Breastfeeding known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as and as much as the baby wants. During the first few weeks of life babies may nurse every two to three hours, the duration of a feeding is ten to fifteen minutes on each breast. Older children feed less often. Mothers may pump milk so that it can be used when breastfeeding is not possible. Breastfeeding has a number of benefits to both baby, which infant formula lacks. Deaths of an estimated 820,000 children under the age of five could be prevented globally every year with increased breastfeeding. Breastfeeding decreases the risk of respiratory tract infections and diarrhea, both in developing and developed countries. Other benefits include lower risks of asthma, food allergies, type 1 diabetes. Breastfeeding may improve cognitive development and decrease the risk of obesity in adulthood.
Mothers may feel pressure to breastfeed, but in the developed world children grow up when bottle fed. Benefits for the mother include less blood loss following delivery, better uterus shrinkage, decreased postpartum depression. Breastfeeding delays the return of menstruation and fertility, a phenomenon known as lactational amenorrhea. Long term benefits for the mother include decreased risk of breast cancer, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis. Breastfeeding is less expensive than infant formula. Health organizations, including the World Health Organization, recommend breastfeeding for six months; this means that no other foods or drinks other than vitamin D are given. After the introduction of foods at six months of age, recommendations include continued breastfeeding until one to two years of age or more. Globally about 38% of infants are only breastfed during their first six months of life. In the United States in 2015, 83% of women begin breastfeeding and 58% were still breastfeeding at 6 months, although only 25% exclusively.
Medical conditions that do not allow breastfeeding are rare. Mothers who take certain recreational drugs and medications should not breastfeed. Smoking, limited amounts of alcohol, or coffee are not reasons to avoid breastfeeding. Changes early in pregnancy prepare the breast for lactation. Before pregnancy the breast is composed of adipose tissue but under the influence of the hormones estrogen, progesterone and other hormones, the breasts prepare for production of milk for the baby. There is an increase in blood flow to the breasts. Pigmentation of the nipples and areola increases. Size increases as well, but breast size is not related to the amount of milk that the mother will be able to produce after the baby is born. By the second trimester of pregnancy colostrum, a thick yellowish fluid, begins to be produced in the alveoli and continues to be produced for the first few days after birth until the milk "comes in", around 30 to 40 hours after delivery. Oxytocin contracts the smooth muscle of the uterus during birth and following delivery, called the postpartum period, while breastfeeding.
Oxytocin contracts the smooth muscle layer of band-like cells surrounding the alveoli to squeeze the newly produced milk into the duct system. Oxytocin is necessary for the milk ejection reflex, or let-down, in response to occur. Not all of breast milk's properties are understood, but its nutrient content is consistent. Breast milk is made from nutrients in the mother's bodily stores, it has an optimal balance of fat, sugar and protein, needed for a baby's growth and development. Breastfeeding triggers biochemical reactions which allows for the enzymes, growth factors and immunologic substances to defend against infectious diseases for the infant; the breast milk has long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which help with normal retinal and neural development. The composition of breast milk changes depending on how long the baby nurses at each session, as well as on the child's age; the first type, produced during the first days after childbirth, is called colostrum. Colostrum is easy to digest.
It has a laxative effect that helps the infant to pass early stools, aiding in the excretion of excess bilirubin, which helps to prevent jaundice. It helps to seal the infants gastrointestional tract from foreign substances, which may sensitize the baby to foods that the mother has eaten. Although the baby has received some antibodies through the placenta, colostrum contains a substance, new to the newborn, secretory immunoglobulin A. IgA works to attack germs in the mucous membranes of the throat and intestines, which are most to come under attack from germs. Breasts begin producing mature milk around the fourth day after birth. Early in a nursing session, the breasts produce foremilk, a thinner milk containing many proteins and vitamins. If the baby keeps nursing hindmilk is produced. Hindmilk has texture because it contains more fat, it is recommended for mothers to initiate breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. Breastfeeding can begin after birth; the baby is placed on the feeding starts as soon as the baby shows interest.
According to some authorities the majority of infants do not begin to suckle if placed between the mother's breasts but rather enter a period of rest and quiet alertness. During this time they seem to be more interested in the mother's face her eyes, than beginning to suckle, it has been speculated that this period of infant-mother inter
Resorts World Sentosa is an integrated resort on the island of Sentosa, off the southern coast of Singapore. The key attractions include one of Singapore's two casinos, a Universal Studios theme park, Adventure Cove Water Park, S. E. A. Aquarium, which includes the world's second largest oceanarium; the S$6.59 billion resort was developed by Genting Singapore. It was the third most expensive building constructed in 2010; the resort occupies over 49 hectares of land and, when open, will employ more than 10,000 people directly. Resorts World Sentosa is a sister resort to Resorts World Genting, Pahang and Resorts World Manila, Philippines; the soft launch of the first four hotels took place on 20 January 2010, with the FestiveWalk shopping mall following on 1 February. The casino opened on 14 February 2010 on the first auspicious day of the Chinese New Year; the Maritime Experiential Museum opened on 15 October 2011 and the last attraction opened on 22 November 2012, The Marine Life Park. The grand opening of the integrated resort was held on 7 December 2012, officiated by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong together with Genting Group Chairman Lim Kok Thay.
