Bloor Street is a major east–west residential and commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Canada. Bloor Street runs from the Prince Edward Viaduct, which spans the Don River Valley, westward into Mississauga where it ends at Central Parkway. East of the viaduct, Danforth Avenue continues along the same right-of-way; the street 25 kilometres long, contains a significant cross-sample of Toronto's ethnic communities. It is home to Toronto's famous shopping street, the Mink Mile. A portion of Line 2 of the Bloor-Danforth subway line runs along Bloor from Kipling Avenue to the Don Valley Parkway, continues east along Danforth Avenue. Surveyed as the first concession road north of the baseline, it was known by many names, including the Tollgate Road St. Paul's Road. From 1844 until 1854 it was known as Sydenham Road after Baron Sydenham, Governor General of Canada 1839–1841; the street was given its current name in honour of Joseph Bloor, a local brewer and land speculator who founded the Village of Yorkville in 1830 on the north side of this street and, one of the street's original residents.
Sections of Bloor Street near High Park was still undeveloped in the early part of the 20th Century. Sections along High Park required infill to eliminate the natural deep valleys in the area. On the eastern terminus Bloor ended at Sherbourne Avenue at Rosedale Valley and where once the Sherbourne Blockhouse stood. A small footpath from Howard Street was the only means to reach the eastern end of the valley to continue along Danforth Avenue until the Prince Edward Viaduct was completed in 1918; the idea of installing bicycle lanes on Bloor had been debated since at least the early 1970s. On 4 May 2016, city council voted 38-3 to implement physically separated bike lanes along a 2.6-km stretch of the street. Mayor John Tory stated, in support of the project, that if council sought to make Toronto a "21st century city", it must improve at providing "alternate ways to move people around the city." Bloor street begins at the eastern edge of the Prince Edward Viaduct, which passes over the ravine holding the Don River.
The street continues through to the Rosedale Ravine, marking the southern border of the affluent community of Rosedale. West of Parliament Street, the street passes just to the north of the large St. James Town housing project, which stretches west to Sherbourne Street. On the northern side of this section of Bloor are the forested slopes of the Rosedale Ravine. Between Sherbourne and Church Streets the street is lined by large office towers home to insurance companies; this area has long been the centre of the insurance industry in Canada. West of Church the street is an important shopping district. In downtown around the intersection with Bay Street, Bloor is one of the most exclusive stretches of real estate in Canada. Rents on the upscale Bloor Street have doubled in 4 years, ranking as the 22nd most expensive retail location in the world in 2006, up two spots from 2005. Nationally, Vancouver's upscale Robson Street tied with Bloor Street West as the most expensive street in Canada, with an annual average rental price of $208 per square foot.
Under the intersection of Yonge and Bloor Streets is the Bloor–Yonge subway station, the busiest in the city, serving 368,800 people a day. Above ground, the intersection encompasses commercial condominiums. In the downtown, Bloor Street serves as the northern edge of the University of Toronto campus, is host to several historic sites, including the Bata Shoe Museum, the Royal Conservatory of Music, the southern edge of Yorkville, in an area now known as the Bloor Street Culture Corridor. West of the university, which ends at Spadina Avenue, Bloor Street runs through a diverse series of neighbourhoods such as The Annex, Dufferin Grove, Roncesvalles, High Park and Runnymede, it retains its commercial character, serves as the main shopping area for most of these communities. Numerous sections of the street have named'business improvement areas' such as Bloorcourt Village, Bloordale Village and Bloor West Village. In Toronto's west end, Bloor Street crisscrosses Dundas Street twice, between Lansdowne Avenue and Parkside Drive and again in the Six Points area as these streets follow the old trails.
