Dalarna County is a county or län in middle Sweden. It borders the counties of Jämtland, Gävleborg, Västmanland, Örebro and Värmland, it is bordered by the Norwegian counties of Hedmark and Trøndelag in the west. The term Dalarna County is used for administrative purposes, being further subdivided into municipalities. Dalarna County encompasses the historical province Dalarna, that deals with history and culture of the area. In older times, Dalarna was periodically part of the territory ruled by the governor of Västerås Castle; the 1634 Instrument of Government led to the creation of a county covering Dalarna with its own County Governor. The Kopparbergs län was created by royal decree in 1647. In 1997, the name of the county was changed to Dalarna County; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case.
The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Dalarna Governors; the County Council of Dalarna or Landstinget Dalarna handles health care and public transportation. After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Dalarna County council are represented by the following political parties: Main article: Municipalities of Dalarna County In Dalarna Province: Älvdalen Avesta Borlänge Falun Gagnef Hedemora Leksand Ludvika Malung-Sälen Mora Orsa Rättvik Säter Smedjebacken Vansbro The Dalarna County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Dalarna; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Duke of Dalarna, a title for members of the royal family University College of Dalarna Dalecarlian horse Ecomuseum Bergslagen Scandinavian Mountains Airport County Administrative Board of Dalarna County Council of Dalarna Regional Association of Dalarna
Government of Sweden
The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority of Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties; the Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister—appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag —and other cabinet ministers and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag. Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975—the Government in its present constitutional form was constituted—and in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a ceremonial head of state. Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1; the Instrument of Government —one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm—sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government and how it relates to other organs of the State.
Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1. Most state administrative authorities, as opposed to local authorities, sorts under the Government, including the Armed Forces, Coast Guard, Customs Service and the Swedish police. While the Judiciary technically sort under the Government in the fiscal sense, Chapter 11 of the Instrument of Government provides safeguards to ensure its independence. In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; the Government of Sweden is the high contracting party when entering treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organisations, as per 10:1 of the Instrument of Government. In most other parliamentary systems this formal function is vested in the head of state but exercised by ministers in such name. Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes that laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government, are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes.
Following a general election, Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the parties with representation in the Riksdag, the Speaker nominates a candidate for Prime Minister. The nomination is put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members votes "no", the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected; the Speaker must find a new nominee. This means. After being elected the Prime Minister appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag; the new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers. The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister, thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority or it has failed. If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected.
A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew. Each appointment of a new Prime Minister is considered to result in a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election, so an election does not always result in a new cabinet. Known as the Royal Chancery, the name was changed to the Government Offices on 1 January 1975 with the current Instrument of Government entering into effect; the Instrument of Government mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 that there is a staff organization supporting the Government known as the Government Offices. The present organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning med instruktion för Regeringskansliet. Since the issuance of that ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are technically entities within the Government Offices, rather than as separate organisations though they operate as such.
Below follows a short summary of the current structure. Only current ministries and offices are listed below: Government Offices Prime Minister's Office Ministry of Justice Ministry for Foreign Affairs Ministry of Defence Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Statistics Sweden is the Swedish government agency responsible for producing official statistics regarding Sweden. National statistics in Sweden date back to 1686 when the parishes of the Church of Sweden were ordered to start keeping records on the population. SCB's predecessor, the Tabellverket, was set up in 1749, the current name was adopted in 1858; as of 2015, the agency had 1,350 employees. The offices of the agency are located in Örebro. Statistics Sweden publishes the Journal of Official Statistics. Demographics of Sweden Eurostat Government agencies in Sweden List of national and international statistical services Official website
Ronneby is a locality and the seat of Ronneby Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden with 12,029 inhabitants in 2010. Ronneby is regarded as the heart of "the Garden of Sweden", in 2005 the park "Brunnsparken" in Ronneby was voted Sweden's most beautiful park. 2006 the park was voted Europe's 4th most beautiful park. The church Heliga Kors kyrka was founded in the 12th century and extended until the 15th century, badly damaged during Northern Seven Years' War in the 16th century; the city's oldest surviving city privileges are from 1387. The first recorded spelling of the name is Rotnæby, "the village upon the roaring", so named because of the rapids on the spot. In the Middle Ages, Ronneby was an important shipping town. In 1564, Ronneby was the location of a bloody battle during the Northern Seven Years' War between the Swedish and the Danish armies during which the Swedes under King Erik XIV besieged the city, killed many inhabitants and burnt it to the ground. Erik reported that "The Water was red from blood of the Danes."
