Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. Common traits include fast tempos, a shrieking vocal style distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, raw recording, unconventional song structures, an emphasis on atmosphere. Artists appear in corpse paint and adopt pseudonyms. During the 1980s, several thrash metal and death metal bands formed a prototype for black metal; this so-called first wave included bands such as Venom, Mercyful Fate and Celtic Frost. A second wave arose in the early 1990s, spearheaded by Norwegian bands such as Mayhem, Burzum, Emperor and Gorgoroth; the early Norwegian black metal scene developed the style of their forebears into a distinct genre. Norwegian-inspired black metal scenes emerged throughout Europe and North America, although some other scenes developed their own styles independently; some prominent Swedish bands spawned during this second wave, the second generation in Sweden being led by Dissection, Abruptum and Nifelheim. A synonym for "Satanic metal", black metal has sparked controversy, due to the actions and ideologies associated with the genre.
Many artists express extreme anti-Christian and misanthropic views, advocating various forms of Satanism or ethnic paganism. In the 1990s, members of the scene were responsible for a spate of church murders. There is a small neo-Nazi movement within black metal, although it has been shunned by many prominent artists. Black metal strives to remain an underground phenomenon. Although contemporary black metal refers to the Norwegian style with shrieking vocals and raw production, the term has traditionally been applied to bands with differing sounds, such as Death SS, Mercyful Fate, Mayhem and the Greek and Finnish bands that emerged around the same time as the Norwegian scene. Norwegian-inspired black metal guitarists favor high-pitched or trebly guitar tones and heavy distortion; the guitar is played with fast, un-muted tremolo picking and power chords. Guitarists use dissonance—along with specific scales and chord progressions—to create a sense of dread; the tritone, or flat-fifth, is used. Guitar solos and low guitar tunings are rare in black metal.
The bass guitar is used to play stand-alone melodies. It is not uncommon for the bass to be muted against the guitar, or for it to homophonically follow the low-pitched riffs of the guitar. While electronic keyboards are not a standard instrument, some bands, like Dimmu Borgir, use keyboards "in the background" or as "proper instruments" for creating atmosphere; some newer black metal bands began raising their production quality and introducing additional instruments such as synthesizers and orchestras. The drumming is fast and relies on double-bass and blast beats to maintain tempos that can sometimes approach 300 beats per minute; these fast tempos require great skill and physical stamina, typified by black metal drummers Frost and Hellhammer. Still, authenticity is still prioritized over technique. "This professionalism has to go," insists well-respected drummer and metal historian Fenriz of Darkthrone. "I want to de-learn playing drums, I want to play primitive and simple, I don't want to play like a drum solo all the time and make these complicated riffs".
Black metal songs stray from conventional song structure and lack clear verse-chorus sections. Instead, many black metal songs contain repetitive instrumental sections; the Greek style—established by Rotting Christ and Varathron—has more traditional heavy metal and death metal traits than Norwegian black metal. Traditional black metal bands tend to favor raspy, high-pitched vocals which include techniques such as shrieking and snarling, a vocal style influenced by Quorthon of Bathory. Death growls, common in the death metal genre, are sometimes used, but less than the characteristic black metal shriek. Black metal lyrics attack Christianity and the other institutional religions using apocalyptic language. Satanic lyrics are common, many see them as essential to black metal. For Satanist black metal artists, "Black metal songs are meant to be like Calvinist sermons. Misanthropy, global catastrophe, death and rebirth are common themes. Another topic found in black metal lyrics is that of the wild and extreme aspects and phenomena of the natural world the wilderness, mountains, winter and blizzards.
Black metal has a fascination with the distant past. Many bands write about the mythology and folklore of their homelands and promote a revival of pre-Christian, pagan traditions. A significant number of bands write lyrics only in their native language and a few have lyrics in archaic languages; some doom metal-influenced artists' lyrics focus on depression, introspection, self-harm and suicide. Many bands choose not to play live. Many of those who do play live maintain that their performances "are not for entertainment or spectacle. Sincerity and extremity are valued above all else"; some bands consider their concerts to be rituals and make use of stage props and theatrics. Bands such as Mayhem and Watain are noted for their controversial shows, which have featured impaled animal heads, mock crucifixions, medieval weaponry and band members doused in animal blood. A few vocalists, such as Dead and Kvarforth, are known for cutting themselves while singing onstage. Black metal artists appear dressed in black with combat boots
Kunzea jucunda is a flowering plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia where it occurs on sandy or rocky soils of undulating plains. It is similar to Kunzea affinis and where the ranges of the two species overlap, hybrids occur. Kunzea jucunda is a shrub with many short side branches, it grows to a height of 0.6–1.2 m and is glabrous except for a few hairs around the flowers and youngest leaves. The leaves are glabrous elliptic in shape, about 3 mm long and 1–1.5 mm wide with a petiole less than 1 mm long. The flowers are arranged in heads of two to four on the ends of the side branches; the flowers are surrounded by bracts which are about 2 mm long and wide glabrous except for a few hairs around the edges and by pairs of smaller bracteoles. The floral cup is about 2–3 mm long and the five sepals are lance-shaped and about 1 mm long; the five petals are spatula-shaped to round, about 2 mm long and pink to deep mauve. There are eighteen to twenty four stamens in several rows in each flower.
Flowering occurs between August and October and is followed by fruit which are urn-shaped capsules with five vertical ridges. This kunzea is similar to K. affinis but is distinguished by the glabrous leaves and bracts. Where the ranges of the two species meet, hybrids occur. Kunzea jucunda was first formally described in 1904 by Ludwig Diels and Ernst Georg Pritzel and the description was published in the journal Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie; the specific epithet is a Latin word meaning "pleasant, agreeable or delightful". This kunzea grows in a wide range of habitats, but occurs on sandy or rocky soils of undulating plains between the Stirling Range and Ravensthorpe in the Esperance Plains and Mallee biogeographic regions. Kunzea jucunda is classified as "Not Threatened" by the Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife
You Belong to Me is a 2004 compilation album of songs recorded by American singer Jo Stafford. It is one of many Stafford compilations to have been released in the early 2000s under the title You Belong to Me, the name derived from the song of the same name which became one of her best known hits during the 1950s; this album was released on June 2004 by Remember Records. You Belong to Me Shrimp Boats Keep It a Secret Jambalaya If Ay-Round the Corner Tennessee Waltz Hambone Some Enchanted Evening Ragtime Cowboy Joe Whispering Hope Hey, Good Lookin' No Other Love Pretty Eyed Baby Somebody If You've Got the Money, I've Got the Time In the Cool, Cool of the Evening Scarlet Ribbons Setting the Woods on Fire Once and for Always Congratulations Kissin' Bug Boogie It Is No Secret Gambella Early Autumn A Fool Such as I