which owned the nearby Penrhyn Quarry. Other pubs include the Bull, The Kings Head, Y Sior, The Victoria Arms, the Llangollen; the village has its own microbrewery known as Cwrw Ogwen. It manufactures one beer named Cwrw Caradog, named after the writer Caradog Prichard; the dominant language of the town is Welsh and can be seen written and heard spoken in most settings.
According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, 77.0% of the residents are Welsh-speaking, higher than the average for both Gwynedd and Wales as a whole. The S4C series Amdani! was based on a fictitious women's rugby team in Bethesda, many of the location shots were filmed in the area. The series was based by Bethan Gwanas, who lived in the town. In June 2012 Tabernacl Cyf. A non-profit co-operative based in the town was awarded a grant of around £1 million to renovate Neuadd Ogwen, a performance venue on the High Street, it was due to reopen as a community arts centre in June 2013. In the 1970s and 1980s, Bethesda developed a reputation as a hub of musical creativity. Jam sessions and small home studios abounded alongside a burgeoning pub rock scene; as well as the now well-established'Pesda Roc' festival, Bethesda has nurtured the Welsh language bands Maffia Mr Huws and experimentalists Y Jeycsyn Ffeif. In more recent years
Alan Rick Miranda, more known as Alan Rick, is a Brazilian politician as well as a journalist and television personality. He has spent his political career representing Acre, having served as federal deputy representative since 2005. Rick is the son of Maria Gorete Costa de Moraes da Silva, he holds a postgraduate in political journalism, prior to becoming a politician he worked as a television presenter, business manager, journalist. Rick is the pastor of the Forest Evangelical Baptist Church in Rio Branco, he is married to Michele Miranda, whom he wed in 2009. In the 2014 Brazilian general election Rick was elected to the Federal Chamber of Deputies with 17,903 votes, he was elected under the banner of the Brazilian Republican Party, the first politician elected of that party from Acre, although he switched to the Democrats in 2017. He was reelected in the 2018 election 22,263 votes.. Rick voted in favor of the impeachment motion of then-president Dilma Rousseff, he voted in favor of tax reforms and the 2017 Brazilian labor reform, in favor of opening a corruption investigation into Rousseff's successor Michel Temer.
As with many politicians affiliated with the PRB, Rick is considered conservative. His main themes in his election campaign was based on defense of Christian morals and family values
Hans-Jürgen Erdmann von Cramon-Taubadel was German Luftwaffe Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 53 "Pik As" He served as one of the first Staffelkaptains of the newly formed Luftwaffe, based in Döbernitz in 1934 with 2./JG 70 prior to going to II./JG 54. On 21 December 1939 von Cramon Taubadel was leading a flight of ten Bf 109Es from I./Jagdgeschwader 54 Stab over the lines near Karlsruhe when they engaged 12 Morane-Saulnier M. S.406s from GC II/7 escorting a Potez 63.11 of GR I/55. The reconnaissance aircraft was able to return safely to base. Although Hauptmann Paulizsch was hit and wounded in both legs, bailing out north-west of Freiburg, von Cramon claimed 3 French aircraft shot down, of which one was confirmed. Von Cramon-Taubadel transferred to JG 53 in January 1940. Major von Cramon-Taubadel was first married to Viola von Kaufmann-Asse on 16 November 1933 and secondly to Ilse Wehrs on 5 May 1948. Viola von Kaufmann-Asse was of Jewish ancestry, a fact which came to the attention of Hermann Göring during the Battle of Britain.
The consequence was that Göring ordered that the entire JG 53 must remove their Ace of Spades badge and paint a red band around the noses of their aircraft as a mark of shame. He flew in the Battle of Britain, on 16 August 1940, damaged his Bf 109 E on landing, he claimed his second victory, a Hurricane near Dungeness on 27 September 1940. During August and September Göring replaced the majority of the pre-war Jagdgeschwader Kommodore with younger up-and-coming aces, JG 53 was no exception, the II./JG 53 commander Major Günther Freiherr von Maltzahn taking over from von Cramon-Taubadel on 30 September 1940, the "Pik-As" badge was reinstated. However at the same time, as a mark of protest, the pilots of JG 53 had the Swastikas painted over on their aircraft fins. von Cramon-Taubadel commenced a series of staff positions within the Luftwaffe, including Luftkriegs Akademie Berlin-Gatow, General Kommando II. Fliegerkorps Stab, Luftgau Kommando/Norway and Stab, Luftgau/Finland Iron Cross 2nd Class 1st Class German Cross in Gold on 1 January 1945 as Oberst im Generalstab of the Kampfgruppe der deutschen Luftwaffen Finnland
Oberon Zell-Ravenheart is a Neopagan writer and religious leader. He is the co-founder of the Church of All Worlds. Zell earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology from Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, in 1965 before enrolling in a doctoral program in clinical psychology at Washington University in St. Louis, he received a Doctor of Divinity degree from Life Science College in Rolling Meadows, Illinois, in 1967. In 1968, he completed a teaching certificate at Harris–Stowe State University. In an interview with Natalie Zaman in 2008, Zell described himself as a wizard. Distinguishing his practice from the wizards of fiction, Zell used the alternative spelling magick and claimed that his interest therein began at an early age with the reading of Greek myths and fairy tales; as a child, Zell had visions, which his mother told him were derived from the life of his grandfather. An early advocate of deep ecology, Zell-Ravenheart claims to have articulated the Gaia Thesis in 1970, independently of James Lovelock, given credit.
