Boulder is the home rule municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Boulder County, United States. It is the state's 11th-most-populous municipality; the city is 25 miles northwest of Denver. The population of the City of Boulder was 97,385 people at the 2010 U. S. Census, while the population of the Boulder, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area was 294,567. Boulder is known for its association with gold seekers and for being the home of the main campus of the University of Colorado, the state's largest university; the city receives high rankings in art, well-being, quality of life, education. On November 7, 1861, legislation was passed making way for the state university to be located in Boulder, on September 20, 1875, the first cornerstone was laid for the first building on the CU campus; the university opened on September 5, 1877. Boulder adopted an anti-saloon ordinance in 1907. Statewide prohibition started in Colorado in 1916 and ended with the repeal of national prohibition in 1933.
As of the 2010 census, there were 97,385 people, 41,302 households, 16,694 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,942.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 43,479 housing units at an average density of 1,760.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.2% some other race, 2.6% from two or more races. 8.7 % of the population are Latino of any race. There were 41,302 households, out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were headed by married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 59.6% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.1% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16, the average family size was 2.84. Boulder's population is younger than the national average due to the presence of university students; the median age at the 2010 census was 28.7 years compared to the U.
S. median of 37.2 years. In Boulder, 13.9% of the residents were younger than the age of 18, 29.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there were 106.2 males. In 2011 the estimated median household income in Boulder was $57,112, the median family income was $113,681. Male full-time workers had a median income of $71,993 versus $47,574 for females; the per capita income for the city was $37,600. 24.8% of the population and 7.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 17.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Boulder housing tends to be priced higher than surrounding areas. For the 2nd quarter of 2006, the median single-family home in Boulder sold for $548,000 and the median attached dwelling sold for $262,000. According to the National Association of Realtors, during the same period the median value of one-family homes nationwide was $227,500.
The median price of a home exceeded $1 million in July 2016. The city of Boulder is in Boulder Valley. West of the city are slabs of sedimentary stone tilted up on the foothills, known as the Flatirons; the Flatirons are a recognized symbol of Boulder. The primary water flow through the city is Boulder Creek; the creek was named well ahead of the city's founding, for all of the large granite boulders that have cascaded into the creek over the eons. It is from Boulder Creek. Boulder Creek has significant water flow, derived from snow melt and minor springs west of the city; the creek is a tributary of the South Platte River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.7 square miles. 24.7 square miles of it is land and 1.0 square mile of it is water. The 40th parallel runs through Boulder and can be recognized as Baseline Road today. Boulder lies in a wide basin beneath Flagstaff Mountain just a few miles east of the continental divide and about 25 miles northwest of Denver.
Arapahoe Glacier provides water for the city, along with Boulder Creek, which flows through the center of the city. Denver International Airport is located 45 miles southeast of Boulder. Boulder has a temperate climate typical for much of the state and receives many sunny or sunny days each year. Under the Köppen climate classification, the city is considered semi-arid with some overlap of a humid subtropical climate, due to its high yearly precipation. Winter conditions range from mild to the occasional bitterly cold, with highs averaging in the mid to upper 40s °F. There are 4.6 nights annually when the temperature reaches 0 °F. Because of orographic lift, the mountains to the west dry out the air passing over the Front Range shielding the city from precipitation in winter, though heavy falls may occur. Snowfall averages 88 inches per season, but snow depth is shallow. Summers are warm with frequent afternoon thunderstorms. 30 days reach 90 °F or above each year. Diurnal temper
