The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body, long–range, commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft. The first wide-body airplane produced, it was the first plane dubbed a "Jumbo Jet", its distinctive hump upper deck along the forward part of the aircraft has made it one of the most recognizable aircraft. Manufactured by Boeing's Commercial Airplane unit in the United States, the 747 was planned to have 150 percent greater capacity than the Boeing 707, a common large commercial aircraft of the 1960s. First flown commercially in 1970, the 747 held the passenger capacity record for 37 years; the 747 uses a double-deck configuration for part of its length and is available in passenger and other versions. Boeing designed the 747's hump-like upper deck to serve as a first-class lounge or extra seating, to allow the aircraft to be converted to a cargo carrier by removing seats and installing a front cargo door. Boeing expected supersonic airliners—the development of, announced in the early 1960s—to render the 747 and other subsonic airliners obsolete, while the demand for subsonic cargo aircraft would remain robust well into the future.
Though the 747 was expected to become obsolete after 400 were sold, production passed 1,000 in 1993. By June 2019, 1,554 aircraft had been built, with 20 of the 747-8 variants remaining on order; as of January 2017, 60 of the jets have been lost in accidents in which a total of 3,722 people died. The 747-400, the most common variant in service, has a high-subsonic cruise speed of Mach 0.85–0.855 with an intercontinental range of 7,260 nautical miles. The 747-400 can carry 416 passengers in a typical three-class layout, 524 passengers in a typical two-class layout, or 660 passengers in a high–density one-class configuration; the newest version of the aircraft, the 747-8, is in production and received certification in 2011. Deliveries of the 747-8F freighter version began in October 2011. In 1963, the United States Air Force started a series of study projects on a large strategic transport aircraft. Although the C-141 Starlifter was being introduced, officials believed that a much larger and more capable aircraft was needed to carry cargo that would not fit in any existing aircraft.
These studies led to initial requirements for the CX-Heavy Logistics System in March 1964 for an aircraft with a load capacity of 180,000 pounds and a speed of Mach 0.75, an unrefueled range of 5,000 nautical miles with a payload of 115,000 pounds. The payload bay had to be 17 feet wide by 13.5 feet high and 100 feet long with access through doors at the front and rear. The desire to keep the number of engines to four required new engine designs with increased power and better fuel economy. In May 1964, airframe proposals arrived from Boeing, General Dynamics and Martin Marietta. Boeing and Lockheed were given additional study contracts for the airframe, along with General Electric and Pratt & Whitney for the engines; the airframe proposals shared a number of features. As the CX-HLS needed to be able to be loaded from the front, a door had to be included where the cockpit was. All of the companies solved this problem by moving the cockpit above the cargo area. In 1965, Lockheed's aircraft design and General Electric's engine design were selected for the new C-5 Galaxy transport, the largest military aircraft in the world at the time.
Boeing would carry the nose door and raised cockpit concepts over to the design of the 747. The 747 was conceived; the era of commercial jet transportation, led by the enormous popularity of the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8, had revolutionized long-distance travel. Before it lost the CX-HLS contract, Boeing was asked by Juan Trippe, president of Pan American World Airways, one of their most important airline customers, to build a passenger aircraft more than twice the size of the 707. During this time, airport congestion, worsened by increasing numbers of passengers carried on small aircraft, became a problem that Trippe thought could be addressed by a larger new aircraft. In 1965, Joe Sutter was transferred from Boeing's 737 development team to manage the design studies for the new airliner assigned the model number 747. Sutter began a design study with other airlines, to better understand their requirements. At the time, it was thought that the 747 would be superseded by supersonic transport aircraft.
Boeing responded by designing the 747 so that it could be adapted to carry freight and remain in production if sales of the passenger version declined. In the freighter role, the clear need was to support the containerized shipping methodologies that were being introduced at about the same time. Standard shipping containers are 8 ft square at the front and available in 40 ft lengths; this meant that it would be possible to support a 2-wide 2-high stack of containers two or three ranks deep with a fuselage size similar to the earlier CX-HLS project. In April 1966, Pan Am ordered 25 747-100 aircraft for US$525 million. During the ceremonial 747 contract-signing banquet in Seattle on Boei
The 1997 National Hockey League All-Star Game took place on January 18, 1997, at San Jose Arena in San Jose, home of the San Jose Sharks. The final score was Eastern Conference 11, Western Conference 7; this game was scheduled for the 1994–95 season, but was cancelled due to the 1994–95 NHL lockout. The Eastern Conference won the skills competition for the first time since 1992. St. Louis Blues' Al MacInnis won the Hardest Shot event for the third time in his career by slapping the puck at 98.9 mph. Boston Bruins' defenceman Ray Bourque won the Shooting Accuracy event for the fourth time, hitting four targets in seven shots. Florida Panthers' goaltender John Vanbiesbrouck stopped all 10 shots by Mats Sundin and Derian Hatcher in Rapid-Fire Relay to outduel Colorado Avalanche netminder Patrick Roy who made nine saves. In the Power-Play Relay, Vanbiesbrouck allowed only two of six shots to elude him that were taken by Mighty Ducks of Anaheims' Teemu Selanne and Paul Kariya to claim the Goaltenders Competition.