The number of victims was exaggerated, for different propagandistic reasons, by both sides. Following the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, whereby Blekinge and other southern provinces became Swedish, a navy base was built in Karlskrona – east of Ronneby – which accordingly was granted city rights, while revoking the city rights of Ronneby, but Ronneby did attract some industries in the 18th century. Besides the industry, it hosted the Ronneby spa, with water believed to have healing qualities; the park around the spa can still be visited. The first source of chalybeate water was found in May 1705, but the high period of the spa was in the 19th century. After a fire in 1864, Ronneby was rebuilt according to a check pattern, still the model of today. Ronneby regained its city title in 1882. From 1971 it is the seat of the larger Ronneby Municipality. In the 1970s, the local diving club discovered a shipwreck off the coast of Ronneby, identified by archaeologists as Gribshunden, a 15th-century Danish warship.
The shipwreck is significant as one of the best-preserved wreckages from the early modern period. Ronneby did use a coat of arms with the letter R between a star and a crescent at least since 1542. In 1882, the arms were redesigned, with the R substituted with the Ronnebyå River; the same coat of arms is used today by the municipality. Knut Hahn Secondary School, a school aimed at students in their late teens, it was renovated in 2004, at a cost of well over 100 million SEK. It is run by the Ronneby Municipality, it features most of the national programmes, teaching arts, industrial work and economics among many other subjects. It has about 700 students. Blekinge Institute of Technology Ronneby has many schools for lower ages, all run by the municipality save for a secondary school, run by a company, called Thoren Framtid. Ronneby has a humid continental climate, bordering on an oceanic climate, similar to most of Southern Sweden; the climate is similar to neighbouring city Karlshamn, but has a somewhat higher rainfall and cooler nights throughout the year at the site located inside the premises of the local airport.
These are two of the more prominent sports clubs in Ronneby: Ronneby BK, association football Fredriksbergs BK, bandy Josefina Wettergrund, writer Messiah Marcolin, vocalist best known for his work in the Swedish doom metal band Candlemass Ronneby, Minnesota Collection of Ronneby links Official website
Blekinge is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden, situated in the south of the country. It borders Småland and the Baltic Sea, it is the country's second-smallest province by area, the smallest province located on the mainland. The name "Blekinge" comes from the adjective bleke, which corresponds to the nautical term for "dead calm"; the historical provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. However, Blekinge is the only province, besides Gotland, which covers the same area as the administrative county, Blekinge County. Blekinge was granted its current arms in 1660 at the time of the funeral of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden based on a seal from the 15th century. Symbolically the three crowns from the Coat of arms of Sweden had been placed on the trunk of the tree to mark the change in status of the former Danish province, that now belonged to Sweden; the arms is represented with a ducal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, an Oak Tree eradicated Or ensigned with three Crowns palewise of the same."