This is a list of icebreakers and other special icebreaking vessels capable of operating independently in ice-covered waters. Ships known to be in service are presented in bold. ARA General San Martín ARA Almirante Irízar ARA Bahía Paraíso Aurora Australis Nuyina Eisvogel Röthelstein Kapitan A. Radzhabov CGS Northern Light CGS Stanley CGS Earl Grey CGS Mikula CCGS Saurel CCGS N. B. McLean CCGS Ernest Lapointe CCGS D'Iberville CCGS Labrador CCGS Alexander Henry CCGS John A. Macdonald CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent Pierre Radisson class CCGS Pierre Radisson CCGS Amundsen CCGS Des Groseilliers CCGS Henry Larsen Samuel Risley class CCGS Samuel Risley CCGS Earl Grey Martha L. Black class CCGS Martha L. Black CCGS George R. Pearkes CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier CCGS Edward Cornwallis CCGS Sir William Alexander CCGS Ann Harvey CCGS Terry Fox Interim icebreakers CCGS Captain Molly Kool CCGS Jean Goodwill CCGS Vincent Massey CCGS John G. Diefenbaker HMCS Labrador Harry DeWolf-class offshore patrol vessel HMCS Harry DeWolf HMCS Margaret Brooke HMCS Max Bernays HMCS William Hall HMCS Frédérick Rolette HMCS Robert Hampton Gray Canmar Kigoriak Robert LeMeur Terry Fox Arctic Kalvik Ikaluk Miscaroo Arctic Ivik Polar S Polar Prince Arcticaborg Xuě Lóng Xuě Lóng 2 Type 071 icebreaker Haibing 721 Haibing 722 Haibing 519 Type 210 icebreaker Haibing 723 Type 272 icebreaker Haibing 722 Haibing 723 Bin Hai 293 Beijing Ocean Leader Piloto Pardo Almirante Óscar Viel Antártica 1 Bryderen Isbjørn Lillebjørn Storebjørn Elbjørn Danbjørn Isbjørn Thorbjørn Suur Tõll Tarmo EVA 316 Botnica Murtaja Sampo Apu Tarmo Wäinämöinen Ilmarinen Voima Jääkarhu Sisu Voima Karhu class Karhu Murtaja Sampo Tarmo class Tarmo Varma Apu Hanse Urho class Urho Sisu Otso class Otso Kontio Fennica Nordica Botnica Polaris Louhi Louhi Zeus of Finland Thetis Hermes L'Astrolabe Le Commandant Charcot L'Astrolabe Elbe Hindenburg Stettin Wal Castor Eisvogel Eisbär Pollux Eisvogel class Eisvogel Eisbär Stephan Jantzen Polarstern Mellum Neuwerk Arkona Indian Polar Research Vessel is expected to enter service in the 2020s.
The Portland Golf Club is a private golf club in the northwest United States, in suburban Portland, Oregon. It is located in the unincorporated Raleigh Hills area of eastern Washington County, southwest of downtown Portland and east of Beaverton. PGC was established 106 years ago in the winter of 1914, when a group of nine businessmen assembled to form a new club after leaving their respective clubs; the present site was chosen due to its relation to the Spokane and Seattle Railway's interurban railroad line with frequent passenger service to the site because automobiles and roads were few. The PGA Championship a match play competition, was held at the club in 1946. Ben Hogan, age 34, overcame an early deficit in the 36-hole final match on August 25 to win 6 & 4, he had won the Portland Open the previous year in early autumn with a score of 261. The following year, PGC hosted the Ryder Cup matches of 1947, the first renewal in a decade, due to World War II; the U. S. team defeated Great Britain 11 to 1 in wet conditions in early November.
Major championships for all tours are shown in bold. List of sports venues in Portland, Oregon Official website Oregon Golf.com – Portland Golf Club
The history of the Jews in Austria begins with the exodus of Jews from Judea under Roman occupation. Over the course of many centuries, the political status of the community rose and fell many times: during certain periods, the Jewish community prospered and enjoyed political equality, during other periods it suffered pogroms, deportations to concentration camps and mass murder, antisemitism; the Holocaust drastically reduced the Jewish community in Austria and only 8,140 Jews remained in Austria according to the 2001 census, but other estimates place the current figure at 9,000, 15,000 and 20,000 people, if accounting for those of mixed descent. Jews have been in Austria since at least the 3rd century AD. In 2008 a team of archeologists discovered a third-century CE amulet in the form of a gold scroll with the words of the Jewish prayer Shema Yisrael inscribed on it in the grave of a Jewish infant in Halbturn, it is considered to be the earliest surviving evidence of a Jewish presence in. It is hypothesized that the first Jews immigrated to Austria following the Roman legions after the Roman occupation of Israel.
It is theorized that the Roman legions who participated in the occupation and came back after the First Jewish–Roman War brought back Jewish prisoners, though this presumption has no concrete evidence. A document from the 10th century that determined equal rights between the Jewish and Christian merchants in Danube implies a Jewish population in Vienna at this point, though again, there is no concrete proof; the existence of a Jewish community in the area is only known for sure after the start of the 12th century, when two synagogues existed. In the same century, the Jewish settlement in Vienna increased with the absorption of Jewish settlers from Bavaria and from the Rhineland. At the start of the 13th century, the Jewish community began to flourish. One of the main reasons for the prosperity was the recognition by Frederick II that the Jews were a separate ethnic and religious group, were not bound to the laws that targeted the Christian population. Following this assumption, in July 1244, the emperor published a bill of rights for Jews, which encouraged them to work in the money lending business, encouraged the immigration of additional Jews to the area, promised protection and autonomous rights, such as the right to judge themselves and the right to collect taxes.
