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Bo Diddley beat

The Bo Diddley beat is a syncopated musical rhythm, used in rock and roll and pop music. The beat is named after rhythm and blues musician Bo Diddley, who introduced and popularized the beat with his self-titled debut single, "Bo Diddley", in 1955; the Bo Diddley beat is a 3-2 clave rhythm, one of the most common bell patterns found in Afro-Cuban music, traced to sub-Saharan African music traditions. It is akin to the rhythmic pattern known as "shave and a haircut, two bits", linked to Yoruba drumming from West Africa. A folk tradition called "hambone", a style used by street performers who play out the beat by slapping and patting their arms, legs and cheeks while chanting rhymes has been suggested. According to musician and author Ned Sublette, "In the context of the time, those maracas,'Bo Diddley' has to be understood as a Latin-tinged record. A rejected cut recorded at the same session was titled only'Rhumba' on the track sheets." Bo Diddley employed maracas, a percussion instrument used in Caribbean and Latin music, as a basic component of the sound.

When asked how he began to use this rhythm, Bo Diddley gave many different accounts. In a 2005 interview with Rolling Stone magazine, he said that he came up with the beat after listening to gospel music in church when he was twelve years old. In its simplest form, the Bo Diddley beat can be counted out as either a one-bar or a two-bar phrase; the following consists of the count in a one-bar phrase: One e and ah, two e and ah, three e and ah, four e and ah. The bolded counts are the clave rhythm; the rhythm occurs in 13 rhythm and blues songs recorded between 1944 and 1955, including two by Johnny Otis from 1948. In 1952, a song with similar syncopation, "Hambone" was recorded by Red Saunders' Orchestra with the Hambone Kids. In 1944, "Rum and Coca Cola", containing the beat, was recorded by the Andrews Sisters. Songs employing the Bo Diddley beat include: "I Wish You Would" by Billy Boy Arnold "Not Fade Away" by Buddy Holly "Willie and the Hand Jive" by Johnny Otis "Hey Little Girl" by Dee Clark " His Latest Flame" by Elvis Presley "Mystic Eyes" by Them "I Want Candy" by the Strangeloves "Please Go Home" by the Rolling Stones "Get Me to the World on Time" by the Electric Prunes "She Has Funny Cars" by Jefferson Airplane "Magic Bus" by the Who "1969" by the Stooges "Panic in Detroit" by David Bowie "Shame, Shame" by Shirley & Company "New York Groove" by Hello "She's the One" by Bruce Springsteen "American Girl" by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers "Hateful" by the Clash "Cuban Slide" by the Pretenders "Europa and the Pirate Twins" by Thomas Dolby "How Soon Is Now?" by the Smiths "Mr. Brownstone" by Guns N' Roses "Faith" by George Michael "Desire" by U2 "Movin' On Up" by Primal Scream "Tribal Thunder" by Dick Dale and the Del-Tones "No One to Run With" by the Allman Brothers Band "Cannon Ball" by Duane Eddy "That Big 5-0" by Stan Ridgway "At the Bottom of the Ocean" by Ezra Furman

Kentucky Route 622

Kentucky Route 622 is a rural secondary state highway in South Central Kentucky. The 20.020-mile-long route traverses south-central Warren Counties. The route begins at a junction with KY 73 about one mile north of the Tennessee state line. KY 622 intersects KY 100, it runs concurrently with KY 585 into Gold City, it enters Warren County before crossing KY 240. It provides access to I-65 and I-165 via KY 9007 at an interchange in Plano before ending at a junction with Scottsville Road on the southern outskirts of Bowling Green; the route is known as Rapids Hickory Flat Road for its course between KY 73 and KY 100. Kentucky Route 622 is a 20.020-mile-long state highway that runs from Kentucky Route 73 south of Hickory Flat to TBA via Hickory Flat, Gold City, Temperance

2013 Thailand refugee camp fire

On 22 March 2013, a fire at the Ban Mae Surin refugee camp in Mae Hong Son Province, killed 37 Karen refugees from neighbouring Myanmar, as well as destroying hundreds of dwellings. Thought to have started following a "cooking accident", the fire began at around 16:00 local time, extinguished around two hours later; the fire had been spread by hot weather combined with strong winds. The current death toll for the fire is 37, comprising 16 women. Of these, 35 were killed directly; the majority of victims were burned to death. The death toll had been reported to be as high as 62, though this was revised. Various sources have reported "at least 100" and "over 200" other injured people; the fire destroyed hundreds of makeshift bamboo huts at the camp, as well as the camp's medical clinic and two food warehouses. At least 2,300 people were left without shelter following the fire, were subsequently accommodated in tents. Food and clothing is being provided by the International Rescue Committee, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Jesuit Refugee Service, the International Organisation for Migration, as well as other aid groups.

