Lamborghini 350 GT
The Lamborghini 350 GT was the first production vehicle produced by Lamborghini. Production started in May 1964, after its debut at the March 1964 Geneva auto show. Its success ensured the survival, establishing it as a viable competitor with sports car maker Ferrari. The original Bizzarrini-designed 3.5 liter V12 was essentially a motor, potentially developing 400 hp at 11. This included, replacing the elaborate and costly racing type dry sump oiling system with a wet sump oil pan reducing the compression from 11.0,1 or above to 9. The result—later fit in the 350 GT—was a very capable 270 bhp power plant that could reach 254 kilometres per hour in top form. While this 350 GT design work continued, the prototype was rushed to completion for the upcoming October 26 press meeting, the car was a non-runner with the suspension arms simply tack-welded in place and the engine not installed. Lukewarm reaction to the car caused Ferruccio to postpone plans for immediate production, in March 1964, only 5 months after the debut of the GTV in Turin, the redesigned GTV—now called the 350 GT—was debuted at the Geneva Auto Show.
It was greeted with sufficient enthusiasm that Ferruccio decided to proceed with production at SantAgata in May 1964, the manufacture of the bodies was entrusted to Touring of Milan, who used their patented Superleggera method of construction to fix aluminium alloy panels directly to a tubular structure. Chassis and bodies were mated at Touring, which delivered the complete assemblies—with even the bumpers in place—to the Lamborghini factory. The cars could be ordered in these colors, when leaving the factory the 350 GT originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres. The first 350 GT chassis/body, delivered to the Lamborghini factory on March 9,1964, was named #101 and that same month #101 debuted at the Geneva show. The first customer delivery of a 350 GT was #104, delivered on July 31,1964, Lamborghini produced 120350 GTs before replacing it with the larger-engined Lamborghini 400 GT in 1966. Many 350 GTs were subsequently fit with the larger 4.0 liter engine, the 350 GT had an all-aluminium alloy V12 engine mated to a five-speed ZF manual transmission.
It had a body, a Salisbury differential, four-wheel independent suspension. It had a wheelbase of 2,550 millimetres, with a front and it measured 4,640 millimetres long by 1,730 millimetres wide and was by 1,220 millimetres high. The 350 GT shared a number of features with the 350 GTV prototype, including an independent suspension, quad-cam V12. A number of revisions and refinements were made due to the suggestions of the Neri & Bonacini racing development shop, as was the case with the motor, Bizzarrinis GTV racing chassis design was the basis of Dallara’s 350 GT street chassis
The Jaguar E-Type, or the Jaguar XK-E for the North American market, is a British sports car, which was manufactured by Jaguar Cars Ltd between 1961 and 1975. Its combination of beauty, high performance and competitive pricing established the model as an icon of the motoring world, on its release in March 1961 Enzo Ferrari called it the most beautiful car ever made. In 2004, Sports Car International magazine placed the E-Type at number one on their list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s, in March 2008, the Jaguar E-Type ranked first in The Daily Telegraph online list of the worlds 100 most beautiful cars of all time. In popular culture the car features in the Austin Powers film series which parodies the Swinging London fashion scene of the 1960s, the E-Type was initially designed and shown to the public as a rear-wheel drive grand tourer in two-seater coupé form and as a two-seater convertible. A 2+2 four-seater version of the coupé, with a lengthened wheelbase, was released years later. Later model updates of the E-Type were officially designated Series 2 and Series 3, as with other largely hand made cars of the time, changes were incremental and ongoing, which has led to confusion over exactly what is a Series 1 car.
This is of more academic interest, as Series 1 E-Types—and particularly Series 1 OTS examples—have values far in excess of Series 2 and 3 models. For example, while Jaguar itself never recognised a Series 1½ or Series 1.5, over time, the pure 4. 2-litre Series 1 was made in model years 1965-1967. The 4. 2-litre Series 1 has serial or VIN numbers 1E10001 - 1E15888, the Series 1.5 left hand drive OTS has serial numbers 1E15889 - 1E18368, with the hardtop version of the Series 1.5 having VIN numbers 1E34250 - 1E35815. Series 1.5 cars were made in model year 1968, the Series 1 cars, which are by far the most valuable, essentially fall into two categories, Those made between 1961 and 1964, which had 3. The 4. 2-litre Series 1 E-Types replaced the brake servo of the 3. 8-litre with a reliable unit. The 4.2 became the most desirable version of the famous E-Type due to their increased power, as of the end of 2014, the most expensive regular production Jaguar E-Types sold at auction included a 4. Special run racing lightweights go for far more still, being a British made car of the 1960s, there are some rather rare sub-types of Series 1 E-Types, particularly at the beginning and end of the Series 1 production.
