Brasstown Bald

Brasstown Bald is the highest point in the U. S. state of Georgia. Located in northeast Georgia, the mountain is known to the native Cherokee people as Enotah; the name in English is derived from a mistaken translation of the term for the nearby Cherokee village of Brasstown, located along the upper Brasstown Creek feeding the Hiawassee River. Across the North Carolina state line north of the mountain, are other places named in that error of English settlers: Brasstown, a community in the Brasstown township of Clay County, North Carolina. Brasstown Bald is in both Towns and Union counties, the peak being divided by the county line; the mountain is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains, within the borders of the Blue Ridge Ranger District of the Chattahoochee National Forest. The mountain consists of soapstone and dunite. On a clear day, it is possible to see the tall buildings of Atlanta from the summit; the U. S. Forest Service has webcams atop the observation tower, a RAWS weather station further down the mountain.

The public can drive to the top via Georgia State Route 180 Spur. According to the two Georgia historical markers, the area surrounding Brasstown Bald was settled by the Cherokee people. English-speaking settlers derived the word "Brasstown" from a translation error of the Cherokee word for its village place. Settlers confused the word Itse'yĭ, which the Cherokee used for their village, with Ûňtsaiyĭ, referred to the settlement as Brasstown; the Cherokee gave the locative name, Itse'yĭ, to several distinct areas in their territory, including an area nearby in what is considered present-day North Carolina. According to Cherokee legend about Itse'yĭ, a great flood swept over the land. All the people died except a few Cherokee families; the canoe ran aground at the summit of a forested mountain. As there was no wild game for the people to hunt and no place for them to plant crops, the Great Spirit killed all the trees on the top of the mountain so that the surviving people could plant crops, they lived from their crops until the water subsided.

Other transliterated spellings of the Cherokee name for the mountain include Echia, Echoee and Enotah. The term "Bald" is common terminology in the southern Appalachians describing mountaintops that have 360-degree unobstructed views. Former Georgia Supreme Court Judge Thomas S. Candler is memorialized with a stone monument at Brasstown Bald, it was erected in 1971 three months before he died in recognition of his efforts to support getting more visitors to the mountain and establishing a visitors center there for them. From the northeast, starting at the intersection of Owl Creek Road and the concurrent Georgia 17 and Georgia 75 near Mountain Scene, the climb is 13.5 kilometers long, gaining 828 meters. From the southeast, starting at the intersection of Georgia 180 and Georgia 17/75 near Sooky Gap, the climb is 13.1 kilometers long, gaining 790 meters, an average of 6.0% grade. From the west, starting at the intersection of Georgia 180 and Georgia 348 near Choestoe, the climb is 14.9 kilometers, gaining 856 meters, an average of 5.7% grade.

From the intersection of Route 180 and Route 180 Spur at Jacks Gap the climb is 4.9 kilometers at an average gradient of 11.2%. An additional route to the summit is the Wagon Train Trail, starting at Young Harris College; the trail is traditionally hiked by graduating students and their families on the evening before graduation. In the 2005 through 2008 editions of the Tour de Georgia, a long-distance bicycle race, Brasstown Bald was the site of an hors categorie "King of the Mountains stage" finish. NOAA Weather Radio station KXI22 transmits from atop the mountain, simulcasting with KXI75 from Blue Ridge, Georgia; the programming originates from NWSFO Peachtree City. Georgia Public Broadcasting had or has construction permits from the Federal Communications Commission for two low-power broadcast translator stations at the summit; the digital TV station on channel 12 is the direct replacement for analog TV station W04BJ in nearby Young Harris, covers for W50AB in nearby Hiawassee. New station WBTB FM 90.3 will transmit at just 97 watts, equivalent to several hundred watts because of the height above average terrain of over 700 meters, or more than 2,300 feet.

