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Boscastle is a village and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, UK, in the civil parish of Forrabury and Minster. It is 5 miles northeast of Tintagel; the harbour is a natural inlet protected by two stone harbour walls built in 1584 by Sir Richard Grenville and is the only significant harbour for 20 miles along the coast. The village extends up the valleys of the River River Jordan. Heavy rainfall on 16 August 2004 caused extensive damage to the village. Boscastle lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the South West Coast Path passes through the village. The name of the village comes from Botreaux Castle, a 12th-century motte-and-bailey fortress, of which few remains survive; the castle was anciently in the possession of the de Botreaux family, which became under William de Botereaux the Barons Botreaux. The antiquary, John Leland in the mid 16th-century described the village ″... it is a filthy town and il kept.″ Boscastle harbour is a natural inlet protected by two stone harbour walls built in 1584 by Sir Richard Grenville.

It is the only significant harbour for 20 miles along the coast. Boscastle was once a small port, importing limestone and coal, exporting slate and other local produce. In the early 20th century Boscastle hosted a street dance similar to the Helston Furry Dance, but it is unclear how old the tradition is or when this ceased; the Rector of Boscastle is responsible for seven churches in the district: Forrabury, Minster, St Juliot, Trevalga and Davidstow. St Juliot is of particular interest to devotees of the works of Thomas Hardy since he acted as the architect for the church's restoration in March 1870 and this is where he met his first wife, Emma Gifford, the Rector's sister-in-law, their love affair was the inspiration for his novel A Pair of Blue Eyes and in life, some of his poetry. A Seaside ParishIn 2004 British television channel BBC 2 began broadcasting A Seaside Parish, a weekly series focusing on the life of the newly appointed Rector of Boscastle, Christine Musser; the village, with its picturesque harbour, is a popular tourist destination.

Among the attractions are the Museum of Witchcraft, Uncle Paul's Emporium, the Boscastle pottery shop, access to the South West Coast Path. Much of the land in and around Boscastle is owned by the National Trust, including both sides of the harbour, Forrabury Stitches, high above the Boscastle and divided into ancient "stitchmeal" cultivation plots, large areas of the Valency Valley, known for its connections to Thomas Hardy; the former harbour stables are now a youth hostel run by YHA, popular with walkers. The National Trust runs a shop at the harbour, a visitor centre in the Old Smithy. Flood of 2004A flash flood on 16 August 2004 caused extensive damage to the village. Residents were trapped in houses as the roads turned into rivers: people were trapped on roofs, in cars, in buildings and on the river's banks, and the village's visitor centre was washed away. Two Royal Air Force Westland Sea King rescue helicopters from Chivenor, three Royal Navy Sea Kings from Culdrose, one RAF Sea King from St Mawgan and one Coastguard S61 helicopter from Portland searched for and assisted casualties in and around the village.

The operation was coordinated by the Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre based at RAF Kinloss in Scotland in the largest peacetime rescue operation launched in the UK. A total of 91 people were rescued and there were no fatalities, only one broken thumb. Around 50 cars were swept into the harbour and the bridge was washed away, roads were submerged under 2.75 metres of water, making communication impossible until flood-waters subsided. The sewerage system burst, for this range of health and safety reasons Boscastle was declared temporarily inaccessible; the causes were: over 60 millimetres of rainfall fell in two hours. The effects were homes and cars belonging to more than 1,000 people were swept away. Flood of 2007Boscastle was flooded again on 21 June 2007 although the scale of destruction was not nearly as serious as in 2004. Boscastle Golf Club was founded in 1907; the club continued until the mid-1920s. Boscastle at Curlie Village website Boscastle information at the National Trust Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for Boscastle Free pictures of Boscastle Harbour at

1919 Croydon South by-election

The Croydon South by-election, 1919 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Croydon South on 14 November 1919. The by-election was caused by the resignation of the sitting Unionist MP, Sir Ian Malcolm on 28 October 1919, he had been the MP for Croydon since December 1910. Croydon was a traditionally strong area for the Unionists; the Croydon constituency was won by the Unionists at every election. In 1918 it was divided into two seats and its MP, Ian Malcolm, was elected for the new Croydon South seat, he was helped by the absence of a Liberal opponent and the official support of the Coalition government. He was a solicitor and Chairman of the Management Board of the Engineering and Allied Employers’ National Federation. On 30 October, the Croydon Liberal and Radical Association unanimously adopted 60-year-old Alderman Howard Houlder to challenge for the seat, he had not been elected to Croydon Council. He served as Mayor of Croydon from 1916-19, he worked for the family shipping business.