This bill of rights affected other kingdoms in Europe such as Hungary, Lithuania and Bohemia, which had a high concentrations of Jews. During this period, the Jewish population dealt with commerce and the collection of taxes and gained key positions in many other aspects of life in Austria. In 1204, the first documented synagogue in Austria was constructed. In addition, Jews went through a period of relative prosperity; the group established a beit midrash, considered to be the most prominent school of Talmudic studies in Europe at the time. The insularity and assumed prosperity of the Jewish community caused increased tensions and jealousy from the Christian population along with hostility from the church. In 1282, when the area became controlled by the Catholic House of Habsburg, Austria’s prominence decreased as far as being a religious center for Jewish scholarly endeavors; some Jewish business enterprises focused on civic finance, private interest-free loans and government accounting work enforcing tax collection and handling moneylending for Christian landowners.
The earliest evidence of Jewish officials tasked with the unpleasant role of collecting unpaid taxes appears in a document from 1320. During the same time, riots occurred scapegoating all Jews; the entire Jewish population was unfairly targeted by some angry non-Jewish neighbors and the animosity made daily life unbearable — the population continued to decline in middle of the 14th century. At the start of the 15th century, during the regime of Albert III and Leopold III, the period was characterized by the formal cancellations of many outstanding debts that were owed to Jewish financiers, those that would have been enforced by debt collection activity by Jews were left purposely outstanding so as to impoverish the creditor. In middle of the 15th century, following the establishment of the anti-Catholic movement of Jan Hus in Bohemia, the condition of Jews worsened as a result of unfounded accusations that the movement was associated with the Jewish community. In 1420, the status of the Jewish community hit a low point when a Jewish man from Upper Austria was falsely accused and charged with the crime of desecration of the sacramental bread.
This led Albert V to order the imprisonment of all of Jews in Austria. 210 Jewish men and children were forcibly taken from their homes and were burnt alive in the public town square, while the remaining families were rounded up and deported from Austria, forced to leave all their belongings behind. In 1469, the deportation order was cancelled by Frederick III, who became known for his fairness and strong relationship by allowing Jews to live free from scapegoating and hate-crimes — he was referred to at times as the "King of the Jews", he allowed Jews to settle in all the cities of Styria and Carinthia. Under his regime, Jews gained a short period of peace. In 1496, Maximilian I ordered a decree. In 1509, he passed the "Imperial Confiscation Mandate" wh
The Way of the World is a play written by the English playwright William Congreve. It premiered in early March 1700 in the theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields in London, it is regarded as one of the best Restoration comedies and is still performed. However, the play struck many audience members as continuing the immorality of the previous decades, was not well received; the play is centred on the two lovers Millamant. In order for them to marry and receive Millamant's full dowry, Mirabell must receive the blessing of Millamant's aunt, Lady Wishfort. Lady Wishfort is a bitter lady who despises Mirabell and wants her own nephew, Sir Wilfull, to wed Millamant. Meanwhile, Lady Wishfort, a widow, wants to marry again and has her eyes on an uncle of Mirabell's, the wealthy Sir Rowland. Another character, Fainall, is having a secret affair with a friend of Fainall's wife. Mrs. Fainall, Lady Wishfort's daughter, herself once had an affair with Mirabell and remains his friend. In the meantime, Mirabell's servant Waitwell is married to Lady Wishfort's servant.
Waitwell pretends to be Sir Rowland and, on Mirabell's command, tries to trick Lady Wishfort into a false engagement. Act 1 is set in a chocolate house where Fainall have just finished playing cards. A footman tells Mirabell that Waitwell and Foible were married that morning. Mirabell is encouraged to marry her. Witwoud and Petulant appear and Mirabell is informed that should Lady Wishfort marry, he will lose £6000 of Millamant's inheritance, he will only get this money if he can get Lady Wishfort's consent to Millamant's marriage. Act 2 is set in St. James’ Park. Mrs. Fainall and Mrs. Marwood are discussing their hatred of men. Fainall accuses Mrs. Marwood of loving Mirabell. Meanwhile, Mrs. Fainall tells Mirabell that she hates her husband, they begin to plot to deceive Lady Wishfort into giving her consent to the marriage. Millamant appears in the park and, angry about the previous night, she tells Mirabell of her displeasure in his plan, which she only has a vague idea about. After she leaves, the newly wed servants appear and Mirabell reminds them of their roles in the plan.
