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Bix Beiderbecke

Leon Bismark "Bix" Beiderbecke was an American jazz cornetist and composer. Beiderbecke was one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s, a cornet player noted for an inventive lyrical approach and purity of tone, his solos on seminal recordings such as "Singin' the Blues" and "I'm Coming, Virginia" demonstrate a gift for extended improvisation that heralded the jazz ballad style, in which jazz solos are an integral part of the composition. Moreover, his use of extended chords and an ability to improvise along harmonic as well as melodic lines are echoed in post-WWII developments in jazz. "In a Mist" is the best known of Beiderbecke's published piano compositions, the only one that he recorded. His piano style reflects classical influences. All five of his piano compositions were published by Robbins Music during his lifetime. A native of Davenport, Beiderbecke taught himself to play the cornet by ear, leading him to adopt a non-standard fingering technique that informed his unique style.

He first recorded with Midwestern jazz ensemble The Wolverines in 1924, after which he played for the Detroit-based Jean Goldkette Orchestra before joining Frankie "Tram" Trumbauer for an extended engagement at the Arcadia Ballroom in St. Louis under the auspices of Goldkette's organisation. Beiderbecke and Trumbauer joined Goldkette's main band at the Graystone Ballroom in Detroit in 1926; the band toured and famously played a set opposite Fletcher Henderson at the Roseland Ballroom in New York City in October 1926. He made his greatest recordings in 1927; the Goldkette band folded in September 1927 and, after joining bass saxophone player Adrian Rollini's band in New York and Beiderbecke joined America's most popular dance band: Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra. Beiderbecke's most influential recordings date from his time with Goldkette and Whiteman, although he recorded under his own name and that of Trumbauer's; the Whiteman period marked a precipitous decline in his health due to his increasing use of alcohol.

Treatment for alcoholism in rehabilitation centers, with the support of Whiteman and the Beiderbecke family, failed to stop his decline. He left the Whiteman band in 1929 and in the summer of 1931 he died in his Sunnyside, New York apartment at the age of 28, his death, in turn, gave rise to one of the original legends of jazz. In magazine articles, musicians' memoirs and Hollywood films, Beiderbecke has been envisaged as a Romantic hero, the "Young Man with a Horn", his life has been portrayed as that of a jazz musician who had to compromise his art for the sake of commercialism. Beiderbecke remains the subject of scholarly controversy regarding his full name, the cause of his death and the importance of his contributions to jazz, he composed or played on recordings that are jazz classics and standards such as "Davenport Blues", "In a Mist", "Copenhagen", "Riverboat Shuffle", "Singin' the Blues", "Georgia On My Mind". The son of Bismark Herman Beiderbecke and Agatha Jane Hilton, Bix Beiderbecke was born on March 10, 1903, in Davenport, Iowa.

There is disagreement over whether Beiderbecke was christened Leon Bix or Leon Bismark and nicknamed "Bix". His father was nicknamed "Bix", as was Charles Burnette "Burnie" Beiderbecke. Burnie Beiderbecke claimed that the boy was named Leon Bix and biographers have reproduced birth certificates that agree. More recent research — which takes into account church and school records in addition to the will of a relative — suggests he was named Leon Bismark. Regardless, his parents called him Bix. In a letter to his mother when he was nine years old, Beiderbecke signed off, "frome your Leon Bix Beiderbecke not Bismark Remeber "; the son of German immigrants, Beiderbecke's father was a well-to-do coal and lumber merchant named after Otto von Bismarck of his native Germany. Beiderbecke's mother was the daughter of a Mississippi riverboat captain, she played the organ at Davenport's First Presbyterian Church and encouraged young Beiderbecke's interest in the piano. Beiderbecke was the youngest of three children.

His brother, was born in 1895, his sister, Mary Louise, in 1898. He began playing piano at three, his sister recalls that he played it with his hands over his head. Five years he was the subject of an admiring article in the Davenport Daily Democrat that proclaimed, "Seven-year-old boy musical wonder! Little Bickie Beiderbecke plays any selection he hears." Burnie recalled that he stopped coming home for supper to hurry to the riverfront, slip aboard an excursion boat, play the calliope. A friend remembered that Beiderbecke showed little interest in the Saturday matinees they attended, but as soon as the lights came on he rushed home to duplicate the melodies the accompanist had played; when Burnie returned to Davenport at the end of 1918 after serving stateside during World War I, he brought with him a Victrola phonograph and several records, including "Tiger Rag" and "Skeleton Jangle" by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. From these records, Beiderbecke learned to love hot jazz, he listened to jazz from the riverboats that docked in downtown Davenport.