Resorts World Sentosa is expected to hold large-scale exhibitions such as Valentino, Retrospective: Past/Present/Future. Construction of Resorts World Sentosa Singapore began on 16 April 2007 on the demolished plot of Imbiah Lookout, it opened in a record time of 34 months of construction on 20 January 2010. Crockfords Tower, Hard Rock Hotel Singapore, Festive Hotel and Hotel Michael opened 20 January 2010, followed by FestiveWalk on 31 January 2010. Resorts World Sentosa Casino opened on 14 February 2010. Universal Studios Singapore was opened for a sneak peek week in view of the Chinese New Year Celebrations, from 5 pm to 9 pm every night between 14 and 21 February 2010; the whole park was opened but none of the rides was operational. Visitors had to pay SGD10 to get into the park. Park tickets for the week were sold out in 2 days; the park had its soft opening period from 18 March 2010 to 26 October 2010. 10 October 2006 – Genting International and Star Cruises submitted its proposal, suitably named Resorts World at Sentosa to the Singapore government.
16 October 2006 – Genting International and Star Cruises unveiled its proposal "Resorts World at Sentosa". 8 December 2006 – Genting International and Star Cruises won the bid for the Sentosa IR. 16 April 2007 – Resorts World at Sentosa broke ground on 49-hectare site. 6 November 2007 – Resorts World at Sentosa announced that it will be adding six new attractions to its resort. 20 January 2010 – Soft Opening of Resorts World Sentosa – Crockfords Tower, Hotel Michael, Hard Rock Hotel and Festive Hotel 31 January 2010 – Opening of FestiveWalk 1 February 2010 – Opening of Resorts World Station of Sentosa Express. 14 February 2010 – Opening of Resorts World Sentosa Casino. Late February 2010 – Opening of Link Bridge from Resorts World Sentosa to Imbiah Lookout. 18 March 2010 – Soft opening of Universal Studios Singapore. 2 July 2010 – New Lake Hollywood Spectacular show on Friday and Saturday nights at Universal Studios Singapore. October 2010 – Opening of Candylicious, one of Asia's largest candy store.
Late October 2010 – Opening of Waterfront Area. 25 December 2010 – Opening of Crane Dance. 15 October 2011 – Opening of Maritime Experiential Museum. 16 February 2012 – Opening of Equarius Hotel and Beach Villas. 6 July 2012 – Opening of ESPA by RWS. 22 November 2012 – Opening of Marine Life Park 7 December 2012 – Official Opening Ceremony of Resorts World Sentosa. 8 April 2013 – Unveiling of dolphins for public viewing at S. E. A. Aquarium. 22 May 2013 – Launch of Ultimate Maritime Encounters with Open Ocean Dive at Adventure Cove Waterpark. 15 June 2013 – Launch of Shark Encounter at Adventure Cove Waterpark. 30 June 2013 – Launch of Sea Trek Adventure at Adventure Cove Waterpark. 30 September 2013 – Opening of Dolphin Island at Marine Life Park. 15 Jan 2016 - Announcement of Donnie Yen and his wife Cissy Wang as brand ambassadors and spokesperson for RWS. The resort was designed by the Driehaus Prize winner and New Classical architect Michael Graves; the six hotels offer a total of 1,840 rooms for accommodation.
Each hotel is designed with a different theme, catering to business visitors. The resort is split into the west and east zones. Four hotels are located in the central zone. Crockfords Tower planned to be named Maxims Tower, is an 11-storey all-suite hotel overlooking the Singapore harbour and the Southern Islands; the resort's casino is located beneath the tower. The hotel was topped-out on 27 February 2009 and opened on 20 January 2010. Both the latter and Hotel Michael sit on the area of the former Sentosa Musical Fountain The hotel features Crockfords Premier, a casino club with private rooms for High Roller located on 10th floor. Hotel Michael is an 11-storey hotel named after Michael Graves. Hotel Michael topped-out on 15 July 2009 and was opened on 20 January 2010. Together with Crockfords Tower, it replaces the site of former Sentosa Musical Fountain Festive Hotel is a family-oriented hotel next to Crockfords Tower and Festive Walk. Beneath the hotel is Festive Grand, a 1,600 seat plenary hall which will host Resorts World Sentosa's resident musical Voyage de la Vie.