Both stations will have Young Harris as the city of license. Brasstown Valley Resort Brasstown Wilderness List of U. S. states by elevation List of mountains in Georgia Media related to Brasstown Bald at Wikimedia Commons


Psilochorus is a genus of spiders in the family Pholcidae. The abdomen of Psilochorus species is oval; the eight eyes are located in two rows. Most described species are found in the New World from Mexico and the United States, but other species occur in South America. P. simoni is found only in Europe. P. nigromaculatus was described from New Guinea, but is misplaced. The first part of the genus name is from Ancient Greek psilos "naked"; the second part could be derived from a Greek word for "dance", or "separate". Psilochorus acanthus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 — USA Psilochorus agnosticus Chamberlin, 1924 — Mexico Psilochorus apicalis Banks, 1921 — USA Psilochorus bantus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 — USA Psilochorus bruneocyaneus Mello-Leitão, 1941 — Brazil Psilochorus californiae Chamberlin, 1919 — USA Psilochorus cambridgei Gertsch & Davis, 1937 — Mexico Psilochorus coahuilanus Gertsch & Davis, 1937 — Mexico Psilochorus concinnus Gertsch, 1973 — Mexico Psilochorus conjunctus Gertsch & Davis, 1942 — Mexico Psilochorus cordatus — Mexico Psilochorus cornutus — USA Psilochorus delicatus Gertsch, 1971 — Mexico Psilochorus diablo Gertsch, 1971 — Mexico Psilochorus dogmaticus Chamberlin, 1924 — Mexico Psilochorus durangoanus Gertsch & Davis, 1937 — Mexico Psilochorus fishi Gertsch, 1971 — Mexico Psilochorus gertschi Schenkel, 1950 — USA Psilochorus hesperus Gertsch & Ivie, 1936 — USA Psilochorus hooki Slowik, 2009 — USA Psilochorus imitatus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940 — USA Psilochorus itaguyrussu Huber, Rheims & Brescovit, 2005 — Brazil Psilochorus marcuzzii Caporiacco, 1955 — Venezuela Psilochorus minimus Schmidt, 1956 — Ecuador Psilochorus minutus Banks, 1898 — Mexico Psilochorus murphyi Gertsch, 1973 — Mexico Psilochorus nigromaculatus Kulczynski, 1911 — New Guinea Psilochorus pallidulus Gertsch, 1935 — USA, Mexico Psilochorus papago Gertsch & Davis, 1942 — USA, Mexico Psilochorus pullulus — New World Psilochorus redemptus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940 — USA, Mexico Psilochorus rockefelleri Gertsch, 1935 — USA Psilochorus russelli Gertsch, 1971 — Mexico Psilochorus sectus Mello-Leitão, 1939 — Brazil Psilochorus simoni — Europe Psilochorus simplicior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 — USA Psilochorus sinaloa Gertsch & Davis, 1942 — Mexico Psilochorus taperae Mello-Leitão, 1929 — Brazil Psilochorus tellezi Gertsch, 1971 — Mexico Psilochorus topanga Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 — USA Psilochorus utahensis Chamberlin, 1919 — USA Psilochorus ybytyriguara Huber, Rheims & Brescovit, 2005 — Brazil Fitch, Henry S.: Spiders of The University of Kansas Natural History Reservation and Rockefeller Experimental Tract.

Huber, Bernhard A.: New World Pholcid Spiders: A revision at generic level. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 254: 1-347. Doi:10.1206/0003-0090254<0001:NWPSAP>2.0. CO. American Museum of Natural History. Universität Bonn: Pholcidae Photograph of mating P. pullulus

Alexander Samwer

Alexander Samwer is a German internet entrepreneur who co-founded the online auction business Alando, the venture capital fund European Founders and the international investment firm Arvantis Group. With his brothers Marc and Oliver he co-founded consumer-to-consumer auction house Alando, sold to eBay in 1999 for $43 million Jamba!, sold to VeriSign for $270 million in 2004. With his two brothers he founded the venture capital company European Founders with which they invested in StudiVZ, MyVideo, Bigpoint Games and several other companies; the Samwer brothers invested in Facebook after selling StudiVZ to the Holtzbrinck Group. They founded the startup studio Rocket Internet headquartered in Berlin with early-stage investments in Europe's largest online fashion company Zalando, online food-delivery company Delivery Hero, Asian e-commerce company Lazada Group and online meal retailer HelloFresh. In 2013, the Samwer brothers founded 150 million € Global Founders Capital fund for early-stage startups.

In 2018 Alexander Samwer established the privately-held investment firm Arvantis Group with a focus on entrepreneurial investments in the technology, renewable energy and real estate sector. Group companies include Picus Capital, Pacifico Energy Partners, Augustus and Fabrix Capital, he studied politics at the University of Oxford, receiving an MA, received an MBA from Harvard Business School. His parents are both in the legal profession. Alexander Samwer is an active supporter of social projects in education and environmental protection, he is a founding member of the climate initiative "Leaders for Climate Action"