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Breeches are an article of clothing covering the body from the waist down, with separate coverings for each leg stopping just below the knee, though in some cases reaching to the ankles. The breeches were closed and fastened about the leg, along its open seams at varied lengths, to the knee, by either buttons or by a drawstring, or by one or more straps and buckle or brooches. A standard item of Western men's clothing, they had fallen out of use by the mid-19th century in favour of trousers. Modern athletic garments used for English riding and fencing, although called breeches or britches, differ from breeches in ways discussed below. Breeches is a double plural known since c. 1205, from Old English brēc, the plural of brōc "garment for the legs and trunk", from the Proto-Germanic word *brōk-, plural *brōkiz whence the Old Norse word brók, which shows up in the epithet of the Viking king Ragnar Loðbrók, Ragnar "Hairy-breeches". Like other words for similar garments the word breeches has been applied to both outer garments and undergarments.

Breeches uses a plural form to reflect it has two legs. This construction is common in English and Italian, but is no longer common in some other languages in which it was once common. At first breeches indicated a cloth worn as underwear by both men and women. Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, uses the word breech as a synonym or a euphemism for anus in his letters. In the latter 16th century, breeches began to replace hose as the general English term for men's lower outer garments, a usage that remained standard until knee-length breeches were replaced for everyday wear by long pantaloons or trousers; the difference was that hose were in principle separate garments for each leg, requiring the tunic or a cod-piece to cover the private parts. Until around the end of the 19th century, small boys wore special forms of dresses until they were "breeched", or given the adult male styles of clothes, at about the age of 6 to 8. Male and female children's styles were distinguished by chest and collar, as well as other aspects of attire, such as hairstyle.

During the French Revolution, breeches were seen as a symbol of the nobility. Lower-class revolutionaries became known as sans-culottes; the spelling britches is a spelling variant, not a corruption, dating from the 17th century. Presently, britches reflects a common pronunciation used in casual speech to mean trousers or pants in many English-speaking parts of the world. Breeks is northern English spelling and pronunciation; the singular form of the word has survived in the sense of the part of the body covered by breeches,. This led to the following words: a breech is the part of a firearm behind the bore. Breech birth in childbirthing; the terms breeches or knee-breeches designate the knee-length garments worn by men from the 16th century to the early 19th century. After that, they survived in England only in formal wear, such as the livery worn by some servants into the early 20th century, the court dress worn by others, such as Queen's Counsel, down to the present day on formal occasions. Spanish breeches, ungathered breeches popular from the 1630s until the 1650s.

Petticoat breeches full, ungathered breeches popular from the 1650s until the early 1660s, giving the impression of a woman's petticoat. Rhinegraves, gathered breeches popular from the early 1660s until the mid-1670s worn with an overskirt over them. Fall front breeches, breeches with a panel or flap covering the front opening and fastened up with buttons at either corner. Dress breeches are tight fitting and have buttons and a strap and buckle closure at the bottoms, made of velvet or barathea wool, used for livery and court dress. From the 1890s to the 1930s a form of breeches called knickerbockers or knickers were in fashion with both men and boys. Like their 18th century predecessor, they reached and were fastened just below the knees, but the thighs were more loosely worn. There were various versions including "plus fours" for golf wear which reached down a further four inches below the knees, or "plus twos" that reached down only two inches used as apparel for the sport of bird-shooting in Britain.

Vráka are the traditional breeches of the islands of Greece from the westernmost Ionian Islands to the easternmost, Cyprus, as well as coasts of South mainland. Greek breeches are roomy and are meant to be tucked inside long boots just below the knee, they were meant to facilitate movement on fishing boats and sailing ships. They are accompanied by a long, wide piece of cloth turned many times around the natural waist as a belt; as the vráka lacks pockets, items are stored inside the folds of this belt. Vrákes are made of sturdy cotton double cloth dark blue or black, with brighter color cloth used as the belt, they were worn with white, long-sleeved shirts and a roomy waistcoat. Note: In Cyprus, the vráka was made of white material, sent to a dyer to change the colour from white to either black, light blue or