Markland Wood is the westernmost residential community in the city of Toronto. Through Mississauga, Bloor Street links the residential communities of Applewood Hills and Applewood Heights, terminating at Central Parkway, about one kilometre east of Hurontario Street. A second section of Bloor once continued a short distance west of Hurontario, but was incorporated into Central Parkway which runs both north and west from the street's western terminus as the only completed part of an aborted ring road project around Mississauga City Centre; until 1998, Bloor Street was designated as Ontario Highway 5 from Kipling Avenue east to the Don River. Like many urban stretches of provincial roadway, it was formally decommissioned as a Connecting Link on January 1. Beginning in 2019 the City of Toronto is reconfiguring the intersection at Kipling Avenue that will create an at-grade intersection with Dundas Street overpass removed thus requiring traffic west to divert via Dunbloor Road; the stretch of Bloor between Yonge Street and Avenue Road, in Yorkville, is called Mink Mile, it is the most prestigious shopping street in Toronto
Mississippi Highway 902 is a state highway in central Mississippi. The route starts at MS 481 in Burns and it travels northeastwards, it travels within the Bienville National Forest and it ends at MS 35 in Lorena. The road was constructed around 1967 and was paved by 1968; the route was signed as MS 902 on state maps by 1998. All of MS 902 is located in Smith County. In 2018, the Mississippi Department of Transportation calculated 210 vehicles traveling on MS 902 north of County Road 32-A on average each day; the road is defined in Mississippi Code § 65-3-3, as both MS 902 and MS 35 Connector, but it is signed as MS 902. The route is maintained by MDOT as part of the Mississippi State Highway System. MS 902 starts at a three-way junction with MS 481 in the unincorporated area of Burns and travels northward; as the route is within the Bienville National Forest, the majority of the road is surrounded by forests, with several farms located along the way. It intersects CO 502-A, a gravel spur route of CO 502, CO 32-A, which travels to MS 35 near Lemon.
MS 902 turns northeastwards south of CO 32-B, continues in that direction until it ends at MS 35 in Lorena. The road continues as CO 32. Around 1967, a gravel road from MS 481 to MS 35 was constructed within the Bienville National Forest in Smith County, it was paved one year later; the road was signed as MS 902 on the state highway map by 1998. The entire route is in Smith County
The Coalition for Iraqi National Unity is a political party in Iraq. It is led by Nehru Mohammed Abdul Karim al-Kasanzani. Nehru Kasanzani's father, Sheikh Mohammed al-Kasanzani is the religious leader of the Kasanzani order, the largest order of Sufis in Iraq. Sheikh al-Kasanzani led a pro-government Kurdish militia in the 1970s and 1980s and became an important oil industry middleman in northern Iraq linked to Izzat al-Douri. In 1999 Nehru and his two brothers were arrested and sentenced to death after Nehru's brother forged Saddam Hussein's signature. After the intervention of a Kurdish Communist former minister, the Kasanzanis were released and allowed to flee to Iraqi Kurdistan, outside the control of the Iraqi government. There, the family are reported to have become CIA agents, feeding them lists of names of people in security services. After the invasion of Iraq, al-Kasanzani founded the Iraqi National Unity Coalition, they failed to win any seats. They did, win 5 provincial assembly seats in Salah ad Din in 2005 and won 14,439 votes and two provincial assembly seats in the 2009 Al Anbar governorate election.
Parallel evolution is the similar development of a trait in distinct species that are not related, but share a similar original trait in response to similar evolutionary pressure. Given a particular trait that occurs in each of two lineages descended from a specified ancestor, it is possible in theory to define parallel and convergent evolutionary trends and distinguish them from one another; however the criteria for defining convergent as opposed to parallel evolution are unclear in practice, so that arbitrary diagnosis is common in some cases. When two species are similar in a particular character, evolution is defined as parallel if the ancestors shared that similarity. However, this distinction is not clear-cut. For one thing, the stated conditions are a matter of degree. In evolutionary biology the question of how far back to look for similar ancestors, how similar those ancestors need be for one to consider parallel evolution to have taken place, cannot always be resolved; some scientists accordingly have argued that parallel evolution and convergent evolution are more or less indistinguishable.
Others insist that in practice we should not shy away from the gray area because many important distinctions between parallel and convergent evolution remain. When the ancestral forms are unspecified or unknown, or the range of traits considered is not specified, the distinction between parallel and convergent evolution becomes more subjective. For instance, Richard Dawkins in The Blind Watchmaker describes the striking similarity between placental and marsupial forms as the outcome of convergent evolution, because mammals on their respective ancestral continents had a long evolutionary history before the extinction of the dinosaurs; that period of separation would have permitted the accumulation of many relevant differences. Stephen Jay Gould differed, and whenever similarities can be described in concept as having evolved from a common attribute deriving from a single remote ancestral line, that legitimately may be regarded as parallel evolution. In contrast, where quite different structures have been co-opted to a similar form and function, one must regard the evolution as convergent.
For example, consider Mixotricha paradoxa, a eukaryotic microbe which has assembled a system of rows of apparent cilia and basal bodies resembling the system in ciliates. However, on inspection it turns out that in Mixotricha paradoxa, what appear to be cilia are smaller symbiont microorganisms. Again, the differently oriented tails of fish and whales derived at vastly different times from radically different ancestors and any similarity in the resultant descendants must therefore have evolved convergently; the definition of a trait is crucial in deciding whether a change is seen as divergent, or as parallel or convergent. For example, the evolution of the sesamoid "thumb" of the giant panda is not parallel to that of the thumbs of primates hominins, it differs morphologically from primate thumbs, but from some points of view it might be regarded as convergent in function and appearance. Again, in the image above, note that since serine and threonine possess similar structures with an alcohol side chain, the example marked "divergent" would be termed "parallel" if the amino acids were grouped by similarity instead of being considered individually.
As another example, if genes in two species independently become restricted to the same region of the animals through regulation by a certain transcription factor, this may be described as a case of parallel evolution - but examination of the actual DNA sequence will show only divergent changes in individual basepair positions, since a new transcription factor binding site can be added in a wide range of places within the gene with similar effect. A similar situation occurs considering the homology of morphological structures. For example, many insects possess two pairs of flying wings. In beetles, the first pair of wings is hardened into elytra, wing covers with little role in flight, while in flies the second pair of wings is condensed into small halteres used for balance. If the two pairs of wings are considered as interchangeable, homologous structures, this may be described as a parallel reduction in the number of wings, but otherwise the two changes are each divergent changes in one pair of wings.
Similar to convergent evolution, evolutionary relay describes how independent species acquire similar characteristics through their evolution in similar ecosystems, but not at the same time, such as. Colouration that serves as a warning to predators and for mating displays has evolved in many different species. In the plant kingdom, the most familiar examples of parallel evolution are the forms of leaves, where similar patterns have appeared again and again in separate genera and families. In Arabidopsis thaliana it has been suggested that populations adapt to local climate through parallel evolution In butterflies, many close similarities are found in the patterns of wing colouration, both within and among families. Old and New World porcupines shared a common ancestor, both evolved strikingly similar quill structures.
The 2017 Speed Energy Stadium Super Trucks season was the fifth season of the Stadium Super Trucks series. Paul Morris won his first series championship with a one-point advantage over Matthew Brabham. For the third consecutive year, the new SST season began at Adelaide Street Circuit to support the Supercars Championship's Clipsal 500 Adelaide. Lucas Oil Off Road Racing Series driver Jeff Hoffman made his series debut, while Gavin Harlien ran his first race since 2015. In Race 1, V8 Ute Racing Series racer Craig Dontas, who helped SST establish a following in Australia, started in the second row and took the lead. Although Paul Morris and Matthew Brabham passed Dontas on the final lap, Harlien wrecked after making contact with Erik Davis and flipped, causing the race to be red flagged and Dontas to be declared the race winner. Sheldon Creed beat Toby Price to win Race 2; the final race began with Dontas flipping, leading to a red flag that shortened the race from eight to five laps. Hoffman led the race until Morris passed him and went on to win.
The trucks' first American race took place with the IndyCar Series' Firestone Grand Prix of St. Petersburg. Sprint car racing driver Davey Hamilton Jr. joined the series for his maiden SST start, driving the No. 75 Always Evolving truck owned by Davis. Although Brabham led much of Race 1, power steering issues and a late spin knocked him out of the win. Brabham rebounded by winning the first non-Australian SST winner at the track. In January, the Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach and the series formed a multi-year agreement to continue racing at the street course. Brabham took the weekend victory as he won Race 1 and finished second in Race 2. Myles Cheek, who raced in the series' Super Trophy Kart division in 2013, made his series debut at Long Beach as he finished seventh and eighth, including spinning in Race 2. Returning to Australia in May, SST's races at Barbagallo Raceway in conjunction with the Perth SuperSprint was their first at a closed circuit. Jake Kostecki ran his first SST weekend in the No.
75, but contact on a ramp with Milburn in Race 1 caused him to roll through the grass. Creed avoided the wreck and won the round. Kostecki missed the rest of the weekend due to the damage. Gordon won Race 2, while Creed beat Gordon to the finish in Race 3 by.023 seconds, one of the closest finishes in series history. Creed's success continued. Gordon missed the weekend as he was competing in the Baja 500, with Hamilton serving as the interim No. 7 driver. Stock Car Brasil driver Átila Abreu made his SST debut at Detroit, driving the No. 51 with sponsorship from his SCB team Shell Oil Company and Monster Energy. A week after Detroit, the series followed IndyCar to Texas Motor Speedway for the Rainguard Water Sealers 600, where SST raced on a dirt track featuring elements of the infield, pit road, the frontstretch; as further promotion for the trucks, TMS' turn two held an off-road expo called the "Off-Road Ruckus", which allowed visitors to drive their off-road vehicles along an obstacle course and observe exhibits.
P. J. Jones and Creed won the two races, but Harlien claimed the overall weekend victory with third- and second-place finishes; the trucks' next trip to Australia, the Hidden Valley Raceway in Darwin as part of the Darwin Triple Crown, was their first points racing at the track. Morris won Races 1 and 3 in close battles with Gordon, but Race 2 saw him hit the tire barrier in a chicane and roll over. After the weekend, Gordon took a stadium truck to a nightclub in the city, where he performed donuts, he was charged with and pleaded guilty to traffic and anti-hooning violations, leading to a fine, though he defended his actions as he had received prior approval from security guards. The Confederation of Australian Motor Sport revoked Gordon's competition visa for future events, barring him from racing in the country and jeopardizing the series' future. An apology and $10,000 donation to the Australian Road Safety Foundation in October led to the ban being lifted. In July, SST joined Monster Jam for a round at the Beijing National Stadium, their first trip to Asia since a demo in Mongolia in 2016 and their inaugural Asian points race.
Among the ten SST drivers was newcomer Li Ya Tao. Racing on a dirt oval, Hamilton led the most laps and won the race, but was disqualified as he had not taken the Joker Lap; the following month, the series was a part of IndyCar's Grand Prix at The Glen at Watkins Glen International. Known as the UFD at The Glen, it was SST's first race in the northeastern United States and first on an American permanent road course. Gordon and Brabham won the weekend's two races. To close 2017, SST organized the inaugural Race & Rock World Championship at the Lake Elsinore Diamond baseball park. Among those in the field were X Games Austin 2014 gold medalist Apdaly Lopez, female driver Sara Price, NASCAR's Casey MEars, Trans-Am Series veteran Adam Andretti, four-time AMA Motocross champion Ryan Villopoto. Morris skipped the weekend as he was tending to a rib injury, so he tasked Jerett Brooks with driving his No. 67 truck. Both races were determined by two heats each, with Lopez and Creed winning on Fri
Major Barclay Harding Warburton I was the publisher of the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. He was born on April 1866 in Philadelphia to Charles Edward Warburton. At the death of his father he became the publisher of the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. On June 13, 1895 he married Mary Brown Wanamaker, they had three children: Mary Brown Warburton,. During the Spanish–American War he was commissioned as captain of Light Battery A of the Pennsylvania Artillery, he was mustered into service on May 6, 1898 and served with the battery in Puerto Rico from August 10 to September 3. He returned to the United States and was mustered out with the battery on November 9, 1898. During World War I, Warburton served as charge d'affairs for President Wilson in London from 1914 until 1917 when he became one of General Pershing's aides de camp in Paris with the rank of major, he was known by his military rank for the rest of his life. In 1921 he was named as the Special Police Commissioner for Philadelphia by Mayor Joseph Hampton Moore.
His daughter, Mary Brown Warburton, died in 1937 of an overdose of morphine. He died on December 5, 1954