Eyewitnesses claim they saw a helicopter or airplane pass several times overhead before dropping'sparks' onto the roofs of one of the sources of the fires. The investigation found traces of phosphorus at the source of the fire, leading a police chief to claim it was not an accident; the fire started in Zone 1 and Zone 4, on opposite ends of the camps, leading some to suspect foul play Additionally, a section leader in the camp reported that two living tents far from camp were burned, leading the community to further suspect foul play


The Veleka is a river in the southeast of Bulgaria, as well as the northeast of European Turkey. It is 147 km long, of which 108 km in Bulgaria and 25 km in Turkey, takes it sources from a number of Karst springs in the Turkish part of the Strandzha mountain to flow into the Black Sea at the Bulgarian village of Sinemorets. Veleka is situated in Strandzha Nature Park; the river's width near the mouth is from 8 to 10 m and its depth ranges from 2 to 4 m. At its mouth, the Veleka is 50 m wide and 7 to 8 m deep, overflowing shortly before making a turn and pouring into the sea; the waters of the Veleka are rich in flora and fauna, with more than 30 species of freshwater fish being present, the most frequent one being the chub. Five endangered animal species inhabit the river, as well as important regional plants. Veleka Ridge on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Veleka River

Empire Brass

Empire Brass is a brass quintet from the United States. The group was founded in 1972; the original members met at Tanglewood Music Center in 1970. The quintet chose its name after performing in New York City, they continue to tour in North America and Asia. They have been the Faculty Quintet-in-Residence at Boston University since 1976; the Empire Brass have appeared on Today Show and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. They make joint concert appearances with organist Douglas Major; as of May 2015, its members include: Derek Lockhart, trumpet Eric Berlin, trumpet Victor Sungarian, French horn Greg Spiridopoulos, trombone Kenneth Amis, tubaPrevious members include: Rolf Smedvig, founder.

2010 Florida Attorney General election

The 2010 Florida Attorney General election took place on November 2, 2010, to elect the Attorney General of Florida. The election was won by Republican Pam Bondi who took office in January 2011. Holly Benson, former state representative Pam Bondi, former assistant state attorney Jeff Kottkamp, Lieutenant Governor of Florida With Governor Charlie Crist opting to run for the United States Senate in 2010 rather than seek re-election, Lieutenant Governor Jeff Kottkamp ran for Attorney General, he was joined in the Republican primary by former state representative and Crist administration official Holly Benson and assistant state attorney Pam Bondi. Though all three candidates were unknown, Kottkamp had the greatest name recognition following his successful statewide campaign in 2006, raised the most money. Kottkamp campaigned on his endorsements from law enforcement, his support for cracking down on pill mills and Medicaid fraud, his opposition to illegal immigration, he was criticized, for his use of state planes and vehicles to travel on vacations and to music concerts.

Benson, campaigned on her fiscal conservatism, pledging to create a "regulatory strike force" and to "focus legal efforts on cutting government regulation of businesses and unnecessary paperwork." She emphasized her experience running the state Department of Business and Professional Regulation and the state Agency for Health Care Administration. The Orlando Sentinel, though praising her "stronger management experience," called her priorities "misplaced," and observed that "reducing regulations on business and limiting lawsuits" were more appropriate goals for a governor or state legislator. Pam Bondi attacked Benson for remarking during a radio interview, "ust because you're poor doesn't mean you have to be unhealthy, it means you have a lot more time to go running."Finally, Bondi emphasized her conservative credentials and her opposition to the Obama administration. She noted that she would have refused to accept stimulus money from the federal government, took a position against the restoration of felons' voter rights, pledged to challenge the Affordable Care Act in court.

Dave Aronberg, state senator Dan Gelber, state senator