Bizzarrini S.p. A. was an Italian automotive manufacturer in the 1960s founded by former Alfa Romeo and Iso engineer Giotto Bizzarrini. The company built a small number of developed and advanced sport and racing automobiles before discovering the cause of the race's outcome in 1969. Notable models include the 5300 GT Strada and the P538S. Prototipi Bizzarrini s.r.l. The name was changed to Bizzarrini S.p. A. in 1966. The Bizzarrini marque has been revived with a number of concept cars in the 2000s. Giotto Bizzarrini was born in Livorno, Italy in 1926, his father was a rich landowner who came from a family with strong roots in Tuscany and the city of Livorno. His grandfather named Giotto Bizzarrini, was a biologist who had worked with Guglielmo Marconi on his inventions the radio, following which one of the Livorno Library sections was named The Bizzarrini Library. Bizzarrini graduated as an engineer in the University of Pisa in 1953, he taught before joining Alfa Romeo in 1954. He worked for Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1957.
He began working for Ferrari in 1957 becoming controller of experimental, Sports and GT car development. He worked at Ferrari as a developer, test driver, chief engineer for five years, his developments there included the Ferrari 250 TR, the Ferrari 250 GT SWB, the 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO. Bizzarrini was fired by Ferrari during the "palace revolt" of 1961, he became part of Automobili Turismo e Sport ), a company started by the ex-Ferrari engineers to build a Formula 1 single seater and a GT sport car, the A. T. S. Serenissima. One of ATS's financial backers, Count Giovanni Volpi, owner of Scuderia Serenissima, hired Bizzarrini to upgrade a Ferrari 250 GT SWB, with chassis number #2819GT to GTO specifications; this resulted in the Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo known as the "Breadvan". Bizzarrini's engineering company, Societa Autostar, was commissioned to design a V-12 engine for a GT car to be built by another dissatisfied Ferrari customer, Ferruccio Lamborghini. Lamborghini considered the resulting engine to be too strung, ordered that it be detuned.
Bizzarrini worked since 1964 for Iso Rivolta and developed three models: Iso Rivolta GT, Iso Grifo both A3L and A3C versions. His work was to develop a pressed steel frame chassis for Iso cars. Renzo Rivolta hired him as consultant to the Iso Gordon GT project which became the Iso Rivolta GT; the Iso Gordon GT prototype was developed from the Gordon-Keeble. The Gordon Keeble GT was designed in 1960 by Giorgetto Giugiaro. Bizzarrini tested the car and was impressed by the powerful V8 Corvette engine and the rear De Dion tube suspension used for the GT: "Rivolta had me test the prototype. I liked its De Dion tube and the Corvette engine, it was the first time. It was superior to Ferrari's engines, having the same power, but with a more immediate throttle response." The Iso Rivolta GT was a Giugiaro-designed four-seater with beautiful body, speed and handling, was a successful car for Iso, with 799 units sold. Powered by a 327 in3 Chevrolet Corvette V8 engine with a classic De Dion rear suspension design with pressed steel monocoque bodywork over pressed steel frame chassis.
Unveiled to the press in 1963, production continued until 1970. The Iso Grifo A3L was a monstrous idea for the L coming from Lusso; the result of the brilliant Giugiaro and Bizzarrini working together, it was based on a shortened Iso Rivolta GT chassis and was debuted at the 1963 Turin show. The Grifo epitomised the 1960s Italian style with its handsome wide handmade bodywork, it was the fastest production car tested by Autocar Magazine in 1966 with a top speed of 160 mph. Versions of the Grifo were powered by a big block Chevrolet Corvette 435 bhp engine; these 90 handbuilt units are distinguishable by the raised "pagoda style" scoop bonnet. Some of these Iso Grifo 7 Litri units were rebuilt with bigger engines; the idea of Bizzarrini was to use the 3AL cars for competition. The competition versions of the Grifo were named Iso Grifo C for Competizione or Corsa. A new lightweight riveted aluminium body was built by Piero Drogo, it was an aggressively-designed machine, oriented to endurance races.
It uses normal Iso underpinnings but the engine was moved further back in the chassis frame than the Grifo A3L, protruding well into the driver's cabin, fitted with hot cams and fed by four big Weber carburetors, giving more than 400 bhp. Around 29 A3C sport cars were built under the Iso name. Five of these 29 cars were bodied in plastic/fiberglass by Piero Drogo at Carrozzeria Sports Cars in Modena. A3Cs were raced; some cars entered 1965 Sebring. It achieved a Le Mans class win in a 9th overall in 1965 with no factory support. A3Cs were one of the fastest cars on Le Mans' Mulsanne Straight in both years. Due to the complicated deal with Iso, Bizzarrini left in 1964 and founded Societa Prototipi Bizzarrini, which produced some 140 cars through 1969 at its Livorno factory. Giotto Bizzarrini was builder. One of the sources of disagreement between Renzo Rivolta and Giotto Bizzarrini was Bizzarrini's desire to build race cars and Renzo Rivolta's desire to build high quality GT cars and family transportation cars.