Acts 3, 4 and 5 are all set in the home of Lady Wishfort. We are introduced to Lady Wishfort, encouraged by Foible to marry the supposed Sir Rowland – Mirabell's supposed uncle – so that Mirabell will lose his inheritance. Sir Rowland is, Waitwell in disguise, the plan is to entangle Lady Wishfort in a marriage which cannot go ahead, because it would be bigamy, not to mention a social disgrace. Mirabell will offer to help her out of the embarrassing situation. Mrs. Fainall discusses this plan with Foible, but this is overheard by Mrs. Marwood, she tells the plan to Fainall, who decides that he will take his wife's money and go away with Mrs. Marwood. Mirabell and Millamant strong-willed, discuss in detail the conditions under which they would accept each other in marriage, showing the depth of their feeling for each other. Mirabell proposes to Millamant and, with Mrs. Fainall's encouragement, Millamant accepts. Mirabell leaves as Lady Wishfort arrives, she lets it be known that she wants Millamant to marry her nephew, Sir Wilfull Witwoud, who has just arrived from the countryside.
Lady Wishfort gets a letter telling her about the Sir Rowland plot. Sir Rowland accuses Mirabell of trying to sabotage their wedding. Lady Wishfort agrees to let Sir Rowland bring a marriage contract that night. By Act 5, Lady Wishfort has found out the plot, Fainall has had Waitwell arrested. Mrs. Fainall tells Foible. Lady Wishfort appears with Mrs. Marwood. Fainall appears and uses the information of Mrs. Fainall's previous affair with Mirabell and Millamant's contract to marry him to blackmail Lady Wishfort, telling her that she should never marry and that she is to transfer her fortune to him. Lady Wishfort offers Mirabell her consent to the marriage if he can save her honour. Mirabell calls on Waitwell who brings a contract from the time before the marriage of the Fainalls in which Mrs. Fainall gives all her property to Mirabell; this neutralises the blackmail attempts, after which Mirabell restores Mrs. Fainall's property to her possession and is free to marry Millamant with the full £12000 inheritance.
The epigraph found on the title page of the 1700 edition of The Way of the World contains two Latin quotations from Horace's Satires. In their wider contexts they read in English: "It is worthwhile, for those of you who wish adulterers no success, to hear how much misfortune they suffer, how their pleasure is marred by pain and, though achieved then fraught with danger." "I have no fear in her company that a husband may rush back from the country, the door burst open, the dog bark, the house shake with the din, the woman, deathly pale, leap from her bed, her complicit maid shriek, she fearing for her limbs, her guilty mistress for her dowry and I for myself."The quotations offer a forewarning of the chaos to ensue from both infidelity and deception. In 1700, the world of London theatre-going had changed from the days of
Demetria Royals is an American director and Film editor. She is an alumna of New York University's Graduate Institute of Television and Film in February 1982 where she earned her bachelors in journalism and her Masters of Fine Arts degree, she received a Writers Fellowship from the Writers Guild of America, a New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship in Video and a writing development grant from the Funding Exchange Women's Project Scriptwriting Development Fund. She is a member of the Director's Guild of America since 1982, she was director of the Film program at Sarah Lawrence College. She was an associate professor of Media Arts and Writing in the School of Contemporary Arts art Ramapo College in New Jersey. Inventing Herself 1993 Mama's Pushcart: Ellen Stewart and 25 years of La MaMa E. T. C. Conjure Women 1995 Royals began her public films with Inventing Herself, a videowall installation of images of African American women; this work premièred at the 1993 Mill Valley Film Festival. It was reset-up at the Majestic Theater of the Brooklyn Academy of Music along with an international arts fest in 1995.
Conjure Women is a performance-based feature film documentary exploring the artistry and philosophy of African American female artists. They use their art expertise to recover the African traditions that their previous generations had to renounce. Having grown up in the West they must fight to reclaim their "Africanisms"; the director Demetria Royals says it is "telling the story of African Americans in our own distinct and self-defined voices. " It looks at challenging the existing stereotypes of African American culture. It was first shown at the 1995 Mill Valley Film Festival and broadcast on national television in February 1997, it is funded by the National Endowment for the Arts. It is available on 16 mm and video. Demetria Royals on IMDb Royal's Biography Conjure Women