Marcus Daly

Marcus Daly was an Irish-born American businessman known as one of the three "Copper Kings" of Butte, United States. Daly emigrated from County Cavan, Ireland, to the United States as a young boy, arriving in New York City, he sold newspapers and worked his way to California in time to join the gold rush on what was to become Virginia City and the fabulously rich silver diggings now known as the Comstock Lode, in 1860. Daly gained experience in the mines of the Comstock under the direction of John William Mackay and James G. Fair. While working in the mines of Virginia City, Daly met and befriended George Hearst and partners James Ben Ali Haggin and Lloyd Tevis, co-owners of the Ophir Mining Company.. In 1872, Daly would recommend purchase by the Hearst group the Ontario mine, near Utah. In ten years, the Ontario produced $17 million and paid $6,250,000 in dividends, made many millions for Hearst and Haggin, their business friendship was to extend for many years and help establish the Anaconda Copper Mine in Butte, Montana.

Daly came to Butte in August 1876 to look at a mine, the Alice, as an agent for the Walker Bros. of Salt Lake City. The Walkers purchased the mine, installed Daly as superintendent and awarded him a fractional share of the mine. Always an energetic engineer and geologist with a keen eye for paying ore, Daly noticed while working underground in the Alice, that there were significant deposits of copper ore, he gained access into several other mines in the area and concluded that the hill was full of copper ore. He envisioned an ore body several thousand feet deep, some veins of pure copper and hundreds of millions of dollars, he urged his employers, the Walker Bros. to purchase the Anaconda and when they refrained, Daly bought it. Daly founded his fortune on the Anaconda Copper Mine in Butte, after selling his small share of the Alice Mine, for $30,000; the Anaconda began as a silver mine, but Daly's purchase was for the copper, found to be one of the largest deposits known at the time. However, he lacked the money to develop it, so he turned to Hearst and Tevis.

Backed with many millions of dollars, he set out upon developing The Richest Hill on Earth. The first couple hundred feet within the mine were rich in silver, took a few years to exhaust. By that time, Butte's other silver mines were playing out, so Daly closed the Anaconda, St Lawrence and Neversweat mines, he reported to his associates what he had in mind and they approved. Prices on surrounding properties dropped and Daly purchased them, he re-opened the Anaconda as a copper mine and announced to the world that Butte was "The Richest Hill on Earth". Because Thomas Edison had developed the light bulb and built a city block in New York to show off what electricity could do, the world would need copper, a excellent conductor of electricity. Butte had copper. Hundreds of thousands of tons of it, waiting to be taken from the ground, he built a smelter to handle the ore, by the late 1880s, had become a millionaire several times over, owner of the Anaconda Mining and Reduction Company. Daly owned a railroad, the Butte and Pacific Railroad to haul ore from his mines to his smelter in Anaconda, a city he founded for his employees to work the smelters.

He owned lumber interests in the Bitterroot Valley, a mansion and prized stables in the same valley, south of Missoula. In 1894, Daly spearheaded an energetic but unsuccessful campaign to have Anaconda designated as Montana's state capital, but lost out to Helena, supported by William Andrews Clark. Daly was active in Montana politics throughout the 1890s, because of his opposition and intense rivalry with fellow copper king, future U. S. Senator, William Clark. Daly tried to keep Clark out of office by lavishly supporting Clark's opponents. In 1898, Daly went looking for a buyer of his company, he entered into negotiations with William Rockefeller and Henry H. Rogers of John D Rockefeller's Standard Oil of Ohio; the Anaconda Mining Company were purchased in 1899 for $39 million and became Amalgamated Copper Mining Company. Daly was made president of the company in 1899 and died the following year in 1900. Daly invested some of his money in horse breeding at his Bitterroot Stock Farm located near Hamilton, was the owner/breeder of Scottish Chieftain, the only horse bred in Montana to win the Belmont Stakes.

In 1891, Daly became the owner of Tammany, said to be one of the world's fastest racehorses in 1893. He owned and stood Inverness, sire of Scottish Chieftain, as well as Hamburg and The Pepper, he arranged the breeding of the great Sysonby, ranked number 30 in the top 100 U. S. thoroughbred champions of the 20th Century by Blood-Horse magazine. Daly died. Following his death, New York's Madison Square Garden hosted a dispersal sale for the Bitterroot thoroughbred studs on January 31, 1901. Daly's legacy was a mixed one for Anaconda. From 1885 to 1980, the smelter was one of the town's largest employers and provided well-paid jobs for generations; when the smelter closed in 1980, during a labor strike, 25% of the town's workforce was put out of work and the town has not recovered. The smelter itself was torn down as part of environmental cleanup efforts in the 1990s, although the smokestack is still in place, visible for many miles across the valley, above the town. Daly's legacy was mixed for Butte.

