click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bluenose

Bluenose was a fishing and racing gaff rig schooner built in 1921 in Nova Scotia, Canada. A celebrated racing ship and fishing vessel, Bluenose under the command of Angus Walters became a provincial icon for Nova Scotia and an important Canadian symbol in the 1930s, serving as a working vessel until she was wrecked in 1946. Nicknamed the "Queen of the North Atlantic", she was commemorated by a replica, Bluenose II, built in 1963; the name Bluenose originated as a nickname for Nova Scotians from as early as the late 18th century. Designed by William James Roué, the vessel was intended for racing duties. Intended to compete with American schooners for speed, the design that Roué drafted in autumn 1920 had a waterline length of 36.6 metres, 2.4 metres too long for the competition. Sent back to redesign the schooner, Roué produced a revised outline; the accepted revisal placed the inside ballast on top of the keel to ensure that it was as low as possible, improving the overall speed of the vessel.

One further alteration to the revised design took place during construction. The bow was raised by 0.5 metres to allow more room in the forecastle for the crew to sleep. The alteration was approved of by Roué; the change increased the sheer in the vessel's bow. The design, accepted and built was a combination of the designs of both Nova Scotian and American shipbuilders had been constructing for the North Atlantic fishing fleet; the vessel was constructed of Nova Scotian pine, spruce and oak and the masts were created from Oregon pine. Bluenose had a displacement of 258 tonnes and was 43.6 metres long overall and 34.1 metres at the waterline. The vessel had a draught of 4.85 metres. The schooner carried 930 square metres of sail. Bluenose's mainmast reached 38.4 metres above deck and the schooner's foremast reached 31.3 metres. Her mainboom was 24.7 metres and the schooner's foreboom was 9.9 metres. The vessel had a crew of 20 and her hull was painted black; the vessel cost $35,000 to build. Bluenose was constructed by Rhuland in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.

The schooner's keel was laid in 1920. The Governor General the Duke of Devonshire drove a golden spike into the timber during the keel-laying ceremony, she was launched on 26 March 1921, christened by Audrey Smith, daughter of the shipbuilding Richard Smith. She was built to be a racing ship and fishing vessel, in response to the defeat of the Nova Scotian fishing schooner Delawana by the Gloucester, Massachusetts fishing schooner Esperanto in 1920, in a race sponsored by the Halifax Herald newspaper. Bluenose performed her sea trials out of Lunenburg. On 15 April, the schooner departed to fish for the first time. Bluenose, being a Lunenburg schooner, used the dory trawl method. Lunenburg schooners carried each manned by two members of the crew, called dorymen. From the dories, lines of strong twine up to 2.5 kilometres long which had 0.91-metre lines with hooks on the end spaced every 3 metres were released, supported at either end by buoys which acted as markers. The dorymen would haul in the catch and return to the ship.

This was done up to four times a day. The fishing season stretched from April to September and schooners stayed up to eight weeks at a time or until their holds were full. Bluenose's captain and part owner for most of her fishing and racing career was Angus Walters; as Walters only had master's papers for home waters, Bluenose in some international races was sometimes under the command of the deep sea Lunenburg captain George Myra until the schooner reached the racing port. The crew of Bluenose during her fishing career were from Lunenburg but included several Newfoundlanders. Crew were paid either by the size of the catch when they returned to port or some took a share in the vessel, known as a "sixty-fourth". After a season fishing on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland under the command of Angus Walters, Bluenose set out to take part in her first International Fisherman's Cup; the International Fisherman's Cup was awarded to the fastest fishing schooner that worked in the North Atlantic deep sea fishing industry.

The fastest schooner had to win two out of three races in order to claim the trophy. The Canadian elimination race to determine who would represent Canada in the 1921 International Fishermen's Trophy race off Halifax, Nova Scotia took place in early October. A best two-out-of-three competition, Bluenose won the first two races easily. Bluenose defeated the American challenger Elsie, for the International Fishermen's Trophy, returning it to Nova Scotia in October 1921; the following year, Bluenose defeated the American challenger Henry S. Ford, this time in American waters off Gloucester. Henry S. Ford had been constructed in 1921 based on a design intended to defeat Bluenose. In 1923, Bluenose faced Columbia, another American yacht newly designed and constructed to defeat the Canadian schooner; the International Fishermen's Trophy race was held off Halifax in 1923 and new rules were put in place preventing ships from passing marker buoys to landward. During the first race, the two schooners dueled the rigging of the vessels coming together.