The Labour Party did not run a candidate this time. Polling Day was set for 14 November, just 17 days after the resignation of Malcolm. Close of Nominations occurred on 4 November to reveal a two cornered contest. Smith received official backing from the Coalition Government, while Houlder's candidacy was backed by the Liberal opposition. There was a big drop in the Unionist majority. Sir Allan Smith thought the result "was a victory for the forces of unity". Smith retained the seat at the following election because the anti-Unionist vote was split when Muggeridge intervened. Houlder did not stand for parliament again; the result at the following General election.

Waterfall frog

The Australian waterfall frog or torrent treefrog is a species of tree frog native to Far North Queensland, Australia. The common name "waterfall frog" is indicative of its habitat of moist, rocky streams, is found along waterfalls within its range; the waterfall frog is large in size, reaching 5.5 cm in length. The dorsal surface is mottled with puck brown; the patterning on the back is similar to its habitat, allowing for effective camouflage against granite. The ventral surface is bright orange and pink in colour, granular; the posterior ventral surface is translucent. The toe pads of R. nannotis are large in comparison to toe width, to aid in gripping to rocks in the rapids. The nuptial pads of breeding males are large, covering the entire inner surface of the thumb, with spines present on the arms and chest; the tympanum is not visible, the fingers are webbed, the toes are webbed. Like the stoney creek frog, many other stream-dwelling frogs, waterfall frogs lack vocal sacs; this may be because the sound of a running stream drowns out any calls, it becomes a waste of energy.

The waterfall frog is a stream-dwelling frog native to tropical north Queensland, from Paluma to Cooktown, notable in the Mt. Carbine uplands, it is found at altitudes between 180 and 3,000 m. It has undergone large declines in high-altitude areas, with many populations extinct, it is, stable in lowland areas. It is listed as Endangered under both the IUCN Red List and Queensland's Nature Conservation Act 1992. Cunningham, M. 2002. Identification and evolution of Australian torrent treefrogs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 48:93-102. Brisbane, Qld. "DEH Species Profiles - Litoria nannotis - Waterfall Frog, Torrent Tree Frog". Retrieved 2006-12-18. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Litoria nannotis". Retrieved 2006-12-18. Hodgkison, Hero, Jean-Marc. 2001. Daily Behavior and Microhabitat Use of the Waterfall Frog, Litoria nannotis in Tully Gorge, Eastern Australia. Journal of Herpetology. 35:116-120. Litoria nannotis at CalPhotos "Waterfall frog" at the Encyclopedia of Life

Confucius Plaza

Confucius Plaza Apartments is a limited-equity housing cooperative in Chinatown, New York City. The 44-story brown brick tower block complex with 762 apartments was constructed in 1975 at a cost of $38,387,000; the building was the first major public-funded housing project built for exclusively Chinese Americans. The complex contains 762 apartments, the Yung Wing Public School, P. S. 124, community space and a day care center. The complex is located north of Chatham Square at the intersection of Bowery, Doyers Street, Division Street. One of the most visited landmarks in Chinatown is the 15-foot bronze statue of Confucius, the Chinese philosopher, in front of the complex. Sculpted by Liu Shih, the statue was presented by the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association as a token of appreciation, to commemorate the U. S. bicentennial. At its base, a Confucian proverb is inscribed aside an American Flag, praising a just government with remarkable leaders of wisdom and ability. A section of Second Avenue Subway tunnel was built in the 1970s, constructed concurrently with the plaza underneath it, is graffitied.

Notes Media related to Confucius Plaza at Wikimedia Commons Confucius Plaza Apartments at Emporis Buildings

Emma Cabrera

Emma Cabrera Palafox is a Mexican former long-distance runner who competed in marathon. She was a two-time champion at the Central American and Caribbean Games and once at the Central American and Caribbean Championships in Athletics, she was a bronze medallist at the 1995 Pan American Games. Her personal best was 2:35:43 hours. Born in Carboneras near Mineral del Chico, Cabrera had her first sub-three hour marathon in 1991, finishing the Houston Marathon in 2:53:54 hours, her international career flourished that decade, starting with a gold medal at the 1993 Central American and Caribbean Games in a games record time of 2:42:29 hours. Her global debut followed at the 1994 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships, where she was 60th overall, she ran her marathon best that year – 2:35:43 hours for runner-up at the Monterrey Marathon. Her highest level medal came at the 1995 Pan American Games in Mar del Plata, where she was the bronze medallist in the marathon, she won two further regional titles in the 1990s: she topped the half marathon podium at the 1995 Central American and Caribbean Championships in Athletics before defending her regional marathon crown at the 1998 Central American and Caribbean Games.