Louis Armstrong and the drummer Baby Dodds claimed to have met Beiderbecke when their excursion boat stopped in Davenport. Historians disagree over. Beiderbecke attended Davenport High School from 1918 to 1921. During this time, he sat in and played professionally with vari

Alternate-side parking

Alternate side parking is a traffic law that dictates on which side of a street cars can be parked on a given day. The law is intended to promote efficient flow of traffic, as well as to allow street sweepers and snowplows to reach the curb without parked cars impeding their progress; some proponents regard the law, which can be quite inconvenient for drivers, as a way to encourage the use of public transportation. In many towns and cities, alternate side parking is reserved for certain times of year, or only used during a snow emergency. From the beginning, the New York City alternate-side parking law was "assailed" by opponents as impeding the efficient flow of traffic; the system was created by Paul Rogers Screvane, former commissioner for the department of sanitation in Queens, New York. The law is a year-round rule, suspended only for certain events. Signs are posted with the scheduled street sweeping times, drivers must make sure their vehicles are on the correct side of the street or risk being ticketed or towed.

The law can be confusing to visitors, who choose to park in high-priced parking garages or use valet parking rather than risking fines. For locals, parking tickets are common. Avoiding a ticket can consume a great deal of time, as drivers must search for other available spaces or sit double parked until the designated time, regardless of when street sweepers pass. On a street running east to west, cars must be moved from the south side of the street for a few hours a day every Monday and Friday. On Tuesday and Saturday they must be moved from the north side. On Sunday and certain holidays, they can be left; the specific times will vary from street to street. The days on which the rules are suspended may vary from city to city and from neighborhood to neighborhood. In Sweden, alternate side parking is applied in zones covering an entire city, with signs indicating this at the city perimeter. Inside such date zones, parking is prohibited on the morning of odd dates on the side of the street where houses have odd numbers.

The drivers must think. Inspired by Stockholm and more Swedish cities are abandoning such confusing zones and instead provide permanent parking on one or both sides of the street, with the exception for one day per week during December through May, when snowplowing and sweeping of sand can be required; the day when parking is prohibited is posted on a sign for each street. In Denmark, the rules are the opposite of those in Sweden, with parking prohibited on the morning of odd dates on the side of the street where houses have numbers. Belgium allows a half-monthly parking rule; when the entrance of the town is marked by road sign E11, alternate-side parking applies to the whole town agglomeration. Parking on the road from the 1st till the 15th of each month is only allowed on the side of the road with odd house numbers. At the end of each period, cars should changes sides between 19:30 and 20:00; the rule doesn't apply on parking spots outside the roadway or on dedicated spots marked by other parking rules.

Similar parking regulations exist in France. In Spain some cities have similar parking regulations. In Barcelona, for example, the parking side in small streets changes every three month. In this streets, every street side has a sign showing the regular parking conditions, an additional sign below shows the dates when parking on this side of the street is allowed and prohibited. In the Seinfeld episode "The Alternate Side," George Costanza gets a job moving cars from one side of the street to the other; the novel Tepper Isn't Going Out is based on the quest for parking in New York City. In the Golden Girls episode "An Illegitimate Concern", Rose explains how the inhabitants of her hometown of Saint Olaf were confused by opposite side of the street parking as,'It doesn't matter which side of the street you park on, there's ALWAYS an opposite SIDE...' In The Order of the Stick, goblins invented alternate-side parking, in addition to the oboe and guacamole, thus securing their place among the damned.

In The West Wing episode "Transition", CJ Cregg jokes about moving the furniture around the Chief of Staff office on a daily basis, "like alternate side of the street parking." In the MF DOOM song Gazillion Ear, the New York City rapper mentions that he is "In effect like alternate side of the street parking rules."

Roronoa Zoro

Roronoa Zoro, nicknamed "Pirate Hunter" Zoro, is a fictional character in the One Piece franchise created by Eiichiro Oda. In the story, Zoro is the first to join Monkey D. Luffy after he is saved from being executed at the Marine Base, he is one of the two swordsmen of the other being Brook. As a native to the East Blue, he came from the town known as Shimotsuki, where he trained in a dojo and learned the one and two-sword styles. Zoro is uniquely known as an expert of Santōryū, where he wields a third sword with his mouth in combat. Throughout the series, his primary sword is Wado Ichimonji, a sword that he inherited from a childhood friend, is the sword that he wields in his mouth. Zoro first appears in the manga chapter "Enter Pirate Hunter Zoro", first published in Japan's Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine on August 18, 1997, he first appears as a captured criminal awaiting his execution at the hands of the Marines. Before the beginning of the series' narrative, Zoro loses his childhood friend Kuina and vows to get strong.