For example, the first 500 Series 1 cars had flat floors and external bonnet latches. Worldwide, including left and right hand drive examples, a total of 7,8283. 8-litre Series 1 roadsters were built. Of the Series 1 cars, Jaguar manufactured some limited-edition variants, inspired by motor racing, Jaguar planned to produce 18 units but ultimately only a dozen were reportedly built. Of those, two have been converted to low drag form and two others are known to have been wrecked and deemed to be beyond repair, although one has now been rebuilt and these are exceedingly rare and sought after by collectors. *The Low Drag Coupé was a technical exercise which was ultimately sold to a Jaguar racing driver
Automobili Turismo e Sport
ATS is an Italian automotive constructor. It once had a team that operated between 1963 and 1965, formed after the famous Palace Revolution at Ferrari. The company was formed by Carlo Chiti and Giotto Bizzarrini, among others – intending for it to be a competitor to Ferrari both on the race track and on the street. Chiti and Bizzarrini built, with sponsorship from the Scuderia Serenissimas Count Giovanni Volpi, a sports car. The sports car was the ATS2500 GT, a small coupé developed by Chiti, the engine was a mid-mounted 2.5 L V8 engineered by Chiti, capable of achieving 245 hp and accelerating to 257 km/h. Only 12 cars were built, and few exist today.5 L and 3 L formats by Carlo Chiti at Autodelta. The F1 car was the Tipo 100, a 1.5 L V8 engine powering a chassis that was a copy of the outdated Ferrari 156. The ATS would be used in the Derrington-Francis project spearheaded by the Rob Walker Racing Teams former chief mechanic, Count Volpi subsequently backed the Serenissima marque which used much technology similar to ATS.
Bruce McLaren used a Serenissima engine for a few Grands Prix in 1966, in 2012,50 years later, ATS began to build two new cars, the ATS Sport and the ATS2500 GT. In 2013, the new ATS Leggera, a 2-seater spider with retro style, was announced, rebels Without Speed, The ATS Fiasco. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013
Automobili Lamborghini S. p. A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in SantAgata Bolognese, Italy. The company is owned by the Volkswagen Group through its subsidiary Audi, Ferruccio Lamborghini, an Italian manufacturing magnate, founded Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini S. p. A. in 1963 to compete with established marques, including Ferrari. The company gained wide acclaim in 1966 for the Miura sports coupé, Lamborghini grew rapidly during its first decade, but sales plunged in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis. The firms ownership changed three times after 1973, including a bankruptcy in 1978, American Chrysler Corporation took control of Lamborghini in 1987 and sold it to Malaysian investment group Mycom Setdco and Indonesian group VPower Corporation in 1994. In 1998, Mycom Setdco and VPower sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the groups Audi division, New products and model lines were introduced to the brands portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand Lamborghini.
In the late 2000s, during the financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghinis sales saw a drop of nearly 50 percent. Lamborghini produces sports cars and V12 engines for powerboat racing. Lamborghini currently produces the V12-powered Aventador and the V10-powered Huracán, the companys first models, such as the 350 GT, were released in the mid-1960s and were noted for their refinement and comfort. Lamborghini gained wide acclaim in 1966 for the Miura sports coupé, Lamborghini grew rapidly during its first ten years, but sales plunged in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis. Ferruccio Lamborghini sold ownership of the company to Georges-Henri Rossetti and René Leimer, the company went bankrupt in 1978, and was placed in the receivership of brothers Jean-Claude and Patrick Mimran in 1980. The Mimrans purchased the company out of receivership by 1984 and invested heavily in the companys expansion, under the Mimrans management, Lamborghinis model line was expanded from the Countach to include the Jalpa sports car and the LM002 high performance off-road vehicle.