The Hard Rock Hotel Singapore is the site of meeting and conference facilities, indoor exhibition space. This includes 26 differently-designed function rooms and one of Asia's largest ballrooms with seating for 7,300 guests. Construction of Singapore's first Hard Rock Hotel started in May 2008, the hotel opened on 20 January 2010. Equarius Hotel is situated at the west of
Superman: Brainiac Attacks is a 2006 direct-to-video animated film with production designs based on Superman: The Animated Series from Warner Bros. Animation. Released on June 20, 2006, the film features Superman battling the forces of Lex Luthor and Brainiac, his relationship with Lois Lane. Brainiac crash lands on Earth and hijacks Lex Labs to collect Earth's data and amass the power of its weapons systems. Lois Lane and Jimmy Olsen are sent to one of Lex Luthor's laboratories after Brainiac arrives on Earth on a meteor dodging the attempts made by Luthor's satellite to destroy any potential damage to the Earth in an attempt to boost his popularity against Superman as the true hero of the people. Superman shortly arrives and finds Brainiac downloading data from the computers with information relating the various forms of weaponry from LexCorp, including the laser-equipped meteor shield that had attempted to destroy Brainiac earlier. Using his ice breath, Superman is able to destroy Brainiac, after Superman and Brainiac had engaged in battle.
Witnessing the incident, how his satellite could be used as an effective weapon against Superman, Luthor finds Brainiac's still intact brain chip and takes it to LexCorp, where he reactivates Brainiac. He proposes that Brainiac, with the technology of LexCorp as well as Kryptonite, defeat Superman, Luthor step in to chase Brainiac away from the Earth, in front of the world to make him appear as Earth's true hero, where he will be free to conquer other planets, leaving Lex in charge of Earth. Brainiac accepts the agreement, proceeds to rebuilding and improving himself. Meanwhile, Clark Kent contemplates the idea of revealing his secret identity to Lois; the opportunity presents itself when editor Perry White, due to staff shortages, sends both Kent and Lois to review a restaurant in Metropolis. During this time, Brainiac returns. Among his improvements is the ability to track down Superman based on his DNA. After another battle with Brainiac, Superman has been affected by Brainiac's kryptonite power rays, Lois is critically injured in the process.
It is revealed that her blood has been infected with a kryptonite, metallic-based poison, galvanizing her blood cells and if not treated, would prove fatal. Feeling guilty, Superman obtains a sample of Lois' blood from the hospital and returns to the Fortress of Solitude where he analyzes Lois' blood using his Kryptonian technology, it is when Superman discovers that the only cure for Lois' condition is to obtain a chemical substance, known as Argonium 44, from the Phantom Zone. However, Brainiac is able to locate Superman in his Antarctic retreat, attempts to download the information of Krypton from Superman's computer. Superman initiates a self-destruct sequence. Brainiac, not being able to locate Superman, presumes. Superman had, in fact, gone into the Phantom Zone in order to find the Argonium 44, which would not only cure Lois and heal himself, but provide him with increased strength against Brainiac by shielding him from his kryptonite blast. Brainiac returns to Metropolis. Jimmy realizes that he is working with Brainiac.
Brainiac, intends to kill Luthor in order to conquer Earth, had removed the self-destructive component that Luthor had planted should Brainiac double cross him. Superman returns through a portal and cures Lois, but when bringing her out of the hospital, he realizes this experience is an illusion created by the Phantom Zone when Lois goads him to stay with her and not go after Brainiac. After this, he is chased and attacked by several Phantoms before he escapes the Phantom Zone. Returning to Metropolis and Brainiac engage in a lengthy battle, during which Luthor is injured in the crossfire. Mercy brutally attacks him, he takes over one of Lex's large, robotic exoskeletons and knocks her unconscious. His camera is destroyed by his attack, relieving him of the chance to photograph evidence of Lex's schemes, much to his dismay. Superman defeats Brainiac and returns to the hospital in order to cure the ailing Lois, but before Lois can take the cure, now only a head, attacks the hospital and smashes the cure.
Afterwards, Superman destroys Brainiac by breaking his brain chip. With the cure now destroyed, Lois faces certain death. Superman, regretting never telling Lois his true feelings embraces her, it is that his tears, containing Argonium 44 that had healed him earlier, makes contact with Lois, curing her. She presumes him to be Clark, but Superman, tells her he is just Superman. Superman recovers a piece of his destroyed Kryptonian technology where he aims to rebuild his fortress, he vows to quit his job at the Daily Planet in an attempt to prevent future harm to his loved ones, should any of his enemies discover his secret identity. The movie ends with an injured Luthor facing criminal prosecution after the discovery of LexCorp's involvement with Brainiac's attack, Lois racing to cover the appearance of Mr. Mxyzptlk in Metropolis. Seeing Lois' eagerness to put herself in harm's way in order to cover a story, Superman goes back on his earlier decision to quit the Daily Planet so that he can be with Lois, as well as Metropolis' protector against the most powerful threats from the universe.
Tim Daly as Kal-El / Clark Kent / Superman Powers Boothe as Lex Luthor Dana Delany as Lois Lane Lance Henriksen as Brainiac George Dzundza as Perry White David Kaufman as Jimmy Olsen Mike Farrell as Jonathan Kent Shelley Fabares a