Cabrera was the 1996 winner of the Marine Corps Marathon in a time of 2:48:34 hours, becoming only the second non-American woman to win the race. Among other circuit wins were the Mexico City Marathon in 1994, three career wins at both the Ciudad de Merida Marathon and the Trabajadores Marathon in Mexico City, she won one national title, coming first in the 10,000 metres at the Mexican Athletics Championships in 1997. After her career peak, she continued to compete into her fifties and in 2014 completed her 100th half marathon. Emma Cabrera at World Athletics

Underpass (song)

"Underpass" is a song by UK artist John Foxx, was released as a single in January 1980. It was the artist's first solo single release after leaving the band Ultravox and the first single release from the Metamatic album, released shortly after; the song features music made using synthesisers and electronic percussion only, the vocal in the verses is delivered in a cold robotic style by Foxx, with an anthemic single word chorus. The lyrics feature Ballardian themes such as memory, architecture and cars. There are no great differences in length or content between the album and single version, although an extended version did emerge years and was used as the opening track on the Metatronic compilation album in 2010; the single reached no. 31 in the UK charts and was performed by Foxx with three keyboard players on UK music show Top of the Pops. A promotional video for the song was made. "Underpass" is featured on all John Foxx's compilation albums Assembly, Modern Art - The Best of John Foxx, Glimmer - Best of John Foxx and Metatronic.

The latter features a new remix by Mark Reeder. 7" single disc VS-318 "Underpass" "Film One" The B side of the "Underpass" single is given as "Film 1" on the sleeve but as "Film One" on the label. The track did not feature on the Metamatic album but was included on CD re-releases of the album in 1993, 2001 and 2010, it is an instrumental and was used by Alex Proyas as the soundtrack to his short film Parallel Lives featured during a live performance of John Foxx And The Maths at The Roundhouse in London in 2010. "Film One" was used as introduction music during the live performance of "Metamatic" performed by John Foxx and Louis Gordon in 2007, as documented on the live album A New Kind Of Man. A 12-inch only promo disc for "Underpass" was produced with cat no. VDJ 31; the version of "Underpass" is a standard 3:46 edit, although the B side was the Metamatic track "He's A Liquid", although a different mix from the album version. This version resurfaced much on the 2001 compilation album Modern Art and on the 2007 "definitive" re-issue of Metamatic, listed as an "alternative version".

Foxx repurposed and re-styled the song during his live shows with Louis Gordon in 1997 giving it the new title of "Overpass". The song takes the lyric of the original verses although the single word "underpass!" Chorus is replaced by "overpass!". The track can be heard on the live EP Exotour released on CD as The Omnidelic Exotour and Retro Future. In the sleevnotes to The Omnidelic Exotour CD Foxx writes for "Overpass" "This was the original title. How I felt when I came back from the war." Foxx and Gordon reverted to playing the "standard" version of "Underpass" live, as documented on Live From A Room. The track was remixed by Mark Reeder as a bonus track on the John Foxx retrospective Metatronic compilation album. Three different remixes were issued as mp3 download only Underpass Underpass Underpass The remixes feature additional bass guitar played by Reeder himself. "Underpass" was issued on Reeder's 2011 5.1 Dolby Digital Surround remix DVD A special limited-edition 12-inch vinyl-only issue featuring two new remixes of "Underpass" was announced for released on Record Store Day, 20 April 2013.

The release was, however and was released on 27 May 2013. This special 12-inch single is limited to 500 numbered copies worldwide, features new artwork created by Jonathan Barnbrook. Side A Underpass Side AA Underpass The "Oh The Gilt Mix" was played for the first time by John Doran on the BBC 6 Music programme Now Playing in September 2012. Doran described the tracks as being "Like J G Ballard with a disco ball"; the remix was published on The Quietus' soundcloud page. As of May 2013 there are no plans to make the two mixes of "Underpass" featured on this release available elsewhere, except on the CD, included as part of the VIP Packages for John Foxx And The Maths live shows in April and June 2013. A promotional video for "Underpass" was produced by Virgin at the time of the single release, it featured Foxx dressed in suit and overcoat roaming a post-apocalyptic basement with neon light tubes, two keyboard players and two abandoned young children while a black and white film is being projected onto a suspended screen.

The film of Foxx roaming the basement miming the lyrics to the song is interspersed with a mysterious telephone receiver dangling in a park and footage of underpasses and urban highways. A revised'black and white' version of the video was included on the DVD of the Metatronic compilation album. A revised version was made by Karborn for the same DVD to accompany "Mark Reeder’s Sinister Subway Mix"; this digitally restored version contains footage from the promo video for the successive John Foxx single "No-One Driving". A live version of "Underpass" performed by John Foxx and the Maths is included on the Analogue Circuit DVD and shows specially prepared video footage and imagery by Jonathan Barnbrook. Metamatic - the official John Foxx website Quiet City - the music of John Foxx Underpass at Metamatic album at John Foxx Metamatic official youtube channel