The Mimrans sold Lamborghini to the Chrysler Corporation in 1987, in 1998, Mycom Setdco and VPower sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the groups Audi division. New products and model lines were introduced to the portfolio and brought to the market. In the late 2000s, during the financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghinis sales saw a drop of nearly 50 percent. As of the 2015 model year, Lamborghinis automobile product range consists of two lines, both of which are mid-engine two-seat sports cars. The V12-powered Aventador line consists of the LP 700–4 coupé and roadster, the V10-powered Huracán line currently includes the all-wheel-drive LP 610-4 coupé and roadster, as well as the less powerful rear-wheel-drive LP 580-2 coupé. Lamborghini intends to double its car production by producing as many SUVs by 2018 as sports cars, motori Marini Lamborghini produces a large V12 marine engine block for use in World Offshore Series Class 1 powerboats.
A Lamborghini branded marine engine displaces approximately 8,171 cc, in the mid-1980s, Lamborghini produced a limited-production run of a 1,000 cc sports motorcycle
Like many British manufacturers, AC Cars had been using the Bristol straight-6 engine in its small-volume production, including its AC Ace two-seater roadster. This had a body with a steel tube frame. The engine was a pre-World War II design by BMW which by the 1960s was considered dated, Bristol decided in 1961 to cease production of its engine and instead to use Chrysler 313 cu in V8 engines. AC started using the 2.6 litre Ford Zephyr engine in its cars, in September 1961, American automotive designer Carroll Shelby wrote to AC asking if they would build him a car modified to accept a V8 engine. AC agreed, provided an engine could be found. Shelby went to Chevrolet to see if they would provide him with engines, Ford provided Shelby with two engines. In January 1962 mechanics at AC Cars in Thames Ditton, Surrey fitted the prototype chassis CSX2000 with a 260 ci Ford V8 borrowed from Ford in the UK, early engineering drawings were titled AC Ace 3.6. After testing and modification, the engine and transmission were removed and his team fitted it with an engine and transmission in less than eight hours at Dean Moons shop in Santa Fe Springs and began road-testing.
The most important modification was the fitting of a rear differential to handle the increased engine power. A Salisbury 4HU unit with inboard brakes to reduce unsprung weight was chosen instead of the old E. N. V. unit. It was the unit used on the Jaguar E-Type. On the production version, the brakes were moved outboard to reduce cost. The only modification of the front end of the first Cobra from that of the AC Ace 2.6 was the steering box, which had to be moved outward to clear the wider V8 engine. A small number of cars were completed on the East Coast of the USA by Ed Hugus in Pennsylvania, including the first production car. The first 75 Cobra Mk1 models were fitted with the 260 cu in, the remaining 51 Mk1 models were fitted with a larger version of the Windsor Ford engine, the 289 cu in V8. In late 1962 Alan Turner, ACs chief engineer completed a design change of the cars front end to accommodate rack. The new car entered production in early 1963 and was designated Mark II, the steering rack was borrowed from the MGB while the new steering column came from the VW Beetle.
About 528 Mark II Cobras were produced in the summer of 1965 and this would allow GM to compete directly in the FIA GT class of racing
University of Pisa
The University of Pisa is an Italian public research university located in Pisa, Italy. It was founded in 1343 by an edict of Pope Clement VI and it is the 19th oldest extant university in the world and the 10th oldest in Italy. The prestigious university is ranked within the top 10 nationally and the top 400 in the according to the ARWU. It houses the Orto botanico di Pisa, Europes oldest academic botanical garden, the University of Pisa is part of the Pisa University System, which includes the Scuola Normale Superiore and the SantAnna School of Advanced Studies. The university has about 50,000 students and its the only university in Italy which has become a member of the prestigious Universities Research Association. In 2013, the University of Pisa finished with La Sapienza University of Rome in first place among the Italian universities, the University of Pisa was officially established on September 3,1343. However, a number of scholars claim its origin back to the 11th century. The following century formed the first documents to prove the presence of doctors of medicine, the earliest evidence of a Pisan Studium dates to 1338, when jurist Ranieri Arsendi transferred to Pisa from Bologna.
He, along with Bartolo da Sassoferrato, a lecturer in law, were paid by the municipality to teach public lessons. Pisa was one of the first European universities to boast this papal attestation, the first taught subjects were theology, civil law, canon law and medicine. In 1355, Francesco da Buti, the commentator of Dantes Divine Comedy. Pisa and its Studium underwent a period of crisis around the turn of the 15th century, in 1473, thanks to Lorenzo de Medici, the Pisan Studium resumed its systematic development, and the construction of a building for holding lessons was provided for in 1486. The building — known as Palazzo della Sapienza — was located in the 14th-century Piazza del Grano, the image of a cherub was placed above the gate DellAbbondanza, leading to the piazza, and today is still the symbol of the university. Following the rebellion and the war against Florence in 1494, the Pisan Studium suffered a period of decline and was transferred to Pistoia and Florence. The ceremonial reopening of the university on November 1,1543, the quality of the university was furthered by the statute of 1545 and the Pisan Athenaeum became one of the most significant in Europe for teaching and research.
