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Bimbisara

Bimbisāra known as Seniya or Shrenika in the Jain histories was a King of Magadha and belonged to the Haryanka dynasty. He was the son of Bhattiya, his expansion of the kingdom his annexation of the kingdom of Anga to the east, is considered to have laid the foundations for the expansion of the Maurya Empire. He is known for his cultural achievements and was a great friend and protector of the Buddha. Bimbisara—according to Hiuen Tsang—built the city of Rajgir, famous in Buddhist writings, he was succeeded on the throne by his son Ajatashatru. Bimbisara was the son of a chieftain, he ascended to throne at the age of 15 in 543 BC. He established the Haryanka dynasty laid the foundations of Magadha by fortification of a village, which became the city of Pataliputra. Bimbisara's first capital was at Girivraja, he led a military campaign against Anga to avenge his father's earlier defeat at the hands of its king, Brahmadatta. The campaign was successful, Anga was annexed, prince Kunika was appointed governor at Champa.

Bimbisara sent Jivaka, his physician, to Ujjain for medical treatment of Pradyota, the king of Avanti, from jaundice. Pukkusati, the king of Gandhara, sent Bimbisara an embassy. Bimbisara used marriage alliances to strengthen his position, his first wife was Kosala Devi, the daughter of Mahā Kosala the king of Kosala, a sister of Prasenjit. His bride brought him Kashi, a mere village, as dowry; this marriage ended the hostility between Magadha and Kosala and gave him a free hand in dealing with the other states. His second wife, was a Lichchhavi princess from Vaishali and daughter of King Chetaka, his third wife, was a daughter of the chief of the Madra clan of Punjab. Mahavagga depict him of having 500 wives. According to the tradition, Bimbisara was imprisoned by his son Ajatashatru to ascend the throne of the kingdom of Magadha. Ajatashatru ordered his father's release after the birth of his first child, but by it was too late and Bimbisara had died; this was reported to have taken place around 492 BC.

His son sat on Magadha throne in 492 BC. Bimbisara is referred to as Shrenika of Rajgir in Jain literature who became a devotee of Jainism impressed by the calmness of Yamadhar, he visited Samavasarana of Lord Mahavira seeking answers to his queries. He asked about the true version of an illuminating sage, he is said to be a Balabhadra in one of his previous lives. Per Jain scripture, Bimbisara killed himself in a fit of passion, he was reborn in hell, where he is residing, until the karma which led to his birth there comes to an end. It is further written, that he will be reborn as Mahapadma, the first in the chain of future tirthankaras who are to rise at the beginning of the upward motion of the next era of time. According to Buddhist scriptures, King Bimbisara met the Buddha for the first time prior to the Buddha's enlightenment, became an important disciple that featured prominently in certain Buddhist suttas, he is recorded to have attained sotapannahood, a degree of enlightenment in Buddhist teachings.

Although Bimbisara let the women in his palace visit Buddha in his monastery in the evenings. Bimbisara spoke with Buddha. According to Puranas, Bimbisara ruled Magadha for a period of 38 years. Sinhalese chronicles date his reign to be of 52 years. Dundas, The Jains, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26605-X Jain, Hiralal; the Jaina Path of Purification, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1578-5 Raychaudhuri, Political History of Ancient India, University of Calcutta Sastri, Kallidaikurichi Aiyah Nilakanta, ed. Age of the Nandas and Mauryas, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0465-1 Sen, Sailendra Nath, Ancient Indian History and Civilization, New Age International Publishers, ISBN 81-224-1198-3 Singh, G. P. Early Indian Historical Tradition and Archaeology, p. 164 Singh, Upinder, A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century, Pearson Education, ISBN 978-93-325-6996-6 von Glasenapp, Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation, Shridhar B. Shrotri, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1376-6 Khema

Pierre Dulin

Pierre Dulin, or Pierre d’Ulin, was a French painter. Pierre Dulin was born in Paris on 17 September 1669. After learning some principles of grammar and Latin, Dulin studied geometry and practical perspective under Sébastien Leclerc, he was intended to become an architect like his father, was required to study that subject under Philippe de La Hire. In a short time he could draw buildings with ease and taste. So that he could draw figures and ornaments, still with the goal of becoming an architect, his father put him under Friquet de Vauroze of the Academy of Architecture; this is. He yielded to this passion, he was therefore placed in a course at the Royal Academy of Painting under Bon Boullogne, whose classicist style would influence him. Dulin, whose start in art education had been delayed, won few prizes up to 1694, when he was aged 25; the following year, his teacher advised him to stand for the Academy's grand prize. He did not win. Undiscouraged, he won the next year with great distinction.