The Anaconda Company was bought out by the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company in 1899, by the 1920s it controlled mining in the city. It continued to be one of the state's largest employers and a mainstay of the state and local economies until the

Midwest Museum of Natural History

The Midwest Museum of Natural History is a 5013 organization located in Sycamore, Illinois. In 1875, the structure was built as the home of the Universalist Church in Sycamore. In the 1920s the building underwent dramatic changes, becoming the Sycamore Community Center, complete with basketball courts, a swimming pool, hip hangout, Teen Town. In February 2004, this 129-year-old building was overhauled once again with a top-to-bottom 1.2 million dollar renovation. This included the creation of exhibit halls, offices, collection storage, a new roof and climate controls to help preserve Museum specimens; the Museum's primary exhibits consist of dioramas depicting the natural biomes of North America and Africa. Dioramas feature over 100 mounted animals, including one of the few — and one of the largest — elephants on display in the country; the Museum houses a geology collection, interactive children's area, temporary exhibits in the Rotary Exhibit Gallery and Oasis Room. Additionally, the Museum is home to a wide range of live reptiles, amphibians and arthropods.

A majority of the Museum's world-class collection of mounted specimens was donated by Dr. Russell Schelkopf, a local veterinarian, community leader and hunter; the Museum offers school fieldtrips and homeschool programs, group tours. It provides year-round public programming for all ages, including nature-based preschool classes, adult lectures, dissection workshops, geology programs, live animal presentations, more. Museum staff conduct programs off-site for local schools and libraries. Annual fundraisers include Rockin' for the Reptiles in June and the Groundhog Gala in February

Bryan Eversgerd

Bryan David Eversgerd is an American professional baseball coach and former professional baseball player. Eversgerd grew up a St. Louis Cardinals fan in Illinois. Eversgerd, a pitcher, played college baseball at Kaskaskia College in Illinois where he would be named to the community college's athletics hall of fame. In June 1989, Eversgerd signed a minor league contract with the St. Louis Cardinals after attending an open tryout at Busch Memorial Stadium, he made his Major League debut with the Cardinals in 1994. Before the start of the 1995 season, Eversgerd was traded as part of a package to the Montreal Expos for Ken Hill. After the 1995 season, Eversgerd was traded to the Boston Red Sox but would fail to appear for the big league club. With the Red Sox, Eversgerd met Mike Maddux, with whom he would coach on the Cardinals. After appearing for the Texas Rangers in 1997, Eversgerd would return to the Cardinals in 1998 before retiring from playing in 2000. In 2001, Eversgerd became a pitching coach in the St. Louis Cardinals farm system with a goal of becoming a major league coach for the Cardinals.

The 2017 season was his fifth as pitching coach of the Memphis Redbirds. On October 26, he was promoted to the St. Louis Cardinals as their new bullpen coach. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference

Anders Hejlsberg

Anders Hejlsberg is a prominent Danish software engineer who co-designed several popular and commercially successful programming languages and development tools. He was the chief architect of Delphi, he works for Microsoft as the lead architect of C# and core developer on TypeScript. Hejlsberg was born in Copenhagen and studied Electrical Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark. While at the university in 1980, he began writing programs for the Nascom microcomputer, including a Pascal compiler, marketed as the Blue Label Software Pascal for the Nascom-2. However, he soon rewrote it for CP/M and DOS, marketing it first as Compas Pascal and as PolyPascal; the product was licensed to Borland, integrated into an IDE to become the Turbo Pascal system. Turbo Pascal competed with PolyPascal; the compiler itself was inspired by the "Tiny Pascal" compiler in Niklaus Wirth's "Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs", one of the most influential computer science books of the time. In Borland's hands, Turbo Pascal became one of the most commercially successful Pascal compilers.