The chair of Semplici was held by Luca Ghini, founder of the worlds first botanical gardens and he was succeeded by Andrea Cesalpino, who pioneered the first scientific methodology for the classification of plants, and is considered a forerunner in the discovery of blood circulation. Gabriele Falloppio and Marcello Malpighi lectured in anatomy and medicine, galileo Galilei, who was born and studied in Pisa, became professor of mathematics at the Pisan Studium in 1589. The universitys role as an institution became more accentuated during the Medici Grand Duchy period
The Lamborghini 350 GTV was a Lamborghini prototype and forerunner of its first production model, the 350 GT, presented to the public at the 1963 Turin Auto Show. The 350 GTV featured a controversial semi-fastback body designed by Giorgio Prevedi under the supervision of Franco Scaglione, Giorgio Neri and Luciano Bonacini built the tube frame chassis in Modena. Ferruccio Lamborghini was dissatisfied with several features of the 350 GTV. He commissioned Carrozzeria Touring to redesign the car to be practical and had the engine detuned to 270 brake horsepower at 6,500 rpm for use in the production car. The new body and retuned engine resulted in the first production Lamborghini, Lamborghini continued with the 350 GTV as a show-only prototype. During assembly, the discovered that the body panels would not fit around the engine. Since he had no plans for the 350 GTV beyond being a show car, Lamboghini had the engine bay ballasted with bricks. The incomplete show car lacked brake calipers, foot pedals, after the 1963 Turin Auto Show, the 350 GTV was placed into storage.
The 350 GTV remained in storage until the mid-1980s, when car deaRomano Bernandoni and his cousin, Lamborghini expert Stefano Pasini and Pasini did not receive the gauges and steering wheel with the car. They did, receive several proposals to modify the car into running condition, during the modification process, the cars colour was changed from its original pale blue to deep metallic green at the owners request. The 350 GTV was sold to a Japanese collector, who placed the car in the Noritake Collection, several years later, the 350 GTV was placed on display at the Lamborghini Museum in SantAgata Bolognese, Italy
Jaguars business was founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company in 1922, originally making motorcycle sidecars before developing bodies for passenger cars. Under the ownership of S. S, Cars Limited the business extended to complete cars made in association with Standard Motor Co many bearing Jaguar as a model name. The companys name was changed from S. S, Cars to Jaguar Cars in 1945. Jaguar was de-merged from British Leyland and was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984, Jaguar has, in recent years, manufactured cars for the British Prime Minister, the most recent delivery being an XJ in May 2010. The company holds royal warrants from Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Charles, the carmaker said around 1,000 academics and engineers would work there and that construction would start in 2014. The Swallow Sidecar Company was founded in 1922 by two motorcycle enthusiasts, William Lyons and William Walmsley, in 1934 Walmsley elected to sell-out and Lyons formed S. S. Cars Limited funding the replacement of Walmsleys investment by issuing shares to the public, the SS Jaguar name first appeared in September 1935 on a 2. 5-litre saloon, sports models of which were the SS90 and SS100.
On 23 March 1945 the S. S, Cars shareholders in general meeting agreed to change the companys name to Jaguar Cars Limited. Said Chairman William Lyons Unlike S. S. the name Jaguar is distinctive, Jaguar made its name by producing a series of successful eye-catching sports cars, the Jaguar XK120, Jaguar XK140, Jaguar XK150, and Jaguar E-Type, all embodying Lyons mantra of value for money. The sports cars were successful in motorsport, a path followed in the 1950s to prove the engineering integrity of the companys products. Jaguars sales slogan for years was Grace, Pace, during the time this slogan was used, but the exact text varied. It had a hemispherical cylinder head with valves inclined from the vertical, originally at 30 degrees and 45 degrees. As fuel octane ratings were low from 1948 onwards, three piston configuration were offered, domed and dished. The main designer, William Bill Heynes, assisted by Walter Wally Hassan, was determined to develop the Twin OHC unit, Bill Lyons agreed over misgivings from Hassan.
