For similarly-named women, see Elizabeth Davis. Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis was an American actress of film and theater. With a career spanning 60 years and 100 acting credits, she is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in Hollywood history, she was noted for playing unsympathetic, sardonic characters, was famous for her performances in a range of film genres, from contemporary crime melodramas to historical films, suspense horror, occasional comedies, although her greater successes were in romantic dramas. A recipient of two Academy Awards, she was the first thespian to garner ten nominations. After appearing in Broadway plays, the 22-year old Davis moved to Hollywood in 1930. After some unsuccessful films, she had her critical breakthrough playing a vulgar waitress in Of Human Bondage, contentiously, she was not among the three nominees for the Academy Award for Best Actress that year; the next year, her strong performance as a down-and-out actress in Dangerous did land her her first Best Actress nomination, she won the award.
In 1937, she tried to free herself from her contract with Warner Brothers Studio. Her portrayal of a strong-willed 1850s southern belle in Jezebel won her a second Academy Award for Best Actress and was the first of five consecutive years she received a nomination; the others were for The Letter, The Little Foxes and Now, Voyager. Davis gained a reputation as a perfectionist who could be combative and confrontational with studio executives and film directors as well as with her co-stars, her forthright manner, idiosyncratic speech, ubiquitous cigarette contributed to a public persona, imitated. She is most known for her role as a Broadway star in All About Eve, a Best Picture Academy Award winner, for which she received another Best Actress Oscar nomination, her last Oscar nomination was for Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? starring her rival Joan Crawford. Her career went through several periods of eclipse, but despite a long period of ill health she continued acting in film or on television until shortly before her death from breast cancer in 1989.
She admitted that her success had been at the expense of her personal relationships, as she married four times, divorced three times, raised her children as a single parent and had a daughter, B. D. Hyman, who wrote the tell-all book My Mother's Keeper. Davis was the co-founder of the Hollywood Canteen, a club venue for food and entertainment for servicemen during World War II, was the first female president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, she was the first woman to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute. In 1999, Davis placed second behind Katharine Hepburn on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female stars of the Classic Hollywood cinema era. Ruth Elizabeth Davis, known from early childhood as "Betty", was born on April 5, 1908 in Lowell, the daughter of Harlow Morrell Davis, a law student from Augusta and subsequently a patent attorney, Ruth Augusta, from Tyngsboro, Massachusetts. Davis' younger sister was Barbara Harriet.
In 1915, Davis' parents separated, Davis attended a spartan boarding school called Crestalban in Lanesborough, Massachusetts in the Berkshires. In 1921, Ruth Davis moved to New York City with her sister, where she worked as a portrait photographer. Davis changed the spelling of her first name to Bette after Honoré de Balzac's La Cousine Bette. During their time in New York, Davis became a Girl Scout who proved so successful she ranked as a patrol leader. Davis attended Cushing Academy, a boarding school in Ashburnham, where she met her future husband, Harmon O. Nelson, known as Ham. In 1926, a 18-year-old Davis saw a production of Henrik Ibsen's The Wild Duck with Blanche Yurka and Peg Entwistle. Davis recalled for Al Cohn of Newsday, "The reason I wanted to go into theater was because of an actress named Peg Entwistle." She auditioned for admission to Eva Le Gallienne's Manhattan Civic Repertory, but was rejected by Le Gallienne, who described her attitude as "insincere" and "frivolous". Davis auditioned for George Cukor's stock theater company in New York.
Ed Sikov sources Davis' first professional role to a 1929 production by the Provincetown Players of Virgil Geddes play The Earth Between. In 1929, Davis was chosen by Blanche Yurka to play Hedwig, the character she had seen Entwistle play in The Wild Duck. After performing in Philadelphia and Boston, she made her Broadway debut in 1929 in Broken Dishes, followed it with Solid South. In 1930, 22-year-old Davis moved to Hollywood to screen test for Universal Studios. Davis and her mother traveled by train to Hollywood, she recounted her surprise that nobody from the studio was there to meet her. In fact, a studio employee had waited for her, but left because he saw nobody who "looked like an actress", she was used in several screen tests for other actors. In a 1971 interview with Dick Cavett, she related the experience with the observation, "I was the most Yankee-est, most modest virgin who walked the earth, they laid me on a couch, I tested fifteen men... They all had to lie on top of me and give me
"Rango" is the second single by Welsh indie rock band Catfish and the Bottlemen. The song was included in their EP, Kathleen and the Other Three, their debut studio album, The Balcony; the single was released on 13 August 2013. The song was about Van's first girlfriend, named Abby, whom the song is written for. McCann said he wrote the song when he was about 16, he described the relationship between him and Abby as one that didn't work out, although they remained friends. Van stated in an interview that he wrote the song to try and get her back, but she did not like it; when it got on the radio she was flattered by it and wanted to get back together with him, but Van refused. The EP version of the music video was released on 3 September 2013; the video is an animation about a sperm cell named Rango, determined to make a name for himself and be the fastest sperm to fertilize the egg. The video ends with Rango winning the race; the video was directed by Pedro Chaves. Animation for the music video was done by Turid Hoekstra and Dream Journey Studios.
BBC's Tom Young praised the song as "glorious", included it on his BBC playlist of upcoming artists. The Red Brick, the official student newspaper for the University of Birmingham described the song as intriguing. Rango - Single at Discogs Rango - Single at ELI
The Journal of Collective Negotiations was a peer-reviewed academic journal which published articles regarding collective bargaining. The target audience for the journal was academics, employers and collective bargaining negotiators, it was published quarterly until 2008 by Baywood Publishing. The journal was cited by the Oxford Handbook of Work and Organization as a critical journal in collective bargaining theory and issues. A common textbook in Industrial and organizational psychology has cited the journal as one of two key publications in that narrow field, it has been quoted by the National Labor Relations Board. The Journal of Collective Negotiations was established in 1972 as the Journal of Collective Negotiations in the Public Sector; the last issue was published in 2008. Its establishment was a direct outgrowth of the expansion of collective bargaining rights in the United States to public sector workers. By 1979, Contemporary Sociology was calling it one of the most prominent journals in the labor relations field.
The journal changed its name in 2004 to reflect a broadening of its editorial mission. It publishes articles, book reviews, comments on collective bargaining in both the private and public sectors, it covers a wide range of topics, including collective bargaining economics, preparation for bargaining, techniques at the bargaining table, labor law, dispute resolution, impasse resolution, new developments in collective bargaining language, organizational behavior, contract administration, faculty salaries, the history of collective bargaining and labor-management relationships, laws and regulations pertaining to collective bargaining. Although the journal focuses on the United States, many articles are comparative or transnational in focus. For example, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada has cited articles on comparable worth which have been published in the journal; the journal is abstracted and indexed in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences, Current Contents/Health Services Administration, Current Law Index, Educational Administration Abstracts, Hospital Literature Index, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, Management Contents, Peace Research Abstracts, Recent Publications on Government Problems, Social Sciences Citation Index, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Urban Affairs Abstracts, Wilson Business Abstracts, Work Related Abstracts.