For years, he hunts pirates only to get money for food in the company of his friends Johnny and Yosaku. When Luffy offers Zoro to join his crew, he refuses. However, after Zoro is saved from being executed by Captain Morgan, he joins Luffy; when he discovers that the best swordsman in the world is Dracule Mihawk, Zoro thinks only to beat him one day. However, he is defeated at Mihawk's hands. After fighting Daz Bonez in Alabasta, Zoro's bounty is set at 60,000,000, but is raised to 120,000,000 after fighting the World Government at Enies Lobby; the crew is separated by Bartholomew Kuma. Zoro encounters Mihawk again, trains under him before reuniting two years later, he receives a bounty of 320,000,000 after defeating Pica. Zoro's surname was based on the Japanese pronunciation of French pirate François l'Olonnais. In several Western localizations, his name was changed to Zolo, in part to avoid confusion and trademark issues with Zorro, another fictional swordsman. Zoro wears a plain white shirt, black pants, a light-green, haramaki sash that holds his three swords.

Zoro has a black bandanna tied around his left bicep that he only wears on his head while in a serious battle. Under his shirt, his torso is scarred from many of the battles he has fought since he joined the Straw Hats, he has three golden ear rings in his left ear. After the two year time-skip, Zoro has a scar across his left eye and replaces his shirt with a long dark green samurai's coat which he can open the torso part while fighting or when he experiences heat. Concerning his ethnic appearance, Oda revealed that he imagines Zoro to be of Japanese descent, albeit in a real world context. Zoro is confident, but acts in a comical manner. A running gag is that he has a terrible sense of direction which he is insecure about since he never admits it when he gets lost, instead always blaming someone else. While the crew is out at sea, Zoro can be found sleeping or training towards his goal of becoming the world's best swordsman, he and Sanji have a great rivalry resorting to fighting over issues from minor to extreme.

Though not a samurai, he appears to maintain a certain degree of bushido, is mistaken for one. Unlike Luffy and most of the other Straw Hat pirates, Zoro has been known to kill his opponents if he has to, though never in cold blood, it is shown. When battling a worthy opponent Zoro tends to retain serious glare throughout. Zoro has a stern and distanced personality, but unlike Robin, he reacts in a goofy and exaggerated comic style due to his short-tempered and impatient attitude. On the ship, he either trains with weights or sleeps; the only work he is seen doing is hoisting the anchor using his great strength and maintaining look out in the ships crow's nest. He likes sake to the degree that Luffy likes meat, but like Nami, he never gets drunk due to his inhumanly-high endurance and tolerance for alcohol. Another notable trait is his lack of orientation, as Zoro gets lost in small, familiar spaces or when being led by someone. Despite this, he is the first to sense an enemy or danger, the first to react.

He is displayed being well aware of dangerous situations and people around him. Zoro also reminds others of the harsh facts, which shocks some of the other crew members, although they decide he is right. Zoro is an atheist, because he stated that he does not pray to any god, has never believed in anything except himself. So, Zoro knows that he still has a lot of untapped potential, is seen training and trying to improve his fighting skills, he adheres to a strict sword master's code of honor, never falsely brags or lies about his abilities, sometimes outright admitting a weakness to an enemy. He never tries to escape from a fight or use trickery to win, believin

Tropical cyclone rainfall forecasting

Tropical cyclone rainfall forecasting involves using scientific models and other tools to predict the precipitation expected in tropical cyclones such as hurricanes and typhoons. Knowledge of tropical cyclone rainfall climatology is helpful in the determination of a tropical cyclone rainfall forecast. More rainfall falls in advance of the center of the cyclone than in its wake; the heaviest rainfall falls within eyewall. Slow moving tropical cyclones, like Hurricane Danny and Hurricane Wilma, can lead to the highest rainfall amounts due to prolonged heavy rains over a specific location. However, vertical wind shear leads to decreased rainfall amounts, as rainfall is favored downshear and left of the center and the upshear side is left devoid of rainfall; the presence of hills or mountains near the coast, as is the case across much of Mexico, the Dominican Republic, much of Central America, Madagascar, Réunion and Japan act to magnify amounts on their windward side due to forced ascent causing heavy rainfall in the mountains.