Relative to the rest of Sweden Blekinge has mild winters. Blekinge has a scenic archipelago and is sometimes called "Sweden's garden"; the nature of Blekinge is characterized by its oak forests with occasional hazel and common hornbeam. The relief is an uneven joint valley terrain with straight and narrow valley bottoms that widen towards the coast. Bedrock in Blekinge is granite and gneiss of the Blekinge-Bornholm rock province. Blekinge became part of the kingdom of Denmark at some point in the early 11th century – most 1026, its status before is unknown. It remained a Danish province for over 600 years, together with the provinces of Skåne and Halland, it made up Skåneland; the eastern part of the Danish kingdom where Scanian Law prevailed. As a border province, Blekinge was raided and looted by Swedish troops during Danish–Swedish wars. In 1658, it was ceded to Sweden according to the Treaty of Roskilde and has remained Swedish since. During the Danish era, the port town of Sölvesborg was the seat of the administration in the western part of the province and Kristianopel in the eastern part.
Notable fortifications during this period included sites at Elleholm, Sölvesborg and Avaskär. Towns in Blekinge with city privileges were: Ronneby, Sölvesborg and Kristianopel. After the Swedish takeover two new towns and Karlskrona, were built, the populations of Ronneby and Kristianopel were forcibly relocated to them. Karlskrona has for more than 300 years been the principal naval base in Sweden. Hundreds were the historical subdivisions of a Swedish province. Blekinge's hundreds were Bräkne Hundred, Eastern Hundred, Lister Hundred, Medelstad Hundred. In Blekinge, two main dialects exist; the dividing line between them has been the river Mörrumsån, near the historical site of Elleholm. West of this divide, the dialect was closely related to Danish and eastern Scanian, most an effect of the former administrative links to Scania. East of this divide, the dialect has still much common with danish and scanian but a little more in common with Småland dialects. Today, this divide is not as significant as before, with the exception of Listerlandet with its special language.
The eastern dialect of Danish can be found on the Danish island of Bornholm. The variety is called Blekingska; until 2018, Blekinge was one of the six Swedish provinces. On March 12, 2018, King Carl XVI Gustaf gave his newborn granddaughter, Princess Adrienne the title of Duchess of Blekinge. Football in the province is administered by Blekinge Fotbollförbund. Blekinge Institute of Technology Blekinge archipelago Blekinge - Official tourist site
Olofström, earlier Holje by, is a locality and the seat of Olofström Municipality in Blekinge County, Sweden with 7,327 inhabitants in 2010. The increased use of cars in the 1950s and 1960s was the great boost for the municipality. Today the car industry, dominated by Volvo Cars, is the largest employer in Olofström; the gymnasium accommodates one of the few orienteering schools in Sweden, as well as the only archery school in Sweden. Olofström is home to well-maintained football club Olofströms IF. Jan Gunnarsson -, professional tennis player Magnus Larsson - another famous, professional tennis player Volvo Cars Official website
Sölvesborg Municipality is a municipality in Blekinge County in South Sweden in southern Sweden. It borders to Olofström Municipality and Karlshamn Municipality; the town Sölvesborg is the seat of the municipality. The present municipality was formed in 1971 when the City of Sölvesborg was amalgamated with the rural municipalities Gammalstorp and Mjällby; the Sölvesborg Party was formed ahead of the 2002 election by a group of former Green Party members. Party councillors are Bo Sandquist. In the 2002 elections the party got 4.7% of the votes and two seats in the municipal assembly In the 2006 elections the party got 2.7% of the votes and one seat in the municipal assembly. The municipality otherwise reflect the same political majorities as in its neighbouring municipalitiess of Bromölla, Olofström and Karlshamn. In December 2018 Louise Erixon, partner of Jimmie Akesson, the populist party's leader of Sweden Democrats, was made mayor of Solvesborg. There are 10 urban areas in Sölvesborg Municipality.
In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005. The municipal seat is in bold characters. A minor part of Valje is situated in the municipality; the main part of Valje is, however, in Bromölla Municipality. All parishes belonged to Lister Hundred: Gammalstorp Parish Mjällby Parish Sölvesborg Parish Ysane Parish Sölvesborg is twinned with: Bornholm in Denmark Malbork in Poland Wolgast in Germany Sortavala in Russia Ukmerge in Lithuania Sölvesborg Municipality - Official site