Bibliophilia or bibliophilism is the love of books, a bibliophile or bookworm is an individual who loves and reads books, though bookworm is sometimes used pejoratively. The classic bibliophile is one who loves to read and collect books amassing a large and specialized collection. Bibliophiles possess books they love or that hold special value as well as old editions with unusual bindings, and/or illustrated copies. "Bibliophile" is an appropriate term for a minority of those. Bibliophilia is not to be confused with bibliomania, a potential symptom of obsessive–compulsive disorder involving the collecting of books to the extent that interpersonal relations or health may be negatively affected, in which the mere fact that a physical object is a book is sufficient for it to be collected or beloved; some use the term "bibliomania" interchangeably with "bibliophily", in fact, the Library of Congress does not use the term "bibliophily," but rather refers to its readers as either book collectors or bibliomaniacs.

According to Arthur H. Minters, the "private collecting of books was a fashion indulged in by many Romans, including Cicero and Atticus"; the term bibliophile entered the English language in 1824. A bibliophile is to be distinguished from the much older notion of a bookman, one who loves books, reading. Lord Spencer and the Marquess of Blandford were noted bibliophiles. "The Roxburghe sale became a foundational myth for the burgeoning secondhand book trade, remains so to this day". J. P. Morgan was a noted bibliophile. In 1884, he paid $24,750 for a 1459 edition of the Mainz Psalter. Book collecting Bibliophobia Oxford University Society of Bibliophiles, UK United States: Antiquarian book trade in the United States The Book Club of Detroit Caxton Club, Chicago The Club of Odd Volumes, Boston Grolier Club, New York Bibliophile mailing listSimilar termsAudiophilia Cinephilia Comicphilia Telephilia Videophilia Merriam-Webster, Inc.. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Springfield, Mass: Merriam-Webster, Inc.

ISBN 0-87779-709-9. Bulletin du Bibliophile. Since 1963 published by the Association Internationale de Bibliophilie. Richard de Bury; the Love of Books: "The Philobiblon" translated by E. C. Thomas. London: Alexander Moring Rugg, Julie. A Book Addict's Treasury. London: Frances Lincoln ISBN 0-7112-2685-7 Thomas Frognall Dibdin. Bibliomania. New York, Henry G. Bohn. Andrew Lang; the Library. London, Macmillan & Co. Stebbins, Robert A.. The Committed Reader: Reading for Utility and Fulfillment in the Twenty-First Century. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow. Forbes article on bibliomania by Finn-Olaf Jones, December 12, 2005

Malcolm Holzman

Malcolm Holzman FAIA, is an American architect, who practices in New York City, is a founding partner of Holzman Moss Bottino Architecture and Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates. Malcolm has planned and designed over 130 projects for public use. Holzman was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1940, he received a B. Arch. from Pratt Institute in 1963, in 1964 began working with Hugh Hardy. Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates was established in New York City in 1967. In 1981 HHPA received the AIA’s Architecture Firm Award. In 1981, Holzman was elected to the college of Fellows at the American Institute of Architects. In 2004 HHPA separated and Holzman established HMBA with members of his HHPA project team. Paul Goldberger describes how Holzman “tends to hide behind a sort of ‘Aw, Shucks’ manner, which belies the seriousness with which he takes his profession.”He has held both the Saarinen and Davenport Visiting Professorships at Yale University, endowed chairs at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Ball State University, the University of Texas, Syracuse University, the City College of New York, as well as teaching at Lawrence Technological University and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Holzman is a member of the Interior Design Hall of Fame, the Municipal Art Society, the Architectural League of New York, has served as a trustee of the Amon Carter Museum and Pratt Institute. Holzman has designed many important civic and academic structures throughout the United States libraries and performing arts venues, his collagist plans with rotated grids and eclectic sensibilities established him as a pioneer. His use of industrial and rural vernacular, as well as salvaged and local materials ran counter to reductionist modernist tendencies, resulting in a more humanist approach. In addition Holzman advocated the reuse of older buildings at a time when the profession embraced pristine modernism, exemplified by urban renewal. Holzman was an early advocate of sustainable building practices. Holzman has expressed his belief that the most effective and overlooked method of greening modern building practices is to repurpose existing buildings and to design buildings with longer lifespans.