A strong system moving through the mid latitudes, such as a cold front, can lead to high amounts from tropical systems, occurring well in advance of its center. Movement of a tropical cyclone over cool water will limit its rainfall potential. A combination of factors can lead to exceptionally high rainfall amounts, as was seen during Hurricane Mitch in Central America. Use of forecast models can help determine the pattern of the rainfall expected. Climatology and persistence models, such as r-CLIPER, can create a baseline for tropical cyclone rainfall forecast skill. Simplified forecast models, such as the Kraft technique and the eight and sixteen-inch rules, can create quick and simple rainfall forecasts, but come with a variety of assumptions which may not be true, such as assuming average forward motion, average storm size, a knowledge of the rainfall observing network the tropical cyclone is moving towards; the forecast method of TRaP assumes that the rainfall structure the tropical cyclone has changes little over the next 24 hours.

The global forecast model which shows the most skill in forecasting tropical cyclone-related rainfall in the United States is the ECMWF IFS. A larger proportion of rainfall falls in advance of the center than after the center's passage, with the highest percentage falling in the right-front quadrant. A tropical cyclone's highest rainfall rates can lie in the right rear quadrant within a training inflow band. Rainfall is found to be strongest in their inner core, within a degree of latitude of the center, with lesser amounts farther away from the center. Most of the rainfall in hurricanes is concentrated within its radius of gale-force winds. Larger tropical cyclones have larger rain shields, which can lead to higher rainfall amounts farther from the cyclone's center. Storms which have moved or loop, lead to the highest rainfall amounts. Riehl calculated that 33.97 inches of rainfall per day can be expected within one-half degree, or 35 miles, of the center of a mature tropical cyclone. Many tropical cyclones progress at a forward motion of 10 knots, which would limit the duration of this excessive rainfall to around one-quarter of a day, which would yield about 8.50 inches of rainfall.

This would be true over water, within 100 miles of the coastline, outside topographic features. As a cyclone moves farther inland and is cut off from its supply of warmth and moisture, rainfall amounts from tropical cyclones and their remains decrease quickly. Vertical wind shear forces the rainfall pattern around a tropical cyclone to become asymmetric, with most of the precipitation falling to the left and downwind of the shear vector, or downshear left. In other words, southwesterly shear forces the bulk of the rainfall north-northeast of the center. If the wind shear is strong enough, the bulk of the rainfall will move away from the center leading to what is known as an exposed circulation center; when this occurs, the potential magnitude of rainfall with the tropical cyclone will be reduced. As a tropical cyclone interacts with an upper-level trough and the related surface front, a distinct northern area of precipitation is seen along the front ahead of the axis of the upper level trough.

Surface fronts with precipitable water amounts of 1.46 inches or more and upper level divergence overhead east of an upper level trough can lead to significant rainfall. This type of interaction can lead to the appearance of the heaviest rainfall falling along and to the left of the tropical cyclone track, with the precipitation streaking hundreds of miles or kilometers downwind from the tropical cyclone. Moist air forced up the slopes of coastal hills and mountain chains can lead to much heavier rainfall than in the coastal plain; this heavy rainfall can lead to landslides, which still cause significant loss of life such as seen during Hurricane Mitch in Central America, where several thousand perished. The Hurricane Research Division of the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory created the r-CLIPER model to act as a baseline for all verification regarding tropical cyclone rainfall; the theory is, if the global forecast models cannot beat predictions based on climatology there is no skill in their use.

There is a definite advantage to using the forecast track with r-CLIPER because it could be run out 120 hours/5 days with the forecast track of any tropical cyclone globally within a short amount of time. The short range variation which uses persistence is the Tropical Rainfall Potential technique technique, which uses satellite-derived rainf

Marty McManus

Martin Joseph "Marty" McManus was an American baseball player and manager. A native of Chicago, Illinois, McManus spent two years in the United States Army before beginning his professional baseball career in 1920, he played professional baseball for 22 years from 1920 to 1941, including 15 seasons in Major League Baseball, principally as a second baseman and third baseman for the St. Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers, Boston Red Sox, Boston Braves, he had four seasons in which he compiled a batting average above.300, including a.333 average in 1923 and a.320 average in 1930. He led the American League with 23 stolen bases in 1930 and with 44 doubles in 1925. In 15 major league seasons, he compiled a.289 batting average with 1,008 runs scored, 401 doubles and 88 triples. McManus served as a manager or player-manager with several baseball teams, beginning with the Boston Red Sox in 1932 and 1933, he was a player-manager of the St. Paul Saints in 1935, the Tulsa Oilers in 1936, the Williamsport Grays in 1938 and 1939, the San Antonio Missions in 1940 and 1941, the Denver Bears in 1947.