Puck Control Relay - Geoff Sanderson Fastest Skater - Peter Bondra, - 13.610 seconds Accuracy Shooting - Ray Bourque, - 4 hits, 7 shots Hardest Shot - Al MacInnis, - 98.9 mph Goaltenders Competition - John Vanbiesbrouck, - 2 GA, 16 shots Montreal Canadiens' right-winger Mark Recchi had a hat-trick to lead the Eastern Conference to an 11–7 victory and to be named All-Star M. V. P. Mark Recchi would become the fourth Montreal Canadien to receive the award. A record 10 goals was scored in the second period, including two from hometown favorite San Jose Sharks' right-winger Owen Nolan in a record eight seconds. Nolan would complete his hat-trick in the third period as he closed in on a breakaway towards Buffalo Sabres' goaltender Dominik Hasek. Nolan pointed to the top left corner and fired a shot right off the bar top corner. Gary Thorne called it saying, "here come the chapeaus!". The crowd erupted. Referee: Rob Shick Linesmen: Ron Asselstine, Bob Hodges, Leon Stickle Television: FOX, CBC, SRC 1996–97 NHL season Podnieks, Andrew.
The NHL All-Star Game: 50 years of the great tradition. Toronto: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-200058-X. NHL Official Guide & Record Book 1997-98. Toronto, ON: National Hockey League. 1997. ISBN 0-920445-53-5
Game of Crowns is an American reality documentary television series on Bravo that premiered on July 13, 2014. Announced in July 2013, the show follows six women; the series concluded on September 11, 2014. The reality television series features six wives who have been either involved or competed in various beauty pageants around the country; the docu-series follows the daily life of the women and their families focussing on how they prepare for the pageants, including them "obsessing over the perfect swimsuit, working tirelessly with trainers and honing their interview skills with coaches – all while being dedicated mothers and wives." Shelley Carbone has won the title of Mrs. Connecticut 2010 before going on to compete for the title of Mrs. America 2011, she lives in Connecticut with her husband and their four children. Shelley is a registered nurse. Shelley got into pageant world as her mother secretly registered Shelley to compete in her first pageant. Lynne Diamante holds a title of Mrs. Rhode Island 2013 and competed for the 2013 Mrs. America Pageant.
Lynne is attorney as well as the CEO and founder of OPTX Rhode Island, luxury eyeglasses and sunglasses retailer. She occasionally consults for celebrity clientele and industry elite. Traveling is the biggest Lynne's passion with her husband and daughter around. Leha Guilmette has competed in Mrs. America Pageant, she lives in Cranston in Rhode Island with her husband, a police officer, their two children. Besides family being her main prioriority, Leha has a full-time job as an account manager and recruiter working with several Fortune 500 companies. Lori-Ann Marchese is a professional trainer and fitness consultant as well as a fitness cover model residing in Berlin, Connecticut, she owns a fitness facility called Body Construct LLC and has a line of Body Construct Nutrition Supplements. Lori-Ann was crowned as Mrs. Connecticut in 2013 and has competed in various fitness pageants. Susanna Paliotta is a successful business woman residing in Rhode Island, she ows Bound by a clothing brand for children.
Susanna has two children. She has a pilot’s license and wrote a children's book Isabella Goes to the City. Vanassa Sebastian was crowned Mrs. Connecticut 2012 and compete at Mrs. America, where she finished in the top ten. Residing in Ledyard, Vanassa is married to a successful businessman who, along with his family, owns one of the world's largest casinos, Foxwoods Resort & Casino. Mark Perigard from Boston Herald was critical towards the show for its negativity. Giving the show a D, he added that the "women go on the defensive in the most vile way, alleging abuse and death threats, the sort of smears that could wreck a police officer’s career," and raising a question whether "repeated Botox use lead to brain damage." Amy Kuperinsky from The Star-Ledger gave the show a B and compared it to another reality series aired on the same network, The Real Housewives of New Jersey adding that a viewer would "find the same kind of conflicts — your standard-issue threats, kerfuffles over the trivial, a healthy dose of regional accents."
Official website Game of Crowns on IMDb Game of Crowns at TV Guide