However, Bluenose won the first race. During the second race, Bluenose was declared to have lost the race. Angus Walters demanded that no vessel be declared winner; the judging committee rejected his protest, which led Walters to remove Bluenose from the competition. The committee declared the competition a tie

Big Fun (C.C. Catch album)

Big Fun is a fourth studio album by C. C. Catch. It's the last album produced by Dieter Bohlen; the most known tracks from the album are "Backseat Of Your Cadillac" and "Nothing But a Heartache". All songs written by Dieter Bohlen. Backseat of Your Cadillac — 3:24 Summer Kisses — 3:51 Are You Serious — 3:07 Night in Africa — 4:09 Heartbeat City — 3:38 Baby I Need Your Love — 3:03 Little by Little — 3:06 Nothing but a Heartache — 3:02 If I Feel Love — 3:42 Fire of Love — 3:00Bonus tracks: Backseat of Your Cadillac — 3:14 Summer Kisses — 6:06 Heartbeat City — 4:54 Baby I Need Your Love — 4:44 Nothing but a Heartache — 5:05 Backseat of Your Cadillac — 5:19 Arranged and produced by Dieter Bohlen Co-producer – Luis Rodriguez

Our World (1986 TV program)

Our World is an American television news program that ran for 26 episodes, from September 25, 1986 to May 28, 1987. The show was anchored by Ray Gandolf; each episode of the program examined, through the use of archival film and television footage, one short period in American history. Our World aired on ABC. Our World grew out of an earlier ABC News special called 45/85, whose producer, Avram Westin, would go on to produce Our World; each episode was produced on a budget of $350,000, less than half of the budget of a typical hour of prime time programming at the time. Our World premiered to indifferent critical response but as the program progressed critics became effusive with their praise. Despite being critically well received and profitable for the network, Our World performed poorly in the Nielsen ratings, as its first half-hour was programmed against the popular The Cosby Show. ABC canceled the show after one season. Ellerbee was unsuccessful. Our World was created by ABC News president Roone Arledge.

The show had its genesis in a 1985 ABC News special called 45/85, a three-hour documentary that reviewed post-World War II history with an emphasis on the Cold War. That special was produced by Avram "Av" Westin, who produced Our World. Anchors Ellerbee and Gandolf co-wrote Our World, which combined archival footage with new interviews with people who participated in or witnessed the events. Initial plans were that each episode would cover one year, but that idea was scrapped. ABC hired Ellerbee away from NBC to co-anchor the show; the network considered Sander Vanocur, Dick Schaap and James Wooten as possible partners before selecting Gandolf, at the time the sports anchor for ABC's World News Saturday and World News Sunday. Set designers modeled the set for Our World after a corner news stand. For each episode, artifacts of the period being profiled, including magazines and political posters, decorated the set and a movie marquee listed the title of a film, in theatres of the time. In the foreground was placed an Our World newspaper the headlines of which were the program's title and the name of that program's producer.

Each episode cost $350,000 to produce as compared to the then-typical $800,000 cost of an hour of prime time network programming. The low budget combined with a dozen commercial spots sold at $35,000 each meant that Our World generated an estimated $4 million in profit for ABC during its original run and summer repeats. Our World producers selected each episode's subject time period with the help of consultants from the Smithsonian Institution and Columbia University; the show was limited in its choices by the available footage for the given time period. Ellerbee recalled a viewer-submitted proposal for an episode on the American Civil War, which could not be made because of the non-existence of archive footage from the 1860s and the lack of any living eyewitnesses. Reruns occurred in between new episodes. Critical response to Our World was overall favorable. Reviews of the premiere episode, were somewhat tepid, with The New York Times saying "There are worse ways to spend an hour" and calling the show "a pleasant hour", while pointing to segments such as an interview with "a man, who, 17 years ago, slept in the house next door to a house struck by the Manson gang", as "not interesting."

The Los Angeles Times was harsher, calling the debut "rather bland". While praising anchors Ellerbee and Gandolf, calling them "refreshing off-center, running against the TV mainstream, making words, not whoopee", the Times felt that "Our World offers no sense of who we were in 1969 because, typical of TV, it renders everything equal."With subsequent episodes, reviews improved. The Boston Globe, comparing its debut episode to an episode airing less than five months found it "light years ahead in terms of wit and historical perspective, it is still digestible, but there's nothing bland about it." The St. Petersburg Times said of the show, "It educated, it entertained. It was quality - television's noblest service." The San Diego Union concurred, citing Our World as "the most refreshing and innovative history series on TV". Popular response was much less effusive; the show averaged 9 million viewers per episode, as compared to The Cosby Show, which garnered an average 63 million viewers per week.

Our World was the lowest rated prime time show of the 104 that aired during the 1986-7 television season, bringing in only a 6.5/10 rating/share. One segment of the public who responded favorably to the program was teachers, who assigned Our World as homework. ABC created a study guide for the show, mailing out some 39,000 copies a month to educators and fans. Gandolf and Richard Gerdau won Emmy Awards for Outstanding Individual Achievement in News and Documentary Programming for the episode "Halloween 1938". ABC canceled Our World after its first season, replacing it with the situation comedies Sledge Hammer! and The Charmings. Ellerbee and Gandolf learned that the show had been canceled from a segment on Entertainment Tonight. Ellerbee criticized ABC for the cancellation, saying "If they had left it there for three to four years, it could have done what 60 Minutes did, which went against the Disney juggernaut on NBC, it could have developed as an alternative program without being in the ratings race."

