The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. It was its first airliner with a two-crew glass cockpit; the aircraft has two turbofan engines, a conventional tail, for reduced aerodynamic drag, a supercritical wing design. Designed as a smaller wide-body airliner than earlier aircraft such as the 747, the 767 has a seating capacity for 181 to 375 people, a design range of 3,850 to 6,385 nautical miles, depending on variant. Development of the 767 occurred in tandem with a narrow-body twinjet, the 757, resulting in shared design features which allow pilots to obtain a common type rating to operate both aircraft; the 767 is produced in three fuselage lengths. The original 767-200 entered service in 1982, followed by the 767-300 in 1986 and the 767-400ER, an extended-range variant, in 2000; the extended-range 767-200ER and 767-300ER models entered service in 1984 and 1988 while a production freighter version, the 767-300F, debuted in 1995.
Conversion programs have modified passenger 767-200 and 767-300 series aircraft for cargo use, while military derivatives include the E-767 surveillance aircraft, the KC-767 and KC-46 aerial tankers, VIP transports. Engines featured on the 767 include the General Electric CF6, Pratt & Whitney JT9D and PW4000, Rolls-Royce RB211 turbofans. United Airlines first placed the 767 in commercial service in 1982; the aircraft was flown on domestic and transcontinental routes, during which it demonstrated the reliability of its twinjet design. The 767 became the first twin-engined airliner to be used on extended overseas flights in 1985; the aircraft was used to expand non-stop service on medium- to long-haul intercontinental routes. In 1986, Boeing initiated studies for a higher-capacity 767 leading to the development of the 777, a larger wide-body twinjet. In the 1990s, the 767 became the most used airliner for transatlantic flights between North America and Europe; the 767 is the first twinjet wide-body type to reach 1,000 aircraft delivered.
As of August 2019, Boeing has received 1,254 orders for the 767 from 74 customers with 1,161 delivered. A total of 742 of these aircraft were in service in July 2018; the most popular variant is the 767-300ER with 583 delivered. Delta Air Lines is the largest operator with 77 aircraft. Competitors have included the Airbus A300, A310, A330-200. Non-passenger variants of the 767 remain in production as of 2019 while the passenger variant's successor, the 787, entered service in 2011. In 1970, Boeing's 747 became the first wide-body jetliner to enter service; the 747 was the first passenger jet wide enough to feature a twin-aisle cabin. Two years the manufacturer began a development study, code-named 7X7, for a new wide-body aircraft intended to replace the 707 and other early generation narrow-body jets; the aircraft would provide twin-aisle seating, but in a smaller fuselage than the existing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, Lockheed L-1011 TriStar wide-bodies. To defray the high cost of development, Boeing signed risk-sharing agreements with Italian corporation Aeritalia and the Civil Transport Development Corporation, a consortium of Japanese aerospace companies.
This marked the manufacturer's first major international joint venture, both Aeritalia and the CTDC received supply contracts in return for their early participation. The initial 7X7 was conceived as a short take-off and landing airliner intended for short-distance flights, but customers were unenthusiastic about the concept, leading to its redefinition as a mid-size, transcontinental-range airliner. At this stage the proposed aircraft featured two or three engines, with possible configurations including over-wing engines and a T-tail. By 1976, a twinjet layout, similar to the one which had debuted on the Airbus A300, became the baseline configuration; the decision to use two engines reflected increased industry confidence in the reliability and economics of new-generation jet powerplants. While airline requirements for new wide-body aircraft remained ambiguous, the 7X7 was focused on mid-size, high-density markets; as such, it was intended to transport large numbers of passengers between major cities.
Advancements in civil aerospace technology, including high-bypass-ratio turbofan engines, new flight deck systems, aerodynamic improvements, lighter construction materials were to be applied to the 7X7. Many of these features were included in a parallel development effort for a new mid-size narrow-body airliner, code-named 7N7, which would become the 757. Work on both proposals proceeded through the airline industry upturn in the late 1970s. In January 1978, Boeing announced a major extension of its Everett factory—which was dedicated to manufacturing the 747—to accommodate its new wide-body family. In February 1978, the new jetliner received the 767 model designation, three variants were planned: a 767-100 with 190 seats, a 767-200 with 210 seats, a trijet 767MR/LR version with 200 seats intended for intercontinental routes; the 767MR/LR was subsequently renamed 777 for differentiation purposes. The 767 was launched on July 14, 1978, when United Airlines ordered 30 of the 767-200 variant, followed by 50 more 767-200 orders from American Airlines and Delta Air Lines that year.
The 767-100 was not offered for sale, as its capacity was too close to the 757's seating, while the 777 trijet was dropped in favor of standardizing around the twinjet configuration. In the late 1970s, operating cost replaced capacity as the primary factor in airliner purchases; as a result, the 767's design process emphasized fuel efficiency
Kirchlengern is a railway station located in Kirchlengern, Germany. The station is located on the Löhne–Rheine line; the train services are operated by NordWestBahn and WestfalenBahn. The following services call at Kirchlengern: Regional services RE 60 Rheine - Osnabrück - Minden - Hannover - Braunschweig Local services RB 61 Bad Bentheim - Rheine - Osnabrück - Herford - Bielefeld Local services RB 71 Rahden - Bünde - Herford - Bielefeld Local services RB 77 Bünde - Löhne - Hamelin - Hildesheim
Apollo Ghosts is a Canadian indie rock band formed in Nanaimo in 2009. They were based in Vancouver, British Columbia until the project ended in 2013; the band consists of singer and guitarist Adrian Teacher and guitarist Jason Oliver, bassist Jarrett K, drummer Amanda Panda. They reunited on January 20, 2019 with members Adrian Teacher, Amanda P. Robbie N. and Luke N. The group released their first album, Hastings Sunrise, in 2009, released two EPs, Forgotten Triangle and Forgotten Triangle, that year, they followed up with Mount Benson in 2010. The latter album was a longlisted nominee for the 2010 Polaris Music Prize. In addition, the group released another EP, Cedar Street,that year, Money Has No Heart in 2011, as well as a split 7" with the band Role Mach. After releasing several singles, the band's third album, was released in May, 2012 on You've Changed Records. Hastings Sunrise Forgotten Triangle EP Mount Benson Split 7" with Role Mach Cedar Street EP Money Has No Heart 7" Landmark Apollo Ghosts on Bandcamp