It was risky to take what had previously considered a racing or low-volume and cantankerous engine needing constant fettling. The subsequent engine was the powerplant of Jaguar, used in the XK120, Mk VII Saloon, Mk I and II Saloons. It was employed in the E Type, itself a development from the winning and Le Mans conquering C and D Type Sports Racing cars refined as the short-lived XKSS. Properly maintained, the standard production XK Engine would achieve 200,000 miles of useful life, Two of the proudest moments in Jaguars long history in motor sport involved winning the Le Mans 24 hours race, firstly in 1951 and again in 1953
Ferrari N. V. is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940, however the companys inception as an auto manufacturer is usually recognized in 1947, when the first Ferrari-badged car was completed. Ferrari is the worlds most powerful according to Brand Finance. In May 2012 the 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO became the most expensive car in history, Fiat S. p. A. acquired 50 percent of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 90 percent in 1988. In October 2014 Fiat Chrysler Automobiles announced its intentions to separate Ferrari S. p. A. from FCA, through the remaining steps of the separation, FCAs interest in Ferraris business was distributed to shareholders of FCA, with 10 percent continuing to be owned by Piero Ferrari. The spin-off was completed on 3 January 2016, Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed and wealth. Enzo Ferrari was not initially interested in the idea of producing road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari in 1929, Scuderia Ferrari literally means Ferrari Stable and is usually used to mean Team Ferrari.
Ferrari bought and fielded Alfa Romeo racing cars for gentlemen drivers, in September 1939 Enzo Ferrari left Alfa Romeo under the provision that he would not use the Ferrari name in association with races or racing cars for at least four years. A few days he founded Auto Avio Costruzioni, headquartered in the facilities of the old Scuderia Ferrari, the new company ostensibly produced machine tools and aircraft accessories. In 1940 Ferrari did in fact produce a race car – the Tipo 815 and it was the first Ferrari car and debuted at the 1940 Mille Miglia, but due to World War II it saw little competition. In 1943 the Ferrari factory moved to Maranello, where it has remained ever since, the factory was bombed by the Allies and subsequently rebuilt including a works for road car production. The first Ferrari-badged car was the 1947125 S, powered by a 1.5 L V12 engine, Enzo Ferrari reluctantly built, the Scuderia Ferrari name was resurrected to denote the factory racing cars and distinguish them from those fielded by customer teams.
In 1960 the company was restructured as a corporation under the name SEFAC S. p. A. Early in 1969, Fiat took a 50 percent stake in Ferrari, new model investment further up in the Ferrari range received a boost. In 1988, Enzo Ferrari oversaw the launch of the Ferrari F40, the last new Ferrari to be launched before his death that year, in 1989 the company was renamed as Ferrari S. p. A. From 2002 to 2004, Ferrari produced the Enzo, their fastest model at the time and it was to be called the F60, continuing on from the F40 and F50, but Ferrari was so pleased with it, they called it the Enzo instead. It was initially offered to loyal and reoccurring customers, each of the 399 made had a tag of $650,000 apiece. On 15 September 2012,964 Ferrari cars (worth over $162 million attended the Ferrari Driving Days event at Silverstone Circuit, on 29 October 2014, the FCA group, resulting from the merger between manufacturers Fiat and Chrysler, announced the split of its luxury brand, Ferrari
Fiat 500 "Topolino"
The Fiat 500, commonly known as Topolino, is an Italian city car produced and manufactured by Fiat from 1936 to 1955. The name Topolino translates literally as little mouse in Italian, but is the Italian name for Mickey Mouse, the Topolino was one of the smallest cars in the world at the time of its production. Launched in 1937, three models were produced until 1955, all only minor mechanical and cosmetic changes. It was equipped with a 569 cc four-cylinder, side-valve, water-cooled engine mounted in front of the front axle, the radiator was located behind the engine which made possible a lowered aerodynamic nose profile at a time when competitors had a flat, nearly vertical grille. The shape of the front allowed exceptional forward visibility. With horsepower of about 13 bhp, its top speed was about 53 mph, the target price given when the car was planned was 5,000 lire. In the event the price at launch was 9,750 lire, though the decade was one of falling prices in several part of Europe, despite being more expensive than first envisioned, the car was competitively priced.