Holzman's signature is a courageous and creative materials palette, he has published two books on the subject. "No other contemporary architect uses traditional and unconventional materials with such invention and wit.” Holzman's interiors are "legendary" for his bold and eclectic use of color and texture, exemplified by his custom-designed fabrics and carpeting. Holzman uses stone as large blocks with rich texture in a load-bearing capacity, as opposed to the contemporary stone veneers of curtain wall construction, he collaborates with artists and incorporates their works into his buildings, most notably Albert Paley and Tom Otterness. Early on, Holzman avoided a design manifesto. Practicing in an era when architecture became dominated by factions, Holzman was an architect who “would rather build than talk,” believing that successful buildings are not born from theory but from careful attention to location and clients; this garnered Peter Eisenman’s pejorative assessment of “functionalism in drag.”

His 50-year career has spanned the majority of the Late Modernist movement. Theaters 2: Partnerships in Facility Use and Management Material Life: Adventures and Discoveries in Materials Research Stone Work Theaters Hugh Hardy Douglas Moss Nestor Bottino Holzman Moss Bottino Architecture Website Malcolm Holzman: 1992 Hall of Fame Inductee Notes

Service de police de la Ville de Montréal

The Service de police de la Ville de Montréal is the police force for the city of Montreal, Quebec and the neighbouring communities in the Urban agglomeration of Montreal. With about 4,600 officers and 1,600 civilian staff, it is the second largest municipal police agency in Canada after the Toronto Police Service and second largest in the province behind the Sûreté du Québec; the Montreal Police Service was created on March 15, 1843. At that time, there were 51 police officers in Montreal; the first officers did not wear uniforms. In order to be recognizable as police officers by civilians, the first uniforms were created in 1848. In 1853, they won the right to carry firearms in the performance of their duties. In the early twentieth century, the Montreal Police Service counted 467 constables and managers; the force was subdivided. The size of the police force remained the same from the beginning of the century until 1930, when it hired more staff in the context of the Wall Street Crash of 1929.

During the Great Depression, tens of thousands of workers lost their jobs and there was an increase in crime. In the late 1930s, the Montreal Police Service had about 1,500 employees. Following the progress of scientific analysis, a mobile laboratory was created in 1957, it changed in the 1980s to become the technical section. The Museum of the Montreal Police was established in 1992 to preserve the history of the Montreal Police Service; the following is a list of the Chiefs and Directors of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal. The force is led by Director of Police Sylvain Caron deputy director-general of Sûreté du Québec; the rank structure and current strength of the force is: Director: three gold fleur-de-lis under crest over a crossed gold sword and baton. Director Associate Director Assistant Director Chief Inspector Inspector Commander Lieutenant / Detective Lieutenant Quarter Sergeant Sergeant / Detective Sergeant Senior Constable Constable The SPVM covers an area of about 496 square kilometres and 1,958,000 residents of the island of Montreal.

There are 33 police stations that operate within four geographical regions: East, West and South. Other units of the SPVM, include: K-9 section Mounted unit Nautical patrol Crisis management Strategic planning Emergency Response Team Forensics Airport Unit at Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport Chevrolet Impala 9C1 Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor Dodge Charger Enforcer Ford Police Interceptor Sedan Ford Police Interceptor Utility Chevrolet Tahoe PPV Mitsubishi i-MiEV BMW R1200RT Harley-Davidson Electra-Glide Ford E-450 Ford F-150 Ford F-450 Super Duty Ford Escape Dodge Grand Caravan RAM 2500 Heavy Duty RAM 3500 Heavy Duty RAM Promaster Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Grumman Kurbmaster Freightliner M2-106 Thunder-1 The standard sidearm of the Montreal Police is the Glock 19. Remington 870 shotguns and FN P90 sub-machine guns are stocked by the SPVM and its Emergency Response Team armory, but these long arms are used. Prior to the Glock 19 officers carried the Walther P99 9mm as the sidearm which replaced the.357 Magnum revolvers in the early 2000's.

On 3 November 2005, the United Nations Human Rights Committee advised the Canadian government to allow an enquiry on the SPVM about its mass arrests tactic during political demonstrations. The tactic is a rapid encirclement of as many protesters as possible regardless of how they may have conducted themselves during the demonstration, is argued to be a violation of their fundamental rights. According to Francis Dupuis-Déri, a political science professor at Université du Québec à Montréal, police officers employ this tactic because of a "deviance" radical political demonstrators pose to media and police officers themselves; the SPVM was once again criticized in the aftermath of the August 10, 2008 riots, which started due to the shooting death of 18-year-old immigrant Fredy Alberto Villanueva by an officer who alleged that Villanueva was attacking him and his partner while they were arresting Villanueva's older brother. He argued