His painting, whose subject was "Pharaoh giving his ring to Joseph after the explanation of dreams", was found so much above what had been seen so far from him that there was suspicion of cheating. Before granting the prize to Dulin, the Academy asked that he prove his capacity to the Director, executing in his presence a work on a subject given by the Director, he passed this test successfully. The next year he entered a picture of "Joseph's brothers held as spies in the court of Pharaoh", considered an more brilliant work; the previous year he had tied for the first prize with Michel Cornical, but this time he won more votes than his rival. The Academy excluded him from subsequent competitions as being too formidable an artist, put him on the list of pupils to go to the Academy of Rome, he was not ready for this trip until the following year, about the time when René-Antoine Houasse was promoted to the direction of the school of Rome, he proposed to accompany Houasse. However, work that he had undertaken for the Duke of Richelieu obliged him to defer the trip to Rome.

This was a great allegorical subject that would decorate a sundial in the garden of the hotel that Richelieu occupied in the Place Royale. The taste that Dulin had shown in his sketch was so great that Richelieu could not bring himself to let him go and he obtained an order from Mansart for him to stay; this was less to force him to stay than to ensure that he retained his scholarship to the school of Rome. The Duke loved the arts and artists, felt this sentiment to a particular degree with Dulin, since he kept Dulin in his house, admitted him to his table and provided servants to look after him; when the sundial was complete, Dulin began composition of several works: Time, the Three Fates, Daybreak Personified and the Genie of the Hours. He made two large portraits of the Duke, one dressed as a Roman on horseback, the other of him in armor; the piece which brought him the greatest applause, was seen as a wonder, was a painting he made in great secrecy after three paintings by Nicolas Poussin that represented pagan festivals and that were owned by Richelieu.

Dulin chose a party in honor of Bacchus, composed and executed so much in the style of Poussin, that many connoisseurs there were taken in, ensuring that his new patron became one of his most zealous promoters. His reputation brought him to Mansart's attention, who engaged ham and proposed he should not leave Paris, with an offer of working for the King and a recommendation to the Academy to receive him, Dulin placed great store on what he could learn in Italy and was so determined to go that, afraid that the Duke de Richelieu would raise some new obstacle, he left without taking leave, he arrived in Rome at the beginning of March 1700. He became absorbed in the study of the great works of art. Above all he endeavored to penetrate the beauties of Raphael's paintings in the Vatican; the effort and care that he put into copying the "Battle of Attila" brought him to the attention of Pope Clement XI. The pontiff, who loved the arts, in which he was educated in his youth and in which he maintained pleasure, talked to him more than once in a amicable way.

Dulin made an altarpiece for the Dominicans in Rome on the subject of Saint Thomas Aquinas, presenting the Virgin with his book Summa Theologica. This brought him into a special relationship with Antonin Cloche, general of the order, with whom he discussed principles of architecture, the proportions of the five orders, initiated the theory of plans. During his stay in Rome, Dulin made several portraits, he was chosen in preference to all others to portray the Spanish ambassador to Rome. When his pension expired and he was preparing to return to France, he had a private audience with the Pope, who pressed him to stay in Rome; when Dulin resisted the Pope presented him with his portrait, set in a ring, ornamented with two rubies and some diamonds, gave him several medals and relics. Dulin was received by the Academy on 30 April 1707 with the painting "Laomedon punished by Apollo and Neptune" as his reception piece. Dulin was elected Assistant Professor on 26 October 1726, he died in Paris 28 January 1748.

Paintings Établissement de l’Hôtel Royal Des Invalides, 1674, musée de l’armée Jésus Christ guérissant les aveugles, Œuvre détruite Laomédon puni par Neptune et par Apollon, École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts Saint Claude ressuscitant un enfant, musée national du château et des Trianons L'annonciation, Musée d'ÉvreuxDrawings Un album de dessins relatant le sa

Warwood, West Virginia

Warwood is a neighborhood of the city of Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia, USA. It lies at an elevation of 673 feet, it was named for the Warwood Tool Company. Founded by Henry Warwood of Martins Ferry, Ohio in 1854, the company was sold to Daniel L. Heiskell in 1892 and moved to a location four miles north of Wheeling; the Warwood Tool Company remains in existence to this day. In the first half of the 20th century, a large number of Greek immigrants predominantly from the island of Karpathos settled in Warwood to work in the coal mines. Among Warwood natives of Karpathian descent is the noted Greek Orthodox theologian John G. Panagiotou. List of cities and towns along the Ohio River Historic American Engineering Record No. WV-48, "Warwood Tool Company, Foot of Nineteenth Street, Ohio County, WV", 38 photos, 1 color transparency, 4 measured drawings, 35 data pages, 4 photo caption pages HAER No. WV-48-A, "Warwood Tool Company, Worker's House, 142 Eighteenth Street", 1 photo, 1 photo caption page