He served as a manager in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League for the Kenosha Comets in 1944 and the South Bend Blue Sox in 1945 and 1948. In 1951, he led an effort to unionize professional baseball and basketball players under the umbrella of the American Federation of Labor. McManus was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1900, he was the son of Martin J. and Kate McManus. As a young man, he worked at a Chicago department store, he was stationed in the Panama Canal Zone. McManus began his professional baseball career in 1920 with the Tulsa Oilers of the Western League, he compiled a.283 batting average and totaled 31 doubles, 11 triples and 10 home runs in 143 games with the Oilers in 1920. On August 12, 1920, McManus was sold by the Tulsa club to the St. Louis Browns, he appeared in only one game during the 1920 season, compiling a triple and an RBI in three at bats on September 25, 1920. McManus became a regular player for the Browns from 1921 to 1926. In 1921, he appeared in 121 games, 96 at second base, 13 at third base, nine at first base, two at shortstop, compiled a.260 batting average, eight triples and 64 RBIs.

In 1922, McManus had his best major league season. He appeared in 154 games for 153 of them as the Browns' starting second baseman, he compiled a.312 batting average and ranked among the American League leaders with 109 RBIs, 189 hits, 278 total bases, 34 doubles, 11 triples. He ranked as one of the league's top defensive second baseman with a 1.2 defensive WAR rating, 398 putouts at second base, 467 assists at second base, 102 double plays turned at second place, 32 errors at second base, a 5.65 range factor rating at second base. The 1922 Browns team finished one game behind the pennant-winning Yankees, the closest McManus would come to the postseason. In 1923, McManus again appeared in 154 games for the Browns, 133 at second base and 20 at first base, he compiled a.309 batting average and.367 on-base percentage and finished 15th in the voting for the American League Most Valuable Player award. He ranked among the league's leaders with 60 extra base hits, 15 home runs, 94 RBIs, a.481 slugging percentage, 280 total bases.

He ranked among the leading defensive second basemen in the league with 386 putouts, 373 assists, 86 double plays turned, 32 errors, a.960 fielding percentage and a 5.71 range factor per game. McManus held out at the start of the 1924 season signing with the Browns in mid-April, he appeared in 123 games for the 1924 Browns, compiled the best batting average of his career at.333 in 517 at bats, led the American League with 44 doubles. After the 1924 season, McManus asked to be traded. McManus held out again in 1925 signing with the Browns in early April, he appeared in 154 games for the 1925 Browns, all at second base, compiled a.288 batting average and.371 on-base percentage. He led the American League with 44 doubles and 69 strikeouts and finished 21st in the voting for the league's MVP award, he ranked among the league's leaders with 65 extra base hits, 108 runs scored, 13 home runs, 268 total bases. McManus spent his sixth full season with the Browns in 1926, he appeared in 84 at third base and 61 at second base.

He compiled a.284 batting average and.350 on-base percentage and ranked 18th in the balloting for the American League Most Valuable Player award. He led the league with a 3.76 range factor rating per game at third base and ranked among the league's leaders with 102 runs scored, nine home runs, 62 strikeouts, 18 double plays turned at third base. McManus pulled off the hidden ball trick in his last season with the Browns. On June 30, 1926, with Ty Cobb coaching third base, McManus caught Hall of Famer Harry Heilmann with a hidden ball trick. On January 15, 1927, McManus was traded by the Browns to the Detroit Tigers in a multi-player deal. At the time of the trade, McManus expressed thanks for being traded away from the Browns and promised to play "his head off" to repay the Tigers for rendering a service in getting him released. McManus played a total of five years for Detroit. In his first year with the Tigers, he appeared in 108 games, 39 at

Sheri Markose

Sheri Marina Markose is a computational economist. She is a professor of Economics at the University of Essex, where she holds a personal chair since 2006, she is the founding director of the Centre for Computational Economic Agents at Essex. At CCFEA, with the support of the Vice Chancellor, Ivor Crewe, she pioneered multi-disciplinary research as well as PhD and Masters programs, which include Agent-based computational economics, financial market modelling with extreme events and markets as complex adaptive systems. Markose led the Essex component of a European Union project on Computational Optimization Methods in Statistics and Finance; this research relating to systemic risk in financial networks was presented at the October 2009 ECB workshop and IMF Conference on "Operationalizing Systemic Risk Monitoring" 26–28 May 2010. This led to the 2011 IMF project on Systemic Risk from Global Financial Derivatives Markets using network analysis. In 2013, Markose was appointed as an academic advisor to the G20 OTC Derivatives Coordination Group of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and Financial Stability Board for the Macroeconomic Impact Assessment of OTC Derivatives Regulatory Reforms.