Model A and B shared the body, only the engine of model B had 16 hp, vs.13 hp of Model A. Model A was produced from 1937 to 1948. Model A was offered as a 2-door saloon, 2-door convertible saloon, Model C was introduced in 1949 with a restyled body and the same engine as Model B, and was offered in 2-door saloon, 2-door convertible saloon, 3-door estate and 2-door van versions. In 1952, Giardinetta was renamed Belvedere, Model C was produced until 1955. In 1955 the larger rear-wheel-drive Fiat 600 was launched by Fiat and that would become the basis for the new Fiat 500. The 500 A is known to be hot rodded, once the car came to America and it was mostly hot rodded to a dragster, or a street rod. Fiat 500 History - Gizmohighway Auto Guide Jay Leno talks about his Topolino Soviet-italian comic car AHCHOO-2
The Bizzarrini Strada, was a gran turismo automobile produced by Bizzarrini in the 1960s. Sold as a low slung 2-seat coupe and track-tuned Corsa racer. Designed by ex-Ferrari chief engineer Giotto Bizzarrini in 1963, the Strada was launched by his company in 1965. It was similar in concept to the Iso Grifo, designed by Mr. Bizzarrini, the Strada was powered by a Chevrolet small-block 327 Corvette engine displacing 5358 cc and producing 365 hp to 385 hp in street form and 400 hp in the Corsa. Dunlop four-wheel disc brakes, a BorgWarner T-10 four-speed manual transmission, de Dion tube rear suspension, the Giorgetto Giugiaro influenced Bertone styled aluminum body, was striking in its day and still regarded in the 2000s as gorgeous. A single spyder version was built, a total of 133 examples were produced from 1965 through 1968. Ferrari Daytona Lamborghini Miura Maserati Ghibli Iso Grifo Media related to Bizzarrini 5300 GT Strada at Wikimedia Commons Bizzarrini 5300 GT Strada, auto-classiche. it
The Lamborghini V12 refers to the flagship V12 engine used by Lamborghini. Lamborghini have had two generations of V12 engines through their history, both of which were developed in-house, the first-generation Lamborghini V12 was a sixty degree V12 petrol engine designed by Lamborghini, and was the first internal combustion engine ever produced by the firm. It first entered production in 1963 as a 3.5 litre displacing 3,465 cubic centimetres fitted on Lamborghinis first car, the engine remained in use for almost fifty years, the final version, a 6.5 litre, installed in the Lamborghini Murciélago. Lamborghini discontinued their first-generation V12 after the Murcielago, opting for a brand-new V12 that first saw use on the Lamborghini Aventador. The engine was designed from the start to be a quad cam 60 degree V12 - as a snub by Mr. Lamborghini of Ferraris single overhead camshaft per-bank design. When the 3,464 cubic centimetres prototype was tested in 1963, over the years, this V12 engine has nearly doubled in displacement - first to 6,192 cubic centimetres, and to 6,496 cubic centimetres.
However, the engine powers the current Murciélago LP640 can trace its lineage directly to the F1-inspired design of Bizzarrini. Engine configuration —3.5 &3.9 60° V12 engine, wet sump lubrication system engine configuration —6.2 &6.5 60° V12 engine, dry sump lubrication system engine displacement etc. 5.2,5,167 cubic centimetres Stroke increased to 75 mm, compression ratio 9.5,1 and downdraft Weber carburetors. Former Scuderia Ferrari designer / engineer Mauro Forghieri was commissioned to design, dubbed the Lamborghini LE3512, the 3,493 cc, 80° V12 engine was reported to be the best sounding engine of the new 3. 5L naturally aspirated formula. Also, the front running teams already had existing engine suppliers in place.417 seconds slower than the V10 McLaren-Honda of pole winner Ayrton Senna. Alliot backed up that performance by scoring the engines first point in Formula One by finishing 6th in the race, Alliots team mate for the second half of 1989, former Ferrari driver Michele Alboreto, never came to grips with either the Lola or the Lamborghini.
In his eight races for Larrousse he recorded four DNFs, two failures to pre-qualify, one failure to qualify, and a single 11th-place finish in Portugal, the Lamborghini V12s best finish came when Larrousse driver Aguri Suzuki finished 3rd in the infamous 1990 Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka. In a 2014 interview, Warwick said of the 3512 that it was All noise, McLaren made a modified version of their 1993 race car, the McLaren MP4/8 to test the engine