Hejlsberg remained with PolyData until the company came under financial stress and in 1989 he moved to California to become Chief Engineer at Borland. During this time he developed Turbo Pascal further and became the chief architect for the team that produced Delphi, which replaced Turbo Pascal. In 1996, Hejlsberg joined Microsoft. One of his first achievements was the Windows Foundation Classes. Since 2000, he has been the lead architect of the team developing the C# language. In 2012 Hejlsberg announced TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript. Hejlsberg received the 2001 Dr. Dobb's Excellence in Programming Award for his work on Turbo Pascal, Delphi, C# and the Microsoft. NET Framework. Together with Shon Katzenberger, Scott Wiltamuth, Todd Proebsting, Erik Meijer, Peter Hallam, Peter Sollich, Anders was awarded a Technical Recognition Award for Outstanding Technical Achievement for their work on the C# language in 2007. A video about this is available at Microsoft Channel 9; the C# Programming Language, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, ISBN 0-321-33443-4, 2006-06-09 The C# Programming Language, 3rd edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, ISBN 0-321-56299-2, 2008-10-18 The C# Programming Language, 4th edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, ISBN 0-321-74176-5, ISBN 978-0-321-74176-9, October 2010 JavaWorld of 1997 writes how Hejlsberg went to Microsoft: Microsoft offered Anders Hejlsberg a signing bonus of US$500,000 and stock options.

Microsoft doubled the bonus to US$1,000,000. Hejlsberg left Borland in October 1996; the C# Design Process The Trouble with Checked Exceptions Delegates and Simplexity Versioning and Override Contracts and Interoperability Inappropriate Abstractions Generics in C#, Java and C++ CLR Design Choices Microsoft's Hejlsberg touts. NET, C-Omega technologies Deep Inside C#: An Interview with Microsoft Chief Architect Anders Hejlsberg C#: Yesterday and Tomorrow Video interview at channel9 Computerworld Interview with Anders on C# Anders Hejlsberg - Introducing TypeScript Life and Times of Anders Hejlsberg Anders Hejlsberg - Tour through computing industry history at the Microsoft Museum Anders Hejlsberg - What's so great about generics? Anders Hejlsberg - Programming data in C# 3.0 Anders Hejlsberg - What brought about the birth of the CLR Anders Hejlsberg - The. NET Show: The. NET Framework Anders Hejlsberg - The. NET Show: Programming in C# Anders Hejlsberg - More C# Talk from C#'s Architect Anders Hejlsberg - LINQ Anders Hejlsberg - Whiteboard with Anders Hejlsberg Anders Hejlsberg - LINQ and Functional Programming Outstanding Technical Achievement: C# Team Anders Hejlsberg - The Future of C# Anders Hejlsberg - The future of programming languages The Future of C# and Visual Basic

DeLisle, Mississippi

DeLisle is a census-designated place in Harrison County, United States. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 1,147 at the 2010 census. DeLisle is located at 30°22′44″N 89°16′5″W, it is located on the north side of DeLisle Bayou and the Wolf River, which separate the community from the city of Pass Christian. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.3 square miles, of which 5.2 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 2.13%, is water. Pierre LeMoyne, Sieur d'Iberville was chosen by Count de Pontchartrain, Louis XIV's minister of Marine, to establish a French colony in the area. On d'Iberville's second trip to the Gulf in 1699-1700, d'Iberville was accompanied by the accomplished royal cartographer, Compte Guillaume de Lisle. During this expedition, they charted and named Bayou Portage, Bayou Arcadia, Bayou Delisle; the unincorporated area north of the bayou, known as DeLisle, shares a zip code with Pass Christian, but is not within the city limits.

DeLisle. The early settlement was called La Riviere des Loups; the earliest verifiable records for the DeLisle area show that Barthelome Grelot was followed by his brother-in-law Philipe Saucier, who received two Spanish land grants. These early French settlers were soon joined by Jean Baptiste Nicaise, Pierre Moran, Ramon Lizana, Chevalier DeDeaux, Jean Cassibry, Charles Ladner. DeLisle is known for having more men serve in WW I, than any other community in the U. S. on a per capita basis. Matteo Martinolich, shipbuilder Jesmyn Ward, author.