They decided to part ways in 1964. Bizzarrini had mixed success in racing; the lowlight for Bizzarrini must have been the Sebring 12 Hours on March 27, 1965 where both Iso/Bizzarrini race cars were crashed and totaled. The highlight came that same year at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on June 19–20, 19
Austral University of Chile is a Chilean research university based in Valdivia, with a satellite campus in Puerto Montt. Founded on September 7th 1954, it is one of the eight original Chilean Traditional Universities, it operates as a nonprofit self-owned corporation under private law, receives significant state-funding. In 1942, the Sociedad de Amigos del Arte was formed in the city of Valdivia. Aside from promoting culture, one of the society's main goals was to establish a university in the city; the idea of creating a university was presented to the national congress in the 1950s by the senator for Valdivia, Carlos Acharán Pérez de Arce, who succeeded in consolidating the project. In a meeting held on 16 February 1954 supporters of installing a university created a directory and proclaimed Eduardo Morales Miranda as president of it; the initial founding depended on donations from private persons including some industrial businessmen. After have been founded by decree on 7 September 1954 the university was inaugurated on 12 March 1955 by president Carlos Ibáñez del Campo.
The inauguration was attended by the rectors of the University of Chile and the States Technical University as well as the ambassadors of Venezuela and Argentina and representatives of the Netherlands and the United States. The first degree programmes to be taught at the university were fine arts, forestry engineering and veterinary medicine, each of which had its own faculty. On June 3 of 1968 UACh was granted autonomy from the University of Chile; the autonomy did that UACh became allowed to decide its own plans and study programs and put the university out of the tutelage of the University of Chile. During the military regime's privatization of higher education in the 1980s UACh incorporated the successor regional see of Universidad Técnica del Estado, the Instituto Profesional de Valdivia. By doing this, UACh prevented an offshoot university from being created there as it happened around the country with regional sees of major universities. With the incorporation of Instituto Profesional de Valdivia, that corresponds to present day'Campus Miraflores, UACh started to grant bachelor degrees in engineering and got its Engineering Faculty.
In 1993 the university held the Valdivia International Film Festival for the first time to celebrate the 30th anniversary of its cinema Cine Club which has since developed to one of the most important film festivals in Chile. With the arrival of Centro de Estudios Científicos to Valdivia in 2000 the city was further outlined as a research center, as CECS brought expertise on biophysics, molecular physiology, theoretical physics and climate change to the city; the arrival of CECS was seen as positive by UACh's administration since CECS research do not overlap UACh's main research areas and, as a scientific research corporation, do not compete in student enrollment. However, in 2007 UACh and CECS got involved in a controversy when the Regional Council of Los Lagos Region granted regional funds, put into tender to CECS without attending to the meeting where UACh's and University of Los Lagos joint project was presented. Deputy Gabriel Ascencio accused Claudio Bunster, director of CECS, of using his personal influence among politicians and the Council of Innovation for Competitiveness to gain more resources.
On Monday 3 December 2007 the Emilio Pugín building of the Faculty of Sciences caught fire. The building, located on Teja island Campus housed considerable amounts of chemicals and scientific equipment which could not be saved. Several research projects had to be halted or aborted due to loss of equipment and data. Due to the spreading of toxic smoke the police had to evacuate a total of 10,000 people from Isla Teja. Firefighting companies from the neighboring cities of Osorno, La Unión and Paillaco had to come to assist to control and extinguish the fire; the building hosted the institutes of chemistry, zoology and botanics, including some laboratories. The cost of the damage was estimated at about 5000 million Chilean pesos. 22% of the damage were not covered by the according insurances, but directly financed by the Chilean government. On May 13 of 2008 the student federation of UACh decided to go on strike since they considered that a request list sent to the university administration was answered in too loose terms.
The strike and occupation of the university by students ended in late June when the rector Victor Cubillos and the directory ceded on several points but was however still criticized both from students and from sectors of the faculty where they considered that he had ceded too much to students. On April 2010 the reconstruction of the Emilio Pugin building of the Sciencie Faculty, started the competitive bidding, and in this year it would start the reconstruction. Cubillos won the 2010 election 13 less than the prior election; the second term ended in June 2014. UACh main campus, Isla Teja Campus, occupies the whole northwest of Isla Teja in Valdivia. Campus Isla Teja is the home of UACh's administration, Cine Club, botanical garden and most faculties; the botanical garden is a recreational area as well as a place of study with a total of around 950 plant species growing in its 12 ha. Most plants in the botanical garden belong to Valdivian temperate rain forest but there are others with exotic origins.
The waters of Cau-Cau River that flows through the northern parts of the botanical garden allows a section of wetland plant species included in the garden. The engineering faculty operates in Campus Miraflores located along Valdivia River south of Valdivia
The Japanese School in Seoul is a Japanese international school located in the Sangam-dong neighorhood of Mapo District, for the children of Japanese citizens residing in South Korea. The Japanese School in Seoul was established on May 8, 1972, with a total of 33 kindergarten and primary school students. In 2005, it had grown to 403 students at kindergarten and middle school levels; the Japanese School in Seoul is recognized by Japan's Ministry of Education as teaching a curriculum equivalent to schools for the same ages in Japan. The Japanese School in Seoul moved to its current location in Digital Media City in Mapo on September 27, 2010, from its former location in the Gaepo-dong neighborhood of Gangnam District. Education in Japan ソウル日本人学校園児襲撃事件/서울 일본인 학교 습격 사건 South Korean schools in Japan: Tokyo Korean School Educational Foundation Kyoto International School Baekdu Hagwon Korea International School Japanese School in Seoul Japanese School in Seoul