Bouvardia

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Bouvardia
Bouvardia ternifolia0.jpg
Bouvardia ternifolia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Spermacoceae
Genus: Bouvardia
Salisb.
Type species
Bouvardia ternifolia
Synonyms

Bouvardia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.[1] It contains about 50 species of evergreen herbs and shrubs native to Mexico and Central America,[1] with one species extending into the southwestern United States (B. ternifolia, in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas).[2] The genus is named in honor of Charles Bouvard (1572–1658), physician to Louis XIII, and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi in Paris.[3]

In the language of flowers, Bouvardia symbolize enthusiasm.[4]

Description[edit]

They grow to 0.6–1.5 m tall. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of 3-5, ovate to lanceolate, 3–11 cm long; the flowers are in terminal, generally many-flowered clusters; the corolla has a large tube and four spreading lobes; flower colour ranges varies between species, with white, yellow, pink, and red all found.[5][6][7]

Uses[edit]

Several species of Bouvardia are grown as ornamental plants, both in the tropics and indoors as houseplants in temperate regions. Several cultivars and hybrids have been selected; when grown as houseplants, a minimum winter temperature of 7 °C is required, with a minimum of 12 °C while in flower. Propagation of the cultivars is by cuttings taken in late spring or summer, which need to be kept at a temperature of 20 °C by night and 25 °C during the day, and shaded when required.[8]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bouvardia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ "Bouvardia in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved June 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Bouvardia" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  4. ^ "Bouvardia Flower Meaning & Symbolism | Teleflora". www.teleflora.com. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
  5. ^ Salisbury, Richard Anthony. 1807. Paradisus Londinensis sub pl. 88. Bouvardia
  6. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2012. Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. 4(2): i–xvi, 1–533. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  7. ^ Lorence, D. H. 1999. A nomenclator of Mexican and Central American Rubiaceae. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 73: 1–177
  8. ^ Bailey LH, Bailey EZ. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.

External links[edit]