The advocacy group Viewers for Quality Television mounted a letter-writing campaign to save the show – similar to campaigns that had saved Desi

Hunderby

Hunderby is a British black comedy produced by Sky and written by Julia Davis. It was first broadcast on Sky Atlantic in 2012; the series won two awards at the British Comedy Awards in 2012. Hunderby returned in December 2015 for a second series consisting of two one-hour specials. Set in the 1830s, this black comedy centres on Helene, a woman, washed ashore after her ship is wrecked off the English coast. There, she is courted by Edmund, a local pastor, they soon get married under the understanding that Helene is still pure. However, she has a dark past; when Helene moves into Edmund's home, she falls under the watchful eye of housekeeper Dorothy, more than a little involved in her master's life and quite obsessed with his dead first wife, Arabelle, to whom, in her opinion, Helene does not compare. While Helene battles to keep her past a secret, she must navigate Dorothy's devious scheming, her husband's harsh critique and a potential new love interest in the form of Dr. Foggerty. Sam Wollaston, television critic for The Guardian, was enthusiastic about the programme.

He concludes: "Hunderby is filth... the filthiest filth, but top quality filth, you can get away with a lot by being good, funny, which it is." Hunderby debuted on Sky Atlantic in August 2012 with 246,000 viewers, the channel's second highest rated show of the week, after The Borgias. In subsequent weeks ratings remained high for Sky Atlantic, with figures all above 100,000; the series had 211,000 viewers. In 2012, Hunderby won a British Comedy Award for "Best Sitcom,” and another for "Best New Comedy Programme". For "Best Sitcom,” its competition was Rev, The Thick of It, Twenty Twelve. In 2013, Hunderby won Julia Davis a BAFTA Craft award for "Best Comedy Writing. Hunderby itself was nominated for a BAFTA in the "Situation Comedy" category. Official website Hunderby on IMDb Hunderby at British Comedy Guide Radio Times, Hunderby

Maurice Southgate

Maurice Southgate was a British RAF officer who served in the Special Operations Executive during World War II. Under the codename "Hector", he organised the STATIONER circuit operating across the Limousin region from 1942 to 1944, he was captured by the Gestapo near Montluçon in 1944 and deported to Buchenwald concentration camp where he remained until its liberation by American forces in 1945. Little is known of Maurice Southgate's early life, but it is understood he was educated in Paris, attending a technical college, which allowed him to start his own upholstery business. With the coming of World War II, Southgate was part of the British Expeditionary Force, in June 1940 was evacuated from Saint-Nazaire on the RMS Lancastria, sunk by German aircraft. Southgate was able to swim away, being picked up by another vessel which docked in Falmouth, Cornwall. In England he was posted by the RAF to the Air Ministry, where notably, he became reacquainted with his childhood friend Pearl Witherington.

In May 1942 his name was passed through to SOE's French Section, where he was accepted for training in July. His superiors were impressed with his serious and thorough approach, resulting in him being readied for the job of organiser for the newly established STATIONER circuit. In January 1943, after parachuting near Clermont-Ferrand with his wireless operator Jacqueline Nearne, Southgate began establishing communication networks around Vierzon, Châteauroux and Limoges, in the far south-west, around Tarbes. Towards the end of the summer STATIONER began to attack railway targets, power stations and aircraft works, in the hope that more adventurous sabotage was possible. In September a courier, Pearl Witherington, arrived to assist, a month Southgate was flown back to London to report on his progress. Returning to France to help with the incoming Allied invasion, Southgate landed near Toulouse in January 1944. Burdened with a considerable workload, including assisting a 2,500 man resistance group, on 1 May 1944, a weary Southgate was caught by a Gestapo trap in Montlucon, where he missed the secret signal.

After interrogation, Southgate was deported to Germany, to the Buchenwald concentration camp, where 16 of his compatriots were hanged. He was admitted to the camp hospital. Southgate spent several more weeks being genuinely ill. After which he was moved to work in the tailor's shop, where he kept a low profile and remained until American forces liberated Buchenwald on 11 April 1945. Extracts from Southgate's wartime diary have been published online

Magdalen Street

Magdalen Street is a short shopping street in central Oxford, just north of the original north gate in the city walls. Traditionally, the name of the street is pronounced and not as the name of the College, always. At the southern end, Magdalen Street meets Cornmarket Street continuing to the south, Broad Street to the east and George Street to the west. At the northern end it continues as St Giles' with Beaumont Street to the west. To the west are shops; the street used to be the location of Oxford's leading department store for many years, Elliston & Cavell. It became a Debenhams store. On the northern corner with Beaumont Street is the Macdonald Randolph Hotel considered to be Oxford's leading hotel. To the east is a historic church, St Mary Magdalen established in Saxon times. Beyond, Magdalen Street East and Balliol College. North of the church is the Martyrs' Memorial, commemorating the Oxford Martyrs. Thornton's Bookshop opened in Magdalen Street in 1835 and was located here until 1840, again from 1853 to 1863.

St Giles' Fair, held at the beginning of September each year and in St Giles' to the north, extends into Magdalen Street. During the 1930s, the poet John Betjeman noted that: It is about the biggest fair in England; the whole of St Giles' and Magdalen Street by Elliston and Cavell's right up to and beyond the War Memorial, at the meeting of the Woodstock and Banbury roads, is thick with freak shows, cake-walks, the whip, the witching waves