From 2011-2014, Markose was a Senior Consultant at the Financial Stability Unit of the Reserve Bank of India where she oversaw the digital mapping of the Indian financial system for systemic risk management.. In the 2017 Banque de France Financial Stability Review, Markose and co-authors have provided an assessment of systemic risk from global derivatives markets following the 2009 G20 OTC derivatives reforms and proposed a quantifiable measure of skin-in-the-game capital levies on Central Clearing Platforms. Markose was awarded the 2017 Eubank Prize by the Rice University, United States, "For integrative synthesis and data driven leadership toward understanding systemic risk in global financial markets". Markose has argued for. In a 2003 paper, Markose with co-author Ying Jia Loke have shown that the slowdown in the growth of monetary base is governed by the levels of EFT at point of sale that led to a reduction in the transactions demand for cash in retail expenditures. Markose has argued that technology innovations in e-money that have revolutionized payments behaviour by substituting away from state supplied monetary base have brought about a permanent reduction in inflation in the retail price index.

Since the 2005 Economic Journal article on Markets As Complex Adaptive Systems, Markose has underscored the relevance of Gödel logic for what has been held as the sine qua non of Complex Adaptive Systems, viz their capacity to produce novelty and surprises as in a Red Queen style arms race. Such innovation based structure changing arms races seen in the immune system and regulator-regulatee arms races in economic systems are shown to correspond to undecidable Type 4 dynamics of the Wolfram-Chomsky schema. In Gödel logic, the Liar which represents a negation or a contrarian position is key to novelty production and heterogeneity. Markose has shown that in a Nash equilibrium, the only agent who needs to be ‘surprised’ is the Liar who will negate rules with predictable outcomes. Hence, this has implications for system failure. In a 2017 publication in the American Institute of Mathematical Sciences Journal of Dynamics and Games, Markose focuses on how digital agents, which operate on encoded information, can innovate.

The paper is original in postulating that innovation by digital agents relates to their recursive capacity to produce encoded objects outside machine listable sets as in the well-established set theoretic proof of Gödel incompleteness by Emil Leon Post which involves the productive function. In particular, Markose demonstrates that the Gödel sentence, a syntactic encoding of a self-referential statement that a code is under attack, far from being a ‘funky’ esoteric mathematical construction of little relevance beyond the foundations of mathematics, is an ubiquitous phenomenon which can be seen to be the driving force behind the complex protean phenotypes associated with genomic evolution and in the form of artifacts or extended phenotypes in organisms and humans. Digital agents which cannot do this, will be entrained within a fixed repertoire. Remarkably, with the discovery of human mirror neuron system, the Markose paper shows that there is evidence that the brain mechanisms behind human proteanism, which include embodied offline simulation and operations that entail negation, correspond with the logical elements of Gödel incompleteness and Type 4 dynamics.

Markose notes that models on strategic innovation and Type 4 dynamics, rampant in complex adaptive systems, are missing in game theory and most studies on complexity economics. In 2017, Markose has been appointed as an Associate Editor of Frontiers of Computational Intelligence. Markose,S. M, 2017, Complex Type 4 Structure Changing Dynamics Of Digital Agents: Nash Equilibria Of A Game With Arms Race in Innovations, Journal of Dynamics and Games Markose,S. M, Simone Giansante and Ali Rais Shaghaghi, 2017, A systemic risk assessment of OTC derivatives reforms and skin‑in‑the‑game for CCPs,Banque de France Financial Stability Review Markose,S. M, 2016, The Gödelian Foundations of Self-Reference, the Liar and Incompleteness: Arms Race in Complex Strategic Innovation Markose,S. M, 2013, Systemic Risk Analytics: A Data Driven Multi-Agent Financial Network Approach Journal of Banking Regulation 14 Markose,S. M, 2012, Systemic Risk from Global Financial Derivatives: A Network Analysis of Contagion and Its Mitigation with Super-Spreader Tax Markose, S.

M, A. Alentorn, "The Generalized Extreme Value Distribution, Implied Tail Index, Option