Botkyrka Municipality

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Botkyrka Municipality

Botkyrka kommun
Coat of arms of Botkyrka Municipality
Coat of arms
Botkyrka Municipality in Stockholm County.png
CountrySweden
CountyStockholm County
SeatTumba
Area
 • Total222.32 km2 (85.84 sq mi)
 • Land194.17 km2 (74.97 sq mi)
 • Water28.15 km2 (10.87 sq mi)
 Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population
 (31 December 2018)[2]
 • Total93,106
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE
ProvinceSödermanland
Municipal code0127
Websitewww.botkyrka.se
Density is calculated using land area only.

Botkyrka Municipality (About this soundBotkyrka kommun) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, not far from the capital Stockholm. Its seat is located in the town of Tumba.

In 1971 Grödinge was merged with Botkyrka and in 1974 Salem was added; the Salem part was already in 1983 split off again and a new Salem Municipality was formed.

Botkyrka has an estimated population of 91,925.

Botkyrka church

History[edit]

The municipality is named after Saint Botvid, a Christian missionary during the 12th century. Saint Botvid is shown on the seal and coat of arms of Botkyrka Municipality, where he carries an axe and a fish. Another remnant of Botkyrka's Christian medieval history is the Botkyrka church, made of stone.

Politically the municipality is primarily Social Democratic, that has governed Botkyrka for a long period except 3 years in the early 1990s. However, with fewer seats the party now governs together with The Green Party, and The Left Party. There have also been several local parties. For a long period a local party called Botkyrkapartiet (The Botkyrka Party) has held several seats. A party was also active from mid 1980s to mid 1990s with only one purpose - to prevent the exploitation of the small airfield, F18, in Tullinge to become a commercial airport in the 1980s. In the election 2010 a local party for the area of Tullinge got 6 seats on the agenda of separating Tullinge from Botkyrka as a separate municipality.[citation needed]

Botkyrka has two local, weekly, newspapers called "Mitt i Botkyrka" (Middle of Botkyrka) and "Södra Sidan" (South side), they are delivered free of charge to all households.[citation needed]

The Swedish hip hop group The Latin Kings raps about life in Botkyrka in several of their songs.[citation needed]

In its December 2015 report, Police in Sweden placed the Hallunda and Norsborg districts in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates.[3] In its 2017 report, Police in Sweden added the Alby and Fittja districts to the category.[4]

Demographics[edit]

The northern and eastern parts of the municipality are in the contiguous Stockholm urban area. Tumba forms a locality (tätort) of its own (which partly is in Salem Municipality). Vårsta is in the central part; the southern half of the municipality is mostly rural.

Population development in Botkyrka Municipality 1970–2017
Year Population
1970
26,673
1975
57,286
1980
65,218
1985
66,326
1990
68,542
1995
69,500
2000
73,097
2005
76,592
2010
82,608
2015
89,425
2017
91,925

Source: SCB - Folkmängd efter region och år.

Residents with a foreign background[edit]

Botkyrka, particularly Northern Botkyrka, has one of the highest percentages of first and second generation immigrants in Sweden. 56.4% the population has at least one parent born in another country.[5] This makes the municipality a multi-cultural community with for example a big Syriac Orthodox Church in Hallunda and a mosque in Fittja.[citation needed]

In 2017, Botkyrka is one of three municipalities in Sweden with a population majority of foreign background.[6] On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background (persons born outside of Sweden or with two parents born outside of Sweden) was 53 827, or 58.56% of the population (91 925 on the 31st of December 2017). On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was (per the same definition) 35 384, or 47.04% of the population (75 216 on the 31st of December 2002).[7]

Foreign countries of birth[edit]

On 31 December 2017 there were 91 925 residents in Botkyrka, of which 38 130 people (41.48%) were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.[8]

Public transportation[edit]

Botkyrka is served by the Stockholm public transport system. Stockholm metro has four and Stockholm commuter rail two stations within the municipality. There is also an extensive SL bus network.

Companies[edit]

Botkyrka is a municipality with several world-famous companies.

  • Alfa Laval The company is a leading producer of specialized products and solutions used to heat, cool, separate and transport such products as oil, water, chemicals, beverages, foodstuffs, starch and pharmaceuticals. The company also owns significant land in Botkyrka used for development of its agricultural division.
  • DeLaval The company is a leading producer of dairy and farming machinery.
  • Crane AB The company designs banknotes and produces banknote paper.

Notably, Lars Magnus Ericsson who founded the LM Ericsson company (now known as Ericsson) also had properties in Botkyrka, including Hågelby gård which today is used for conferences and as an excursion place with gardens, animals, stone age village and more.

Hågelby Gård

Districts[edit]

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Botkyrka:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2018" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  3. ^ Utsatta områden - sociala risker, kollektiv förmåga och oönskade händelser (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella Operativa Avdelningen - December 2015. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2016.
  4. ^ Utsatta områden - Social ordning, kriminell struktur och utmaningar för polisen / Dnr HD 44/14A203.023/2016 (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella operativa avdelningen - Underrättelseenheten. June 2017. p. 41. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-07-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) - Area statistics for Botkyrka
  6. ^ "Nya svenska medborgare från drygt 160 länder". Statistiska Centralbyrån (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  7. ^ Antal personer efter region, utländsk/svensk bakgrund och år (Read 4 januari 2019)
  8. ^ a b Statistiska centralbyrån: Utrikes födda efter län, kommun och födelseland 31 december 2017 (XLS-fil) Läst 4 januari 2019

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°12′N 17°49′E / 59.200°N 17.817°E / 59.200; 17.817