Along with his wife Morning Glory and the other members of his group marriage, he has been influential in the modern polyamory movement. Zell-Ravenheart co-founded the Ecosophical Research Association in 1977, an organization that explores the truth behind myths; this group was known for the "living unicorns" they created by minor surgery to the horn buds of goats, a technique he was granted a patent for in 1984. One of their unicorns, toured with the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. With R. Lance Christie, Zell-Ravenheart formed the Church of All Worlds on April 7, 1962, by the ritual of "sharing water"; this foundation ritual was practiced by a fictional church of the same name in Robert A. Heinlein's Stranger in a Strange Land. Zell-Ravenheart and Christie attributed their inspiration to Heinlein's novel. From the 1960s through the late 1990s, Zell-Ravenheart served as High Priest and Primate of the church, he returned to lead the Church of All Worlds, Inc. in 2005 and serves as First Primate.
A sculptor as well as an author, Zell has created numerous images of Pagan deities—some based upon historical images, others his original creations. With his family, he runs a business through which his artwork is distributed; as the creator and original editor of the Neopagan magazine Green Egg in 1968, Zell-Ravenheart was an early popularizer of the term "Neo-Pagan". When Green Egg began publishing as a spirit-duplicated newsletter, Zell used the term "Neo-Pagan" to describe the new religious movement he was helping to create. Green Egg grew to be a semi-glossy magazine with international distribution and, in an era before the Internet, its letters column provided a distributed public forum for discussion and networking. From 1994 to late 2001, Green Egg was edited by Maerian Morris, a former High Priestess of the Church of All Worlds. Green Egg is published as an e-zine, edited by Ariel Monserrat, he is a founder and the current Headmaster of the Grey School of Wizardry, an online school specializing in the teaching of a wide range of esoteric magic.
The Grey School incorporated on March 14, 2005 as a non-profit educational institution in the State of California. The school grew from lessons created by the Grey Council, a team of two dozen practitioners, who with Zell-Ravenheart, wrote the Grimoire for the Apprentice Wizard and the Companion for the Apprentice Wizard. While conceived for ages 11–17, the school accepts adult students; the school comprises sixteen departments of study, various clubs and organizations, a forum area, a prefect/captain system, opportunities for awards and merits and a house/lodge system for adults and youths in which they can communicate directly with each other. Youth students are sorted into four houses: Sylphs, Salamanders and Gnomes. Adult students are sorted into four lodges: Society of the Four Winds, Order of the Dancing Flames, Coterie of the Flowing Waters, Circle of the Standing Stones. Zell-Ravenheart presents workshops and ceremonies at Neopagan and New Age events, as well as at science fiction conventions and renaissance fairs.
He and his late wife Morning Glory have appeared at more than 20 Starwood Festivals and WinterStar Symposiums over a quarter century, maintained a Church of All Worlds presence at Starwood, called the CAWmunity, for over a decade. Oberon and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart lived in Sonoma County, where they were members of the Sonoma County Pagan Network, he is a frequent speaker at the organization's local activities, has contributed articles to its website. During a routine colonoscopy, doctors found a cancerous growth attached to Zell's colon, removed it laparoscopically at Petaluma Valley Hospital. Following surgery, he underwent a six-month course of chemotherapy and has continued a reduced schedule of travel and teaching. Another surgery repaired a hernia at the cancer surgery incision in August 2009, but was otherwise not cancer-related. Zell regards himself as cured of the cancer, he resided in Sonoma County, with Morning Glory until her death at age 65 from multiple myeloma on May 13, 2014.
Tennis at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics lasted from August 18 until August 25. For the Singles competitions, all matches. For the Doubles competitions, all matches were determined by two tie-break sets and a match tie-break game in place of a third set. There were competitions for boys' doubles, girls' singles and girls' doubles, it took place at the Kallang Tennis Centre. The acceptance lists. 39 countries are represented in the event that involves both 32 players for the singles and 16 pairs for the doubles. Each National Olympic Committee could submit a maximum of 2 boys and 2 girls to compete in both the singles and doubles events. 12 places in the singles events were given out based on a player's junior world ranking. 16 places were given out basen on ranking by region, with the remaining four positions allocated by the IOC or given to the next highest ranked player
Kv channel-interacting protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNIP4 gene. This gene encodes a member of the family of voltage-gated potassium channel-interacting proteins, which belong to the recoverin branch of the EF-hand superfamily. Members of the KCNIP family are small calcium binding proteins, they all have EF-hand-like domains, differ from each other in the N-terminus. They are integral subunit components of native Kv4 channel complexes, they may regulate A-type currents, hence neuronal excitability, in response to changes in intracellular calcium. This protein member interacts with presenilin. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. KCNIP4 has been shown to interact with PSEN2. Voltage-gated potassium channel KCNIP4+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain