The Blue Riband is an unofficial accolade given to the passenger liner crossing the Atlantic Ocean in regular service with the record highest speed. The term was borrowed from horse racing and was not used until after 1910. Traditionally, the record is based on average speed rather than passage time because ships follow different routes. Eastbound and westbound speed records are reckoned separately, as the more difficult westbound record voyage, against the Gulf Stream and the prevailing weather systems results in lower average speeds. Of the 35 Atlantic liners to hold the Blue Riband, 25 were British, followed by five German, three American, as well as one each from Italy and France. Thirteen were Cunarders, 5 by White Star, with 4 owned by Norddeutscher Lloyd, 2 by Collins, 2 by Inman and 2 by Guion, one each by British American, Great Western, Hamburg-America, the Italian Line, Compagnie Générale Transatlantique and the United States Lines; the record set by United States in 1952 remains unbroken by any passenger liner.
The next-longest period through which the Blue Riband was retained was 19 years, held from 1909 to 1929 by Mauretania. The shortest period was 6 weeks, by Bremen from July to August 1933. Many of these ships were built with substantial government subsidies and were designed with military considerations in mind. Winston Churchill estimated that the two Cunard Queens helped shorten the Second World War by a year; the last Atlantic liner to hold the Blue Riband, the SS United States, was designed for her potential use as a troopship as well as her service as a commercial passenger liner. There was no formal award until 1935, it was awarded to just three Blue Riband holders during the express liner era. The trophy continues to be awarded, though many people believe United States remains as the holder of the Blue Riband because no subsequent record breaker was in Atlantic passenger service; the Ocean Rowing Society inspired by The Blue Riband concept created Blue Riband Trophy of Ocean Rowing awarded to the fastest crew to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an unsupported row boat.
Presently it is the most sought after trophy of ocean rowing. The first well-documented crossing of the North Atlantic, though not the earliest, was that of John Cabot's ship Matthew in the summer of 1497. Matthew crossed from Bristol to Newfoundland in 35 days, returning the following month in just 17 days. Over the next three centuries countless vessels crossed back and forth over the North Atlantic, all subject to the vagaries of wind and weather, they arrived at port when they could, dependent on the wind, left when they were loaded visiting other ports to complete their cargo. During this period eastbound passages of 30 and 45 days were not uncommon, while westward passages of 65 to 90 days excited no attention, it was the advent of the steam ship, with its independence from wind power, which offered the possibility of regular, scheduled Atlantic crossings, in periods of two to three weeks, that opened a new era of transatlantic travel and competition. The term "Blue Riband of the Atlantic" did not come into use until the 1890s, the history of the trans-Atlantic competition, compiled retrospectively, was regarded as starting with the crossings by the steamships Sirius and Great Western in 1838.
Although not the first steamships to cross the Atlantic nor the fastest to make the crossing the Sirius and Great Western were the first steamships offering a regular, scheduled trans-Atlantic service. Cunard refused to recognise the title because racing vessels was not in line with the company's safety policy; the idea of building a line of transatlantic steamships was mooted in 1832 by Junius Smith, American lawyer turned London merchant. The idea came to him during an Atlantic crossing which took 57 days, a not unusual occurrence, it was published in the American Rail Road Journal. After receiving no support for several years, his plan gained credibility when Scottish shipbuilder, Macgregor Laird became an investor. Smith, considered the Father of the Atlantic Liner, formed the British and American Steam Navigation Company to operate a London-New York service. About the same time, the question of Atlantic steamships was discussed at an 1835 director's meeting of the newly formed Great Western Railway when the line's chief engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel joked that the line could be made longer by building a steamship to run between Bristol and New York.
The necessary investors were recruited by Brunel's friend, Thomas Guppy, a Bristol engineer and businessman. The next year, the Great Western Steamship Company was established though the rail line was still years from completion. By spring 1838, Brunel's Great Western was ready for sea, but Smith's first ship was still without engines; when Great Western scheduled its initial sailing, Laird suggested that British and American charter the Irish Sea steamer Sirius from the St. George Steam Packet Company for two voyages to beat Great Western. While the Sirius left Cork, Ireland four days before Great Western departed Avonmouth, Great Western still came within a day of overtaking Sirius to New York. To complete the voyage, Sirius was
In March 2006, six plainclothes agents of Mexico's Federal Investigations Agency raided a market in Santiago Mexquititlán, Querétaro, in search of unauthorized copies of copyrighted works. The agents alleged that they were held hostage by vendors during the raid. Three women were convicted of the alleged kidnapping. In September 2009, Jacinta Francisco Marcial and in April 2010 Alberta Alcántara and Teresa González, were released from prison after the charges against them were dropped. During the raid, the six AFI agents were cornered by a number of unarmed vendors in protest; the agents claimed that the vendors demanded a ransom to let them go. Local witnesses to the incident denied. Jacinta Francisco Marcial, an indigenous Otomí woman, sold ice cream in Santiago Mexquititlán's predominantly indigenous tianguis; the six AFI agents who conducted the raid implicated Francisco Marcial after they were shown a newspaper photograph depicting her walking near a group of protesting vendors. In August 2006, four months after the raid, she was arrested for the alleged kidnapping.
She was convicted and sentenced to twenty-one years' imprisonment. Amnesty International denounced Francisco Marcial's imprisonment as resulting from a wrongful prosecution; the group declared her a prisoner of conscience, claiming there was no credible evidence against her, that she had been prosecuted because of her gender, poverty and inability to speak or understand the Spanish language. In 2009, prosecutors dropped the case against Francisco Marcial. In September 2009, she was released. In April 2010 the Mexican Supreme Court unanimously agreed to reverse the convictions of the two other women convicted of the same charges, Alberta Alcántara and Teresa González, they were released from prison. Libertad para Jacinta Francisco Marcial. Amnesty International. 2009-08-19. Retrieved 2009-09-19
The 2004 Hockey East Men's Ice Hockey Tournament was the 20th Tournament in the history of the conference. It was played between March 11 and March 20, 2004. Quarterfinal games were played at home team campus sites, while the final four games were played at the Fleet Center in Boston, the home venue of the NHL's Boston Bruins. By winning the tournament Maine received the Hockey East's automatic bid to the 2004 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament; the tournament featured three rounds of play. The team that finishes ninth in the conference is not eligible for tournament play. In the first round, the first and eighth seeds, the second and seventh seeds, the third seed and sixth seeds, the fourth seed and fifth seeds played a best-of-three with the winner advancing to the semifinals. In the semifinals, the highest and lowest seeds and second highest and second lowest seeds play a single-elimination game, with the winner advancing to the championship game; the tournament champion receives an automatic bid to the 2004 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament.
Note: GP = Games Played.
Robert Anthony Toledo is a former American football coach and former player. Toledo served as the head coach at University of California, the University of the Pacific, the University of California, Los Angeles, Tulane University, he resigned as head football coach at Tulane on October 18, 2011. On January 10, 2013, he was named offensive coordinator at San Diego State. Toledo retired from coaching after the 2014 season. Toledo played football at Lincoln High School in California, he was the starting quarterback from 1961 to 1963. Toledo played for San Jose State during the 1964 season. In 1965, Toledo transferred to San Jose City College, where he was the starting quarterback and was a junior college All-American. Toledo was the starting quarterback for the San Francisco State Gators during the 1966 and 1967 seasons. While at SFSU, the team went 16–5 and played in the 1967 Camellia Bowl, a defeat against Don Coryell's San Diego State Aztecs. Toledo graduated from San Francisco State in 1968 and tried out for the San Francisco 49ers.
Prior to coaching at the University of California, Toledo was a head coach at Archbishop Riordan High School in San Francisco. He coached the freshman team in 1969, the varsity team from 1970 to 1972. Toledo was the offensive coordinator for UC-Riverside in the 1973 season. In his first collegiate head coaching job, Toledo led UC-Riverside to a 15–6 record from 1974 to 1975; when UC-Riverside ended its football program after the 1975 season, Toledo worked as an assistant to John Robinson at USC. Toledo's second head coaching position was at the University of the Pacific from 1979 to 1982. At Pacific, his teams compiled a 14–30 overall record in those four years. After leaving the Pacific program, he worked from 1983 to 1988 as the assistant head coach and offensive coordinator at the University of Oregon, he assisted R. C. Slocum as the offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach at Texas A&M, starting in 1989, until he was hired as offensive coordinator at UCLA for the 1994 and 1995 seasons.
As the head coach at UCLA from 1996 until 2002, Toledo went 49–32 overall and 32–24 in conference play. The 2003 football season represented the first time since before high school that Toledo was neither playing nor coaching football. Toledo was the assistant head coach and offensive coordinator for the University of New Mexico in 2006, was the head coach at Tulane from 2007 to 2011. In 1996, his first season as head coach with UCLA, the team finished with a mediocre 5–6 record; the highlight of the season was a comeback win over USC. The 1997 team finished as co-champions of the Pacific-10 Conference with Washington State. However, with Washington State defeating the Bruins in the season opener, the Cougars earned the right to play in the Rose Bowl; the highlights of that season were a 66–3 win over the University of Texas and a victory at the Cotton Bowl Classic over Texas A&M, a victory over USC. The 1998 season started out as one of the best in the history of UCLA football; the team was high enough in the BCS standings to merit entry to the national championship game, all UCLA needed to do was beat unranked Miami, who were major underdogs after a 66–13 loss to Syracuse the week before.
UCLA was coming off of their eighth consecutive victory over USC and 20th straight win overall. However, Miami won 49–45, ending UCLA's chances of playing in the national championship game, they instead lost to Wisconsin. This is seen as the turning point for both USC's football programs; the 1999 season was a major disappointment, with the team finishing 4–7. This was the first year that USC had defeated them in the annual Battle for the Victory Bell since 1990; the year had the dubious distinction of a 55–7 loss to Pac-10 foe Oregon State, the worst defeat of the Bruins in 69 years. In 2000, the Bruins finished 6–6 with a loss in the Sun Bowl, again against Wisconsin; the 2001 season started with promise. However, four straight losses to Stanford, Washington State, USC, the Bruins faded out of postseason contention. UCLA finished off 8–5 in Toledo's final season in 2002; the team finished 7–5 in the regular season, but Toledo was fired after a fourth straight loss to USC. The Bruins did reach the Las Vegas Bowl, but interim coach Ed Kezirian coached—and won—his only game in charge of the program.
Toledo was the head coach at UCLA for seven years from 1996 to 2002. He finished with a record of 49 wins and 32 losses, for a winning percentage of.605, including one winning streak of 20 consecutive victories, a school record. Toledo's greatest accomplishment with the team may have been in the 1997 season, where the team finished 10–2 with a victory over Texas A&M in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Toledo was 3 -- 4 against the USC Trojans in the UCLA -- USC rivalry. In 2006, Toledo returned to college football after a three-year absence becoming the offensive coordinator of the University of New Mexico Lobos, under head coach Rocky Long, Toledo's defensive coordinator at UCLA for the 1996 and 1997 seasons. In addition to being the offensive coordinator, Toledo was the associate head coach and quarterbacks coach. In December 2006, Toledo was named the new head football coach at Tulane; the team finished with eight losses in Toledo's first season as coach. His first year saw the development of Matt Forte, who came off a knee injury to rush for 2,127 yards and 23 touchdowns.
Toledo resigned as head football coach at Tulane on October 18, 2011, was replaced on an interim basis by co-offensive coordinat
Athletics competitions at the 2015 Southeast Asian Games were held at the National Stadium, East Coast Park and Kallang Practice Track in Singapore from 6 to 12 June 2015. A total of 46 athletics events are featured at the 28th SEA Games, divided evenly between the sexes; the marathon started and finished in the stadium and had a route in the surrounding area including the East Coast Park, Marina Bay and the Gardens by the Bay. A total of eleven games records were broken at the competition. Further to this, 42 national record marks were equalled or bettered and three regional bests for Southeast Asia were set; the regional records included 5.30 m in the men's pole vault by Porranot Purahong and 16.76 m in the men's triple jump by Muhammad Hakimi Ismail. Thailand maintained its long streak at the top of the athletics medal table, winning seventeen events and ending the competition with 39 medals. Vietnam was the runner-up with eleven gold medals among its haul of 34 medals. Indonesia won the next highest number of gold medals at seven, while the Philippines had the third highest medal total with 21.
The host nation Singapore won three gold medals. Seven of the eleven participating nations reached the medal table. Two Filipino Americans—Eric Cray and Kayla Richardson—won the men's and women's 100 metres and a third, Caleb Stuart, won the men's hammer throw. Cray completed a double, defending his 400 m hurdles title as well and being one of seven athletes to win two individual gold medals at the games. Two Indonesian women had doubles: Maria Natalia Londa won both the women's long jump and triple jump titles, while reigning 10,000 m champion Triyaningsih won over that distance and the 5000 m; the remaining three doubles were achieved by Vietnamese athletes: Nguyễn Thị Huyền won the 400 m flat and hurdles, while Dương Văn Thái and Đỗ Thị Thảo won all the men's and women's middle-distance titles between them. A total of seventeen athletes defended their titles from the 2013 Southeast Asian Games, with both Đỗ Thị Thảo and Maria Natalia Londa completing the same doubles they had previously. Zhang Guirong had her sixth straight win in the women's shot put, while Triyaningsih extended her unbeaten run in the 10,000 m to five.
Jamras Rittidet took his fourth consecutive SEA Games gold medal in the men's 110 m hurdles. Three women had their third straight SEA Games wins: Rini Budiarti, Nguyễn Thị Thanh Phúc and Subenrat Insaeng; the following was the competition schedule for the athletics competitions: Template:2015 Southeast Asian Games Athletics Schedule A total of eleven games records were improved at the competition. * Host nation Athletics at the 2015 ASEAN Para Games A total of 346 athletes from 11 nations competed in athletics at the 2015 Southeast Asian Games: Competition Schedule Full results
Ribe Kunstmuseum is an art museum in Ribe, Denmark. Ribe Kunstmuseum was inaugurated in 1891; the museum is located in a villa, the private residence of factory owner Balthazar Giørtz. The villa built between 1860–1864 after drawings made by the architect and royal surveyor Laurits Albert Winstrup; the museum's main building and the octagonal gazebo together with the garden and front yard were restored and modernized during the years 2009–2010. The newly renovated museum was inaugurated November 26, 2010; the collections show the main line of Danish pictorial art from c. 1750 to 1940 including masterpieces by Jens Juel C. W. Eckersberg Christen Købke Kristian Zahrtmann L. A. Ring P. S. Krøyer Anna Ancher Michael Ancher William Scharff Ribe Kunstmuseum website